List of World War II military personnel educated at the United States Military Academy

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The United States Military Academy (USMA) is an undergraduate college in West Point, New York that educates and commissions officers for the United States Army. This list is drawn from alumni of the Military Academy who are veterans of World War I. This includes ... .a[›]

World War II veterans[edit]

Note: "Class year" refers to the alumni's class year, which usually is the same year they graduated. However, in times of war, classes often graduate early.
Name Class year Notability References
Henry, GuyGuy Henry 1898 Major General; Spanish–American War, Philippine–American War, World War I; commander of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment; recipient of two Army Distinguished Service Medals and the Silver Star; son of Brigadier General, Medal of Honor recipient, and Puerto Rico Governor Guy Vernor Henry [1]
Embick, Stanley DunbarStanley Dunbar Embick 1899 Lieutenant General; Spanish–American War, World War I; recipient of two Army Distinguished Service Medals; father-in-law of General Albert Coady Wedemeyer [2]
MacArthur, DouglasDouglas MacArthur 1903 General of the Army, Field Marshal in the Philippine Army; United States occupation of Veracruz; Second Battle of the Marne, Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive during World War I; commander of the 42nd Infantry Division; Superintendent of the United States Military Academy (1919–1922); brigade commander in the Philippine Division; commander of the Philippine Department; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1930–1935); recipient of the Medal of Honor for actions during the Battle of Bataan, commander of the South West Pacific Area during World War II; Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers during the Occupation of Japan; Korean War; grandson of Wisconsin Governor Arthur MacArthur, Sr.; son of Lieutenant General and Medal of Honor recipient Arthur MacArthur, Jr. [3]
Pratt, Henry CongerHenry Conger Pratt 1904 Major General; World War I; aide to William Howard Taft; commander of Brooks Field, Kelly Field, and Mitchel Field; Commandant of the Air Corps Tactical School; commander of the Philippine Division; commander of Fort William McKinley; commander of the Southern Defense Command and Western Defense Command; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [4]
Stilwell, JosephJoseph Stilwell 1904 General; described Academy hazing as "hell"; U.S. Fourth Corps intelligence officer and helped plan the St. Mihiel offensive during World War I; commander of American forces in the China Burma India Theater in World War II [5]
Andrews, Frank MaxwellFrank Maxwell Andrews 1906 Lieutenant General; commanded airfields in America during World War I, staff of Army of Occupation in Germany after the war; commander of the 1st Pursuit Group; commander of the General Headquarters Air Force and Panama Canal Air Force; commander of the Caribbean Defense Command; commander of the U.S. Army Forces in the Middle East; commander of U.S. forces of the European Theater of Operations; Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility, Andrews Air Force Base, and RAF Andrews Field are named for him [6]
Hoyle, Rene Edward De RussyRene Edward De Russy Hoyle 1906 Major General; commander of the 9th Infantry Division; son of Brigadier General Eli D. Hoyle; grandson of Brigadier General René Edward De Russy [7]
Arnold, Henry H. "Hap"Henry H. "Hap" Arnold 1907 General of the Army, General of the Air Force; Second rated pilot in the United States Army Air Corps; executive officer of the aviation section at Army headquarters in Washington D.C. during World War I; World War II; commander of the United States Army Command and General Staff College; commander of March Field; commander of the United States Army Air Forces; founder of the RAND Corporation; Arnold Air Force Base, Arnold Engineering Development Center, and Arnold Air Society are named for him [8]
Buckner, Jr., Simon BolivarSimon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. 1908 General; World War I; Battle of Dutch Harbor, killed at the Battle of Okinawa; commander of the Alaska Defense Command; commander of the Tenth United States Army; son of Kentucky Governor and Confederate State Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner [9]
Devers, Jacob L.Jacob L. Devers 1909 General; Operation Dragoon, Operation Overlord, Operation Varsity; commander of the 9th Infantry Division; commander of the Sixth United States Army Group [10]
Eichelberger, Robert L.Robert L. Eichelberger 1909 General; American Expeditionary Force Siberia; Superintendent of the Academy (1940-1942); commanded Eighth United States Army in World War II a[›][11]
Emmons, Delos CarletonDelos Carleton Emmons 1909 Lieutenant General; company commander in the 30th Infantry Regiment; commander of the Western Defense Command; commandant of the Armed Forces Staff College [12]
