List of accidents and disasters by death toll

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This is a list of accidents and disasters by death toll. It shows the number of fatalities associated with various explosions, structural fires, flood disasters, coal mine disasters, and other notable accidents caused by the effects of negligence of the human race connected to improper architecture, planning, construction, design, and more. Purposeful disasters, such as terrorist attacks, are omitted; those events can be found at List of battles and other violent events by death toll.

While all of the listed accidents caused immediately massive numbers of lives lost, further widespread deaths were connected to many of these incidents, often the result of prolonged or lingering effects of the initial catastrophe. This was the case particularly in such cases as exposure to contaminated air, toxic chemicals or radiation, some years later due to lung damage, cancer, etc. Some numbers in the table below reflect both immediate and delayed deaths related to accidents, while many do not.

Amusement parks[edit]

Deaths Date Attraction Amusement park Location
28 14 February 2004 Transvaal Park (entire facility affected); the roof of the indoor water park collapsed Transvaal Park Yasenevo, Moscow, Russia[1]
15 27 June 2015 Formosa Fun Coast music stage; a dust explosion on a music stage; over 400 others injured Formosa Fun Coast Bali, New Taipei, Taiwan[2]
8 11 May 1984 Haunted Castle; a fire caused by a cigarette lighter igniting the flammable foam-rubber walls of the facility Six Flags Great Adventure Jackson Township, New Jersey, United States[3]
7 9 June 1979 Ghost Train; a fire at the park's ghost train ride caused by either faulty wiring or sabotage Luna Park Sydney Sydney, Australia[4]
7 14 August 1981 Skylab; a crane collided with the Skylab carousel; fifteen injured Hamburger Dom Hamburg, (Germany)[5][6]
6 13 August 1944 Virginia Reel; a fire at the facility; 125 injured Palisades Amusement Park Cliffside Park-Fort Lee, New Jersey, United States[7]
6 29 June 2010 Eco-Adventure Valley Space Journey; a malfunction at a rocket launch ride; ten injured OCT East Yantian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China[8]
5 30 May 1972 Big Dipper; the roller coaster broke free from its haulage rope; thirteen injured Battersea Park Battersea, London, England[9]
5 23 June 2017 Kuzuluk Aquapark swimming pool; five people died after being electrocuted in the swimming pool Kuzuluk Aquapark Akyazi, Turkey[10]
4 24 July 1930 Big Dipper; a bolt came loose from the roller coaster; seventeen injured Krug Park Omaha, Nebraska, United States[11][12]
4 25 October 2016 Thunder River Rapids Ride; one of the rafts at the ride flipped upside down and became wedged under a conveyor belt Dreamworld Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia[13]
3 14 June 1986 Mindbender; one of the roller coaster carriages failed and crashed into a concrete pillar Galaxyland Edmonton, Alberta, Canada[14]
3 26 July 1978 Skyway; a gondola detached from its cable and plunged to the ground Six Flags St. Louis Eureka, Missouri, United States[15]

Aviation[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
583 27 March 1977 Tenerife airport disaster Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain[16]
520 12 August 1985 Japan Airlines Flight 123 Ueno, Japan[17]
349 12 November 1996 Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision Charkhi Dadri, Haryana, India[18][19]
346 3 March 1974 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 Fontaine-Chaalis, France[20]
301 19 August 1980 Saudia Flight 163 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia[21]
298 17 July 2014 Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 Hrabove, Ukraine[22]
290 3 July 1988 Iran Air Flight 655 Bandar Abbas, Iran[citation needed]
275 19 February 2003 2003 Iran Ilyushin Il-76 crash Kerman, Iran[23]
273 25 May 1979 American Airlines Flight 191 Des Plaines, Illinois, United States[24]
269 1 September 1983 Korean Air Lines Flight 007 Sea of Japan, west of Sakhalin, Soviet Union[25]
265 12 November 2001 American Airlines Flight 587 Queens, New York, United States[26]

Cable transport[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
155 11 November 2000 Kaprun disaster[27] Kaprun, Austria
43 9 March 1976 1976 Cavalese cable car crash[28] Cavalese, Italy
20 1 June 1990 Tbilisi cable car crash[29] Tbilisi, Georgia
20 3 February 1998 1998 Cavalese cable car crash[30] Cavalese, Italy
20 1 July 1999 Saint-Étienne-en-Dévoluy cable car crash[31] Saint-Étienne-en-Dévoluy, France
14 3 October 1999 Maling River Gorge cable car crash[32] Xingyi, Guizhou, China
14 23 May 2021 Stresa–Mottarone cable car crash[33] Mottarone, Italy
13 12 July 1972 Bettmeralp cable car crash[34][35] Bettmeralp, Switzerland
12 29 June 2017 Charra Pani cable car crash[36] Charra Pani, Galyat, Pakistan
11 13 February 1983 Champoluc cable car crash[37] Champoluc, Italy

Elevator incidents[edit]

Deaths Injuries Date Incident Location
104 0 10 May 1995 Vaal Reefs Tragedy: A locomotive crashed through a safety barrier and fell into a mine shaft, hitting an elevator which was carrying 104 workers and causing it to plunge to the bottom of the shaft.[38][39] South Africa Orkney, South Africa
52 0 31 August 1987 A methane gas explosion at the St. Helena gold mine severed the cable of a double-deck elevator, causing it to fall 1.4 kilometers to the bottom of the mine shaft, killing all 52 people on board. 10 others who were not in the elevator were killed in the explosion.[40][41] South Africa Welkom, South Africa
19 0 13 September 2012 An elevator fell about 100 meters at a construction site, killing everyone on board.[42] China Wuhan, China
19 1 10 October 1932 A mine-shaft elevator carrying 20 people fell at the Bickershaw Colliery, killing all but one person.[43][44] United Kingdom Leigh, England
18 11 30 July 1973 A mine-shaft elevator fell at the Markham Colliery.[45] United Kingdom Chesterfield, England
12 0 30 October 2008 An elevator plunged to the ground at a construction site.[46] China Xiapu County, China
12 0 2 June 1993 An elevator plunged to the ground from the 20th floor at a construction site.[47] British Hong Kong North Point, Hong Kong
11 2 25 April 2019 An elevator fell at a construction site due to a snapped cable.[48] China Hengshui, China
11 4 29 July 2011 A mine-shaft elevator fell at the Bazhanov coal mine.[49] Ukraine Makiivka, Ukraine
10 5 27 March 1964 A steel cable hit a mine-shaft elevator at the Sachsen coal mine, killing 10 workers, including 5 Turkish nationals.[50] Germany Heeßen, Germany
10 0 6 September 2014 An elevator plunged 32 stories at a construction site.[51] Turkey Istanbul, Turkey

