List of World Heritage sites in Thailand

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The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated five World Heritage sites in Thailand.[1] The UNESCO World Heritage sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention.

Inscribed sites[edit]

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Ban Chiang Archaeological Site
Vase with red and white design
Udon Thani Province
17°32′55″N 103°47′23″E / 17.54861°N 103.78972°E / 17.54861; 103.78972 (Ban Chiang Archaeological Site)
Cultural:
(iii)
64 (160) 1992 [2]
Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex
Medium-sized waterfall in a tropical forest
Saraburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachinburi, Sa Kaeo and Buriram Provinces
14°20′N 102°3′E / 14.333°N 102.050°E / 14.333; 102.050 (Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex)
Natural:
(x)
615,500 (1,521,000) 2005 [3]
Historic City of Ayutthaya Ruins of stupas of various sizes Ayutthaya province
14°20′52″N 100°33′38″E / 14.34778°N 100.56056°E / 14.34778; 100.56056 (Historic City of Ayutthaya)
Cultural:
(iii)
289 (710) 1991 [4]
Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns
Large white seated Buddha statue
Sukhothai and Kamphaeng Phet Provinces
17°0′26″N 99°47′23″E / 17.00722°N 99.78972°E / 17.00722; 99.78972 (Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns)
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
11,852 (29,290) 1991 [5]
Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries
A river flowing through a forested mountain landscape
Kanchanaburi, Tak and Uthai Thani Provinces
15°20′N 98°55′E / 15.333°N 98.917°E / 15.333; 98.917 (Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
622,200 (1,537,000) 1991 [6]
Location of World Heritage Sites in Thailand. Red: cultural sites, green: natural sites.

Tentative list[edit]

The following 6 sites are on the tentative list for Thailand, meaning that the government intends to consider them for nomination in the future:[7]

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Phimai, its Cultural Route and the Associated Temples of Phanomroong and Muangtam
Phimai historical park
Buriram, Nakhon Ratchasima and Surin Provinces
15°13′N 102°29′E / 15.217°N 102.483°E / 15.217; 102.483 (Angkor Roads)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
2004 [8]
Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex (KKFC)
Kaeng Krachan National Park
Ratchaburi, Phetchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan Provinces
13°14′N 5°5′E / 13.233°N 5.083°E / 13.233; 5.083 (Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex)
Natural:
(x)
482,225 (1,191,600) 2011 [9]
Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, Nakhon Si Thammarat
Chedi Phra Baromathat
Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
24°47′N 99°57′E / 24.783°N 99.950°E / 24.783; 99.950 (Phra Baromathat)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (vi)
137 (340) 2012 [10]
Phuphrabat Historical Park
Tham Khon prehistoric rock painting
Udon Thani Province
17°42′N 102°22′E / 17.700°N 102.367°E / 17.700; 102.367 (Phu Phra Bat Historical Park)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (v), (vi)
500 (1,200) 2004 [11]
Monuments, Sites and Cultural Landscape of Chiang Mai, Capital of Lanna
Wat Phra Singh
Chiang Mai Province
18°47′43″N 98°59′55″E / 18.79528°N 98.99861°E / 18.79528; 98.99861 (Monuments, Sites and Cultural Landscape of Chiang Mai, Capital of Lanna)
Cultural:
(i),(ii), (iii),(vi)
- 2015 [12]
Phra That Phanom, its related historic buildings and associated landscape
That Phanom
Nakhon Phanom Province
16°56′33″N 104°43′26″E / 16.94250°N 104.72389°E / 16.94250; 104.72389 (Monuments, Sites and Cultural Landscape of Chiang Mai, Capital of Lanna)
Cultural:
(ii),(iv),(vi)
- 2017 [13]

Current status[edit]

In July 2015 and July 2016, the Thai Government requested the World Heritage Committee at its 39th and 40th sessions in Bonn, Germany and Istanbul, Turkey to consider the inscription of Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex (KKFC), while IUCN and the World Heritage Committee recognized the outstanding universal value of the site, in 2015, the committee decided to refer the nomination because of concerning on serious human rights violation toward Karen people in the Kaeng Krachan National Park. In 2016, the committee decided to refer the nomination again after received concern from Myanmar Government on unclear border demarcation between Thailand and Myanmar on the western site of Kaeng Krachan National Park.

Thai Government nominated Phu Phra Bat Historical Park in 2016, but decided to withdraw after received recommendation from ICOMOS to redraft the nomination dossier.

Performance of Thailand in UNESCO[edit]

UNESCO List Exclusive Entries of Thailand Shared/Multinational Entries Involving Thailand
UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves 4
UNESCO World Heritage List 5
UNESCO Memory of the World Register 5
UNESCO Global Geoparks Network 1
UNESCO Creative Cities Network 2
UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Heritage Properties in Thailand". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Ban Chiang Archaeological Site". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  3. ^ "Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  4. ^ "Historic City of Ayutthaya". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  5. ^ "Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  6. ^ "Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  7. ^ "Tentative Lists: Thailand". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Phimai, its Cultural Route and the Associated Temples of Phanomroong and Muangtam". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  10. ^ "Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, Nakhon Si Thammarat". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  11. ^ "Phuphrabat Historical Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Monuments, Sites and Cultural Landscape of Chiang Mai, Capital of Lanna". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Phra That Phanom, its related historic buildings and associated landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 March 2017.