List of Yugoslav Olympic medalists

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A black and white profile photograph of a young man in his late twenties, posing to the photographer and wearing a tux and a tie.
Leon Štukelj was the most successful Yugoslav Olympic athlete.

The Yugoslav Olympic medalists are athletes who competed and won medals for various Yugoslav entities at the Summer and Winter Olympic games between 1920 and 1988.[1] While being part of Yugoslavia, athletes represented two distinct national entities; the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1920–1936) and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1948–1988). Yugoslavia was a multinational state with six constitutive ethnic groups; Muslims (e.g. Bosniaks)[A], Croatians, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Serbs and Slovenes, and significant ethnic minorities in Vojvodina (Hungarians) and Kosovo (Albanians).[2] Before the formation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1918, athletes from the region mostly represented Austria or Hungary, with the sole exception being the 1912 Summer Olympics when a small team of two athletes competed for the Kingdom of Serbia.[1]

Athletes, who has represented Yugoslavia, has won a total of 52 individual Olympic medals (16 gold, 16 silver and 20 bronze) between 1920 and 1988. The majority were won at the Summer Olympics, with only three medals (two silver and one bronze) won at the Winter Olympics. Leon Štukelj has won the most individual Olympic medals with three gold, one silver and one bronze in gymnastics. He was also part of the bronze medal winning men's gymnastics team during the 1928 Summer Olympics, making him the most successful Yugoslav athlete in history. Gymnast Miroslav Cerar is the only other athlete with more than one individual gold medal, having won a total of two gold and one bronze medals. Đurđica Bjedov is the most successful female Yugoslav athlete with one gold and one silver medals in swimming, followed by Jasna Šekarić with one gold and one bronze in shooting and Mateja Svet who has won a silver medal in alpine skiing.

In team events, Yugoslavia has won a total of 35 Olympic medals (10 gold, 16 silver and nine bronze). The most successful team was the men's water polo team, with a combined total of seven medals (three gold and four silver). Similarly successful were the men's handball team (two gold, one bronze) and the men's football and basketball teams with five medals each (one gold, three silver and one bronze). Women's teams shared similar success with the women's handball team winning one gold and one silver and the women's basketball team with one silver and one bronze medals. The only Yugoslav team with a medal from the Winter Olympics was the men's ski jumping team that won silver at the 1988 Winter Olympics.

Olympic medalists[edit]

The ranking in the tables below are based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables.

Individual[edit]

A topless well-fit male in his late thirties.
Stane Derganc won a total of two bronze medals in gymnastics.
A Black and Caucasian male boxers in a ring and fighting against each other, with a stand full of spectators in the background.
Mate Parlov (right) won Yugoslavia's first Olympic gold medal in boxing.
A laughing middle-aged woman with a flower bouquet and a medal around her neck, wearing a Serbia national team tracksuit.
Jasna Šekarić is one of only two Yugoslav female athletes with an individual Olympic gold medal.
Key
Female athlete
WinterEvent Part of the Winter Olympics
List of Yugoslav Olympic medalists, and displaying the types of accomplishments and statistics achieved in idvidiual sports.
Rank Name Republic Sport Gold Silver Bronze Totals
1 Stukelj, LeonLeon Štukelj[B]  SR Slovenia Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 3 1 1 5
2 Cerar, MiroslavMiroslav Cerar  SR Slovenia Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 2 0 1 3
3 Bjedov, DurdicaĐurđica Bjedov  SR Croatia Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 1 1 0 2
3 Trstena, ShabanShaban Trstena  SR Macedonia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 1 1 0 2
4 Simić, BranislavBranislav Simić  SR Serbia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 1 0 1 2
4 Ljubek, MatijaMatija Ljubek[C]  SR Croatia Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing 1 0 1 2
4 Sekaric, JasnaJasna Šekarić  SR Serbia Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 1 0 1 2
6 Parlov, MateMate Parlov  SR Croatia Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 1 0 0 1
6 Petković, MomirMomir Petković  SR Serbia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 1 0 0 1
6 Kačar, SlobodanSlobodan Kačar  SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 1 0 0 1
6 Josipović, AntonAnton Josipović  SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 1 0 0 1
6 Lisjak, VladoVlado Lisjak  SR Croatia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 1 0 0 1
6 Maksimović, GoranGoran Maksimović  SR Serbia Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 1 0 0 1
7 Martinović, BranislavBranislav Martinović  SR Serbia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 0 1 1 2
8 Primožič, JosipJosip Primožič[B]  SR Slovenia Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 0 1 0 1
8 Gubijan, IvanIvan Gubijan  SR Croatia Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 0 1 0 1
8 Mihalić, FranjoFranjo Mihalić  SR Croatia Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 0 1 0 1
8 Horvat, StevanStevan Horvat  SR Serbia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 0 1 0 1
8 Čorak, JosipJosip Čorak  SR Croatia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 0 1 0 1
8 Kačar, TadijaTadija Kačar  SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 0 1 0 1
8 Frgić, IvanIvan Frgić  SR Serbia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 0 1 0 1
8 Franko, JureJure Franko  SR Slovenia Alpine skiing pictogram.svg Alpine Skiing WinterEvent 0 1 0 1
8 Redžepovski, RedžepRedžep Redžepovski  SR Macedonia Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 0 1 0 1
8 Janić, MilanMilan Janić  SR Serbia Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing 0 1 0 1
8 Memišević, RefikRefik Memišević  SR Serbia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 0 1 0 1
8 Svet, MatejaMateja Svet  SR Slovenia Alpine skiing pictogram.svg Alpine Skiing WinterEvent 0 1 0 1
9 Vujin, ZvonimirZvonimir Vujin  SR Serbia Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 0 0 2 2
9 Sejdi, SabanŠaban Sejdi  SR Macedonia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 0 0 2 2
10 Derganc, StaneStane Derganc[B]  SR Slovenia Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 0 0 1 1
10 Nenadić, MilanMilan Nenadić  SR Croatia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 0 0 1 1
10 Rusevski, AceAce Rusevski  SR Macedonia Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 0 0 1 1
10 Obadov, SlavkoSlavko Obadov  SR Serbia Judo pictogram.svg Judo 0 0 1 1
10 Kovačević, RadomirRadomir Kovačević  SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Judo pictogram.svg Judo 0 0 1 1
10 Puzović, MirkoMirko Puzović  SR Serbia Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 0 0 1 1
10 Salihu, AzizAziz Salihu  SR Serbia Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 0 0 1 1
10 Tertei, JožefJožef Tertei  SR Serbia Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 0 0 1 1
10 Debelak, MatjažMatjaž Debelak[D]  SR Slovenia Ski jumping pictogram.svg Ski Jumping WinterEvent 0 0 1 1
10 Skaro, DamirDamir Škaro  SR Croatia Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 0 0 1 1

