List of accidents and disasters by death toll

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This is a list of accidents and disasters by death toll. It shows the number of fatalities associated with various explosions, structural fires, flood disasters, coal mine disasters, and other notable accidents.

Amusement parks[edit]

Deaths Date Attraction Amusement park Location
28 14 February 2004 Transvaal Park (entire facility affected); the roof of the indoor water park collapsed Transvaal Park Yasenevo, Moscow, Russia[1]
15 27 June 2015 Formosa Fun Coast music stage; a dust explosion on a music stage; over 400 others injured Formosa Fun Coast Bali, New Taipei, Taiwan[2]
8 11 May 1984 Haunted Castle; a fire caused by a cigarette lighter igniting the flammable foam-rubber walls of the facility Six Flags Great Adventure Jackson Township, New Jersey, United States[3]
7 9 June 1979 Ghost Train; a fire at the parks ghost train ride caused by either faulty wiring or sabotage Luna Park Sydney Sydney, New South Wales, Australia[4]
7 14 August 1981 Skylab; a crane collided with the Skylab carousel; fifteen injured Hamburger Dom Hamburg, Germany[5][6]
6 13 August 1944 Virginia Reel; a fire at the facility; 125 injured Palisades Amusement Park Cliffside Park-Fort Lee, New Jersey, United States[7]
6 29 June 2010 Eco-Adventure Valley Space Journey; a malfunction at a rocket launch ride; ten injured Overseas Chinese Town East Nanshan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China[8]
5 30 May 1972 Big Dipper; the roller coaster broke free from its haulage rope; thirteen injured Battersea Park Battersea, London, United Kingdom[9]
5 23 June 2017 Kuzuluk Aquapark swimming pool; five people died after being electrocuted in the swimming pool Kuzuluk Aquapark Akyazi, Turkey[10]
4 24 July 1930 Big Dipper; a bolt came loose from the roller coaster; seventeen injured Krug Park Omaha, Nebraska, United States
4 25 October 2016 Thunder River Rapids Ride; one of the rafts at the ride flipped upside down and became wedged under a conveyor belt Dreamworld Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia[11]
3 14 June 1986 Mindbender; one of the roller coaster carriages failed and crashed into a concrete pillar Galaxyland Edmonton, Alberta, Canada[12]
3 26 July 1978 Skyway; a gondola detached from its cable and plunged to the ground Six Flags St. Louis Eureka, Missouri, United States[13]

Aviation[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
583 27 March 1977 Pan Am Flight 1736 and
KLM Flight 4805
Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
520 12 August 1985 Japan Airlines Flight 123 Ueno, Japan
349 12 November 1996 Saudi Arabian Flight 763 and
Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907
Charkhi Dadri, Haryana, India
346 3 March 1974 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 Fontaine-Chaalis, France
301 19 August 1980 Saudia Flight 163 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
275 19 February 2003 Iranian military Il-76 crash Near Kerman, Iran
273 25 May 1979 American Airlines Flight 191 Des Plaines, Illinois, United States
265 12 November 2001 American Airlines Flight 587 Queens, New York, United States
264 26 April 1994 China Airlines Flight 140 Japan-KomakiKomaki, Japan
261 11 July 1991 Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 Saudi Arabia-JeddahJeddah, Saudi Arabia
257 28 November 1979 Air New Zealand Flight 901 Antarctica
256 12 December 1985 Arrow Air Flight 1285 Gander, Newfoundland, Canada

Cable transport[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
155 11 November 2000 Kaprun disaster[14] Kaprun, Austria
43 9 March 1976 1976 Cavalese cable car disaster[15] Cavalese, Italy
20 1 June 1990 Tbilisi cable car disaster[16] Tbilisi, Georgia
20 3 February 1998 1998 Cavalese cable car disaster[17] Cavalese, Italy
20 1 July 1999 Saint-Étienne-en-Dévoluy cable car disaster[18] Saint-Étienne-en-Dévoluy, France
13 12 July 1972 Bettmeralp cable car disaster[19][20] Bettmeralp, Switzerland
12 29 June 2017 Charra Pani cable car disaster[21] Charra Pani, Galyat, Pakistan
11 13 February 1983 Champoluc cable car disaster[22] Champoluc, Italy
9 26 October 1972 Les Deux Alpes cable car disaster[19] Les Deux Alpes, Isère, France
9 5 September 2005 Sölden cable car disaster[23] Sölden, Austria
8 13 January 1989 Vaujany cable car disaster[24] Vaujany, France
7 25 December 1965 Le Mont-Dore cable car disaster[18] Le Mont-Dore, France
7 29 January 1983 Singapore cable car disaster[25] Singapore
7 19 January 2003 2003 Pavagadh cable car disaster[26] Pavagadh, India
7 25 June 2017 Gulmarg cable car disaster[27] Gulmarg, India
6 29 August 1961 Aiguille du Midi cable car accident[18] Aiguille du Midi, Mont Blanc, France
6 1 March 1987 Luz-Ardiden cable car accident[18] Luz-Ardiden, Hautes-Pyrénées, France
5 8 December 1970 Merano cable car accident[22] Merano, Italy
4 1 August 1971 Alagna Valsesia cable car accident[18] Alagna Valsesia, Italy
4 9 July 1974 Ulriken cable car accident[18] Ulriken, Norway
4 26 March 1976 Vail cable car accident[28] Vail, Colorado, USA
4 15 April 1978 Squaw Valley cable car accident[18] Olympic Valley, California, USA
4 29 January 1992 Nassfeld cable car accident[18] Nassfeld, Austria
4 19 October 2003 Darjeeling cable car accident[18][27] Darjeeling, India
4 24 April 2016 2016 Pavagadh cable car accident[29] Pavagadh, India
3 26 July 1978 Skyway cable car accident[13] Eureka, Missouri, USA
3 2 April 2004 Yerevan funicular accident[18] Yerevan, Armenia
2 15 August 1960 Monte Faito cable car accident[18] Monte Faito, Italy
2 5 September 1965 Lincoln cable car accident[18] Lincoln, Nebraska, USA
2 9 July 1966 Aiguille du Midi cable car accident[18] Aiguille du Midi, Mont Blanc, France
2 14 December 1985 Keystone cable car accident[30] Keystone, Colorado, USA
2 24 November 1991 Pico Espejo cable car accident[18] Pico Espejo, Mérida, Venezuela
2 23 December 1995 Whistler Blackcomb cable car accident[31] Whistler Blackcomb, British Columbia, Canada