Patton, George S.George S. Patton 1909 General; 1912 Summer Olympics, modern pentathlon, 5th place; Pancho Villa Expedition; World War II; Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive; commander of the 1st Tank Brigade/304th Tank Brigade; commander of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment; commander of the 2nd Armored Division; commander of the II Corps; commander of the Seventh United States Army, Third United States Army, and Fifteenth United States Army during World War II; descendant of Brigadier General Hugh Mercer; father of Major General George Patton IV; Patton series of tanks were named for him [13][14]
Griswold, OscarOscar Griswold 1910 Lieutenant General; World War I; Solomon Islands campaign, Bougainville campaign, Philippines campaign (1944-45); commander of the 29th Infantry Regiment and 4th Infantry Regiment; commander of the XIV Corps; commander of the Seventh United States Army and the Third United States Army; recipient of two Army Distinguished Service Medals, Navy Distinguished Service Medal, and two Silver Stars [15]
Chamberlin, Stephen J.Stephen J. Chamberlin 1912 Lieutenant General; World War I; commander of the Fifth Army; recipient of the Navy Cross, the Army Distinguished Service Medal, and the Silver Star [16]
Spaatz, Carl AndrewCarl Andrew Spaatz 1914 General; Pancho Villa Expedition; flight instructor and fighter pilot in World War I; Eighth Air Force commander in World War II; first Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force (1947-1948) [17]
Bradley, OmarOmar Bradley 1915 General of the Army; stationed in America during World War I; commander of the 82nd Infantry Division and 28th Infantry Division in non-combat areas prior to being assigned to combat in Operation Torch, Normandy Landings, Operation Cobra, Battle of the Bulge, commander of the First United States Army, commander of the Twelfth United States Army Group; Korean War; first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Administrator of the Veterans Administration; Chairman of the NATO Military Committee; Bradley Fighting Vehicle named for him [18][19]
Davison, Donald AngusDonald Angus Davison 1915 Major General; North African Campaign; Davison Army Airfield is named for him [20]
Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower 1915 General of the Army; trained tank crews in Pennsylvania during World War I; World War II; commander of European Theater of Operations and Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (1942–1945); 1st Military Governor of American Occupation Zone in Germany (1945); President of Columbia University (1948–1950, 1952–1953); 1st Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1951–1952); 34th President of the United States (1953-1961) [21]
Esteves, Luis R.Luis R. Esteves 1915 Major General; first Hispanic graduate of the Academy; Pancho Villa Expedition; mayor and judge of Polvo, Mexico; commander of the 23rd Battalion, which was composed of Puerto Ricans and stationed in Panama during World War I; commander of 92nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team during World War II; founder of the Puerto Rico National Guard [22]
Larkin, Thomas B.Thomas B. Larkin 1915 Lieutenant General; reconnaissance officer during Second Battle of the Marne; Tunisia Campaign in World War II; Quartermaster General (1946-1949) [23]
Johns, DwightDwight Johns 1916 Brigadier General; World War I, Pancho Villa Expedition; recipients of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [24]
Clark, Mark W.Mark W. Clark 1917 General; World War I, Korean War; Operation Torch, Battle of Monte Cassino; commander of the II Corps; commander of the Fifth United States Army; commander of the 15th Army Group; commander of the United Nations Command; President of The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina [25]
Collins, J. LawtonJ. Lawton Collins 1917 General; Invasion of Normandy, Operation Cobra; Chief of Staff of the VII Corps; Chief of Staff of the Hawaiian Department; commander of the 25th Infantry Division [26]
Cota, NormanNorman Cota 1917 Major General; Operation Torch, Allied invasion of Sicily, Normandy Landings, Battle of Hürtgen Forest; commander of the 28th Infantry Division [27]
Wahl, George DouglasGeorge Douglas Wahl 1917 Brigadier General; son of Major General Lutz Wahl [28]
Casey, Hugh JohnHugh John Casey 1918 Major General; instructor and engineer company commander during World War I; Chief Engineer for General of the Army Douglas MacArthur for the South West Pacific theatre of World War II; initial designer of The Pentagon; father of Major Hugh Boyd Casey; father-in-law of Major General Frank Butner Clay [29]
Clay, Lucius D.Lucius D. Clay 1918 General; Military Governor of Allied-occupied Germany; son of U.S. Senator Alexander S. Clay; father of Major General Frank Butner Clay and Air Force General Lucius D. Clay, Jr. [30]
