List of Yugoslav World War II monuments and memorials in Croatia

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List of Yugoslav World War II monuments and memorials in Croatia represent monuments and memorials built on the territory of the present day Croatia in Yugoslavia between 1945 and 1991. It does not include busts or other statues of individuals (see bottom).

History[edit]

The Yugoslav authorities established several memorial sites between 1945 and 1960, though widespread building started after the founding of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito commissioned several memorial sites and monuments in the 1960s and 70s dedicated to World War II battle, and concentration camp sites. They were designed by notable sculptors, including Dušan Džamonja, Vojin Bakić, Miodrag Živković, Jordan and Iskra Grabul, and architects, including Bogdan Bogdanović, Gradimir Medaković. After Tito's death, a small number was built, and the monuments were popular visitor attractions in the 1980s as patriotic sites.

After the dissolution of Yugoslavia and during the Yugoslav Wars in the 1990s, World War II monuments and memorials were targeted and destroyed by vandals while the new Croatian government did nothing to prevent them. It is thought that more than 3000 antifascist memorials have been destroyed in Croatia since 1991. Today, the remaining memorial sites are visited by mostly local antifascist organisations and World War II veterans. In recent times, some demolished monuments were rebuilt.[1]

List[edit]

Image Name Location Notes
Spomenik revoluciji-Podgaric.jpg Monument to the Revolution of the people of Moslavina Podgarić Designed by Dušan Džamonja, built in 1967.[2] Dedicated to the people of Moslavina during World War II.[3]
Petrova Gora monument.jpg Monument to the uprising of the people of Kordun and Banija Petrova Gora Designed by Vojin Bakić, built in 1981. Dedicated to the people of Kordun and Banija during World War II.
Spomen park Borik02 Borik Memorial Park Bjelovar Designed by Vojin Bakić, built in 1947.
Spomen-park Dudik, Vukovar Dudik Memorial Park Vukovar Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović, built from 1978 to 1980.
Monument to the Battle of Batina Batina Battle Memorial Complex Batina Designed by Antun Augustinčić, built from 1945 to 1947. Dedicated to fallen soldiers of Yugoslav and Red army during the Battle of Batina.[4]
Partizanski spomenik Orebić06685 Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Orebić Located on the Pelješac peninsula, near the village called Gornje Pijavičino. Dedicated to 395 fallen Yugoslav partisans and civilians killed in Italian and ustasha concentration camps. Designed by Ivan Mitrović and Zlatko Jerić, built in 1983.[5]
Logor Jasenovac.JPG Jasenovac Memorial Area Jasenovac Dedicated to concentration camp victims at the Jasenovac camp, held by the Ustasha. Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović, built in 1966.[6]
Spomenik Sisackom odredu-Brezovica Monument to Sisak Detachment Sisak Designed by Želimir Janeš. Dedicated to the 1st Sisak Partisan Detachment. Built in 1981 on the site of establishment, in the forest of Brezovica.[7]
Vojin Bakić, Spomenik pobjedi revolucije naroda Slavonije, Kamenska Monument of the Revolutionary victory of the people of Slavonia Kamenska Dedicated to the Partisan victory in Slavonia. Built in 1968 on the Blažuj hill.[8] It was once the biggest abstract sculpture in the world. The Croatian army destroyed the monument in 1992.[9]
Kamensko Monument Kamensko Abstract. Built in Bijeli potoci area of the Lika region.
Jelovice, spomenik Monument to fallen soldiers of the National Liberation War Jelovice
Rovinj006 Monument to fallen fighters and victims of Fascist terror Rovinj Designed by Ivan Sabolić. Built in 1956.
Споменик борцима НОБ-а у Трпињи Monument to fallen fighters Trpinja
