List of Zenit launches

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This is a list of launches made by the Zenit rocket. All launches were conducted from either Site 45 of the Baikonur Cosmodrome or from Sea Launch's Ocean Odyssey offshore launch platform.

Launch statistics[edit]

Rockets from the Zenit family have accumulated 83 launches since 1985, 70 of which were successful, yielding a 84.3% success rate.

1
2
3
4
5
6
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
  •   Failure
  •   Partial failure
  •   Success

Statistics are up-to-date as of 20 January 2017.

Launches[edit]

Date/Time (UTC) Configuration Serial number Launch site Outcome
Payload Separation orbit Operator Function
Remarks

1985–1989[edit]

13 April 1985
10:00
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Failure
EPN 03.0694 #1 (Tselina-2 mass simulator) Low Earth (planned) Test flight
Second stage engine failure at T+400 seconds due to flow regulator leak
21 June 1985
08:29
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Failure
EPN 03.0694 #2 (Tselina-2 mass simulator) Low Earth (planned) Test flight
Second stage vernier engines exploded due to clogged oxidizer inlet valve
22 October 1985
07:00
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1697 (EPN 03.0694 #3) (Tselina-2 mass simulator) Low Earth Test flight
28 December 1985
09:16
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Partial failure
Kosmos 1714 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
Fairing separation mechanism failure; spacecraft deployed into unusable orbit
30 July 1986
08:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1767 (EPN 03.0695 #1) (Mass simulator) Low Earth Test flight
Test flight of Zenit-2 rocket with maximum payload
22 October 1986
08:00
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1786 (Taifun-1B) Low Earth Radar calibration
14 February 1987
08:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1820 (EPN 03.0695 #2) (Mass simulator) Low Earth Test flight
Test flight of Zenit-2 rocket with maximum payload
18 March 1987
08:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1833 (EPN 03.0694 #4) (Tselina-2 mass simulator) Low Earth Test flight
13 May 1987
05:40
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1844 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
1 August 1987
03:59
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1871 (EPN 03.0695 #3) (Mass simulator) Low Earth Test flight
Test flight of Zenit-2 rocket with maximum payload
28 August 1987
08:20
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1873 (EPN 03.0695 #4) (Mass simulator) Low Earth Test flight
Test flight of Zenit-2 rocket with maximum payload
15 May 1988
09:20
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1943 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
23 November 1988
14:50
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 1980 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT

1990–1994[edit]

22 May 1990
05:14
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/2 Successful
Kosmos 2082 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
4 October 1990
03:28
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/2 Failure
Tselina-2 Low Earth (intended) ELINT
First stage engine failure at T+3 seconds; rocket fell back on pad and exploded. Pad 45/2 never restored to flight status.
30 August 1991
08:58
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Failure
Tselina-2 Low Earth (intended) ELINT
Second stage failure
5 February 1992
18:14
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Failure
Tselina-2 Low Earth (intended) ELINT
Second stage failure
17 November 1992
07:47
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2219 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
25 December 1992
05:56
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2227 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
26 March 1993
02:21
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2237 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
16 September 1993
07:36
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2263 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
23 April 1994
08:02
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2278 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
26 August 1994
12:00
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2290 (Orlets-2) Low Earth Optical Reconnaissance
4 November 1994
05:47
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Resurs-O1 No.3 Low Earth (SSO) Roshydromet Earth Observation
24 November 1994
09:16
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2297 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT

1995–1999[edit]

31 October 1995
20:19
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2322 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
4 September 1996
09:01
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2333 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
20 May 1997
07:07
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Failure
Tselina-2 Low Earth (intended) ELINT
First stage engine failure at T+48 seconds following pitch deviation.
10 July 1998
06:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Resurs-O1 No.4 Low Earth (SSO) Roshydromet Earth Observation
TMSat Low Earth (SSO) Mahanakorn Technology
Techsat 1B Low Earth (SSO) Technology
FASat Bravo Low Earth (SSO) Chilean Air Force Technology
Safir 2 Low Earth (SSO) OHB-System Communication
WESTPAC-1 Low Earth (SSO) Geodesy
28 July 1998
09:15
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2360 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
9 September 1998
20:29
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Failure
Globalstar 5 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 7 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 9 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 10 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 11 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 12 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 13 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 16 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 17 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 18 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 20 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Globalstar 21 Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Communication
Guidance system failure at T+272 seconds caused shutdown of 2nd stage engine.
28 March 1999
01:30
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
DemoSat Geostationary transfer Test flight
Maiden launch mission of Sea Launch
17 July 1999
05:38
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Okean-O No.1 Low Earth (SSO) NKAU/RKA Earth Observation
10 October 1999
03:28
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
DirecTV-1R Geostationary transfer DirecTV Communication
First operational launch mission of Sea Launch

2000–2004[edit]