2 3 August 2013 Gross Aubrig cable car accident[32] Gross Aubrig, Switzerland
1 1 September 1943 1943 Angels Flight funicular accident[33] Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California, USA
1 9 April 1947 Monte Serrate funicular accident[18] Monte Serrate, São Paulo, Brazil
1 26 July 1956 Mount Rowe cable car accident[18] Mount Rowe, New Hampshire, USA
1 10 August 1957 Cogne cable car accident[18] Cogne, Val d'Aosta, Italy
1 15 June 1968 Raton Pass cable car accident[18] Raton Pass, New Mexico, USA
1 22 October 1979 Texas State Fair cable car accident[34] Dallas, Texas, USA
1 4 February 1984 Big Powderhorn Mountain cable car accident[18] Big Powderhorn Mountain, Michigan, USA
1 23 December 1989 Maple Mountain cable car accident[18] Maple Mountain, Michigan, USA
1 4 April 1993 Sierra-at-Tahoe cable car accident[18] Sierra-at-Tahoe, Twin Bridges, California, USA
1 28 August 1993 Monte Solaro cable car accident[18] Monte Solaro, Anacapri, Italy
1 12 October 1996 Quebec funicular accident[35] Old Quebec Funicular, Quebec, Canada
1 8 December 1996 Snow Valley cable car accident[18] Snow Valley, Ontario, Canada
1 14 December 1996 Riederalp cable car accident[16] Riederalp, Switzerland
1 26 December 1999 Crans Montana cable car accident[18] Crans Montana, Switzerland
1 3 January 2001 Table Mountain cable car accident[36] Cape Town, South Africa
1 4 January 2001 Powder Ridge cable car accident[18] Powder Ridge, Kimball, Minnesota, USA
1 1 February 2001 2001 Angels Flight funicular accident[37] Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California, USA
1 27 July 2004 Abisko National Park cable car accident[18] Abisko National Park, Sweden
1 24 May 2007 Zillertal cable car accident[18] Zillertal, Mayrhofen, Austria
1 28 November 2007 2007 Heavenly cable car accident[18] Heavenly Mountain Resort, near South Lake Tahoe, California, USA
1 3 January 2008 Grindelwald cable car accident[18] Grindelwald, Switzerland
1 2 March 2008 Chamonix cable car accident[18] Chamonix, France
1 1 September 2009 2009 Heavenly cable car accident[18] Heavenly Mountain Resort, near South Lake Tahoe, California, USA
1 2 June 2010 Glenwood Canyon cable car accident[38] Glenwood Canyon Resort, near Glenwood Springs, Colorado, USA
1 12 April 2014 Jinggangshan cable car accident[39] Jinggangshan, Jiangxi, China

Explosions[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
20,000 30 May 1626 Wanggongchang Explosion in Beijing, China in the Wanggongchang Gunpowder Factory destroys part of the city and kills 20,000 people.
6,000 1 November 1948 Boiler and ammunition explosion aboard an unidentified merchant ship evacuating troops of the Republic of China Army from Yingkou, China for Taiwan in early November 1948[40]
3,000 18 August 1769 A lightning bolt caused the Brescia Explosion of a gunpowder depot in Brescia (Italy), destroying one-sixth of the city[41][42]
1,950 6 December 1917 Halifax Explosion in Nova Scotia, Canada[43]
1,500 8 June 1941 Ammunition plant with facilities explode at Smederevo, outskirt of Belgrade, Serbia
1,200 16 October 1926 Explosion of ammunition on the Chinese troopship Kuang Yuang, near Kiukiang, China[44]
1,200 7 August 1956 Ammunition trucks explode near a railway station in Cali, Colombia
1,121 8 June 1943 Japanese battleship Mutsu, at Hashirajima harbor, 1943 due to magazine explosion, ship sank on 9 June
1,100 27 January 2002 Lagos Armoury Explosion, in Lagos, Nigeria; many deaths were from drowning during the resulting panic
1,082 18 October 1998 Jesse pipeline explosion, near Lagos, Nigeria
1,007 18 November 1918 Ammunition transporter explosion in Hamont, Belgium
1,000+ 31 August 1794 Explosion of a gunpowder factory in Grenelle, France
843 9 July 1917 Propellant explosion of the British dreadnought battleship HMS Vanguard
800 14 April 1944 Bombay Docks Explosion in Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India
738 26 November 1914 British pre-dreadnought battleship HMS Bulwark destroyed due to a magazine explosion
700 17 August 1988 Iraqi military plant with facilities explode at Al Hillah, Babil, Iraq
621 27 February 1925 Explosion of a dynamite depot in Brazil[45]
600+ 28 March 1943 Explosion of the Caterina Costa, at port of Naples; over 3000 were also injured
590 3 November 1893 Explosion of the Cabo Machichaco, at the port of Santander, Cantabria, Spain, with over 2000 injured[46]
581 16 April 1947 Texas City disaster in the Port of Texas City; over 5,000 were also injured
575 4 June 1989 Ufa train disaster in Ufa, Soviet Union
565 21 September 1921 Oppau explosion at a BASF plant in Germany; possibly as many as 1,500 were killed
542 9 April 1945 SS Charles Henderson ammunition explosion at Bari, Italy; 1,800 injured
500+ 19 November 1984 San Juanico Disaster, in Mexico City, Mexico
372 11 December 1944 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood exploded at Seeadler Harbor, killing 372 and injuring 371
339 11 September 1905 Japanese battleship Mikasa explosion of magazine (artillery) while at port
322 17 July 1944 Port Chicago disaster at Port Chicago, California, United States
300 (estimate) 25 September 1911 An explosion occurred on the French battleship Liberté
296+ 18 March 1937 New London School explosion at New London, Texas, United States
246+ 4 March 2012 Brazzaville arms dump blasts at Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo
234 23 December 2003 PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Chongqing, China
233 20 October 1916 Russian battleship Imperatritsa Mariya magazine explosion
230+ 2 July 2010 South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
220 11 December 1944 Gunpowder explosion on the train doing Japanese military and civilian transportation, Itoman, Okinawa, Japan.[47]
219 25 June 2017 Bahawalpur explosion, an oil truck exploded in Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
217 11 July 1978 Los Alfaques disaster, in Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Spain
