List of World War II aces from Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Clive Caldwell, top-scoring Australian ace of World War II, with his Supermarine Spitfire on Morotai, Dutch East Indies, 1944

This is a list of fighter aces in World War II from Australia. An "ace" is generally considered to be any pilot who has downed five or more enemy aircraft, though the term has never been officially adopted by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).[1] Accordingly, the numbers of victories attained by its fighter pilots were not routinely publicised by the RAAF during the war.[2] Historians have gleaned figures from combat reports, unit histories, personnel records, and award citations, which sometimes recorded the pilot’s tally of victories at the time the decoration was recommended. The top-scoring Australian ace of World War II, Clive Caldwell, is generally credited with 28½ victories, that is 27 solo "kills" and 3 shared, or a total of 30 if shared victories are counted as 1 each.[3][4] His total was almost twice that of the second-highest scoring Australian ace, Adrian Goldsmith with 17.[3][5]

For aces of other countries, see List of World War II aces by country.

Name Victories Squadron(s) Awards Notes
Clive Caldwell 28½[6][7] or 30 (27 + 3 shared)[5] 250, 112 RAF DSO, DFC & Bar
Adrian Goldsmith 16¼[6] or 17[5][7] 234, 242, 126 RAF 452 RAAF DFC, DFM
Paterson Hughes 15[6][7] or 17 (14 + 3 shared)[5] 64, 234, 247 RAF DFC KIA 7 September 1940[8]
Keith Truscott 15[5] or 16[6][7] 452, 76 RAAF DFC & Bar KIFA 28 March 1943[9]
John Waddy 15[7] 15½[5][6] 250, 260, 92 RAF 4 SAAF 80 RAAF DFC
Les Clisby 14[6] or 16[5][7] 1 RAF DFC KIA 15 May 1940[10]
Charles Scherf 14[5] or 14½[6][7] 418 RCAF DSO, DFC & Bar
Nigel Cullen 13[6] or 16[5][7] 267, 80 RAF DFC KIA 4 March 1941[11]
Mervyn Shipard 13[5] or 14[6][7] 68, 89 RAF DFC & Bar
Tony Gaze 12[7] or 14 (11 + 3 shared)[5] or 14.5[12] 610, 616, 64, 129, 66, 41, RAF DFC & Two Bars Score includes one V-1 flying bomb.
Nicky Barr 12[6][7] 3 RAAF MC, DFC & Bar
Bruce Bretherton 12[5][6][7] 73 255 267 RAF DFC
Peter Turnbull 12[5][6][7] 3, 75, 76 RAAF DFC KIA 27 August 1942[13]
John Yarra 12[5][6][7] 232, 64, 233, 185 RAF 453 RAAF DFM KIA 10 December 1942[14]
Hugo Armstrong 11[5][6] 126, 611, 72 RAF, 452 RAAF DFC & Bar KIA 5 February 1943 [15]
Charles Crombie 11[7] or 12[5][6] 25, 89, 176, 89 RAF DSO, DFC KIFA 26 August 1945[16]
Howard Mayers 11[6][7] or 12 (11 + 1 shared)[5] 94, 601 RAF DSO, DFC & Bar
William Millington 11[5] 79, 249 RAF DFC KIA 30 October 1940[17]
Robert Whittle 11[6][7] or 13 (10 + 3 shared)[5] 250 RAF 86 RAAF DFM
Bobby Gibbes 10¼[6][18] or 12 (10 + 2 shared)[5] 450, 3 RAAF DSO, DFC & Bar
Virgil Brennan 10[6][7] 64, 249 RAF 452, 79 RAAF DFC, DFM KIFA 13 June 1943
Edward Coate 10[5][7] 252, 227, 272 RAF DFC & Bar
John Cock 10[6][7] or 11 (10 + 1 shared)[5] 87, 72 RAF 3, 453 RAAF DFC
John Curchin 9[7] or 12 (8 + 4 shared)[5] 600, 609 RAF DFC
James Kearney 9[7] 31 RAAF DFC
Colin Parkinson 9[5] or 10[6][7] 19, 56, 603, 229 RAF DFC
