List of World War II military aircraft of Germany

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This list covers aircraft of Nazi Germany that served in the Luftwaffe during the Second World War as defined by the years 1939 to 1945. Number designations are largely by the RLM designation system, although in this list they are partially organized by manufacturer and role.

The Luftwaffe of the Third Reich officially existed from 1933–1945; training for a German air force had been going on as early as the 1920s, before the Nazis came to power. The first list attempts to focus on the more significant aircraft that participated in the main part of the war. The second is a more all-encompassing list to include the time before, although projects are not covered.

Captured aircraft also have a list. Internal projects of manufacturers are not listed, nor are many prototypes. A list of aircraft of the period from 1933–1945 can be found at list of RLM aircraft designations in the form of the Reich Aviation Ministry's list of aircraft. Planes from all branches are currently listed.

Introduction to listings[edit]

A plane's number was usually related to its RLM designation and sometimes to its manufacturer (foreign ones with captured aircraft). The RLM-GL/C designations are not all correct and sometimes are used twice. The RLM would sometimes reassign numbers. Some pre-1933 aircraft just used their company names, etc. The Aircraft names are the most common names. Other key data are sometimes listed afterward. See RLM aircraft designation system for a full explanation of the RLM system.

Primary aircraft[edit]

This list does not primarily include projects, prototypes or captured aircraft but consists mostly of the most common aircraft of the German Luftwaffe that participated in the Second World War. A full list of project aircraft and captured aircraft can be found at list of RLM aircraft designations in the form of the Reich Aviation Ministry's list of aircraft.

See German aircraft production during World War II for the most produced types.

German military aircraft, 1919–1945[edit]

While the Luftwaffe was not public until 1935, it had been in development in secret since the 1920s during the German re-armament, and many aircraft made in the inter-war years were used during World War II.

Fighters and interceptors[edit]

Designation Type Production
Prototype
Comment
Arado Ar 64 fighter biplane prototype
Arado Ar 65 fighter/trainer biplane (re-engined Ar 64) production
Arado Ar 66 trainer/night attack production
Arado Ar 67 fighter biplane prototype
Arado Ar 68 fighter biplane production
Arado Ar 76 fighter/trainer biplane prototype
Arado Ar 80 fighter prototype
Arado Ar 197 naval fighter (derived from Ar 68) prototype
Arado Ar 240 heavy fighter/attack prototype
Arado Ar 440 heavy fighter/attack derived from Ar 240 prototype
Blohm & Voss BV 40 glider interceptor prototype
Bachem Ba 349 rocket interceptor prototype Natter
Dornier Do 10 (Do C1) 1931 fighter prototype
Dornier Do 335 fighter-bomber production Pfeil; push-pull engines
Focke-Wulf Fw 57 heavy fighter and bomber prototype
Focke-Wulf Ta 152 fighter (derived from Fw 190) production
Focke-Wulf Ta 154 night-fighter production Moskito
Focke-Wulf Fw 159 fighter prototype
Focke-Wulf Fw 187 heavy fighter prototype Falke
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter production Würger
Heinkel HD 37 fighter biplane (used only by Soviets) production
Heinkel HD 38 fighter biplane production
Heinkel HD 43 fighter biplane prototype
Heinkel He 49 fighter biplane prototype
Heinkel He 51 fighter/close-support biplane production
Heinkel He 100 fighter prototype
Heinkel He 112 fighter production
Heinkel He 113 fighter production propaganda designation for He 100
Heinkel He 162 jet fighter production Volksjäger
Heinkel He 219 night-fighter production Uhu
Heinkel He 280 jet fighter prototype
Henschel Hs 121 fighter/trainer prototype
Henschel Hs 124 heavy fighter/bomber prototype
Henschel Hs 125 fighter/trainer prototype
Horten Ho 229 fighter prototype jet flying wing
Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter production
Messerschmitt Bf 110 heavy fighter/night-fighter production
Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket interceptor prototype Komet
Messerschmitt Me 209 speed-record aircraft developed into fighter prototype
Messerschmitt Me 209-II fighter (completely different from Me 209) prototype
Messerschmitt Me 210 heavy fighter/reconnaissance production
Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter/bomber production Schwalbe
Messerschmitt Me 263 rocket interceptor project prototype did not fly
Messerschmitt Me 309 fighter prototype
Messerschmitt Me 328 pulse jet fighter prototype
Messerschmitt Me 410 heavy fighter/reconnaissance production Hornisse
Messerschmitt Me P.1101 jet fighter prototype did not fly

Bombers and ground attack[edit]

Patrol and reconnaissance[edit]

Transports and utility[edit]

Trainers[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

Captured aircraft[edit]

Related content[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]