207 28 July 1948 Tank car explosion at BASF, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany; 3,818 were also injured[48]
206 22 April 1992 Gas explosions in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
200+ 18 July 1806 Gunpowder magazine explosion, Birgu, Malta
200+ 6 June 1991 Gotera ammunition dump explosion in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
200+ 4 June 2015 Gas station explosion in Accra, Ghana
200 2 December 1984 Gas explosion in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
200 1 May 1900 Scofield Mine disaster in Scofield, Utah, United States, caused by a dust explosion
200 27 February 1908 Mina Rosita Vieja disaster, San Juan de Sabinas, Coahuila, Mexico
189 29 April 1942 Tessenderlo, Tessenderlo Chemie ammonium nitrate explosion, Belgium
181 12 August 2015 Series of explosions at a container storage station in the Port of Tianjin in Tianjin, China
180 26 August 1990 Tuzla, Dobrnja-Jug mine disaster, Bosnia and Herzegovina, then Yugoslavia
171 15 February 1991 A trailer truck carrying dynamite exploded after a crash at Thung Maphrao, Phang Nga, Thailand
166 28 November 2004 Chenjiashan, Tongchuan, Shaanxi, China
163 21 May 1944 West Loch Disaster, where the tank landing ship LST-353 exploded at West Loch, Hawaii, United States while handling ammunition
160 20 April 1944 Vågen explosion in Norway
159 26 September 2000 Muchonggou, Shuicheng, Guizhou, China
154 22 April 2004 Ryongchon disaster in North Korea
153 1 January 1982 Tacoa Disaster (Tacoa Power Plant, Arrecife, Venezuela)
151 1 January 1807 Gunpowdership disaster in Leiden, the Netherlands
151 9 July 1930 Hausdorf, Germany (currently Jugów, Poland)
150 2 November 1773 Gunpowder explosion in Abbeville, France
150 18 August 1947 Spanish Naval torpedo and landmine factory exploded at Cadiz, Andalusia, Spain
150 28 March 2011 Jaʿār munitions factory explosion in Abyan Governorate, Yemen[49]
147 12 November 1945 Gunpowder explosion at Soeda, Tagawa, Fukuoka, Japan. US Army 2nd lieutenant misconfigured disposal of ammunition of the surrendered army.[50]
146 2 August 2014 2014 Kunshan explosion, a dust explosion in Kunshan, Jiangsu, China
140 31 January 2009 Sachangwan Molo tanker explosion in Kenya
139 10 April 1917 Munitions plant in Pennsylvania, United States
134 1 July 1918 Chilwell Munitions factory explosion in Nottingham, England
130 20 October 1944 Cleveland East Ohio Gas explosion in Cleveland, Ohio, United States
126 11 March 1597 Dublin Gunpowder Disaster in Dublin, Ireland
125+ 10 August 1945 Accidental explosion at disposal of ammunition, just at the time of Japanese soldiers and civilians withdrawal from Manchuria at that time, Mishan, Heilongjiang, China.[51]
121 12 July 2012 Road tanker explosion in Okobie, Nigeria
118 12 March 1907 Explosion on the French battleship Iéna
117 22 March 2007 2007 Maputo arms depot explosion at Mozambican Armed Forces ammunition in Laulane, Mozambique.[citation needed]
117 3 June 2010 Electrical transformer explosion in Dhaka, Bangladesh
116 2 April 1916 Munitions factory, Faversham, Kent, England
115 23 April 1945 Explosion on a gunpowdership Tamaemaru that induced the warehouse, Sakai, Tottori, Japan.
112 26 May 1942 A large naval mine of unknown origin drifted ashore and exploded when local residents tried to dispose of it, Monbetsu, Hokkaido, Japan.[52]
110 12 March 1995 A tanker truck carrying petrol exploded at Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
107 21 September 1940 US military ammunition transport ship exploded docking in Iejima, Okinawa, Japan.[53]
106+ 10 April 2016 Kollam temple accident at Puttingal temple in Kollam
106 21 September 1940 Pinar de Antequera ammunition dump explosion in Valladolid, Spain
105 24 November 1980 24 houses of liquefied petroleum gas exploded at Danaciobasi, Kırıkkale, Turkey
103 26 May 1954 USS Bennington, off Quonset Point, Rhode Island, Catapult_Explosion
103 28 April 1995 Gas explosions by subway construction in Daegu, South Korea
102 13 June 1935 Munitions factory explosion in Reinsdorf, Germany
102 30 November 1942 Explosion of German tanker Altmark at Yokohama-bay, Japan killed Kriegsmarine soldiers, Chinese labors and Japanese.[54]
100+ 23 June 1958 Fireworks stand explosion in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
100 12 October 1654 Delft Explosion in the Netherlands
100 12 February 1693 Gunpowder explosion in Limerick, Ireland
100 21 June 1749 Gunpowder explosion in Wrocław, Poland
100 18 May 1918 Chemical plant in Oakdale, Pennsylvania, United States
100 4 October 1918 T. A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant explosion in Sayreville, New Jersey, United States.[55]
100 10 June 1930 Explosion of an ammunitions dump in Chuchow, China[56]
100 10 April 1988 Pakistani Army ammunition dump explodes at Islamabad, Pakistan
100 15 May 2008 NNPC oil pipeline explosion, which blasted a primary school at Ijegun, Nigeria
98 28 March 2007 A truck carrying 8,800 gallons of fuel exploded and caught fire at Kagarko, Kaduna, Nigeria
94 1 March 1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunitions dump exploded at Hirakata, outskirt of Osaka, Japan
94 27 December 1924 Temiya railroad station and Otaru harbor facilities destroyed by an exploding standing freight train carrying dynamite at Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japan
92 24 October 1960 Nedelin catastrophe, at a space center in Baikonur, Kazakhstan
90 31 January 1996 Explosion of a large store of dynamite in the basement of a five-story apartment building in Shaoyang, Hunan, China
90 24 June 2004 A truck carrying 3,800 gallons of gasoline with six vehicles crashed and exploded at Nosratabad, Sistan and Baluchistan, Iran
79 8 April 1970 Gas explosions by subway construction in Osaka, Japan
78 17 September 1862 Allegheny Arsenal exploded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; largest civilian disaster during the American Civil War