Norman Williams 9 10, 35 RAF, 23 RAAF CGM, DFM & Bar Bomber Command
Wilfred Arthur 8[5] or 10[6][7] 3, 75, 76 RAAF DSO, DFC
John Jackson 8[5][7][19] 23, 3, 75 RAAF DFC KIA 28 April 1942[20]
Kenneth McDonald 8[7] 31 RAAF DFC
John Pain 8[5] 32, 261, 73 RAF
John Perrin 8[5] or 10[6][7] 87, 54 RAF 3, 5, 24, 76 RAAF DFC
Alan Rawlinson 8[5] or 10[6][7] 3, 79 RAAF DFC & Bar
Ian Russell 8[7] or 10[5][6] 245, 607, 609 RAF DFC KIA 1 June 1940 [21]
Gordon Steege 8[5][7] 11, 260 RAF, 3, 450 RAAF DSO, DFC
William Storey 8[5][7] 135 RAF DFC
Rex Wilson 8[5][7] 3 RAAF DFM KIA 9 December 1941[22]
John Bartle 7[5] 112 RAF, 450 RAAF
John Bisley 7[5][7] DFC
Alan Boyd 7[5] 3, 75, 76, 84, 67 RAAF
John Boyd 7[5] 135, 242, 126 RAF DFM KIA 14 May 1942[23]
Gregory Graham 7[5] 80 RAF
Keith Hampshire 7[5][7] or 10[24] 12, 6, 22, 456 RAAF DSO & Bar, DFC
Rudolf Leu 7[5][7] 112 RAF DFM
Gordon Tweedale 7[5][7] 43, 126, 155 RAF DFM KIA 9 May 1942[25]
Russell Foskett [5][7] 80, 94 RAF OBE, DFC KIA 31 October 1944[26]
Roderick Bowes 6[5][7] 79 RAF DFC KIA 21 May 1943[27]
Keith Chisholm 6[7] or 7[5] (5 + 2 shared) 452 RAAF MC, DFM
Alexander Constantine 6[5][7] 141, 273, 136 RAF
Robert Cowper 6[5][7] 153, 89, 108 RAF 456 RAAF DFC & Bar Score includes one V-1 flying bomb[5]
Walter Mailey 6[5][7] 3 RAAF DFM
Gordon Olive 6[7] or 8[5] 65 RAF, 456 RAAF DFC
Thomas Paxton 6[5] 250, 30 RAF
Stewart Rees 6[5][7] 600 RAF DFC
John Saunders 6[5][7] KIA 22 November 1941[28]
Desmond Sheen 6[5][7] 212, 72 RAF DFC & Bar
Ronald Simes 6[5][7] 3 RAAF DFM KIA 9 January 1942[29]
Donald Smith 5[7] or 6 (5 + 1 shared)[5] 126, 41 RAF 452, 453 RAAF DFC
Raymond Thorold-Smith 6[7] or 7 (6 + 1 shared)[5] 452 RAAF DFC KIA 15 March 1943[30]
Geoffrey Atherton 5[5][7] 24, 25, 75, 82 RAAF DFC & Bar
Maxwell Bell 5[5][7] 19 RAF DFC KIA 9 September 1944[31]
Robert Bungey 5[5][7] 226, 145 RAF 452 RAAF DFC Died 10 June 1943[32]
Bobby Bunting 5[5][7] 93 RAF DFC
Henry Burney 5[5][6][7] 112 RAF
Alan Cameron 5[7] or 7[5] 3 RAAF DFM
Alfred Clare 5[7] 453, 24, 5 RAAF
Laurance Cronin 5[5][7] 453 RAAF, 81 RAF DFC
William Cundy 5[7] or 7 (5 + 2 shared)[5] 135, 260 RAF 452 RAAF DFC, DFM
Victor Curtis 5[5][7] 3 RAAF KIA 6 January 1943[33]
Charles Fry 5[5] or 6[7] 112 RAF DFC & Bar
Peter Giddy 5[5][7] 3 RAAF
Richard Glyde 5[7] or 6 (3 + 3 shared)[5] 87 RAF DFC KIA 14 August 1940[34]
Wilfred Goold 5[5][7] 607 RAF DFC
Reginald Gordon 5 or 6[5][7] 24, 31 RAF DFC & Bar
Ronald Hammond 5[7] 248 RAF DFM
Richard Hillary 5[5][7] 603 RAF KIA 8 January 1943
Leslie Jackson 5[5][7] 21, 23, 75 RAAF DFC & Bar
Peter Jeffrey 5[7] or 6 (5 + 1 shared)[5][35] 3, 75, 76 RAAF DSO, DFC
Donald McBurnie 5[7] or 6 (5 + 1 shared)[5] 238 RAF, 450, 451 RAAF DFC, DFM
Lawrence McIntosh 5[5][7] 112, 111 RAF
Richard Nitschke 5[5][7] 250 RAF KIA 20 December 1941[36]
Ronald Rankin 5[7] or 8 (4 + 4 shared)[5] 272, 236, 227 RAF 30 RAAF DFC
John Ratten 5[5][7] 72 RAF 453 RAAF DFC KIA 27 February 1945[37]
Leonard Reid 5[7] or 7[5] 504, 185, 130 RAF 79, 452 RAAF DFC
Arthur Spurgin 5[5][7] 68, 87, 89 RAF 86 RAAF DFC

