List of World Heritage sites in Tunisia

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Location of World Heritage Sites in Tunisia

This is a list of World Heritage sites in Tunisia with properties of cultural and natural heritage in Tunisia as inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List or as on the country's tentative list. As of 2017, eight sites in Tunisia are included.[1] In addition to its inscribed sites, Tunisia also lists thirteen properties on its tentative list.[2]

World Heritage sites[edit]

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[4]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. The lack of value implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Archaeological Site of Carthage Ruines de Carthage.jpg TunTunis Governorate
36°51′10″N 10°19′24″E / 36.85278°N 10.32333°E / 36.85278; 10.32333
Cultural:TunArc
(ii)(iii)(vi)
616 (1,520) 1979 Founded in the 9th century BCE, Carthage developed into a trading empire spanning the Mediterranean. The city was destroyed in 146 BCE in the Punic Wars at the hands of the Romans, but was later reestablished.[5]
Dougga / Thugga Dougga theatre.jpg TunBeBéja Governorate
36°25′25″N 9°13′13″E / 36.42361°N 9.22028°E / 36.42361; 9.22028
Cultural:TunDou
(ii)(iii)
70 (170) 1997 The site features the ruins of Dougga, a former capital of a LibyanPunic state, which flourished under the Romans and the Byzantines, but went into decline in the Islamic period.[6]
Amphitheatre of El Jem Eljem2.jpg TunMahdia Governorate
35°17′47″N 10°42′25″E / 35.29639°N 10.70694°E / 35.29639; 10.70694
Cultural:TunEld
(iv)(vi)
1.37 (3.4) 1979 Built during the 3rd century, the Amphitheatre of El Jem is North Africa's largest amphitheatre, and the largest one built outside of Italy, with a capacity of 35,000 spectators, regarded as among the most accomplished examples of Roman architecture of its kind.[7]
Ichkeul National Park Parcichkeul3.jpg TunBiBizerte Governorate
37°09′49″N 9°40′29″E / 37.16361°N 9.67472°E / 37.16361; 9.67472
Natural:TunIch
(x)
12,600 (31,000) 1980 Ichkeul Lake and the surrounding wetlands is a destination for hundreds of thousands of migrating birds, including ducks, geese, storks and pink flamingos. It was once part of a chain that extended across North Africa.[8]
Kairouan Kairouan's Great Mosque courtyard.jpg TunKairouan Governorate
35°40′54″N 10°06′14″E / 35.68167°N 10.10389°E / 35.68167; 10.10389
Cultural:TunKai
(i)(ii)(iii)(v)(vi)
68 (170) 1988 Founded in 670, Kairouan was the former capital of Ifriqiya and flourished in the 9th century. Its heritage includes the Mosque of Uqba and the Mosque of the Three Gates.[9]
Medina of Sousse Sousse Grosse Moschee.JPG TunSousse Governorate
35°49′40″N 10°38′19″E / 35.82778°N 10.63861°E / 35.82778; 10.63861
Cultural:TunMedinaofSou
(iii)(iv)(v)
32 (79) 1988 A prime example of a town from the early Islamic period, Sousse was an important commercial and military port during the 9th century.[10]
Medina of Tunis PatioDarBenAbdallah.JPG TunTunis Governorate
36°49′00″N 10°10′00″E / 36.81667°N 10.16667°E / 36.81667; 10.16667
Cultural:TunMedinaofTun
(ii)(iii)(v)
296 (730) 1979 The Medina of Tunis contains some 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasah and fourtains, testifying to Tunis' golden age from the 12th to the 16th century.[11]
Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis Kerkouane1.JPG TunNabeul Governorate
36°56′47″N 11°05′57″E / 36.94639°N 11.09917°E / 36.94639; 11.09917
Cultural:TunPun
(iii)
1985 Abandoned in 250 BCE during the First Punic War and never rebuilt, Kerkuane is the only surviving example of a PhoenicioPunic settlement.[12]

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[13] As of 2017, Tunisia lists thirteen properties on its tentative list:[2]

Site Image Location Criteria Year
Parc National d'El Feija
(El Feidja National Park)
Parc National El Feija 02.jpg Jendouba Governorate Natural:
(vii)(viii)(x)
2008
Parc National de Bouhedma
(Bou-Hedma National Park)
Parc national de Bouhedma.jpg Sidi Bouzid Governorate Natural:
(vii)(viii)(x)
2008
Chott El Jerid Djerid3.jpg Kebili Governorate Natural:
(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)
2008
Oasis de Gabès
(Oasis of Gabès)
Gabes Minaret.jpg Gabès Governorate Mixed:
(iv)(vii)(x)
2008
Les Mausolées Royaux de Numidie, de la Maurétanie
et les monuments funéraires pré-islamiques

(Royal Mausoleum of Numidia, Mauretania
and Pre-Islamic Funerary Monuments)
Mausolée libyco-punique closer view.jpg Béja Governorate Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
2012
Le complexe hydraulique romain
de Zaghouan-Carthage

(Roman Hydraulic Complex of Zaghouan-Carthage)
Zaghouan aqueduc.jpg Zaghouan Governorate Cultural:
(i)(iv)
2012
île de Djerba
(Island of Djerba)
Djerba Fort.jpg Medenine Governorate Cultural:
(v)(vi)
2012
Les carrières antiques
de marbre numidique de Chimtou

(Ancient Quarries of Numidian Marbles in Chemtou)
Chimtou, römische Basilika.jpg Jendouba Governorate Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
2012
Frontières de l’Empire romain: Limes du Sud tunisien
(Frontier of the Roman Empire: South Tunisian Limes)
Castellum Tisavar (Ksar Rhilane, Ksar Ghilane), Tunisia.jpg Al Mahrah Governorate Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
2012
Médina de Sfax
(Medina of Sfax)
Grande Mosquée de Sfax 09.jpg Sfax Governorate Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
2012
Le Permien marin de Jebel Tebaga
(Permian Marine of Jebel Tebaga)
Dj Tebaga Kh.jpg Médenine Governorate Natural:
(vii)(viii)
2016
Le Stratotype de la limite
Crétacé-Tertiaire (limite K-T)

(Stratotype of the Cretaceous–Tertiary (K-T) Boundary)
Kef Governorate Cultural:
(vii)(viii)
2016
La Table de Jugurtha à Kalaat-Senen
(Jugurtha Tableland in Kalaat es Senam)
Table de Jughurta.JPG Kef Governorate Mixed:
(ii)(iii)(v)(vi)(vii)(viii)
2017

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "tunis". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Tentative List – Tunisia". UNESCO. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  3. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  4. ^ "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Archaeological Site of Carthage". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  6. ^ "Dougga / Thugga". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  7. ^ "Amphitheatre of El Jem". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  8. ^ "Ichkeul National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Kairouan". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  10. ^ "Medina of Sousse". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  11. ^ "Medina of Tunis". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  12. ^ "Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  13. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 October 2010.