78 12 October 1978 Greek tanker Spyros exploded at Jurong shipyard, Singapore
75 27 November 1944 Underground ammunition store explosion at Fauld, Staffordshire, England
74 31 October 1963 Propane explosion at the Indiana State Fairgrounds Coliseum during a Holiday on Ice show at the Indiana State Fair in Indianapolis, United States
73 19 January 1917 Silvertown explosion in London, England
73 4 June 1988 Arzamas train disaster, where a railroad station exploded in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia
70 18 August 1946 Vergarolla explosion at Pula, Italy
70 6 August 1993 Shenzhen factory explosions in Shenzhen, China. A chain reaction of explosions rippled through factory district originating from an army-owned factory.[57]
70 26 September 1999 Fireworks explosion in Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico
69+ 30 July 2017 Boko Haram insurgents ambush an oil exploration team in the Magumeri area of Borno State, Nigeria
68 11 December 1988 Explosion caused by children playing with fireworks destroys market area in Mexico City, Mexico
63[a] 25 September 1990 A tank truck carrying liquefied petroleum gas crashed and exploded in downtown Bangkok, Thailand
63 31 August 1987 St. Helena Gold Mine explosion by methane gas in Welkom, Free State, South Africa
63 30 March 1949 An unknown originated big naval mine drifted ashore exploded out at the time the local residents trying to dispose it, Nadate, Niigata, Japan.[58]
61 22 August 1891 Park Place Building explosion in New York City, New York, United States
60+ 20 January 1909 Water intake tunnel explosion under Lake Michigan near Chicago, Illinois, United States
60+ 14 December 1939 Chlorine tank explosion at a cellulose plant in Zarnesti, Romania
60 1 January 1936 Army laboratory (near Tallinn, Estonia)
60 9 September 2000 Truck explosion in Urumqi, Xinjiang, China
60 11 November 1994 Tank truck explosion, while carrying fuel oil at outskirt of Onitscha, Nigeria
58 20 March 1905 Grover Shoe Factory disaster in Brockton, Massachusetts, United States
57 15 January 1895 Kenyon-Connell and Butte Hardware Company warehouses explosion in Butte, Montana, United States
57 11 November 1977 Freight train with dynamite exploded at Iri railroad station, Iksan, Jeollabukdo, South Korea
51 12 September 1940 297,000 pounds of gunpowder blew up killing 51 people at Hercules Powder Factory of Kenvil, New Jersey, U.S.[59]
50 15 October 1907 DuPont Powder Mill explosion in Fontanet, Indiana, United States
50 2 July 1918 Explosion at TNT factory at Split Rock, New York, United States
50 8 January 1979 Oil tanker explosion, known as the Betelgeuse incident at Whiddy Island, West Cork, Ireland
50 28 July 1987 Three cars of passenger train from Aleppo, that exploded at Al Jazira, northern Syria
49 15 February 1979 Gas explosion in PKO Rotunda Bank, Warsaw Poland
49 23 October 1980 Gas explosion at Colegio Marcelino Ugalde, Ortuella, Vizcaya, Spain
48 1 January 1980 Vostok rocket explosion (Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Soviet Union)
48 25 August 2012 Paraguana Refinery Complex explosion, Falcón State, Venezuela
47 19 April 1989 USS Iowa turret explosion
47 6 July 2013 Lac-Mégantic, Quebec, freight train derailment, explosion and fire in Quebec, Canada.
45 24 August 1964 Fireworks ignite storage tanks in Atlatlahuaca, Mexico
45 11 June 1996 Gas explosion in Osasco Plaza Shopping Mall in Osasco, Brazil. Another 482 were injured
43 27 September 1915 Explosion of rail car that was leaking casinghead gas in Ardmore, Oklahoma; dozens injured, destroyed most of downtown area.[60]
43 22 May 1919 Grain dust explosion at the Douglas Starch Works factory in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States
42+ 3 May 2017 An explosion at a coal mine in Iran
42 3 January 1924 Corn Products Starch factory explosion in Pekin, Illinois, United States
41 29 September 1883 Hercules Powder Company plant explosion in Hercules, California, United States
41 23 September 1928 Fuerte de Cabrerizas ammunition dump explosion in Melilla, Spain
41 6 April 1968 Richmond, Indiana explosion; more than 150 were injured, United States
41 7 January 1993 Uam apartment complex collapsed by gas explosion at Cheongju, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea
40 12 July 1646 Gunpowder Tower Disaster, lightning struck the gunpowder tower of the castle, Bredevoort, the Netherlands
40 13 April 1976 Lapua ammo factory explosion in Finland
39 29 April 1993 Hekimbaşı garbage dump with twelve slum houses explosion at Ümraniye, Istanbul, Turkey
37 8 November 1895 Detroit Journal building explosion in Detroit, Michigan, United States
37 13 April 1928 Dance Hall explosion in West Plains, Missouri, United States
36 22 December 1977 Grain dust explosion at the Continental Grain Company elevator in Westwego, Louisiana, United States
36 16 August 1984 Petrobras Campos Basin exploded, off eastern Rio state, Brazil
35 1 January 1916 Ammunition factory near Leeds, England
35 17 April 1953 Haber Corporation factory explosion in Chicago, Illinois, United States
35 19 September 1999 A potassium chlorate explosion in a dried-longan factory, San Pa Tong, Chiang Mai, Thailand[61]
33+ 30 April 1931 Explosion at a naval laboratory in Brazil[62]
33 26 May 1985 Explosion of the Petragen One at a refinery in San Roque, Cádiz, Spain
33 21 November 1996 Humberto Vidal explosion in San Juan, Puerto Rico
32 29 June 2009 2009 Viareggio derailment, a gas train explosion in Italy
32 31 July 2014 2014 Kaohsiung gas explosions, a series of gas explosions in Kaohsiung, Taiwan
30 25 November 1901 Penberthy Injector Company explosion in Detroit, Michigan, United States
29 12 May 1902 Naptha explosion at Sheridan Yard, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
29 26 November 1901 Mexican Crude Rubber Company plant explosion in Delray, Detroit, Michigan, United States
29 3 February 1971 Thiokol-Woodbine explosion in Brunswick, Georgia, United States