Spomenik borcima NOB-a Monument to fallen fighters Bobota Built in 1955.
Spomenik borcima-Djurdjevac01 Monument to fallen fighters Đurđevac Designed by Slavko Šoša, built in 1952.
Peroj
Spomenik ustanku naroda Hrvatske-Srb Monument to the uprising of the people of Croatia in 1941 Srb Designed by Vanja Radauš; built in 1951,[10] destroyed in 1995, reconstructed in 2010, reopened in 2011. Dedicated to the antifascist uprising of the local people at 27 July 1941, which quickly spread to whole of Lika and Bosanska Krajina.
Dotrscina spomenik 1a Memorial to victims of fascism killed in Dotršćina Zagreb Designed by Vojin Bakić; built in 1968.[11] Dedicated to cca. 10,000 victims of fascism killed by Ustasha in the Dotršćina forest from 1941 to 1945.
Spomenik palim borcima Bolmanske bitke-Bolman Monument to the Battle of Bolman Bolman Designed by Nikola Kečanin; built in 1951. Dedicated to fallen fighters of Yugoslav and Red army in the battle of Bolman in 1944.
Spomenik Streljanje talaca, Strosmajerov trg Shooting of hostages Zagreb Designed by Frano Kršinić; built in 1951.[12] Dedicated to victims of fascism killed by the Ustasha in Dotršćina, Maksimir and Rakov Potok near Zagreb 1941-1945.
Fluminensia-podhum-grobnik-zrtve-spomenik-sime-vulas1 Monument to victims of fascism from Podhum Platak Designed by Šime Vulas; built in 1970.[13] Dedicated to residents of Podhum village, who were all killed by Italian fascists in 1942.
Pula memorejo pri la kontraŭfaŝisma batalo de 1941-1944 Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Pula Designed by Vanja Radauš; built in 1950.
Spomenik oslobodjenja Rijeka 040408 Memorial to the liberation of Rijeka Rijeka Designed by Vinko Matković; built in 1955.
Grobnica narodnih heroja Zagreb Tomb of the People's Heroes Zagreb Designed by Đuro Kaurić; built in 1968.
Monument to the residents of Zagreb fallen in People's liberation struggle 1941-45 Zagreb Designed by Stevan Luketić; built in 1981.
Monument to fallen fighters Zagreb Designed by Tomislav Ostoja, built in 1972.[14]
Viskovo spomenik 2 svj rat 160309 Monument to fallen fighters Viškovo
Spomenik slobodi Donji Miholjac Monument to freedom Donji Miholjac Designed by Stjepan Brlošić, built in 1968. Dedicated to fallen fighters and victims of fascism from Donji Miholjac and neighbouring places.
Spomenik Borcima Z Car 0907 Monument to fallen fighters Crikvenica Designed by Zvonko Car, built in 1949.
Dramalj spomenik 110208 Monument to fallen fighters Dramalj Designed by Zvonko Car.
Spomenik prosinackim zrtvama Monument to the December victims of 1943 Zagreb Designed by Dušan Džamonja, built in 1961.[15] Dedicated to 16 antifascists that were hung by Ustasha in Dubrava on 20 December 1943.
Monument to fallen fighters Slavonski Brod
Grobnica djece sa Kozare Mirogoj Monument to the children from the Kozara mountain Zagreb Designed by Stevan Luketić. Dedicated to more than 400 children that were taken from the Kozara mountain by Ustasha in 1942, and after that confined in many concentration camps (Jasenovac, Lepoglava, Jastrebarsko, etc.) where most of them died.[16]
Monument to World War Two Dead - Solta Island - Croatia - 02 Monument to fallen fighters Šolta
Kraljevica, partizanski spomenik Monument to fallen fighters Kraljevica
Spomen palim NOB Drivenik Monument to fallen fighters Drivenik
Lipa, spomenik zrtvama fasizma 1 Monument to victims of fascism Lipa Dedicated to 269 people killed by Italian fascists and German nazists on 30.04.1944.
Partizanski spomenik, Lovište00954 Monument to fallen fighters Lovište
Partizanski spomenik žrtvama, Kuna Peliška03076 Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Kuna Peliška
Monument to victims of fascism Pijavičino
Monument to fallen fighters Viganj
Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Ploče
Monument to fallen fighters Ston