Explosions[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
20,000 30 May 1626 Wanggongchang Explosion in Beijing, China in the Wanggongchang Gunpowder Factory destroys part of the city and kills 20,000 people[52]
3,000 18 August 1769 A lightning bolt caused the Brescia explosion of a gunpowder depot in Brescia (Italy), destroying one-sixth of the city[53][54]
3,000? 1 November 1948 Boiler and ammunition explosion aboard an unidentified merchant ship evacuating troops of the Republic of China Army from Yingkou, China for Taiwan in early November 1948[55][disputed ] Other sources suggest this figure is inaccurate.[56]
1,400–2,280 6 March 1862 Ammunition warehouse explodes and kills almost all of Oaxaca brigade, in San Andres Chalchicomula, Mexico, during the first days of Second French intervention in Mexico[57]
1,950 6 December 1917 Halifax Explosion in Nova Scotia, Canada[58]
1,500 5 June 1941 Smederevo Fortress explosion of stockpiled ammunition at Smederevo Fortress near Belgrade in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia[59]
256–1,500+ 16 September 1732 Military warehouse explodes and kills up to two-thirds of the population of Campo Maior district of Portalegre, Portugal[60][61]
1,300+ 7 August 1956 Ammunition trucks explode near a railway station in Cali, Colombia[62]
1,200 16 October 1926 Explosion of ammunition on the Chinese troopship Kuang Yuang, near Kiukiang, China[63]
1,121 8 June 1943 Japanese battleship Mutsu, at Hashirajima harbor, 1943 due to magazine explosion; ship sank on 9 June
1,100 27 January 2002 Lagos Armoury Explosion, in Lagos, Nigeria; many deaths were from drowning during the resulting panic
1,082 18 October 1998 Jesse pipeline explosion, near Lagos, Nigeria
1,007 18 November 1918 Ammunition transporter explosion in Hamont, Belgium
1,000+ 31 August 1794 Explosion of a gunpowder factory in Grenelle, France
843 9 July 1917 Propellant explosion of the British dreadnought battleship HMS Vanguard
800 14 April 1944 Bombay Docks Explosion in Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India
738 26 November 1914 British pre-dreadnought battleship HMS Bulwark destroyed due to a magazine explosion
700 17 August 1989 Iraqi military plant with facilities explode at Al Hillah, Babil, Iraq
621 27 February 1925 Explosion of a dynamite depot in Brazil.[64]
600+ 28 March 1943 Explosion of the Caterina Costa, at port of Naples; over 3000 were also injured
590 3 November 1893 Explosion of the Cabo Machichaco, at the port of Santander, Cantabria, Spain, with over 2000 injured.[65]
581 16 April 1947 Texas City disaster in the Port of Texas City; over 5,000 were also injured.
575 4 June 1989 Ufa train disaster in Ufa, Soviet Union.
565 21 September 1921 Oppau explosion at a BASF plant in Germany; possibly as many as 1,500 were killed
542 9 April 1945 SS Charles Henderson ammunition explosion at Bari, Italy; 1,800 injured
508 25 February 1984 A gasoline pipeline exploded in the favela of Vila Sao Jose, Cubatão, Brazil[66][67]
500+ 19 November 1984 San Juanico Disaster, in Mexico City, Mexico
372 11 December 1944 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood exploded at Seeadler Harbor, killing 372 and injuring 371
370+ 27 July 1816 Powder magazine in Negro Fort in Spanish Florida exploded during battle with United States forces.
339 11 September 1905 Japanese battleship Mikasa explosion of magazine (artillery) while at port
322 17 July 1944 Port Chicago disaster at Port Chicago, California, United States
300 (estimate) 25 September 1911 An explosion occurred on the French battleship Liberté
296+ 18 March 1937 New London School explosion at New London, Texas, United States
246+ 4 March 2012 Brazzaville arms dump blasts at Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo
235+ 29 December 2001 Fireworks stand explosion in Lima, Peru. 235 bodies recovered, 144+ taken to hospital due to burns.[68]
234 23 December 2003 PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Chongqing, China
233 20 October 1916 Russian battleship Imperatritsa Mariya magazine explosion
230+ 2 July 2010 South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
220 11 December 1944 Gunpowder explosion on the train doing Japanese military and civilian transportation, Itoman, Okinawa, Japan.[69][better source needed]
219 25 June 2017 Bahawalpur explosion, an oil truck exploded in Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
217 11 July 1978 Los Alfaques disaster, in Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Spain
215 4 August 2020 2020 Beirut explosion, Beirut, Lebanon
207 28 July 1948 1948 BASF tank car explosion, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany; 3,818 were also injured[70]
206 22 April 1992 Gas explosions in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
200+ 18 July 1806 Gunpowder magazine explosion, Birgu, Malta
200+ 6 June 1991 Gotera ammunition dump explosion in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
200+ 4 June 2015 Gas station explosion in Accra, Ghana
200 2 December 1984 Gas explosion in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
200 1 May 1900 Scofield Mine disaster in Scofield, Utah, United States, caused by a dust explosion
200 27 February 1908 Mina Rosita Vieja disaster, San Juan de Sabinas, Coahuila, Mexico
189 29 April 1942 Tessenderlo, Tessenderlo Chemie ammonium nitrate explosion, Belgium
181 12 August 2015 Series of explosions at a container storage station in the Port of Tianjin in Tianjin, China
180 26 August 1990 Tuzla, Dobrnja-Jug mine disaster, Bosnia and Herzegovina, then Yugoslavia
171 15 February 1991 A trailer truck carrying dynamite exploded after a crash at Thung Maphrao, Phang Nga, Thailand
166 28 November 2004 Chenjiashan, Tongchuan, Shaanxi, China
163 21 May 1944 West Loch Disaster, where the tank landing ship LST-353 exploded at West Loch, Hawaii, United States while handling ammunition
160 20 April 1944 Vågen explosion in Norway
159 26 September 2000 Muchonggou, Shuicheng, Guizhou, China
154 22 April 2004 Ryongchon disaster in North Korea
153 1 January 1982 Tacoa Disaster (Tacoa Power Plant, Arrecife, Venezuela)
151 12 January 1807 Gunpowder ship disaster in Leiden, the Netherlands
151 9 July 1930 Hausdorf, Germany (currently Jugów, Poland)
150 2 November 1773 Gunpowder explosion in Abbeville, France
150 18 August 1947 Spanish Naval torpedo and landmine factory exploded at Cadiz, Andalusia, Spain
150 28 March 2011 Jaʿār munitions factory explosion in Abyan Governorate, Yemen[71]