29 21 September 2001 AZF chemical factory explosion in Toulouse, France
29 1 January 2008 Blast in ammunition depot in Albania
28 14 November 1927 Pittsburgh gasometer explosion in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
28 1 June 1974 Flixborough chemical plant explosion near Scunthorpe, England
28 11 August 1871 Explosion in gun cotton factory in Stowmarket, Suffolk, England
27 1 August 1928 Indian Refining Company plant explosion in Lawrenceville, Illinois, United States
27 19 January 2004 LNG liquefaction plant explosion, Skikda, Algeria
26+ 18 March 1912 Locomotive boiler explosion in San Antonio, Texas, United States
26 7 May 2013 2013 Ecatepec de Morelos gas tanker explosion, Ecatepec de Morelos, Mexico
25 7 August 1945 Dust explosion in grain elevator in Port Arthur, Ontario, Canada
25 5 September 2012 2012 Afyonkarahisar arsenal explosion, Turkey
25 16 July 1992 Tarata bombing, Lima, Peru
24 6 September 1947 Cerro Zulema ammunition dump explosion in Alcalá de Henares, Spain
24 30 July 2004 Gas explosion in Ghislenghien, Belgium
23 3 October 1962 Explosion in a New York Telephone Company building in New York City, New York, United States
23 10 January 1976 Pathfinder Hotel, Fremont, Nebraska, United States
23 23 October 1989 Phillips Disaster in Pasadena, Texas, United States
23 13 May 2000 Fireworks factory (Enschede, the Netherlands), Enschede fireworks disaster
22 12 September 1634 Gunpowder factory explosion, Valletta, Malta
22 2 May 1878 "Great Mill Disaster", flour dust explosion at the Washburn A flour mill in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
22 18 August 1895 Gumry Hotel boiler explosion in Denver, Colorado, United States
22 20 March 1926 Woodward Iron Company furnace explosion near Birmingham, Alabama, United States
22 10 August 1959 Gateway Restaurant/Isaly's Ice Cream Parlor explosion, Andover, Ohio, United States
22 22 June 1991 Fireworks store, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
22 17 April 1995 Gas explosion in tower block, (Gdańsk, Poland)
22 1 January 1995 Gas explosion in pipeline, (Kaohsiung, Taiwan)
22 18 February 1889 Park Central Hotel explosion in Hartford, Connecticut, United States
22 29 July 1903 United States Cartridge Company explosion in Tewksbury, Massachusetts, United States
22 11 December 1971 Lake Huron tunnel construction explosion near Fort Gratiot Township, Michigan, United States
22 11 August 2016 2016 Dangyang explosion in Dangyang, Hubei, China
21+ 23 April 1927 Briggs Automobile Manufacturing plant explosion in Detroit, Michigan, United States
21 15 January 1919 Boston Molasses Disaster in Boston, Massachusetts, United States
21 14 December 1949 Swift and Company plant explosion in Sioux City, Iowa, United States
21 24 November 1965 National Guard armory explosion in Keokuk, Iowa, United States
21 25 June 1985 Fireworks explosion in Hallet, Oklahoma, United States
21 1 January 1926 Arsenal dump in New Jersey, United States
21 22 August 2003 Brazilian rocket explosion
20+ 20 November 1908 Gas main explosion in Brooklyn, New York, United States
20+ 24 June 1913 Husted Milling Company explosion in Buffalo, New York, United States
20+ 16 August 1917 Curtis & Harvey ammunition plant explosion in Dramon, Quebec, Canada
20+ 6 March 1928 Fireworks factory explosion in Samarang, Java
20 1 March 1924 1924 Nixon Nitration Works disaster in Nixon, New Jersey, United States
19 9 May 1930 Armour meat processing plant explosion in St. Joseph, Missouri, United States
19 29 July 1956 McKee refinery fire in Sunray, Texas, United States
19 29 October 1951 Morania Fire, Buffalo, New York, United States – Destroyed Morania, Penobscot, and Dauntless
19 28 March 1960 Whisky warehouse explosion in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
19 15 December 1972 Weirton Steel Company explosion near Weirton, West Virginia, United States
18 9 February 1898 Chautauqua Lake Ice Company ice house explosion in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
18 4 January 1966 Propane Sphere Explosion and Fire, Feyzin, France
18 27 December 1977 Grain elevator explosion in Galveston, Texas, United States
18 24 May 2004 Mihăileşti explosion in Romania
17 21 June 1901 Fireworks explosion in downtown shop/tenement house in Paterson, New Jersey, United States
17 6 April 1927 Parco refinery explosion in Sinclair, Wyoming, United States
17 2 January 1963 Home Packing Company plant explosion in Terre Haute, Indiana, United States
17 5 July 1990 Arco Chemical Company plant explosion in Channelview, Texas, United States
16 3 September 1891 F.A. Reynolds & Company dynamite factory explosion in White Pigeon, Michigan, United States
16 13 August 1956 Lariat Cafe explosion in Monticello, Utah, United States
16 24 February 1978 Waverly, Tennessee, tank car explosion, United States
16 23 May 1984 Pump House Explosion, Lune/Wyre Transfer Scheme, Abbeystead, England
15 4 November 1904 Fireworks explosion at Madison Square in New York City, New York, United States
15 13 September 1905 Climax Fuse Works explosion in Avon, Connecticut, United States
15 14 June 1926 Illinois Steel Company coke oven explosion in Gary, Indiana, United States
15 8 November 1928 Preble Box Toe shoe factory in East Lynn, Massachusetts, United States
15 9 March 1932 Public Service Electric and Gas Company plant explosion in Camden, New Jersey, United States
15 8 May 1943 Triumph Explosives Company plant explosion in Elkton, Maryland, United States
15 23 March 2005 Texas City Refinery explosion, Texas City, Texas, United States
15 16 August 1980 Gas explosions from an underground shopping mall in Shizuoka, Japan, Shizuoka, Shizuoka#Post-war Shizuoka
15 17 April 2013 West Fertilizer Company explosion, West, Texas, United States
15 4 October 1960 Kingsport, Tennessee Chemical Plant Explosion, October 1960#October 4.2C 1960 .28Tuesday.29, United States
15 27 June 2015 Formosa Fun Coast explosion in Taiwan was caused by corn starch powder.
