List of World Heritage Sites in Mexico

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Mexico accepted the convention on 23 February 1984, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list. As of 2017, there are thirty-four World Heritage Sites in Mexico, including twenty-seven cultural sites, six natural sites and one mixed site.[2]

Mexico's first six sites, Sian Ka'an, Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque, Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco, Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan, Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán, and Historic Centre of Puebla, were inscribed on the list at the 11th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France. [3]

In addition to its inscribed sites, Mexico also maintains twenty-two properties on its tentative list, considered for future nomination.[4]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[5]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[6]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A lack of value implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila Agave Tequila Jalisco 2.jpg MexJalisco
20°51′47″N 103°46′43″W / 20.86306°N 103.77861°W / 20.86306; -103.77861
Cultural:MexAga
(ii)(iv)(v)(vi)
35,018.852 (86,533.47) 2006 [7]
Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, Campeche Calakmul - Structure I.jpg MexCampeche
18°3′11″N 89°44′14″W / 18.05306°N 89.73722°W / 18.05306; -89.73722
Mixed:MexAnc
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(ix)(x)
331,397 (818,900) 2014 [8]
Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System Zempoala Aqueduct, Acueducto del Padre Tembleque, Tepeyahualco Aqueduct 2.jpg MexState of Mexico and Hidalgo
19°50′7″N 98°39′45″W / 19.83528°N 98.66250°W / 19.83528; -98.66250
Cultural:MexAqu
(i)(ii)(iv)
6,540 (16,200) 2015 [9]
Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco Mexico xochicalco pyramids.JPG MexMorelos
18°48′37″N 99°16′30″W / 18.81028°N 99.27500°W / 18.81028; -99.27500
Cultural:MexArchaMon
(iii)(iv)
707.65 (1,748.6) 1999 [10]
Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes Parte del recorrido Paquime.jpg MexChihuahua
30°22′33″N 107°57′20″W / 30.37583°N 107.95556°W / 30.37583; -107.95556
Cultural:MexArchaZon
(iii)(iv)
146.72 (362.6) 1998 [11]
Archipiélago de Revillagigedo Declaratoria Oficial de Patrimonio Mundial del Archipiélago de Revillagigedo.jpg MexColima
18°47′17″N 110°58′31″W / 18.78806°N 110.97528°W / 18.78806; -110.97528
Natural:MexArchi
(vii)(ix)(x)
636,685.375 (1,573,283.82) 2016 [12]
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro Puente Camino Real.JPG MexVarious states
22°36′29″N 102°22′45″W / 22.60806°N 102.37917°W / 22.60806; -102.37917
Cultural:MexCam
(ii)(iv)
3,101.91 (7,665.0) 2010 [13]
Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Biblioteca Central UNAM México.jpg MexMexico City
19°19′56″N 99°11′17″W / 19.33222°N 99.18806°W / 19.33222; -99.18806
Cultural:MexCen
(i)(ii)(iv)
176.5 (436) 2007 [14]
Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl Huejotzingo.jpg MexMorelos and Puebla
18°56′5″N 98°53′52″W / 18.93472°N 98.89778°W / 18.93472; -98.89778
Cultural:MexEar
(ii)(iv)
1994 [15]
El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve 20091211 - Puerto Penasco -63.jpg MexSonora
32°0′0″N 113°55′0″W / 32.00000°N 113.91667°W / 32.00000; -113.91667
Natural:MexElP
(vii)(viii)(x)
714,566 (1,765,730) 2013 [16]
El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City PyramidNiches3.JPG MexPapantla, Veracruz
19°19′56″N 99°11′17″W / 19.33222°N 99.18806°W / 19.33222; -99.18806
Cultural:MexCen
(i)(ii)(iv)
176.5 (436) 1992 [17]
Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro Jalpan de Serra 3.jpg MexQuerétaro de Arteaga
21°12′16″N 99°27′51″W / 21.20444°N 99.46417°W / 21.20444; -99.46417
Cultural:MexFra
(ii)(iii)
103.7 (256) 2003 [18]
Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco Plaza de la Constitucion Ciudad de Mexico City.jpg MexMexico City
19°25′6″N 99°7′58″W / 19.41833°N 99.13278°W / 19.41833; -99.13278
Cultural:MexHisCenMex
(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
1987 [19]
Historic Centre of Morelia Catedral Metropolitana de Morelia.jpg MexMichoacán
19°42′16″N 101°11′30″W / 19.70444°N 101.19167°W / 19.70444; -101.19167
Cultural:MexHisCenMor
(ii)(iv)(vi)
390 (960) 1991 [20]
Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán Panoramica de Montealban 1.jpg MexOaxaca