Podgora Kroatien 3 Monument “Seagull's wings” Podgora Designed by Rajko Radović, built in 1962.[17] Dedicated to the foundation of the Yugoslav partisan navy in 1942.
Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Vodice
Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism in Zagreb 1941-45 Zagreb Designed by Branko Ružić.
Slabinja.jpg Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism from Slabinja Slabinja Built in 1981.
Monument to fallen fighters Dabar
Monument to fallen fighters Novi Vinodolski
Rijeka NOB railway workers' monument Monument to railway workers fallen in People's liberation struggle Rijeka
Monument “Three seamen” Senj Dedicated to fallen partisan fighters 1941-45.
Spomenik ustanku-Brezovica Monument to the uprising Near Sisak Designed by Frano Kršinić, built in 1954. Slightly damaged.
Spomenik Pleso Velika Gorica Monument to the liberation of Zagreb Pleso Designed by Marijan Burger, built in 1978. Dedicated to the breaking of Ustaša and German defense circle around Zagreb by Yugoslav army units in 1945.[18]
Viroviti ko gorblje5 Monument to fallen fighters Virovitica Designed by Dušan Džamonja.
Monument to fallen fighters Bobota
Monument to fallen fighters Županje Selo
Monument to fallen fighters Povile Built in 1981.
Monument to fallen fighters Orebić
Monument to fallen fighters Kaniža
Monument to fallen fighters Zagreb Dedicated to fallen fighters of Jarun and Staglišće.
Spomenik palim borcima i zrtvama fasizma-Slatina Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Slatina Dedicated to 2500 fallen partisan fighters and 6500 victims of fascism from Slatina and neighbouring places.
Monument to fallen fighters Bolman Dedicated to fallen fighters in the battle of Bolman.
“The Carrying of the Wounded” Zagreb Designed by Antun Augustinčić, built in 1953. Dedicated to the students of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Zagreb who have fallen in struggle against fascism.[19]
Dreznica-hrvaska-1 Monument to the Uprising Drežnica Designed by Kosta Angeli Radovani, built in 1949.[20] Dedicated to fallen fighters and victims of fascism from Drežnica.
Šubićevac Memorial Park Šibenik Designed by Kosta Angeli Radovani and Zdenko Kolacio, built in 1961.[21] Dedicated to 43 victims who were executed by Italian fascists from 1941 to 1943.
Monument to fallen fighters Samobor Designed by Nikola Njirić.
Monument to fallen fighters Kumrovec
Monument to victims of fascism Krapinske Toplice Designed by Antun Augustinčić, built in 1973. Until the 1990s, at the memorial plaque on the monument was writing In the honor of the victims of fascism. After that, it was added ...and of the Homeland war. Partisan star was also replaced by the Coat of arms of Croatia.
Monument to fallen fighters Zagreb Designed by Vanja Radauš.
Monument to fallen fighters Zagreb Built in 1961.
Monument to fallen fighters Gaboš
Memorial water well to Kosta Rakin, Jasenovac concentration camp victim Markušica Built in 1970.
Monument to fallen fighters Markušica
Monument to fallen fighters Ostrovo
Partisan cemetery Komletinci Designed by Zdenko Kolacio and Dušan Džamonja, built in 1976.
Kampor Memorial Park Rab Designed by Edvard Ravnikar and Vladimir Lakovič, built in intervals between 1953 and 1988.
Tičan Memorial Area Tičan Built in 1965.
26 Frozen Partisan Fighters Memorial Matić poljana Designed by Zdenko Sila.
Red Army Memorial Beli Manastir
Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Plovanija Designed by Aleksandar Rukavina, built in 1981.
Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Tordinci
Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Vinkovački Banovci
Monument to fallen fighters Vinkovački Banovci
Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism Vinkovački Banovci
Monument to fallen fighters Vinkovački Banovci

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hina (30 March 2014). "Razaranje jugoslavenske kulture". Retrieved 11 June 2016.