Industrial disasters[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
3,787–16,000 2–3 December 1984 Bhopal disaster at Union Carbide (now Dow Chemicals) factory, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
1,549 26 April 1942 Benxihu Colliery explosion, China
1,134 24 April 2013 Collapse of the Rana Plaza, Savar Upazila, Dhaka District, Bangladesh[72]
1,099 10 March 1906 Courrières mine disaster, Courrières, France
687 15 December 1914 Mitsubishi Hōjō coal mine disaster, Kyūshū, Japan
682 9 May 1960 Laobaidong colliery coal dust explosion Datong, China
581 16 April 1947 Texas City Disaster, Texas City, Texas, U.S.
512 28 August 1899 Sumitomo Besshi bronze mine area, landslide with debris flow disaster, Niihama, Shikoku, Japan
500+ 19 November 1984 San Juanico Disaster, Mexico City, Mexico[73]
476–1,000 1931 Hawks Nest Tunnel Disaster at Gauley Bridge, West Virginia, United States
458 9 November 1963 Mitsui Miike Coal Mine disaster Mitsui Miike, Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan[74]
439 14 October 1913 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, Senghenydd, Wales
437 21 January 1960 Coalbrook mining disaster, Coalbrook, South Africa
426 6 June 1972 Wankie coal mine disaster Wankie, Rhodesia/Zimbabwe
422 28 November 1914 New Yubari, Yūbari, Hokkaidō, Japan
405 20 February 1946 Bergkamen mining disaster, West Germany
388 12 December 1866 Oaks Colliery, Barnsley, England
376 21 December 1917 Onoura, Kirino, Kyūshū, Japan
375 28 May 1965 Mine explosion caused by Methane gas near Dhanbad, Bihar, India[75]
372 27 December 1975 Chasnala mining disaster, Sudamdih Colliery Dhanbad, India
365 20 July 1907 Hokoku, Itoda, Kyūshū, Japan
362 6 December 1907 Monongah Mining disaster, Monongah, West Virginia, U.S.
344 21 December 1910 Pretoria Pit Disaster, Westhoughton, England
319 31 May 1892 Marie ore mine fire, Příbram, Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)
301 13 May 2014 Soma mine disaster, Manisa, Turkey
300+ 11 September 2012 2012 Pakistan garment factory fires, Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan
300+ 9 May 1993 Nambija mine disaster, landslide destroying several mines and buildings, Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador
299[76] 7 February 1962 Luisenthal Mining Disaster, Saarland, West Germany
290 23 June 1894 Fire and explosion in Albion Colliery, Wales
277 8 September 2008 2008 Shanxi mudslide caused by collapse of a mine landfill in Xiangfen, Linfen, Shanxi, China[77]
268 11 September 1878 Abercarn colliery disaster Abercarn, Wales
266 22 September 1934 Gresford Disaster Gresford, Wales
263 22 October 1913 Dawson, New Mexico, U.S. (first disaster)
263 3 March 1992 Incirharmani, Kozlu, Zonguldak, Turkey
262 8 August 1956 Marcinelle, Belgium
259 13 November 1909 1909 Cherry Mine disaster, Cherry, Illinois, U.S.
254 11 November 1937 Kogushi sulfur mine collapse, western Gunma, Japan
243 5 August 1909 Onoura, Kirino, Kyūshū, Japan
243 25 December 2003 PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai County, Chongqing, China[78]
239 19 December 1907 Darr Mine Disaster, Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania, U.S.
236 1 June 1965 Chikuho Yamano, Kyūshū, Japan
235 14 June 1894 Larisch's mines (Jan and Františka), Karviná, Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)
220 28 March 1965 El Cobre tailing dam and copper mine failure by earthquake in Chile
216 19 May 1902 Fraterville, Tennessee, U.S.
214 15 February 2005 2005 Sunjiawan mine disaster, Sunjiawan, Fuxin, Liaoning, China
210 15 June 1899 Hokoku, Itoda, Kyūshū, Japan
204 16 January 1862 Hartley Colliery Disaster, New Hartley, Northumberland, England
202 25 May 1917 Bolevec ammunition factory explosion, Pilsen, Bohemia, now in Czech Republic
200+ 1 May 1900 Scofield Mine disaster, Scofield, Utah, U.S.
200+ 27 February 1908 Mina Rosita Vieja disaster, San Juan de Sabinas, Coahuila, Mexico
200 1880 Renard mine, Sosnowiec, Poland
189 19 June 1914 Hillcrest mine disaster, Hillcrest, Alberta, Canada
185 28 February 1940 Explosion in Raša coal mine, Raša, Istria County, Croatia
183 3 February 1942 Chosei, Ube, Japan
181 17 August 2007 Mine disaster with flooding, Huayuan, Xintai, Shandong, China
180 26 August 1990 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
178 8 November 1867 Mining explosion in Ferndale, Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales
177 16 September 1986 Kinross gold mine fire, Transvaal, South Africa[79]
177 March 1941 Mitsubishi Bibai, Bibai, Hokkaidō, Japan
176 6 February 1890 Gas explosion in Cwmnantddu, near Pontypool, Wales
174 27 February 1950 Yilou Mine, Henan, China
169 3 June 1903 Hanna Mine Disaster, Hanna, Wyoming, U.S.
168 8 June 1917 Speculator Mine disaster, Butte, Montana, U.S.
167 6 July 1988 Piper Alpha oil rig disaster North Sea
166 28 November 2004 Chenjiashan, Tongchuan, Shaanxi, China
160+ 19 December 1982 Tacoa powerplant fire [es], Vargas State, Venezuela[citation needed]
159 26 September 2000 Muchonggou, Shuicheng, Guizhou, China
155 12 January 1918 Minnie Pit, Podmore Hall, Halmer End, Staffordshire, UK
153 31 March 1969 Mina de Barroterán coal mine disaster, Coahuila, Mexico
151 9 July 1930 Hausdorf, Germany, now Jugów, Poland
150 3 May 1887 Nanaimo mine explosion, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada

Maritime[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
1,562–4,386[80] 20 December 1987 MV Doña Paz (collision with the oil tanker MT Vector in the Tablas Strait, Philippines, 20 December 1987). Casualty estimates vary because of thousands of off-manifest passengers.
2,750–3,920 December 1948 SS Kiangya (off Shanghai). Estimates of casualties vary due to large number of stowaways on board
1,863 26 September 2002 MV Le Joola, Senegal
1,600 6 February 1822 Tek Sing (Near the Belvidere Shoals in the South China Sea)
1,573 10 September 2011 MV Spice Islander I (Zanzibar Channel)
1,514 15 April 1912 RMS Titanic (North Atlantic)
1,500 27 January 1949 Taiping, (East China Sea)
1,168 27 April 1865 Sultana (Mississippi River)
1,159 26 September 1954 Tōya Maru (Tsugaru Strait)
1,024 29 May 1914 RMS Empress of Ireland (Saint Lawrence River)
1,021 15 June 1904 PS General Slocum (New York, United States)
1,012 3 February 2006 MS al-Salam Boccaccio 98, (Red Sea)
1,000 22 September 1912 SS Kiche Maru (off Honshu, Japan)
1,000 22 April 1916 SS Hsin-Yu (Zhoushan)
~1,000 3/4 March 1921 SS Hong Moh (South China Sea)
900 16 September 1927 Wusung (Kuril Islands, Empire of Japan)[81]
900 4–5 October 1744 HMS Victory (60 miles off Plymouth England near Black Rock)
894 21 May 1996 MV Bukoba (Lake Victoria, Tanzania)
852 28 September 1994 MS Estonia (Baltic Sea)
464–850 14 December 1991 MV Salem Express (Red Sea)
844 24 July 1915 SS Eastland (Chicago)
832 21 June 2008 MV Princess of the Stars capsized by Typhoon Fengshen off Sibuyan Island, Philippines,
829 15 February 1760 HMS Ramillies (Devon, England)
826 22 September 1857 Lefort (Gulf of Finland)
800+ 29 August 1782 HMS Royal George (Portsmouth, England, )
746 8 November 1888 SS Vaitarna (lost in cyclonic storm of coast of Saurashtra, Gujarat, India)[82]
741 12 December 1939 SS Indigirka (Sarufutsu, Japan, )
737 6 May 1902 SS Camorta (Irrawaddy Delta)
736 26 November 1914 HMS Bulwark (1899) (Sheerness, England)
731 24 December 1811 HMS St George (Ringkøbing, Denmark)
702 18 January 1738 Slave trade ship Leusden (Marowijne Suriname)
673 17 March 1800 HMS Queen Charlotte (Cabrera)
~640 3 September 1878 SS Princess Alice and SS Bywell Castle (River Thames)
644 2 September 1819 San Telmo (Drake Passage, Antarctica)
627 28 June 1904 SS Norge (Rockall)
625 17 July 1947 1947 Ramdas Ship Disaster SS Ramdas (Bombay, )
608 29 October 1955 Novorossiysk (Sevastopol)
600+ List of vessels lost on the Haak Sand on 24 December 1811
600+ 3 September 1691 HMS Coronation (West of Penlee Point, Rame, United Kingdom)
600 16–17 September 1782 HMS Glorieux (Newfoundland, Canada)
600 25 May 1986 1986 MV Shamia ferry incident (Meghna River, southern Barisa, Bangladesh)
583 24 December 1811 HMS Defence (Jutland. Denmark)
580 27 January 1981 Indonesian passenger ship Tampomas 2 (caught fire and sank in Java Sea)
575 9 January 1920 SS Afrique (Bay of Biscay)
570 22 December 1810 HMS Minotaur (off Texel, Netherlands)
565 4 July 1898 SS La Bourgogne (Sable Island, Nova Scotia)
564 17 March 1891 SS Utopia (Bay of Gibraltar)
558 5 March 1916 SS Principe de Asturias (off Brazil)
550 29 June 2000 Cahaya Bahari (off Sulawesi, Indonesia)
546 1 April 1873 RMS Atlantic (Nova Scotia)
533 18 September 1890 Ertuğrul (Kushimoto, Japan)
528 8 July 2003 MV Nazreen 1 (Chandpur, Bangladesh)
520 14 April 1749 HMS Namur, (Tamil Nadu, India)
500 April 1794 HMS Ardent (Villefranche-sur-Mer, France)
500–700 16 February 1993 Ferry Neptune
500–600 25 May 1986 Shamia (Meghna River, Bangladesh)
500 29 January 1986 Atlas Star (Dhaleswar River, Munshiganj, Bangladesh)

Nuclear and radiation accidents[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
200–6,000 29 September 1957 Mayak nuclear waste storage tank explosion. 270,000 people were exposed to dangerous radiation levels.[83] Chelyabinsk, Soviet Union
100–240 10 October 1957 Windscale fire Windscale, Seascale, Cumbria (now Sellafield), England. [There were no deaths due to deterministic effects (i.e. people receiving a high dose of radiation, rapidly becoming ill, and dying), the 100-240 figure is an estimate of the number of people who died later in life due to cancer caused by radiation from the accident [84]].
95–4,000+[85][86] 26 April 1986 Chernobyl disaster. The official report is 31 immediate deaths, 64 recorded cancer deaths by 2008, and potentially up to, but no more than 4,000 total cancer deaths.[87] Far higher death toll estimates have been made, but are disputed. Pripyat, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
17 August 2000 – March 2001 Instituto Oncologico Nacional, patients receiving treatment for cancer receive lethal doses of radiation.[88][89] Panama City, Panama
13 1996 1996 San Juan de Dios radiotherapy accident, 114 patients received an overdose of radiation.[90] San José, Costa Rica
11 December 1990 1990 Clinic of Zaragoza radiotherapy accident, (27 patients were injured)[91] Zaragoza, Spain
10 10 August 1985 Soviet submarine K-431 accident, (49 people suffered radiation injuries)[92] near Vladivostok, Russia
10 1974–1976 Columbus radiotherapy accident, 88 injuries[89][93] Columbus, Ohio, United States