17°3′43″N 96°43′18″W / 17.06194°N 96.72167°W / 17.06194; -96.72167
Cultural:MexHisCenOax
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
375 (930) 1987 [21]
Historic Centre of Puebla BIBLIOTECA PALAFOXIANA.tif MexPuebla
19°2′50″N 98°12′13″W / 19.04722°N 98.20361°W / 19.04722; -98.20361
Cultural:MexHisCenPue
(ii)(iv)
690 (1,700) 1987 [22]
Historic Centre of Zacatecas Avenida Hidalgo (3855145266).jpg MexZacatecas
22°46′0″N 102°33′20″W / 22.76667°N 102.55556°W / 22.76667; -102.55556
Cultural:MexHisCenZac
(ii)(iv)
207.72 (513.3) 1993 [23]
Historic Fortified Town of Campeche Facades in Old City with Cathedral at Rear - Campeche - Mexico.jpg MexCampeche
19°50′47″N 90°32′14″W / 19.84639°N 90.53722°W / 19.84639; -90.53722
Cultural:MexHisFor
(ii)(iv)
181 (450) 1999 [24]
Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro Acueductodequerétaro.20nov..jpg MexQuerétaro
20°35′0″N 100°22′0″W / 20.58333°N 100.36667°W / 20.58333; -100.36667
Cultural:MexHisMonQue
(ii)(iv)
1996 [25]
Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan Tlacotalpan zocalo.jpg MexVeracruz
18°36′30″N 95°39′30″W / 18.60833°N 95.65833°W / 18.60833; -95.65833
Cultural:MexHisMonTla
(ii)(iv)
75 (190) 1998 [26]
Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines Guanajuato (83).JPG MexGuanajuato
21°1′1″N 101°15′20″W / 21.01694°N 101.25556°W / 21.01694; -101.25556
Cultural:MexHisTowGua
(ii)(iv)
2,167.5 (5,356) 1988 [27]
Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara Hospicio cabañas.JPG MexJalisco
20°40′26″N 103°20′23″W / 20.67389°N 103.33972°W / 20.67389; -103.33972
Cultural:MexHos
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
1997 [28]
Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California Golfo 001.JPG MexBaja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa and Nayarit
27°37′36″N 112°32′45″W / 27.62667°N 112.54583°W / 27.62667; -112.54583
Natural:MexIsl
(vii)(ix)(x)
688,558 (1,701,460) 2005 [29]
Luis Barragán House and Studio Luis Barragan - Casa Luis Barragan 張基義老師拍攝 010.jpg MexMexico City
19°25′6″N 99°11′54″W / 19.41833°N 99.19833°W / 19.41833; -99.19833
Cultural:MexLuiBar
(i)(ii)
0.1161 (0.287) 2004 [30]
Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve Mexmonarchs.jpg MexMichoacán and State of Mexico
19°36′23″N 100°14′30″W / 19.60639°N 100.24167°W / 19.60639; -100.24167
Natural:MexMon
(vii)
13,551.552 (33,486.61) 2008 [31]
Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque Palenque temple 1.jpg MexChiapas
17°29′0″N 92°3′0″W / 17.48333°N 92.05000°W / 17.48333; -92.05000
Cultural:MexPrehispCitAnd
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
1,772 (4,380) 1987 [32]
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza Chichen Itza 3.jpg MexYucatán
20°40′0″N 88°36′0″W / 20.66667°N 88.60000°W / 20.66667; -88.60000
Cultural:MexPrehispCitOfChi
(i)(ii)(iii)
1988 [33]
Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan View from Pyramide de la luna.jpg MexState of Mexico
19°41′30″N 98°50′30″W / 19.69167°N 98.84167°W / 19.69167; -98.84167
Cultural:MexPrehispCitOfTeo
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
3,381.71 (8,356.4) 1987 [34]
Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal Uxmal01-panorama.jpg MexYucatán
20°21′42″N 89°46′13″W / 20.36167°N 89.77028°W / 20.36167; -89.77028
Cultural:MexPrehispTow
(i)(ii)(iii)
1996 [35]
Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca Guila Naquitz cave.jpg MexOaxaca
16°57′3″N 96°25′16″W / 16.95083°N 96.42111°W / 16.95083; -96.42111
Cultural:MexPrehistCav
(iii)
1,515.17 (3,744.1) 2010 [36]
Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco San Miguel de Allende sky.jpg MexGuanajuato
20°54′52″N 100°44′47″W / 20.91444°N 100.74639°W / 20.91444; -100.74639
Cultural:MexProTow
(ii)(iv)
46.95 (116.0) 2008 [37]
Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco Antropología - Museo Nacional de Antropología ovedc wikimania 070.jpg MexBaja California Sur
27°39′20″N 112°54′58″W / 27.65556°N 112.91611°W / 27.65556; -112.91611
Cultural:MexRocPai
(i)(iii)
182,600 (451,000) 1993 [38]
Sian Ka'an Manglar a Sian Ka'an.JPG MexQuintana Roo
19°23′0″N 87°47′30″W / 19.38333°N 87.79167°W / 19.38333; -87.79167
Natural:MexSia
(vii)(x)
528,000 (1,300,000) 1987 [39]
Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino Ballena gris adulta con su ballenato.jpg MexBaja California Sur
27°47′32″N 114°13′40″W / 27.79222°N 114.22778°W / 27.79222; -114.22778
Natural:MexWha
(x)
369,631 (913,380) 1993 [40]