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, pp. 1–2
  2. ^ Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, p. 32
  3. ^ a b Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, p. 30
  4. ^ Newton, Australian Air Aces, p. 75
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb Newton, Australian Air Aces, pp. 117–118
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Odgers, The Royal Australian Air Force, p. 125
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, pp. 31–32
  8. ^ Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, pp. 139–140
  9. ^ Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, pp. 162–163
  10. ^ Newton, Australian Air Aces, pp. 77–78
  11. ^ Newton, Australian Air Aces, p. 83
  12. ^ "Gaze, Frederick Anthony Owen "Tony"". World War Two Awards. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  13. ^ "Turnbull, Peter St George Bruce". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  14. ^ "Yarra, John William". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  15. ^ "Armstrong, Hugo Throssell". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  16. ^ Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, pp. 127–128
  17. ^ "Commemorative Roll – William Henry Millington". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  18. ^ Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, p. 133
  19. ^ Andrew Thomas (2005). Tomahawk and Kittyhawk Aces of the RAF and Commonwealth, p. 103
  20. ^ "Jackson, John Francis". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  21. ^ "Russell, Ian Bedford Nesbitt". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  22. ^ "Wilson, Rex Kerslake". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  23. ^ "Boyd, John Livingstone". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  24. ^ Bowman, Mosquito Fighter/Fighter-Bomber Units of World War 2, p. 95
  25. ^ "Tweedale, Gordon Russell". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  26. ^ "Foskett, Russell George". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  27. ^ Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, p. 118
  28. ^ "Saunders, John Henry William". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  29. ^ "Simes, Ronald Henry". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  30. ^ "Thorold-Smith, Raymond Edward". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  31. ^ "Bell, Maxwell Herron". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  32. ^ Garrisson, Australian Fighter Aces, pp. 120–121
  33. ^ "Curtis, Victor Farley". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  34. ^ "Glyde, Richard Lindsay". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  35. ^ Thomas, Tomahawk and Kittyhawk Aces of the RAF and Commonwealth, p. 102
  36. ^ "Nitschke, Richard Hastings". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  37. ^ "Ratten, John Richard". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2013.

References[edit]