Holbrook, Jr., Willard AmesWillard Ames Holbrook, Jr. 1918 Brigadier General; commander of the 12th Armored Division; son of Major General Willard Ames Holbrook; nephew of Major General Lucius Roy Holbrook; grandson of Major General David S. Stanley; grandson-in-law of Brigadier General Eli D. Hoyle; great-grandson-in-law of Brigadier General René Edward De Russy [31]
Miley, William M.William M. Miley 1918 Major General; World War I; commander of the 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment; commander of the 17th Airborne Division and 11th Airborne Division; recipient of the Silver Star and two Army Distinguished Service Medals [32]
Twining, Nathan FarragutNathan Farragut Twining 1919 General; Pancho Villa Expedition; commander of the Thirteenth Air Force, Fifteenth Air Force, and Twentieth Air Force; commander of the Air Material Command and the Alaskan Air Command; Air Force Chief of Staff; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal [33]
McCullough, Arthur L.Arthur L. McCullough 1920 Brigadier General; Allied invasion of Sicily; commander of the 514th Troop Carrier Wing and 313th Trooper Carrier Wing; recipient of the Legion of Merit [34]
Rush, Hugo P.Hugo P. Rush 1920 Major General; commander of the 44th Bombardment Group and the 98th Bombardment Group; commander of the 15th Wing, 47th Bombardment Wing, 17th Bomb Operational Training Wing, and 301st Fighter Wing; commander of the VIII Bomber Command; commander of Keesler Field; recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star, and the Legion of Merit [35]
Vandenberg, HoytHoyt Vandenberg 1923 General; commander of the 90th Attack Squadron; commander of the Twelfth Air Force and the Ninth Air Force; Director of Central Intelligence; Air Force Chief of Staff; recipient of two Army Distinguished Service Medals and the Silver Star; Vandenberg Air Force Base is named for him; the Navy vessel USNS General Hoyt S. Vandenberg (T-AGM-10) was named for him; father of Major General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Jr.; nephew of U.S. Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg [36]
Dewey, Lawrence RussellLawrence Russell Dewey 1924 Major General; Korean War; troop commander; Chief of Staff of the 1st Armored Division and the IX Corps; recipient of the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, and the Bronze Star Medal [37]
MacCloskey, MonroMonro MacCloskey 1924 Brigadier General; commander of the 885th Bombardment Squadron; commander of the 2641st Special Group; commander of the 28th Air Division; recipient of the Silver Star and the Legion of Merit; son of Brigadier General Manus MacCloskey [38]
Marcus, MickeyMickey Marcus 1924 Colonel (USA) and Israeli Army Major General (Aluf); lawyer; World War II civil affairs officer, parachuted into the Battle of Normandy, helped draw up the surrender terms for Italy and Germany and became part of the occupation government in Berlin; portrayed by Kirk Douglas in Cast a Giant Shadow; organized, trained, and led Israeli forces during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, killed by friendly fire in 1948 in Israel [39]
Andersen, James RoyJames Roy Andersen 1926 Brigadier General; Andersen Air Force Base is named for him [40]
Ehrgott, Herbert W.Herbert W. Ehrgott 1926 Brigadier General; recipient of the Legion of Merit [41]
Zwicker, Ralph WiseRalph Wise Zwicker 1927 Major General; Normandy landings; commander of the 38th Infantry Regiment and 18th Infantry Regiment; commander of Camp Kilmer; commander of the 24th Infantry Division and 1st Cavalry Division; commander of the XX Corps; recipient of the Silver Star [42]
Born, Charles F.Charles F. Born 1928 Major General; commander of the 50th Observation Squadron; commander of the Antilles Air Command; commander of the Second Air Force and Fifteenth Air Force; recipient of the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal and Legion of Merit [43]
Bunker, Howard G.Howard G. Bunker 1928 Major General; recipient of the Legion of Merit [44]
Frederick, Robert T.Robert T. Frederick 1928 Major General; Operation Dragoon; commander of the Devil's Brigade; commander of the 1st Airborne Task Force; commander of the 45th Infantry Division, 4th Infantry Division, and 6th Infantry Division [45]
Mills, John S.John S. Mills 1928 Major General; recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star, and the Legion of Merit [46]
Bassett, Harold HuntleyHarold Huntley Bassett 1929 Major General; commander of the U.S. Air Force Security Service and the Air Weather Service; commander of the United States Taiwan Defense Command; recipient of the Legion of Merit [47]
Gavin, James M.James M. Gavin 1929 Lieutenant General; Korean War; Allied invasion of Sicily, Operation Overlord, Operation Market Garden; company commander in the 7th Infantry Regiment and the 503rd Parachute Infantry Battalion; commander of the 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment; U.S. Ambassador to France; the Gavin Power Plant in Cheshire, Ohio is named for him [48]