Rail accidents and disasters[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
1,700+ 26 December 2004 Sri Lanka tsunami train wreck Sri Lanka
600–1,000 14 January 1917 Ciurea rail disaster Romania
675–800 12 December 1917 Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne derailment France
235–800 6 June 1981 Bihar train derailment[94][95] Bihar, India
600–700 24 January 1944 Vereshchyovka train disaster Soviet Union
600+ 22 January 1915 Guadalajara train disaster [96] Mexico
575 4 June 1989 Ufa train disaster Soviet Union
521–600+ 3 March 1944 Balvano train disaster Italy
200–500+ 3 January 1944 Torre del Bierzo rail disaster Spain
428 13 January 1985 Awash rail disaster Awash, Afar, Ethiopia
383+ 20 February 2002 Al Ayatt train disaster Egypt
370 27 December 1944 Stará Kremnička derailment[97] Stará Kremnička, Slovakia
360 9 July 1981 1981 Chengdu-Kunming rail crash Ganluo County, China
358 20 August 1995 Firozabad rail disaster Firozabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
338 29 April 1997 Rongjiawan train disaster Rongjiawan, Hunan, China
320 18 February 2004 Nishapur train disaster Iran
307 4 January 1990 Sukkur rail disaster Sangi, Sindh, Pakistan
300 January 1918 Changsha rail disaster Changsha, China
300~ 1915 Montemorelos[98] Mexico
300 1994 Tolunda rail disaster[99] Angola
300 29 September 1957 Gambar train crash[100] Montgomery, Punjab, Pakistan
289 28 October 1995 Baku Metro fire Baku, Azerbaijan
285 2 August 1999 Gaisal train disaster Gaisal, West Bengal, India
281 24 June 2002 Igandu train disaster Tanzania
278 22 December 1939 Genthin rail disaster Genthin, Germany
248 14 March 1926 El Virilla train accident[101] Costa Rica
230 23 December 1933 Lagny-Pomponne Railroad Disaster France
226 22 May 1915 Quintinshill rail crash Scotland
212 1998 Khanna rail disaster Khanna, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
208 4 October 1972 Saltillo, Coahuila Mexico
207 28 July 1948 BASF tank car explosion Ludwigshafen, Germany
160-200 17 March 1982 Bau Ca train wreck Dong Nai, Vietnam
192 18 February 2003 Daegu subway fire South Korea
192 25 May 2002 Muamba rail disaster Mozambique
189 29 January 1940 Nishinari train fire[102][better source needed] Osaka, Japan
185 20 March 1946 Aracaju train crash Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil
184 Japan, 1947 Komagawa train disaster Komagawa, Saitama
162 3 May 1962 Mikawashima train crash Tokyo, Japan
161 9 November 1963 Tsurumi rail accident Japan
156 19 October 1987 Bintaro train crash Indonesia
155 11 November 2000 Kaprun disaster Austria
154 22 April 2004 Ryongchon disaster North Korea
154 1956 Mardaiyar river bridge derail disaster Tamil-Nadu, India
153 30 August 1974 Zagreb express train crash Croatia, then Yugoslavia
151 24 December 1953 Tangiwai train disaster New Zealand
150 1965 1965 Durban commuter train disaster KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
150 20 November 2016 Pukhrayan train derailment Pukhrayan, Uttar Pradesh, India

Road[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
1,100–2,700 3 November 1982 Salang Tunnel fire[103] Salang Pass, Hindu Kush, Afghanistan
230 2 July 2010 Sange road tanker explosion[104] Sange, South Kivu, DRC
219 25 June 2017 Bahawalpur explosion[105] Bahawalpur, Pakistan
217 11 July 1978 Los Alfaques disaster[103] Tarragona, Spain
171 15 February 1991 Thung Maphrao truck explosion[106] Thung Maphrao, Phang Nga, Thailand
151 5 November 2021 Freetown fuel tanker explosion Freetown, Sierra Leone
125 6 December 1965 Sotouba truck collision[103] Sotouba, Togo
121 12 July 2012 Okobie road tanker explosion[107] Okobie, Nigeria
115+ 6 January 1967 Manila bus collision[108] Cavite, Philippines
113 31 January 2009 Molo road tanker fire Molo, Kenya
110 12 March 1995 Tamil Nadu truck collision[109] Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, India
104 18 August 1968 Gero bus crash[103] Gero, Gifu, Japan
100–200 5 November 2000 Ibadan road tanker explosion[110] Ibadan, Lagos, Nigeria
99 15 November 2008 Boromo bus collision[111] Boromo, Burkina Faso
98 28 March 2007 Kagarko truck explosion Kagarko, Kaduna, Nigeria
94 8 June 1999 Karnataka bus crash[112] Karnataka, India
90 15 November 1976 Mafeteng bus crash Mafeteng, Lesotho
90 29 June 1980 Kashmir bus crash[103] Kashmir, India
90 24 June 2004 Zahedan bus crash[113] Zahedan, Iran

Smog[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
4,000–6,000 5–9 December 1952 The Great Smog of London (London, 5–9 December 1952). If delayed deaths due to the after effects of smog inhalation are included the number of fatalities rises to 10,000 to 12,000 deaths.[114]
2,200 1880 Coal smog (London, 1880).[115]
1,000 December 1956 1956 London smog.[116]
780 December 1873 1873 London smog[117]
779 December 1892 1892 London smog[118]
700–800 December 1948 1948 London smog[118]
300–405 January–February 1963 1963 New York City smog
300–400 December 1962 1962 London smog[116]
220–240 November 1953 1953 New York City smog
168 23–25 November 1966 1966 New York City smog
160 12–15 December 1991 Smog (London, 12–15 December 1991)[119]

Space exploration[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
54-300 24 October 1960 Nedelin catastrophe, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union - occurred on ground before launch
48 18 March 1980 1980 Plesetsk launch pad disaster, Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Mirny, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Soviet Union - occurred on ground before launch
21 22 August 2003 2003 Alcântara VLS accident, Alcântara, Brazil – occurred on ground before launch
7 28 January 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, over Florida, U.S.
7 1 February 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, over Texas/Louisiana, U.S.
at least six 15 February 1996 Intelsat 708, Xichang Satellite Launch Center, Sichuan, China, Launch vehicle veered off course immediately after liftoff and struck a nearby village, officially killing at least six people.
3 27 January 1967 Apollo 1, Kennedy Space Center, Merritt Island, Florida, U.S. – occurred on ground before launch
3 30 June 1971 Soyuz 11, space, only deaths in space as of 2021
1 24 April 1967 Soyuz 1, southeast of Orenburg, Russia
1 15 November 1967 X-15 Flight 191, near Edwards AFB, California, U.S.
1 31 October 2014 VSS Enterprise crash, suborbital, Mojave Desert, California, U.S.

