List of World Heritage Sites in Iran

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Iran accepted the convention on 26 February 1975, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list. As of 2016, twenty-one sites in Iran are included[2]

The first three sites in Iran, Meidan Emam, Esfahan, Persepolis and Tchogha Zanbil, were inscribed on the list at the 3rd Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Paris, France in 1979.[3] They remained the Islamic Republic's only listed properties until 2003, when Takht-e Soleyman was added to the list.[4] The latest additions were The Persian Qanat and Lut Desert, both inscribed in 2016, the latter being Iran's first site selected for its natural significance.[5][6]

In addition to its inscribed sites, Iran also lists forty-one properties on its tentative list.[7]

Inscribed sites[edit]

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[8]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[9]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A lack of value implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran St-Stepanous-02.jpg West Azerbaijan Province
38°58′44″N 45°28′24″E / 38.97889°N 45.47333°E / 38.97889; 45.47333
Cultural:IrnArm
(ii)(iii)(vi)
129 (320) 2008 [10]
Bam and its Cultural Landscape BAM IR2726.JPG Kerman Province
29°07′00″N 58°22′00″E / 29.11667°N 58.36667°E / 29.11667; 58.36667
Cultural:IrnBam
(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
2004 [11]
Bisotun Darius I the Great's inscription.jpg Kermanshah Province
34°23′18″N 47°26′12″E / 34.38833°N 47.43667°E / 34.38833; 47.43667
Cultural:IrnBis
(ii)(iii)
187 (460) 2006 [12]
Cultural Landscape of Maymand Maymand village.jpg Kerman Province
30°10′05″N 55°22′32″E / 30.16806°N 55.37556°E / 30.16806; 55.37556
Cultural:IrnCul
(v)
4,954 (12,240) 2015 [13]
Gonbad-e Qābus Gonbad-e Qabus.JPG Golestan Province
37°15′29″N 55°10′08″E / 37.25806°N 55.16889°E / 37.25806; 55.16889
Cultural:IrnGon
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
1 (2.5) 2012 [14]
Lut Desert Kaluts, Iran (5072510138).jpg Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan Provinces
30°12′58″N 58°50′20″E / 30.21611°N 58.83889°E / 30.21611; 58.83889
Natural:IrnLut
(vii)(viii)
2,278,012 (5,629,090) 2016 [6]
Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan Jamé Mosque Esfahan courtyard.jpg Isfahan Province
32°40′11″N 51°41′07″E / 32.66972°N 51.68528°E / 32.66972; 51.68528
Cultural:IrnMas
(ii)
2 (4.9) 2012 [15]
Meidan Emam, Esfahan Naghshe Jahan Square Isfahan modified.jpg Isfahan Province
32°39′27″N 51°40′40″E / 32.65750°N 51.67778°E / 32.65750; 51.67778
Cultural:IrnMei
(i)(v)(vi)
1979 [16]
Pasargadae مقبره کورش (EDITED).jpg Fars Province
30°11′38″N 53°10′02″E / 30.19389°N 53.16722°E / 30.19389; 53.16722
Cultural:IrnPas
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
160 (400) 2004 [17]
Persepolis Gate of All Nations, Persepolis.jpg Fars Province
29°56′04″N 52°53′25″E / 29.93444°N 52.89028°E / 29.93444; 52.89028
Cultural:IrnPer
(i)(iii)(vi)
12 (30) 1979 [18]
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil Sheikh-safi tomb.JPG Ardabil Province
38°14′55″N 48°17′29″E / 38.24861°N 48.29139°E / 38.24861; 48.29139
Cultural:IrnShe
(i)(ii)(iv)
2 (4.9) 2010 [19]
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System Darafsh (6).jpg Khuzestan Province
32°01′07″N 48°50′09″E / 32.01861°N 48.83583°E / 32.01861; 48.83583
Cultural:IrnShu
(i)(ii)(v)
240 (590) 2009 [20]
Soltaniyeh Solt dome 1.JPG Zanjan Province
36°26′07″N 48°47′48″E / 36.43528°N 48.79667°E / 36.43528; 48.79667
Cultural:IrnSha
(ii)(iii)(iv)
790 (2,000) 2005 [21]
Susa Royal City and Acropolis Tepes.jpg Khuzestan Province
32°11′22″N 48°15′22″E / 32.18944°N 48.25611°E / 32.18944; 48.25611
Cultural:IrnSus
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
350 (860) 2015 [22]
Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex Carpet Bazaar of Tabriz.JPG East Azerbaijan Province
38°04′53″N 46°17′35″E / 38.08139°N 46.29306°E / 38.08139; 46.29306
Cultural:IrnTab
(ii)(iii)(iv)
29 (72) 2010 [23]
Takht-e Soleyman Takht-e-soleiman-1.jpg West Azerbaijan Province
36°36′14″N 47°14′06″E / 36.60389°N 47.23500°E / 36.60389; 47.23500
Cultural:IrnTak
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
10 (25) 2003 [24]
Tchogha Zanbil ChoghaZanbil Darafsh (17).jpg Khuzestan Province
32°05′00″N 48°32′00″E / 32.08333°N 48.53333°E / 32.08333; 48.53333
Cultural:IrnTch
(iii)(iv)
1979 [25]
The Persian Garden 40sotoon.jpg Fars Province
30°10′00″N 53°10′00″E / 30.16667°N 53.16667°E / 30.16667; 53.16667
Cultural:IrnThePerGar
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
716 (1,770) 2011 [26]
The Persian Qanat Qanat Niavaran.jpg Razavi Khorasan, South Khorasan, Yazd, Kerman, Markazi and Isfahan Provinces
34°17′24″N 58°39′16″E / 34.29000°N 58.65444°E / 34.29000; 58.65444
Cultural:IrnThePerQan
(iii)(iv)
2016 [5]

