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List of Yazidi settlements

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The following is a list of Yazidi settlements in Iraq, Syria and Turkey, including both current and historical Yazidi settlements. Historically, Yazidis lived primarily in Iraq, Turkey, and Syria. However, events since the end of the 20th century have resulted in considerable demographic shifts in these areas as well as mass emigration.[1] Today, the majority of the Yazidi population lives in Iraq and are particularly concentrated in the Nineveh Plains and Sinjar areas in the Nineveh Province in northern Iraq.[2][3]

In the 19th century, an autonomous Yazidi principality existed in the Ottoman Empire and was named "Êzîdxan" ("Land of the Yazidis" in English[4]). The principality was in the Redwan region (north of Cizir)[5] however, today "Êzîdxan" has an ambiguous meaning as the area has not been defined geographically. Despite this, Yazidi rebels in Iraq and Syria have used the term to name the two militias: the Êzîdxan Protection Force and the Êzîdxan Women's Units (an all-female militia offshoot of the Sinjar Resistance Units).[6][7]

Yazidi temple (Chel Mera) in Sinjar
Conical roofs characteristic of Yazidi sites mark the tomb of Şêx Adî in Lalish
Yazidi temple in the Yazidi village Bacin (Güven) in the Midyat District of the Mardin Province in Turkey
Yazidi temple in the Yazidi village Cinerya (Yolveren) in the Batman Merkez District of the Batman Province in Turkey

Iraq

Current Yazidi settlements in Iraq[8]

Turkey

Historical Yazidi settlements in Turkey[9][10][11]

Syria

Current Yazidi settlements in Syria[12]
  • Abu Jarade
  • Alaresh
  • Antariye
  • Awgira
  • Baflun
  • Basufan
  • Berzan
  • Bur Said
  • Chava
  • Chelhumiye
  • Chetele
  • Derdere
  • Dogerki
  • Drechik
  • Feqira
  • Gondor
  • Gumar
  • Gumar Gharbi
  • Hasheri
  • Jdeyde
  • Jidale
  • Kerengo
  • Khan Temir
  • Khirbet Batana
  • Khirbet Dilan
  • Khirbet Feqira
  • Khirbet Jamal
  • Khirbet Khazal
  • Khirbet Khidir
  • Khirbet Khwe
  • Kulye
  • Lizga
  • Mehek
  • Mehmudiye
  • Merekis
  • Merkeb
  • Mizgeft
  • Morik
  • Mozko
  • Nasriye
  • Otelja
  • Qastel Jindo
  • Qatma
  • Qibar
  • Qislachuk
  • Slemaniye
  • Sheikh Hmud
  • Shirkan
  • Shukriye
  • Tell Aswad
  • Tell Beydar
  • Tell Eliye
  • Tell Hishk
  • Tell Khanzir
  • Tell Khatun
  • Tell Naif
  • Tell Sakhar
  • Tell Tawil
  • Tolko
  • Zeydiye

See also

References

  1. ^ Garnik S. Asatrian, Victoria Arakelova (2014). The Religion of the Peacock Angel: The Yezidis and Their Spirit World. ISBN 978-1317544289. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  2. ^ Allison, Christine (2004-02-20). "Yazidis i: General". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  3. ^ "Question of the Frontier Between Turkey and Iraq" (PDF). Geneva: League of Nations. 20 August 1925. p. 49.
  4. ^ Turgut, Lokman (2010). Mündliche Literatur der Kurden in den Regionen Botan und Hekarî (in German). Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH. ISBN 9783832527273.
  5. ^ Turgut, Lokman (2010). Mündliche Literatur der Kurden in den Regionen Botan und Hekarî (in German). Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH. pp. 160–161. ISBN 9783832527273.
  6. ^ "ANF - Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê". Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  7. ^ "HPŞ benennt sich in HPÊ um: Hêza Parastina Êzîdxan – ÊzîdîPress". 2015-11-17. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  8. ^ Furlani, Giuseppe (June 1937). "The Yezidi Villages in Northern Iraq". The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge University Press. 3 (3): 483–491. JSTOR 25201557.
  9. ^ Rohat Cebe, Ersoy Soydan. "Batman Yezidis and Yezidis Oral Tradition" (in Turkish). Batman University: 1143–1152. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  10. ^ Muammer Ulutürk (2013). "Etno-Dinsel Bir Topluluk Olan Ezidilerin Batman ve Çevresindeki Son Yerleşim Yerleri ve Nüfusları Üzerine" (PDF) (in Turkish). 8 (5): 841–848. doi:10.7827/TurkishStudies.4562. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  11. ^ "İnsan Hakları Batman Platformu, Batman'daki sığınmacı ve mültecilere ilişkin gözlem ve tespit raporu" (PDF) (in Turkish). Insan Hakları Derneği Batman. 3 March 2015: 1–24. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  12. ^ Sebastian Maisel (2014). Yezidis in Syria: Identity Building among a Double Minority. Lexington Books. p. 19. ISBN 9780739177754.