Sporting events[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
13,000 Between 284 and 286 AD Collapse of a wall of Circus Maximus, (Rome, sometime within the reign of Diocletian)[120]
1,112 140 AD Collapse of the upper tier of the Circus Maximus, (Rome, 140 AD)[121]
614 26 February 1918 Happy Valley Racecourse fire, (Happy Valley, Hong Kong, 26 February 1918)
328 24 May 1964 1964 Lima football riot, (Lima, Peru, 24 May 1964)[122]
~200 20 January 1980 Collapse of wooden bleachers at Corralejas bullring/stadium, Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia, 20 January 1980[123]
97 15 April 1989 Hillsborough stadium crush (Sheffield, England, 15 April 1989)
93 12 March 1988 Hailstorm & Stadium crush (Kathmandu, Nepal, 12 March 1988)[124]
84 11 June 1955 1955 Le Mans disaster (motor racing accident) (Le Mans, France, 11 June 1955)
79 1 February 2012 Port Said Stadium disaster (Port Said, Egypt, 1 February 2012)
71 23 June 1968 Puerta 12 crush (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 23 June 1968)[125]
66 2 January 1971 Second Ibrox stadium disaster, stairway crowd crush (Glasgow, Scotland, 2 January 1971)
66 20 October 1982 Luzhniki disaster, stairway crowd crush on a stadium in Moscow, USSR (20 October 1982)[126]
61 1 January 2013 Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium Disaster (Abidjan, Ivory Coast, 1 January 2013)
56 11 May 1985 Bradford City stadium fire (Bradford, England, 11 May 1985)
43 17 September 1967 Kayseri Atatürk Stadium disaster football stadium hooliganism (Kayseri, Central Anatolia, Turkey, 17 September 1967)
43 11 April 2001 Ellis Park Stadium disaster, football match crush (Johannesburg, South Africa, 11 April 2001)
39 29 May 1985 Heysel Stadium disaster football stadium hooliganism (Brussels, Belgium, 29 May 1985)
32 3 October 2014 2014 Patna stampede (Patna, Bihar, India, 3 October 2014)
33 9 March 1946 Burnden Park disaster (Bolton, England, 9 March 1946)
28 9 September 1928 1928 Italian Grand Prix, Emilio Materassi and 27 spectators were killed when Materassi's car crashed into a grandstand, (Monza, Italy, 1928)
26 5 April 1902 First Ibrox stadium disaster, terracing collapse (Glasgow, Scotland, 5 April 1902)
22-24 15 November 1982 Drunken football fans provoked a stampede at game Deportivo Cali and América de Cali, Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia[127][128]
22 29 November 1900 Spectators on the roof of a glass factory observing 1900 Big Game college football game caused roof to collapse, causing deaths from falls and burns (San Francisco, 1900)[129]
21 8 February 1981 Gate 7 stampede at the old Karaiskakis Stadium at the end of a football game between Olympiacos and AEK Athens (Piraeus, Greece, 8 February 1981)[130]
21 22 May 2021 Gansu ultramarathon disaster 21 out of 172 runners died in windy and cold weather in a 100k mountain running race in China.[131]
18 18 November 1981 A wall collapses at the regional stadium in Ibague, Colombia in a football match between Deportes Tolima and Deportivo Cali[127]
18 5 May 1992 Temporary grand stand collapsed, before French Cup semi-final match SC Bastia and Olympique Marseille, (Bastia, Corsica, France, 5 May 1992).[132]
17 13–14 August 1979 1979 Fastnet yachting race storms (Fastnet Rock, Ireland, 1979)
16 16 August 1980 16 Football Fans die of Stampede in a Kolkata Derby at the Eden Gardens, Kolkata. Recognized as the Football Lover's Day.[133][134]
15 10 September 1961 1961 Italian Grand Prix, Autodromo Nazionale Monza (Formula 1 race): Wolfgang Von Trips and 14 spectators were killed when Von Trips' car was thrown amidst the audience (Monza, Italy, 10 September 1961)
13 12 May 1957 1957 Mille Miglia road race: driver Alfonso de Portago, his co-driver/navigator, Ed Nelson and nine spectators was killed when Portago and Nelson ploughed into spectators. (Guidizzolo, Mantua; Italy, 12 May 1957). Also includes 2 separate deaths earlier in the race. (Reggio Emilia and Florence)[135][failed verification][136]
13 18 January 1953 1953 Argentine Grand Prix: driver Nino Farina ploughed into the crowds on lap 31, killing 13 spectators, Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 18 January 1953
13 14 September 2008 2008 Congo football riots: Democratic Republic of the Congo football league second division of Socozaki and Nyuki System match riot at Matokeo stadium, Butembo, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, 14 September 2008
13 31 August 1952 Grenzlandring, 13 killed and 42 injured including the driver himself when his car went out of control and plunged into spectators, Wegberg, Mönchengladbach, Germany; 31 August 1952
12 2 March 1969 Yellow River Dragstrip, an out of control dragster crashed through a chain-link fence into a spectator area, killing 11 instantly. The twelfth person died later in hospital. (Covington, Georgia, 1969)
12 8 August 1903 Baker Bowl bleachers collapse, Philadelphia, 8 August 1903
11 16 September 1911 Auto race at New York State Fairgrounds, when a car went through a rail fence into the crowd, (Syracuse, New York, 1911)
11 16 September 2011 2011 Reno Air Races crash, 11 killed including the pilot Jimmy Leeward when his aircraft plunged into VIP booths in front of the grandstands (Reno Stead Airport, Reno, Nevada; 16 September 2011)

Stampedes[edit]