14 21 May 1895 Hercules Powder Company explosion in Pinole, California, United States
14 9 January 1907 Jones and Laughlin Company blast furnace explosion in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
14 17 May 1910 American Sheet & Tin Plate Company explosion in Canton, Ohio, United States
14 25 November 1912 U.S. Corn Products plant explosion in Waukegan, Illinois, United States
14 15 May 1916 Repauno Chemical Company explosion in Gibbstown, New Jersey, United States
14 7 August 1959 Truck filled with dynamite explodes in downtown Roseburg, Oregon, United States
14 7 February 2008 2008 Georgia sugar refinery explosion (Port Wentworth, Georgia, United States)
14 2 February 1973 Gas explosion in downtown Eagle Grove, Iowa, United States
13 29 November 1902 Swift & Company plant explosion in Chicago, Illinois, United States
13 14 August 1945 Export Box and Sealer Company explosion in Detroit, Michigan, United States
13 30 July 1947 Beauty parlor explosion in Harrisonburg, Virginia, United States
13 17 September 1951 Shell Oil refinery explosion in Wood River, Illinois, United States
13 4 February 1966 Brush factory explosion in Buenos Aires, Argentina
13 13 June 1971 Fireworks explosion destroys school in Puebla, Mexico
13 3 July 1973 Doxol Propane Company tank explosion in Kingman, Arizona, United States
13 11 July 2011 Evangelos Florakis Naval Base explosion (Mari, Cyprus)
12+ 12 October 1923 Sporting goods store explosion in Moscow, Russia
12 7 April 1894 C. N. Romaine & Brothers fireworks factory explosion in Petersburg, Virginia, United States
12 13 June 1917 American Sugar Refining Company plant explosion in Brooklyn, New York, United States
12 10 July 1923 Western Cartridge Company plant explosion in East Alton, Illinois, United States
12 21 November 1923 Vida Sugar refinery explosion in New Iberia, Louisiana, United States
12 25 May 1945 Edgewood Arsenal explosion in Edgewood, Maryland, United States
12 12 February 1953 Hercules Powder factory explosion in Hercules, California, United States
12 12 December 1957 Gas explosion in Villa Rica, Georgia, United States
12 25 August 1965 DuPont chemical plant explosion in Louisville, Kentucky, United States
12 29 October 2009 Jaipur oil depot fire (IOC), Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
11+ 20 August 1916 Harlan-Morris Manufacturing Company plant explosion in Jackson, Tennessee, United States
11 7 October 1935 Nubian Paint & Varnish Company plant explosion in Chicago, Illinois. United States
11 6 November 1942 Rochester Fireworks Company explosion in Perinton, New York, United States
11 24 March 1943 Ordnance plant explosion in Ravenna, Ohio, United States
11 21 June 1946 Baker Hotel explosion in Dallas, Texas, United States
11 23 September 1953 Novadel-Agene Corporation plant explosion in Tonawanda, New York, United States
11 16 July 1954 Kent Manufacturing Company explosion in Chestertown, Maryland, United States
11 15 February 1967 Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant explosion near Texarkana, Texas, United States
11 21 February 1967 Combustible dust explosion at the Morningstar Paisley complex in Hawthorne, New Jersey, United States
11 27 May 1983 Benton fireworks disaster at illegal fireworks factory in Benton, Tennessee, United States
11 5 March 1990 Koryo restaurant explosion in Frankfurt, Germany
11 20 April 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, near the Mississippi River Delta
10+ 9 October 1927 Kimberly Clark mill explosion in Kimberly, Wisconsin, United States
10 20 August 1902 Jessup & Moore Paper Company explosion in Wilmington, Delaware, United States
10 27 June 1934 J. A. Denn Powder Company explosion in Olympia, Washington, United States
10 10 June 1933 American Pyroloxion Waste Company plant explosion in North Arlington, New Jersey, United States
10 20 July 1938 WPA tunnel project explosion in Baltimore, Maryland, United States
10 3 June 1942 Stockton Army Air Corps Advanced Flying School explosion in Stockton, California, United States
10 3 April 1947 Fireworks factory explosion in Clinton, Missouri, United States
10 17 May 1948 Koppers Company tar and chemical plant explosion in Kearny, New Jersey, United States
10 27 January 1953 Downtown natural gas explosion in Aiken, South Carolina, United States
10 25 October 1960 Metropolitan Store explosion, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
10 10 May 1962 Maumee Chemical Company plant explosion in Toledo, Ohio, United States
10 19 August 2000 El Paso Pipeline explosion, two families camping 20 miles (32 km) north of Carslbad, New Mexico, United States, off the Pecos River.[63]
9 16 February 1916 Opera house explosion in Mexia, Texas, United States
9 18 April 1924 Box factory explosion in Chicago, Illinois, United States
9 3 April 1930 Pennsylvania Fireworks Display Company factory explosion in Devon, Pennsylvania, United States
9 26 May 1945 Cornhusker Ordnance plant explosion in Grand Island, Nebraska, United States
9 18 July 1946 Explosion at Buzzards Bay tourist area in Bourne, Massachusetts, United States
9 29 May 1968 Hapeville Day Nursery explosion in Atlanta, Georgia
9 27 May 1983 Illegal fireworks factory explosion in Benton, Tennessee, United States
9 20 May 1985 Illegal fireworks factory explosion in Beaver Township, Mahoning County, Ohio, United States
9 3 July 1996 Fireworks stand explosion in Lawrence County, Ohio, United States
9 11 May 2004 Stockline Plastics factory explosion in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
9 17 December 1976 SS Sansinena ship explosion in the Los Angeles Harbor, San Pedro, California, United States
8 5 October 1906 Market Street subway explosion in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
8 1 August 1932 Ritz Tower Hotel explosion in New York City, New York, United States
8 1 May 1942 Central Railways Signal Company explosion in Versailles, Pennsylvania, United States
8 16 February 1950 Dow Chemical Company plant explosion in Midland, Michigan, United States
8 15 October 1952 Du Pont Munitions plant explosion in Barksdale, Wisconsin, United States
8 19 July 1960 J.C. Penney store explosion in Merrill, Wisconsin, United States