Roth, Marshall S.Marshall S. Roth 1929 Major General; commander of the 375th Troop Carrier Group and 317th Troop Carrier Group; recipient of the Legion of Merit [49]
Howze, Hamilton H.Hamilton H. Howze 1930 General; commander of the 1st Armored Division and 82nd Airborne Division; commander of the XVIII Airborne Corps; commander of the Third United States Army and Eighth United States Army; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal and the Silver Star; son of Major General Robert Lee Howze [50]
Smith, Phillips WallerPhillips Waller Smith 1930 Major General; recipient of the Legion of Merit [51]
Blake, GordonGordon Blake 1931 Lieutenant General; commander of the U.S. Air Force Security Service; Chief of Staff of the Pacific Air Forces; Director of the National Security Agency [52]
Hutchison, David WilliamDavid William Hutchison 1931 Major General; Battle of Biak, Battle of Leyte, Battle of Luzon; commander of the 308th Bombardment Wing and 97th Bombardment Wing; commander of the 314th Air Division, 21st Air Division, and the 5th Air Division; commander of the Seventeenth Air Force and Ninth Air Force; recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal and Silver Star [53]
Darby, William OrlandoWilliam Orlando Darby 1933 Brigadier General; killed during the Italian Campaign; Camp Darby is named for him [54]
Luehman, Arno H.Arno H. Luehman 1934 Major General; Chief of Staff of Operations of the Third Air Force; Chief of Staff of the Thirteenth Air Force; Commandant of the Air War College [55]
Musgrave, Jr., Thomas CebernThomas Cebern Musgrave, Jr. 1935 Major General; commander of the 47th Air Division and 7th Air Division; Director of Manpower and Organization; recipient of the Legion of Merit [56]
Stillman, Robert M.Robert M. Stillman 1935 Major General; commander of the 322d Bombardment Group; commander of Stewart Field; commander of Lackland Military Training Center; commander of 313th Air Division; prisoner of war; Commandant of Cadets at United States Air Force Academy; recipient of the Silver Star; recipient of the Legion of Merit; recipient of the Bronze Star Medal; recipient of the Purple Heart [57]
Clifton, Jr., Chester VictorChester Victor Clifton, Jr. 1936 Major General; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal; Senior Military Aide to John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson [58]
Davis, Jr., Benjamin O.Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. 1936 General; Korean War; commander of the 99th Pursuit Squadron; commander of the 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing; Chief of Staff of the Twelfth Air Force and Thirteenth Air Force; son of Brigadier General Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. [59]
Fellows, Richard W.Richard W. Fellows 1937 Brigadier General; Philippines Campaign; commander of the 30th Bombardment Group and 376th Bombardment Group; commander of Pepperrell Air Force Base and Ernest Harmon Air Force Base; recipient of the Silver Star [60]
Samuel, John S.John S. Samuel 1939 Major General; Invasion of Normandy, Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine, Battle of the Bulge, Western Allied invasion of Germany; commander of the 322d Bombardment Group; commander of Carswell Air Force Base; commander of the 816th Air Division; Director of the U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations; recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star, and the Legion of Merit [61]
Bennett, Donald V.Donald V. Bennett 1940 General; Normandy Landings; Superintendent of the United States Military Academy; Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency; commander of the United States Army Pacific [62]
Ascani, FredFred Ascani 1941 Major General; squadron commander in the 483rd Bomb Group; commander of the 86th Fighter Interceptor Group; commander of the 50th Fighter Bomber Wing [63]
Gribble, Jr., William C.William C. Gribble, Jr. 1941 Lieutenant General; battalion commander in the 43rd Infantry Division; Chief of Engineers; recipient of two Army Distinguished Service Medals [64]
Olds, RobinRobin Olds 1943 Brigadier General; Vietnam War; group commander in the 86th Fighter-Interceptor Wing; commander of the No. 1 Squadron RAF and 434th Fighter Squadron; commander of the 81st Tactical Wing and the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing; recipient of the Air Force Cross, two Air Force Distinguished Service Medals, and four Silver Stars; son of Major General Robert Olds [65]
Douglas MacArthur (1903)
Joseph Stilwell (1904)
George S. Patton (1909)
Dwight D. Eisenhower (1915)
Omar Bradley (1915)

References[edit]

General

^ a: Special Collections: Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy. West Point, NY: United States Military Academy Library. 1950. 