Deaths Incident
6,000 Ponte das Barcas disaster in Porto. A multitude of civilians fleeing from an advancing French army tried to cross the Douro river passing over a fragile pontoon bridge, which collapsed. (Portugal, 1809)
4,000 Mass panic at air raid shelter, during Japanese bombing of Chongqing, most deaths caused by suffocation (Chongqing, China, 1941)
2,400+ 2015 Mina stampede in a Mina street en route to the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 2015)
1,426 1990 Mecca tunnel tragedy inside a pedestrian tunnel (Mecca, 1990)
1,389 Khodynka Tragedy at coronation of Nicholas II (Moscow, 1896)
953 Baghdad bridge stampede, (Baghdad, Iraq, 2005) (note: because the stampede was triggered by reports of a bombing, this figure is also included in the higher estimate for casualties of the War in Iraq)
800 1954 Kumbh Mela stampede, crowd crush at religious festival (Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, 1954)
357 Phnom Penh stampede (Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2010)
354 Galleria delle Grazie (Genoa, Italy, 1942)
362 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 12 January 2006)
328 Estadio Nacional disaster, (Lima, Peru, 24 May 1964)
270 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 1994)
258 Mandher Devi temple stampede (Wai, Maharashtra, India, 25 January 2005)
251 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 2004)
245 Bridge stampede, (Lyon, France, 11 October 1711)
224 2008 Jodhpur stampede disaster in Chamunda Devi temple (Rajasthan, India, 30 September 2008)
200 Stampede in the central place of Nagpur (Maharashtra, India, 1992)
183 Victoria Hall theatre stairway crush (Sunderland, 1883)
173 Bethnal Green tube station panic (London, 1943)
162 Naina Devi Temple stampede disaster (Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India, 3 August 2008)
130 1994 Gowari stampede in Maharashtra State Legislature building (Nagpur, Maharastra, India, 23 November 1994)
124 New Year event stampede at Yahiko Shrine (Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, 1 January 1956)
123 Hearts of Oak vs. Kumasi Ashanti Kotoko football match crush (Accra, Ghana, 2001)
118 Pilgrims trampled to death (Mecca, 1998)
115 Shiloh Baptist Church stampede, (Birmingham, Alabama, 19 September 1902)
115 2013 Madhya Pradesh stampede, (Ratangarh, India, 13 October 2013)
110 Carnival tragedy of 1823 (Valletta, Malta, 1823)
105 Yingze Park lantern festival stampede disaster in Taiyuan, Shanxi, China, (10 October 1991)
102 2011 Sabarimala stampede, broken out during an annual pilgrimage (Sabarimala, Kerala, India, 14 January 2011)
100 The Station nightclub fire, fourth-deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history (West Warwick, Rhode Island, 20 February 2003)

Structural collapses[edit]

Deaths Incident
171,000 Failure of Banqiao Dam and 60 other dams in Ru River basin (Zhumadian, southern Henan, China, 8 August 1975)[137]
20,000+ Amphitheater collapse, (Fidenae, Italy, in the year AD 27)
5,000–10,000 1979 Machchhu dam failure, (Morbi, India, 11 August 1979)
2,209 Johnstown Flood, (Johnstown, Pennsylvania, United States, 31 May 1889)
1,910 1963 Vajont Dam Disaster, (Erto e Casso, Italy, 9 October 1963)
1,134 Collapse of the Rana Plaza (Savar Upazila, Dhaka District, Bangladesh, 24 April 2013)
1,000+ Tigra Dam failure, (Gwalior, India, 4 August 1917)
1,000 Panshet Dam failure, (Pune, India, 12 July 1961)
941 Iruka Lake Dam failure, (Inuyama, Japan, 13 May 1868)
608 Puentes dam collapsed flooding Lorca, Murcia, Spain, 30 April 1802
502 Sampoong Department Store collapse (Seoul, South Korea, 29 June 1995)
500–1500 Eitai Bridge collapse, (Tokyo, Japan, 20 September 1807)
423 Malpasset Dam failure, (Fréjus, France, 2 December 1959)
400–600+ St. Francis Dam failure, (Los Angeles County, California, 12 March 1928)
356 Gleno Dam failure, (Bergamo, Italy, 1 December 1923)
270+ Failure of tailings dam on Córrego do Feijão iron ore mine, (Brumadinho, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 25 January 2019)[138]
268 Val di Stava dam collapse, (Tesero, Italy, 19 July 1985)
250–434 Koshi Barrage failure, (Koshi River, Nepal, 18 August 2008)
244 Dale Dike Reservoir dam failure, (Sheffield, England, United Kingdom, 11 March 1864)
238 Dam failure caused by 1972 Black Hills flood, (Rapid City, South Dakota, United States, 10 June 1972)
226 Angers Bridge collapse, (Angers, France, 16 April 1850)
200+ Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site tunnel collapse, North Korea, 31 October 2017
~200 Collapse of wooden bleachers at Corralejas bullring/stadium, Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia, 20 January 1980[123]
169 Manila Film Center collapsed, Pasay, Philippines, 17 November 1981
~160 Uyo church collapse, Uyo, Nigeria, 10 December 2016
145 Pemberton Mill collapse, (Lawrence, Massachusetts, 10 January 1860)
144 Vega de Tera dam collapsed flooding Ribadelago, Zamora, Spain, 9 January 1959
140 Makahali River bridge collapsed, Baitadi, Makahali, Nepal, on 19 November 1974
139 Mill River dam failure, (Williamsburg, Massachusetts, United States, 1874)
139 a six-story apartment collapsed at Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan on 13 September 1976
135 Collapse of the Royal Plaza Hotel (Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand, 13 August 1993)
128 Guavio hydroelectric project dam collapse near Bogota, Colombia, 28 July 1983
125 Buffalo Creek flood, (Logan County, West Virginia, United States, 26 February 1972)
125 a wire rope style bridge collapsed over a swollen stream at Munnar, Kerala, India, 8 November 1984
120 a nuns' school chapel collapsed at Biblian, Canar, Ecuador on 1 February 1963
120–180 Kantale Dam failure, (Kantale, Sri Lanka, 20 April 1986)
117 Heiwa Lake Dam failure, (Kameoka, Japan, 1951)
115 Synagogue Church Building collapsed at Lagos State, Nigeria, on 12 September 2014
114 Hyatt Regency walkway collapse, (Kansas City, Missouri, 1981)
112 Yeotmal Shia Imami Ismaili mosque situated in choti gujri, Yavatmal collapsed disaster, present day of Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India on 20 August 1963.[citation needed]
111 Mecca crane collapse, at Masjid al-Haram, Mecca, Saudi Arabia on 11 September 2015.
111 Dam failure, (Molare, Italy, 1935)
108 Taisho Lake Dam failure, (Ide, Kyoto, Japan, 1951)
107–500 Dam failure, (Vratsa, Bulgaria, 1966)
100 Walnut Grove Dam failure, (Wickenburg, Arizona, United States, 21 February 1890)
100 Saque Comprehensive College collapsed at Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria, 16 June 1990