Medals per region[edit]

The table shows the number of individual Yugoslav Olympic medals, won per region. Regions used are the Socialist Republics that were in use in Yugoslavia from 1944 until 1991 and the breakup of the country. All six Socialist Republics have since become fully independent nations and are members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The table uses place of birth of the athletes to determine the number of medals per region and not their nationality or ethnic group.

List of Yugoslav Olympic medals per region, and displaying the medalists and types of accomplishments and statistics achieved in individual sports.
Rank Region Most successful sport
(number of medals)
Gold Silver Bronze Totals
1 Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics (10) 5 4 4 13
2 Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling (10) 4 5 9 18
3 Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling (3) 4 4 3 11
4 Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing (3) 2 1 1 4
5 Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling (4) 1 2 3 6
6 Socialist Republic of Montenegro Socialist Republic of Montenegro &
&
&
&
&

Team[edit]

An elderly man with receding hairline and a moustache, wearing a white T-shirt with a blue ribbon down his neck.
Dražen Dalipagić won gold, silver and bronze medals with the Yugoslav basketball team.
Key
WinterEvent Part of the Winter Olympics
List of Yugoslav Olympic medals won in team sports, and displaying the teams and types of accomplishments and statistics.
Rank Name Sport Gold Silver Bronze Totals
1 Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 3 4 0 7
2 Handball pictogram.svg Handball 2 0 1 3
3 Football pictogram.svg Football 1 3 1 5
3 Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 3 1 5
4 Handball pictogram.svg Handball 1 1 0 2
5 Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 1 0 0 1
5 Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing 1 0 0 1
6 Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 0 1 1 2
7 Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 0 1 0 1
7 Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing 0 1 0 1
7 Ski jumping pictogram.svg Ski Jumping WinterEvent 0 1 0 1
7 Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 0 1 0 1
8 Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 0 0 1 1
8 Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 0 0 1 1
8 Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 0 0 1 1
8 Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 0 0 1 1
8 Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 0 0 1 1

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Muslims was a term used for one of the constitutive nations in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as an official ethnic designation of nationality of Slavic Muslims and thus encompassed a number of populations ethnically distinct, including the Bosniaks, and to a minor extent Gorani, Pomaks and Macedonian Muslims.[2]
  2. ^ Leon Štukelj, Josip Primožič and Stane Derganc were all part of the Yugoslav men's gymnastics team during the 1928 Summer Olympics, which won a bronze medal. Combined with individual medals Štukelj's total medal tally includes three gold, one silver and two bronze, Primožič's one silver and one bronze and Dergenc's two bronze.
  3. ^ Matija Ljubek was part of the gold medal winning Men's C-2 500 metres double and the silver medal winning Men's C-2 1000 metres double, at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Both times he was paired with Mirko Nišović. Combined with individual medals his total Olympic medals tally includes two gold, one silver and one bronze.
  4. ^ Matjaž Debelak was part of the silver medal winning men's team on the Ski Jumping large hill event, at the 1988 Winter Olympics. Combined with his individual medal his total Olympic medals tally includes one silver and one bronze.
  5. ^ Athletes from Slovenia have won all Yugoslav medals (individual) in gymnastics, for an Olympic tally of five gold, two silver and three bronze. In addition, all members of the bronze medal winning men's gymnastics team during the 1928 Summer Olympics were from Slovenia, except Dragutin Ciotti who was born in Rijeka, present day Croatia.
  6. ^ Athletes from Slovenia have won all Yugoslav medals at the Winter Olympics (individually and as a team), for an Olympic tally of three silver medals and one bronze.
  7. ^ Athletes from Bosnia and Herzegovina have won all their medals in combat sport (boxing and judo).
  8. ^ Athletes from Macedonia have won all their medals in combat sport (boxing and wrestling).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Yugoslavia at the Olympics". topendsports.com. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Ethnic Groups in the Former Yugoslavia" (PDF). historoda.com. Retrieved 3 November 2015.