List of World Heritage Sites in Nepal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated 4 World Heritage Sites in Nepal. The first sites from the Country Nepal were the Sagarmatha National Park and Kathmandu Valley.[1] In Nepal, there are 2 cultural and 2 natural mixed sites.[2] Additionally, there are 15 tentative sites proposed by Nepal in UNESCO.[3]

The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." Two sites in this region are currently listed as endangered.[4]

Legend[edit]

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX
Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

World Heritage Sites[edit]

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Chitwan National Park A lake with tree trunks in the water. Chitwan District, Narayani Zone,    Nepal
27°30′0″N 84°20′0″E / 27.50000°N 84.33333°E / 27.50000; 84.33333 (Chitwan National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
93,200 (230,000) 1984 [5]
Kathmandu Valley Streetscene with various characteristically shaped temple buildings. Kathmandu Valley,    Nepal
27°42′14″N 85°18′31″E / 27.70389°N 85.30861°E / 27.70389; 85.30861 (Kathmandu Valley)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (vi)
167 (410); buffer zone 70 (170) 1979[nb 1] The site has been listed as endangered 2003–2007 due to the partial or substantial loss of the traditional elements of six out of seven monument zones and resulting general loss of authenticity and integrity of the whole property. [6]
Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha A large tree next to a water filled pool. Rupandehi District, Lumbini Zone,    Nepal
27°28′8″N 83°16′34″E / 27.46889°N 83.27611°E / 27.46889; 83.27611 (Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha)
Cultural:
(iii), (vi)
1.95 (4.8); buffer zone 23 (57) 1997 [7]
Sagarmatha National Park A village in a large mountain valley. In the distance very high snow-covered mountains are visible. Solukhumbu District, Sagarmatha Zone,    Nepal
27°57′55″N 86°54′47″E / 27.96528°N 86.91306°E / 27.96528; 86.91306 (Sagarmatha National Park)
Natural:
(vii)
124,400 (307,000) 1979 [8]

Tentative List[edit]

Site Image Location Proposed criteria Year Listed as Tentative Site Description Refs
The early medieval architectural complex of Panauti Panauti 3.JPG Kabhrepalanchok District Cultural 1996 The site includes the Indresvar Mahadev temple built in 1294, the Brahmayani temple built in the 17th century, and numerous heritage structures. [9]
Tilaurakot, the archaeological remains of ancient Shakya Kingdom Suddhodana Palace-east gate.JPG Kapilvastu District Cultural 1996 The site is the cardinal point of the ancient Shakyan city of Kapilavastu, where Gautama Buddha spent 29 years of his lifetime. [10]
Cave architecture of Muktinath Valley of Mustang Chyosyor cave at Lomangthang, Upper Mustang.jpg Mustang District Cultural 1996 Originally used as burial chambers in 1000 AD, the caves eventually became meditation chambers, military lookouts, or storage units up to the 14th century as part of the Kingdom of Lo. [11]
The medieval palace complex of Gorkha Image of Goddess & Gorkha Palace.JPG Gorkha District Cultural 1996 The site includes the medieval palace and cave of Gorakhnath, Kalika temple and other monuments. [12]
Ramagrama, the relic stupa of Lord Buddha 013 King Asoka visits Ramagrama (33428090870).jpg Nawalparasi District Cultural 1996 The site includes the only undisturbed original stupa containing relics of Buddha, which was built in the 6th century BC. [13]
Khokana, the vernacular village and its mustard-oil seed industrial heritage Khokana, Lalitpur.jpg Lalitpur District Cultural 1996 The site includes a system of drainage and chowks, traditional houses, chaityas, a mother deity temple, and its mustard fields and processing sites. [14]
Medieval Earthern Walled City of Lo Manthang Lo Manthang.jpg Mustang District Cultural 2008 The walled city was the capital of the Kingdom of Lo in the 15th century. Notable monuments include the palace and monasteries of Jampa Lakhang and Thupchen Lakhang from the 15th century and the monastery of Choede Lakhang from the 18th century. [15]
Vajrayogini and early settlement of Sankhu Saankhu.JPG Kathmandu District Cultural 2008 The site includes the Lichchhavi period (2nd to 9th century AD) settlement of Sankhu and the Vajrayogini temple complex constructed in the mid 17th century. [16]
Medieval Settlement of Kirtipur Kirtipur, 1950 - 1955.jpg Kathmandu District Cultural 2008 The site includes the Newar monuments of Chilancho Vihar, Jagat Pal Vihar, Buddha Dharma Sangha Shikhara, Baghbhairab Temple, Vath (Layaku), Umamaheshvar Temple, Indrayani Pith, Chitu Bahail, Lokeshwar Shikhara, Buddha Temple, Chve Bahal and Kwe Bahal. [17]
Rishikesh Complex of Ruru Kshetra Palpa District Cultural 2008 The site includes an ancient route and cremation site between Muktinath and Damodar Kunda, the settlement of Ridi, and the entire complex. [18]
Nuwakot Palace Complex Nuwakot Palace.jpg Nuwakot District Cultural 2008 The site includes Nuwakot Palace and various temples and shrines, such as Bhairab Temple. [19]
Ram Janaki Temple Janki Mandir.JPG Dhanusa District Cultural 2008 The site is composed of classical and neo-classical designs with elements of fortification. [20]
The Medieval Town of Tansen Shreenagar with Tansen.jpg Palpa District Cultural 2008 The site includes Bhairab Temple, the Purankot Durbar, the Srinagar Durbar (Fort), the Bansha Gopal, the Mukundeshwar Mahadev, the Amar Narayan Temple, the Ran-Ujjeshwari Bhagawati Temple and the Tansen Durbar. [21]
Sinja Valley Narakot Sinja Valley.JPG Jumla District Cultural 2008 The site includes the capital of the Khasas kingdom from the 12th to 14th centuries. [22]
Bhurti Temple Complex of Dailekh Dailekh District Cultural 2008 The site includes 22 monuments constructed through the Western Malla architectural style. [23]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2006.

References[edit]