Structural fires[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
2,000–3,000 8 December 1863 Church of the Company Fire Santiago, Chile
1,995 2 August 1893 Theater fire[139][140] Kamli, Japan
~1,700[141] 2 September 1949 "9-2 Fire" Chongqing, China
1,670 25 May 1845 Theater fire Canton, China
900 June 1871 Theater fire Shanghai, China
800 30 December 1836 Lehman Theater fire St. Petersburg, Russia
667 1977 Cinema fire Xinjiang, China
658 13 February 1937 Antoung Movie Theater fire Nantong, China
614 27 February 1918 Happy Valley Racecourse fire Hong Kong
602 30 December 1903 Iroquois Theatre fire Chicago, Illinois, United States
600 20 May 1872 Theater fire Tientsin, China
538 23 December 1995 Dayananda Anglo Vedic private school fire Mandi Dabwali, Haryana, India
530 17 March 2000 Kanungu church fire Kanungu, Uganda
500 17 December 1961 Gran Circus Norte-Americano – Niterói circus fire Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
492 28 November 1942 Cocoanut Grove fire Boston, Massachusetts
448 8 December 1881 Ringtheater fire Vienna, Austria-Hungary
430 13 January 1883 Circus Ferroni fire Berdichev, Russia
420+ 19 August 1978 Cinema Rex fire Abadan, Iran
400 17 December 1778 Coliseo theater fire Zaragoza, Spain
396 1 August 2004 Paraguay supermarket fire Asunción, Paraguay
360 14 February 2012 Comayagua prison fire Comayagua, Honduras
326+ 30 June 1900 1900 Hoboken Docks fire Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
324 10 December 1994 1994 Karamay fire Karamay, China
322 21 April 1930 Ohio Penitentiary fire Columbus, Ohio, United States
322 22 May 1967 L'Innovation Department Store fire Brussels, Belgium
312 1910 Barn fire Ököritófülpös, Hungary
309 25 December 2000 Dongdu Commercial shopping center fire Luoyang, China
291 29 December 2001 Mesa Redonda fire Lima, Peru
289 28 October 1995 1995 Baku Metro fire Baku, Azerbaijan
278+ 5 December 1876 Brooklyn Theatre fire Brooklyn, New York, United States
257+ 11 September 2012 2012 Karachi garment factory fire Karachi, Pakistan
250 15 February 1909 Flores Theater fire Acapulco, Mexico
242 27 January 2013 Kiss nightclub fire in Santa Maria Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
234 27 November 1994 Discothèque fire Fuxin, China
225 14 July 1960 Mental hospital fire Guatemala City, Guatemala
209 23 April 1940 Rhythm Club fire Natchez, Mississippi
208 6 March 1943 Hoteiza theater fire Kucchan, Japan
200 1847 Carslruhe theater fire St. Petersburg, Russia
200 21 March 1888 Banquet theater fire Porto, Portugal
194 30 December 2004 República Cromañón nightclub fire Buenos Aires, Argentina
188 1 February 1974 Joelma Building fire São Paulo, Brazil
188 10 May 1993 Kader Toy Factory fire Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
186 5 September 1887 Theatre Royal, Exeter Exeter, Devon, England, United Kingdom
175 4 March 1908 Collinwood school fire Collinwood, Ohio, United States
171 13 January 1908 Rhoads Opera House fire Boyertown, Pennsylvania, United States
168 6 July 1944 Hartford circus fire Hartford, Connecticut, United States
167 6 July 1988 Piper Alpha oil platform explosions North Sea
165 28 May 1977 Beverly Hills Supper Club fire Southgate, Kentucky, United States
163 13 November 1960 Cinema fire Amude, Syria
162 25 December 1971 Daeyeonggak Hotel fire[142] Seoul, South Korea
162 18 March 1996 Ozone Disco Club fire Quezon City, Philippines
157 20 May 1980 Eventide Home for the Aged Kingston, Jamaica
153 4 December 2009 Lame Horse fire[143] Perm, Russia
152 13 November 1960 Cinema fire Amuda, Syria
150 19 June 1919 Teatro Yagüez fire Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, United States
146 1 November 1970 Club Cinq-Sept fire night club fire[142] Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France
146 25 March 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire New York City, New York, United States
144 19 April 1930 1930 Costești wooden church fire[144] Costești, Romania
139 22 September 1948 Wing On godown fire[145][146][147] Sai Wan, Hong Kong
130 18 March 1930 Cinema fire[148] Kirin, China
126 4 May 1897 Bazar de la Charité fire Paris, France
124 3 June 2010 2010 Nimtoli Fire[149] Nimtoli, Old Dhaka
124 24 November 2012 2012 Dhaka fire, Tazreen Fashion factory[150] Dhaka, Bangladesh
123 15 May 1929 Cleveland Clinic fire of 1929 Cleveland, Ohio, United States
120–140 1184 Fire at McDermott's Castle caused by lightning strike Lough Key, Ireland
120+ 13 June 2013 Jilin Baoyuanfeng poultry plant fire Dehui, China
119 7 December 1946 Winecoff Hotel fire Downtown Atlanta, Georgia, United States
118 18 April 1930 1930 Costești wooden church fire Costești, Romania
118 13 May 1972 Sennichi department store fire Osaka, Japan
113–117 26 May 1822 Grue Church fire Grue, Norway
109 5 November 1961 1961 Elbarusovo school fire Elbarusovo, Soviet Union
108 17 May 2004 Fire at San Pedro Sula's prison San Pedro Sula, Honduras
104 10 March 1930 Cinema fire[151] Chinkai Guard District
104 29 November 1973 Taiyo department store fire Kumamoto, Japan
104 10 March 1930 Jinhae Primary School fire Jinhae, Korea (now South Korea)
102 11 July 1997 Royal Jomtien Resort Hotel fire Jomtien Beach, Thailand
100 16 February 1955 Nursing home fire Yokohama, Japan
100 20 February 2003 The Station nightclub fire West Warwick, Rhode Island, United States

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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