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[27] As of 2016, Iran lists forty-nine properties on its tentative list:[7]

  1. Jame' (Congregational) Mosque of Esfahan
  2. Historic ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin (1997)
  3. Firuzabad Ensemble
  4. Shush
  5. Nasqsh-e Rostam and Naqsh-e Rajab
  6. Tape Sialk
  7. The Ensemble of Historical Sassanian Cities in Fars Province (Bishabpur, Firouzabad, Sarvestan)
  8. Taq-e Bostan
  9. Kuh-e Khuaja
  10. Persepolis and Other Televant Buildings
  11. The Historical–Cultural Axis of Fin, Sialk, Kashan
  12. Historical Ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin (2007)
  13. Historic Monument of Kangavar
  14. Historic City of Yazd
  15. The Historical City of Maybod
  16. The Historical Port of Siraf
  17. Bazaar of Qaisariye in Laar
  18. The Historical Village of Abyaneh
  19. Bastam and Kharghan
  20. The Historical Texture of Damghan
  21. The Cultural-Natural Landscape of Ramsar
  22. Kaboud Mosque
  23. Tous Cultural Landscape
  24. The Historical City of Masouleh
  25. The Complex of Izadkhast
  26. Cultural Landscape of Alamout
  27. Qanats of Gonabad
  28. Zozan
  29. Khorramabad Valley
  30. Jiroft
  31. Ghaznavi-Seljukian Axis in Khorasan
  32. The Cultural Landscape of Uramanat
  33. Hyrcanian Forest (Caspian Forest)
  34. Qeshm Island
  35. Lut Desert (the vicinity of Shahdad)
  36. Arasbaran Protected Area
  37. Sabalan
  38. Khabr National Park and Ruchun Wildlife Refuge
  39. Alisadr Cave
  40. Silk Route (Also as Silk Road)
  41. The Natural-Historical Landscape of Izeh
  42. The Zandiyeh Ensemble of Fars Province
  43. Kerman Historical-Cultural Structure
  44. Hegmataneh
  45. The Collection of Historical Bridges
  46. Touran Biosphere Reserve
  47. Hamoun Lake
  48. Harra Protected Area
  49. Damavand

Location of sites[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Iran". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Report of the 3rd Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Report of the 27th Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "The Persian Qanat". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Lut Desert". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Tentative List – Iran". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  9. ^ "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Bam and its Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Bisotun". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "Cultural Landscape of Maymand". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "Gonbad-e Qābus". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "Meidan Emam, Esfahan". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Pasargadae". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Persepolis". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Soltaniyeh". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "Susa". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  24. ^ "Takht-e Soleyman". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  25. ^ "Tchogha Zanbil". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "The Persian Garden". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  27. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 October 2010.