8 7 February 1968 Mickelberry Sausage Company plant explosion in Chicago, Illinois, United States
8 7 December 1983 Gas explosion in Łódź, Poland
8 4 February 1986 Explosion at Watkins Furniture and Appliance Store in Crystal Springs, Mississippi, United States
8 2 May 1991 IMC fertilizer plant explosion in Sterlington, Louisiana, United States
8 22 December 1996 Wyman Gordon Forging Company plant explosion in Cypress, Texas, United States
8 20 November 2002 Ammunitions factory explosion in Riobamba, Ecuador[64]
8 9 September 2010 2010 San Bruno pipeline explosion, a natural gas pipeline explosion in San Bruno, California, United States
7 21 July 1897 Winchester Repeating Arms shop explosion in New Haven, Connecticut, United States
7 4 July 1930 Hickson and Parsons Chemical factory explosion in Castleford, England
7 12 July 1951 General Motors plant explosion in Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
7 28 January 1957 Gieseke Hardware Store explosion in Roselle, Illinois, United States
7 13 December 1958 Mountainville Inn explosion in Allentown, Pennsylvania, United States
7 31 October 1963 Atherton's Drug Store explosion in Marietta, Georgia, United States
7 12 January 1964 Thompson Chemical plant explosion in Attleboro, Massachusetts, United States
7 27 December 1983 North Division Street explosion, Buffalo, New York, United States
7 7 September 1984 Illegal fireworks that were being disposed by the Maltese patrol boat C23 exploded killing seven and injuring another
7 11 December 1998 Independence Professional Fireworks factory explosion in Osseo, Michigan, United States
6 1 July 1937 Drake Drug Company fireworks explosion in Nampa, Idaho, United States
6 6 January 1943 Southside Beverly Recreation Hall explosion and fire in Chicago, Illinois, United States
6 19 November 1946 Ideal Laundry and Cleaners explosion in Greenville, South Carolina, United States
6 16 November 1947 Forbidden Palace restaurant explosion in Nampa, Idaho, United States
6 10 April 1949 Bottled fuel gas explosion at St. Mary's Catholic Church in Marion, South Dakota, United States
6 11 February 1958 Reynolds Metals Company plant explosion in McCook, Illinois, United States
6 29 May 1967 Shooter's Paradise gun shop explosion in Shamokin Dam, Pennsylvania, United States
6 25 May 1972 Ingram Industries munitions plant explosion in Kiln, Mississippi, United States
6 30 October 1972 Ben Franklin store explosion in Lake City, Minnesota, United States
6 22 February 1976 Goodpasture grain elevator explosion in Galena Park, Texas, United States
6 9 August 1976 Natural gas pipeline explosion at mobile home park in Calhoun, Louisiana, United States
6 21 October 1980 Amoco chemical plant explosion in New Castle, Delaware, United States
6 13 October 1981 Dow Chemical plant explosion in Freeport, Texas, United States
6 19 January 1982 Explosion at the Star Elementary School in Spencer, Oklahoma, United States
6 6 December 1985 River Restaurant explosion in Derby, Connecticut, United States
6 17 June 1991 Albright & Wilson Americas Inc. plant explosion near Charleston, South Carolina, United States
5 3 December 1929 Post office explosion in Munhall, Pennsylvania, United States
5 28 February 1954 Luncheonette explosion in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
5 6 March 1955 Wieboldt's Bakery explosion in River Forest, Illinois, United States
5 12 November 1970 Fuelgas Corporation plant explosion in Hudson, Ohio, United States
5 10 October 1971 Faulty boiler explosion in the Sunday school wing of First Baptist Church in Marietta, Ohio, United States
5 3 October 1980 Gate City Day Care Center explosion in Atlanta, Georgia, United States
5 31 July 1981 Mining Services International Inc. explosives manufacturing plant explosion in Grantsville, Utah, United States
5 10 June 1998 DeBruce grain elevator explosion in Haysville, Kansas, United States
5 29 March 1999 Independence Professional Fireworks factory explosion in Osseo, Michigan, the second fatal explosion at this factory in three months, United States
5 11 November 1999 Clara Barton Terrace Convalescent Center explosion in Flint, Michigan, United States
4 6 May 1971 DuPont Powder Line Explosion in Louviers, Colorado, United States
2 4 May 1988 PEPCON rocket fuel chemical plant explosion in Nevada, United States
1 7 January 1983 1983 Newark explosion in Newark, New Jersey claims 1 life and injures 22–24. The explosion is notable because it was felt 100–130 miles away from the epicenter.

Industrial disasters[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
3,787–19,000+ 2–3 December 1984 Bhopal disaster at Union Carbide (now Dow Chemicals) factory, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
1,549 26 April 1942 Benxihu Colliery explosion, China
1,129 24 April 2013 Collapse of the Rana Plaza, Savar Upazila, Dhaka District, Bangladesh[65]
1,099 10 March 1906 Courrières mine disaster, Courrières, France
687 15 December 1914 Mitsubishi Hōjō, Kyūshū, Japan
682 9 May 1960 Laobaidong colliery coal dust explosion Datong, China
581 16 April 1947 Texas City Disaster, Texas City, Texas, U.S.
512 28 August 1899 Sumitomo Besshi bronze mine area, landslide with debris flow disaster, Niihama, Shikoku, Japan
500+ 19 November 1984 San Juanico Disaster, Mexico City, Mexico[66]
476–5,000 1931 Hawks Nest Tunnel Disaster at Gauley Bridge, West Virginia, United States
458 9 November 1963 Mitsui Miike Coal Mine disaster Mitsui Miike, Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan[67]
439 14 October 1913 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, Senghenydd, Wales
437 21 January 1960 Coalbrook mining disaster, Coalbrook, South Africa
426 6 June 1972 Wankie coal mine disaster Wankie, Rhodesia/Zimbabwe
422 28 November 1914 New Yubari, Yūbari, Hokkaidō, Japan
405 20 February 1946 Bergkamen mining disaster, West Germany
388 12 December 1866 Oaks Colliery, Barnsley, England
376 21 December 1917 Onoura, Kirino, Kyūshū, Japan
375 28 May 1965 Mine explosion caused by Methane gas near Dhanbad, Bihar, India[68]
372 27 December 1975 Chasnala mining disaster, Sudamdih Colliery Dhanbad, India
365 20 July 1907 Hokoku, Itoda, Kyūshū, Japan
362 6 December 1907 Monongah Mining disaster, Monongah, West Virginia, U.S.