Inline citations
  1. ^ "Guy Henry". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  2. ^ "Stanley Dunbar Embick". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-04-22. 
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  6. ^ "Frank Maxwell Andrews". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  7. ^ "Rene Edward De Russy Hoyle". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-20. 
  8. ^ "Henry H. Arnold". Air and Space Power Journal. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  9. ^ "Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. Papers" (PDF). The Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  10. ^ "Members of the Command and General Staff College Hall of Fame". Command and General Staff College. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
  11. ^ "Robert Lawrence Eichelberger". Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  12. ^ "Delos Carleton Emmons". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
  13. ^ "George S. Patton". Virginia Military Institute. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  14. ^ D'Este, Carlo (1995). Patton: A Genius for War. New York: Harper Perennial. pp. 58, 131. ISBN 0-06-092762-3. 
  15. ^ "Preliminary Guide to Twentieth Century Manuscripts in the U.S. Military Academy Library" (PDF). United States Military Academy. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  16. ^ "Stephen J. Chamberlin". Military Times.com. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  17. ^ Mets, David R. (1997). Master of Airpower: General Carl A. Spaatz. Presidio, CA: Presidio Press. pp. 260–1,265. ISBN 0-89141-639-0. 
  18. ^ "Omar Bradley". United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  19. ^ Hollister, Jay (3 May 2001). "General Omar Nelson Bradley". University of San Diego. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  20. ^ "Donald Angus Davison". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  21. ^ "Biography of Dwight D. Eisenhower". The White House. Retrieved 2008-09-06. 
  22. ^ "Major General Luis Raúl Esteves Völckers". Bell South. 1 November 2002. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  23. ^ "Thomas B. Larkin". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
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  28. ^ "George Douglas Wahl". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
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  33. ^ "Nathan Farragut Twining". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  34. ^ "Arthur L. McCullough". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2010-09-05. 
  35. ^ "Major General Hugo P. Rush". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2011-02-17. 
  36. ^ "Hoyt Vandenberg". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  37. ^ "Lawrence Russell Dewey". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2011-02-01. 
  38. ^ "Brigadier General Manus MacCloskey". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  39. ^ Kurzman, Dan (1970). Genesis 1948, The First Arab Israeli War. New York: Da Capo Press. pp. 439–443. ISBN 0-306-80473-5. 
  40. ^ "James Roy Andersen". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  41. ^ "Herbert W. Ehrgott". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  42. ^ "Ralph Wise Zwicker". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  43. ^ "Charles F. Born". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  44. ^ "Howard G. Bunker". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  45. ^ "Robert T. Frederick". Access My Library.com. 1 January 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
  46. ^ "John S. Mills". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  47. ^ "Harold Huntley Bassett". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2010-08-27. 
  48. ^ "James M. Gavin". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
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  50. ^ Goldstein, Richard (18 December 1998). "Hamilton H. Howze obituary". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  51. ^ "Phillips Waller Smith". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2010-09-09. 
  52. ^ "Gordon Blake". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  53. ^ "David William Hutchison". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2010-09-02. 
  54. ^ "William Orlando Darby". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
  55. ^ "Arno H. Luehamn". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  56. ^ "Thomas Cebern Musgrave, Jr.". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  57. ^ "Robert M. Stillman 1935". West Point Association of Graduates. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  58. ^ "Chester Victor Clifton, Jr.". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  59. ^ "Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.". Aviation-History.com. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
  60. ^ "Richard W. Fellows". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  61. ^ "John S. Samuel". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  62. ^ "Donald V. Bennett Obituary". United States Military Academy. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  63. ^ "Fred Ascani". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  64. ^ "William C. Gribble, Jr.". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  65. ^ "Robin Olds". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. Retrieved 2010-04-26.