List of World War II weapons of the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- 1 Small Arms
- 2 Artillery
- 3 Vehicles
- 4 Aerial bombs
- 5 See also
- De Lisle Carbine - Specialist issue,129 made
- Enfield Pattern 14 (P14) - Used as a marksman weapon until the No.IV Mk.I(T) was introduced, also issued in large number to the LDV.
- M1917 Enfield - Issued to LDV.
- Martini–Enfield - Used as a reserve arm by Commonwealth troops from India, New Zealand, etc.
- Lee–Enfield No.1 Mk.III* - Lee–Enfield rifle in service at the beginning of the war, supplemented and replaced by the No.4 Mk.I by mid-war.
- Lee–Enfield No.4 Mk.1 + No.4 Mk.I(T) - Lee–Enfield rifle that replaced the No.I Mk.III* in larger numbers mid-war.
- Lee–Enfield No.5 Mk.I Jungle Carbine - Introduced in 1944 to replace the longer No.1 Mk.III*,
- Lanchester - British submachine gun, developed from the German MP28, used by the Royal Navy & Royal Air Force.
- Sten - simple design low cost British submachine gun in service from late 1941 to the end of the war.
- Thompson - American submachine gun used in large numbers until the Sten gun was introduced.
- Sterling/Patchett Machine Carbine Mark 1- British submachine gun first produced in 1944 and trialled and used in small numbers during war.
- Bren light machine gun - Light machine gun for infantry use introduced in 1930s and used throughout the whole of the war.
- Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) - Issued to Home Guard
- Lewis Gun - In service with some infantry at outbreak of war in small numbers, issued to British Home Guard for the rest of the war.
- Vickers "K" machine gun also known as VGO - Fast firing aircraft machine gun, used in specialist roles on Long Range Desert Group and Special Air Service vehicles in North Africa, as well as a short-lived infantry machine gun with the Commandos.
- Vickers machine gun - Standard medium machine gun of the British Army since 1912.
- Browning M1919 - Mounted on many lend-lease vehicles.
- Browning M2 - heavy machine gun, mounted on many lend-lease vehicles.
- Besa machine gun - in 7.92 mm BESA and 15 mm BESA forms used as armament on British-built tanks and armoured cars only.
- Vickers-Berthier - Light machine gun adopted by Indian Army pre-war and used Indian Commonwealth troops.
- Enfield No.2 Mk.1 Revolver
- Webley Revolver - many marks in .38 and .455 calibres
- Browning FN-Inglis "Pistol No.II Mk.I*"
- Colt M1911A1
- Webley No.I Mk.I - (Automatic pistol in .455 inch). Issued to the Royal Navy
- Welrod - silenced pistol
- Smith & Wesson Model 10
- Colt New Service
- Colt Official Police
- Grenade, Hand or Rifle, No.36M Mk.I "Mills Bomb"
- "Grenade, Rifle No.68 /AT" HEAT (High Explosive Anti-Tank) Rifle Grenade
- No.69 Mk.I Bakelite Concussion Hand Grenade
- No.76, Special Incendiary Phosphorus Hand Grenade
- No.73 Anti-Tank Hand Grenade "Thermos Grenade"
- Grenade, Hand, No.74 ST "Sticky Bomb"
- No.75 Anti-Tank Hand Grenade "Hawkins Grenade"/"Hawkins Mine"
- No.77 White Phosphorus Hand Grenade
- Grenade, Hand, No. 82 "Gammon Bomb"
Infantry Anti-Tank Weapons
- Blacker Bombard - spigot mortar firing Round
- Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys "Boys Anti-Tank Rifle" - Infantry anti-tank weapon (prewar - 1943).
- Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank (PIAT) - Infantry anti-tank weapon (1943 until end of war)
- Ordnance QF 2 pounder - 40 mm weapon used at start of the war
- Ordnance QF 6 pounder - 57 mm weapon that replaced 2-pounder in artillery units
- Ordnance QF 17 pounder - 76 mm weapon introduced later in war for artillery units
Guns and howitzers
- Ordnance QF 25-pounder Gun-howitzer
- BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun
- BL 4.5-inch Medium Field Gun
- BL 7.2-inch Howitzer Mk.I
- BL 8-inch Howitzer - siege gun
- BL 60-pounder gun - 5 inch gun from First World War era, replaced by 4.5 inch gun during war
- 75 mm Pack Howitzer M1 and M8 - US supplied portable howitzer for use in mountainous areas
- QF 3.7-inch mountain howitzer
- Smith Gun - smoothbore weapon for Home Guard use only
- 20 mm Oerlikon
- 20 mm Polsten - lower cost development of Oerlikon
- 40 mm Bofors
- QF 3 inch 20 cwt
- QF 3.7 inch AA gun
- QF 4.5-inch Mark 1 to Mark V
Main articles: British armoured fighting vehicles of World War II and British armoured fighting vehicle production during World War II
- Tank, Medium, Mk.II - Used in small scale in the early battles in North Africa, from then; dug into ground with turret protruding for defence, in North Africa, & Great Britain.
- General Grant - Medium Tank M3, purchased from America, to British specification.
- General Lee - Medium Tank M3, provided under Lend-Lease from America.
- General Sherman - Medium Tank M4, provided under Lend-Lease from America.
- Sherman Firefly - Sherman tank, rearmed with a British 17pdr gun.
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.I (A9)
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.II (A10)
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.III (A13)
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.IV (A13 Mk.II)
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.V, Covenanter (A13 Mk.III) [Did not see service]
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.VI, Crusader (A15)
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.VII, Cavalier (A24) - Regular tank not used in combat, OP and ARV tank used.
- Tank, Cruiser Mk.VIII, Centaur (A27L)
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.VIII, Cromwell (A27M)
- Tank, Cruiser, Mk.VIII, Challenger (A30) - 17pdr gun
- Tank, Cruiser, Comet I (A34)
- Tank, Cruiser, Centurion I (A41) - Entered service too late to see combat service.
- Tank, Infantry, Mk.I, Matilda I
- Tank, Infantry, Mk.II, Matilda II
- Tank, Infantry, Mk.III Valentine
- Tank, Infantry, Mk.IV, Churchill
- Tank, Infantry, Valiant - prototype only.
- Infantry Tank Black Prince - prototype only.
- "Tank, Heavy Assault, A33 (Excelsior)" - prototype only
- Tortoise heavy assault tank - prototype only
- Tank, Heavy TOG 1 - prototype only
- Tank, Heavy TOG 2 - prototype only
- Self Propelled 17pdr, Valentine, Mk.I, Archer
- 3in SP. Wolverine - Gun Motor Carriage M10, provided under Lend-Lease from America.
- 17pdr SP. Achilles - M10 rearmed with 17 pdr gun
- AEC Mk I Gun Carrier "Deacon"
- Carrier, Valentine, 25pdr gun, Mk.I, Bishop
- 25pdr SP, tracked, Sexton
- SP 17pdr, A30 (Avenger) - Order not fulfilled until post-war.
- 105 mm SP, Priest - 105 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M7, provided under Lend-Lease from America.
- M3(T12) 75 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage - Provided under Lend-Lease from America. In British service designated "75 mm SP, Autocar".
- T48 57 mm Gun Motor Carriage - 680 provided by Lend-Lease from America. Many had gun removed to convert them back to Armoured Personnel Carriers.
- Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M14 - Provided by Lend-Lease from America. Many had guns removed to convert them back to armoured personnel carriers.
Other armoured fighting vehicles
- Universal Carrier
- Loyd Carrier
- Half-track Car M2 - Provided under Lend-Lease by US.
- Half-track Car M3 - Provided under Lend-Lease by US.
- Half-track Personnel Carrier M3 - Provided under Lend-Lease by US.
- Half-track Personnel Carrier M5 - Provided under Lend-Lease by US.
- 4-ton amphibian, Terrapin - amphibious personnel carrier
||This article is incomplete. (June 2010)|
Gas bombs Smoke bombs
- 4,000 lb HC (High Capacity)
- 8,000 lb HC
- 12,000 lb HC
- Category:World War II armoured fighting vehicles of the United Kingdom
- Category:World War II military equipment of the United Kingdom