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[41] As of 2017, Mexico maintains twenty-two properties on its tentative list:[4]

Location of sites[edit]

Numbered sites: 1. Centro Histórico de la Ciudad de México; 2. Ciudad Universitaria; 3. Xochicalco; 4. Monasteries on the slopes of Popocatépetl; 5. Luis Barragan House and Studio; 6. Teotihuacan; 7. Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve; 8. Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque

Legend: Red pog.svg World Cultural Heritage Site; Green pog.svg World Natural Heritage Site; Blue pog.svg World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site (Mixed)

Note: The Camino Real de Tierra Adentro inscribed property encompasses 59 cities, towns, bridges, haciendas and other monuments along some 1,400 km of the route. The point shown on the map is an approximate midpoint between historic Mexico City, the southernmost site, and the town of Valle de Allende, the most northern site. For a description and location of each site, see the UNESCO entry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Mexico". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "Report of the 11th Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Tentative List – Mexico". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  5. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  8. ^ "Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, Campeche". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  9. ^ "Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  10. ^ "Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  11. ^ "Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  12. ^ "Archipiélago de Revillagigedo". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "Camino Real de Tierra Adentro". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  15. ^ "Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  16. ^ "El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  17. ^ "El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  18. ^ "Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  19. ^ "Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  20. ^ "Historic Centre of Morelia". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  21. ^ "Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  22. ^ "Historic Centre of Puebla". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  23. ^ "Historic Centre of Zacatecas". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  24. ^ "Historic Fortified Town of Campeche". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  25. ^ "Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  26. ^ "Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  27. ^ "Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  28. ^ "Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  29. ^ "Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  30. ^ "Luis Barragán House and Studio". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  31. ^ "Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  32. ^ "Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  33. ^ "Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  34. ^ "Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  35. ^ "Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  36. ^ "Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  37. ^ "Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  38. ^ "Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  39. ^ "Sian Ka'an". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  40. ^ "Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  41. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 October 2010.