3 February 2000
09:26
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2369 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
12 March 2000
14:49
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Failure
ICO F-1 Medium Earth (intended) ICO Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch. Second stage propellant pressurization system failed shortly after ignition due to a software valve command mistake.
28 July 2000
22:42
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
PAS-9 Geostationary transfer PanAmSat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
25 September 2000
10:10
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2372 (Orlets-2) Low Earth Optical Reconnaissance
21 October 2000
05:52
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Thuraya 1 Geostationary transfer Thuraya Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
18 March 2001
22:33
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
XM-2 (XM Rock) Geostationary transfer XM Satellite Radio Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
8 May 2001
22:10
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
XM-1 (XM Roll) Geostationary transfer XM Satellite Radio Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
10 December 2001
17:18
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Meteor-3M No.1 Low Earth (SSO) Roscosmos Meteorology
Kompass 1 Low Earth (SSO) IZMIRAN Earth Sciences
Badr B Low Earth (SSO) SUPARCO Technology
MAROC-TUBSAT Low Earth (SSO) Technology
REFLECTOR Low Earth (SSO) AFRL Laser Calibration
15 June 2002
22:39
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Galaxy 3C Geostationary transfer PanAmSat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
10 June 2003
13:56
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Thuraya 2 Geostationary transfer Thuraya Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
8 August 2003
03:30
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
EchoStar IX Geostationary transfer EchoStar Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
1 October 2003
04:03
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Galaxy 13/Horizons 1 Geostationary transfer PanAmSat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
11 January 2004
04:13
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Telstar 14 Geostationary transfer Telesat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
4 May 2004
12:42
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
DirecTV-7S Geostationary transfer DirecTV Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
10 June 2004
01:28
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2406 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
29 June 2004
03:59
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Partial failure
APSTAR-V/Telstar 18 Geostationary transfer APT/Telesat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch. Block-DM upper stage shutdown 54 seconds early due to electrical short circuit that disrupted data from fuel sensors. Satellite able to transfer to operational orbit by itself.

2005–2009[edit]

1 March 2005
03:51
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
XM-3 (XM Rhythm) Geostationary transfer XM Satellite Radio Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
26 April 2005
07:31
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Spaceway 1 Geostationary transfer DirecTV Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
23 June 2005
14:03
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Intelsat Americas 8 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
8 November 2005
14:07
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Inmarsat-4 F2 Geostationary transfer Inmarsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
15 February 2006
23:34
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
EchoStar X Geostationary transfer EchoStar Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
12 April 2006
23:30
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
JCSat 9 Geostationary transfer JSAT Corporation Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
18 June 2006
07:50
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Galaxy 16 Geostationary transfer PanAmSat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
22 August 2006
03:27
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Koreasat 5 Geostationary transfer KT Corporation Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
30 October 2006
23:49
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
XM-4 (XM Blues) Geostationary transfer XM Satellite Radio Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
30 January 2007
23:22
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Failure
NSS-8 Geostationary transfer (intended) SES New Skies Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch. First stage engine failure at T+3.9 seconds due to foreign object in turbopump; rocket fell back through the pad and exploded. Launch platform suffers moderate damage and the flame deflector was destroyed.
29 June 2007
10:00
Zenit-2M Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Kosmos 2428 (Tselina-2) Low Earth ELINT
First Zenit-2M launch.
15 January 2008
11:49
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Thuraya 3 Geostationary transfer Thuraya Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
19 March 2008
22:48
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
DirecTV-11 Geostationary transfer DirecTV Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
28 April 2008
05:00
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Amos-3 Geostationary Spacecom Communication
First Zenit-3SLB launch and first commercial launch for Land Launch. Spacecraft separation orbit reported to be slightly off target but still within planned range.
21 May 2008
09:44
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Galaxy 18 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
16 July 2008
05:21
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
EchoStar XI Geostationary transfer EchoStar Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
24 September 2008
09:28
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Galaxy 19 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
26 February 2009
18:29
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Telstar 11N Geostationary transfer Telesat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch
20 April 2009
08:16
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
SICRAL 1B Geostationary transfer MDD Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
21 June 2009
21:50
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Successful
MEASAT-3a Geostationary transfer MEASAT Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch
30 November 2009
21:00
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Intelsat 15 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch

2010–2014[edit]

20 January 2011
12:29
Zenit-3F Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Elektro-L No.1 Geostationary Roscosmos Meteorology
Maiden flight of the Zenit-3F.
18 July 2011
02:31
Zenit-3F Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Spektr-R High Earth Roscosmos Radio astronomy
24 September 2011
20:18
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Atlantic Bird 7 Geostationary transfer Eutelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch (first mission since company reorganization)
5 October 2011
21:00
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Intelsat 18 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch
8 November 2011
20:16
Zenit-2M (Zenit-2FG) Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Fobos-Grunt Low Earth Roscosmos Phobos lander/sample return
Spacecraft failed shortly after launch before leaving low Earth orbit. Spacecraft also carries the Yinghuo 1 Mars orbiter.
1 June 2012
05:23
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Intelsat 19 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
19 August 2012
06:55
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Intelsat 21 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
3 December 2012
20:44
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Eutelsat 70B Geostationary transfer Eutelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
1 February 2013
06:56
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Failure
Intelsat 27 Geostationary transfer (intended) Intelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch. Rocket lost attitude control at T+4.5 seconds due to first stage engine steering hydraulic pump failure; engine cut-off at T+20 seconds and rocket impacted ocean at T+56 seconds.
31 August 2013
20:05
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Amos-4 Geostationary transfer Spacecom Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch
26 May 2014
21:10
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Successful
Eutelsat 3B Geostationary transfer Eutelsat Communication
Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch

2015[edit]

Main article: 2015 in spaceflight
11 December 2015
13:45
Zenit-3F Baikonur 45/1 Successful
Elektro-L No.2 Geostationary Roscosmos Meteorology

References[edit]