344 21 December 1910 Pretoria Pit Disaster, Westhoughton, England
319 31 May 1892 Marie ore mine fire, Příbram, Czech Republic
301 13 May 2014 Soma mine disaster, Manisa, Turkey
300+ 11 September 2012 2012 Pakistan garment factory fires, Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan
300+ 9 May 1993 Nambija mine disaster, landslide destroying several mines and buildings, Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador
299[69] 7 February 1962 Luisenthal Mining Disaster, Saarland, West Germany
277 8 September 2008 2008 Shanxi mudslide caused by collapse of a mine landfill in Xiangfen, Linfen, Shanxi, China[70]
268 11 September 1878 Abercarn colliery disaster Abercarn, Wales
266 22 September 1934 Gresford Disaster Gresford, Wales
263 22 October 1913 Dawson, New Mexico, U.S. (first disaster)
263 3 March 1992 Incirharmani, Kozlu, Zonguldak, Turkey
262 8 August 1956 Marcinelle, Belgium
259 13 November 1909 1909 Cherry Mine disaster, Cherry, Illinois, U.S.
254 11 November 1937 Kogushi sulfur mine collapse, western Gunma, Japan
243 5 August 1909 Onoura, Kirino, Kyūshū, Japan
243 25 December 2003 PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai County, Chongqing, China[71]
239 19 December 1907 Darr Mine Disaster, Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania, U.S.
236 1 June 1965 Chikuho Yamano, Kyūshū, Japan
235 14 June 1894 Larisch's mines (Jan and Františka), Karviná, Czech Republic
220 28 March 1965 El Cobre tailing dam and copper mine failure by earthquake in Chile
216 19 May 1902 Fraterville, Tennessee, U.S.
214 15 February 2005 2005 Sunjiawan mine disaster, Sunjiawan, Fuxin, Liaoning, China
210 15 June 1899 Hokoku, Itoda, Kyūshū, Japan
204 16 January 1862 Hartley Colliery Disaster, New Hartley, Northumberland, England
202 25 May 1917 Bolevec ammunition factory explosion, Pilsen, Bohemia, now in Czech Republic
200+ 25 February 1984 Vila Socó oil spill fire, Cubatão, São Paulo, Brazil
200+ 1 May 1900 Scofield Mine disaster, Scofield, Utah, U.S.
200+ 27 February 1908 Mina Rosita Vieja disaster, San Juan de Sabinas, Coahuila, Mexico
189 19 June 1914 Hillcrest mine disaster, Hillcrest, Alberta, Canada
183 3 February 1942 Chosei, Ube, Japan
181 17 August 2007 Mine disaster with flooding, Huayuan, Xintai, Shandong, China
180 26 August 1990 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
177 16 September 1986 Kinross gold mine fire, Transvaal, South Africa[72]
177 March 1941 Mitsubishi Bibai, Bibai, Hokkaidō, Japan
169 3 June 1903 Hanna Mine Disaster, Hanna, Wyoming, U.S.
168 8 June 1917 Speculator Mine disaster, Butte, Montana, U.S.
167 6 July 1988 Piper Alpha oil rig disaster North Sea
166 28 November 2004 Chenjiashan, Tongchuan, Shaanxi, China
160+ 19 December 1982 Tacoa powerplant fire, Vargas State, Venezuela[citation needed]
159 26 September 2000 Muchonggou, Shuicheng, Guizhou, China
155 12 January 1918 Minnie Pit, Podmore Hall, Halmer End, Staffordshire, UK
153 31 March 1969 Mina de Barroterán coal mine disaster, Coahuila, Mexico
151 9 July 1930 Hausdorf, Germany, currently Jugów, Poland
150 3 May 1887 Nanaimo mine explosion, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada
148 20 October 2004 Daping, Tongchuan, Henan, China
147 21 April 1991 Sanjiaohe, Hongdong, Shanxi, China
146 25 March 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, New York City
146 2 August 2014 2014 Kunshan explosion, Kunshan, Jiangsu, China[73]
144 21 October 1966 Aberfan landslide disaster, Wales
142 3 January 1934 Nelson, Osek, Czech Republic
134 27 March 1927 Uchigo, Iwaki, Japan
134 27 November 2005 Dongfeng, Qitaihe, Heilongjiang, China
125 26 February 1972 Buffalo Creek Flood / Pittston Coal Company dam failure, West Virginia, U.S.
125 21 February 1891 Springhill mining disaster, Canada
125 15 July 1977 Amaga, Angelopolis, Antioquia, Colombia
124 20 June 2002 Chengzihe, Jixi, Heilongjiang, China
123 8 February 1923 Dawson, New Mexico, U.S. (second disaster)
123 27 March 1980 Alexander Kielland wreck, oil platform destroyed by high wind, Ekofisk oil field, Norway
123 6 August 2005 Daxing, Xingning, Guangdong, China
121 27 April 1917 Victor American Hastings Mine Disaster, near Ludlow, Colorado, U.S.
119 25 December 1951 Orient No. 2 Mine, West Frankfort, Illinois, U.S.
111 25 March 1947 1947 Centralia mine disaster, Centralia, Illinois, U.S.
110 6 September 1869 Avondale Mine Disaster, Plymouth, Pennsylvania, U.S.
109 30 April 1927 Everettville, West Virginia, U.S.
108 19 March 2007 Ulyanovskaya, Novokuznetsk, Kuzbass Region, Siberia, Russia
108 7 July 1961 Dukla, Dolná Súča, Slovakia
108 5 March 1885 Jan, Karviná, Czech Republic
105 11 May 1995 Vaal Reef gold mine elevator failure, Orkney, Klerksdorp, South Africa
105 5 December 2007 Ruizhiyuan, Linfen, Shanxi, China
104 15 August 1947 William pit disaster, Whitehaven, Cumberland, United Kingdom
101 18 November 2007 Methane explosion Zasyadko, Donetsk, Ukraine
100 8 March 1983 Armutçuk, Ereğli, Zonguldak, Turkey
94 5 December 1984 Haishan, Taipei, Taiwan
93 16 October 1981 Hokutan Yubari, Yubari, Hokkaidō, Japan
92 20 May 1919 Nová Jáma, Orlová, Czech Republic
92 18 November 1989 Rudnici, Aleksinac, Nisava District, Serbia
92 22 July 2001 Gangzi, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China
92 5 June 1919 Baltimore Colliery explosion, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, U.S.
91 27 November 1996 Dongcun, Datong, Shanxi, China
91 10 January 1940 Bartley, West Virginia, U.S.
91 2 May 1972 Hard rock mine fire Sunshine mine, Kellogg, Idaho, U.S.
89 11 March 1997 Xingsheng, Pingdingshan, Henan, China
86 13 May 2003 Luling coal mine, Hefei, Anhui, China
84 15 February 1982 Ocean Ranger oil platform sinking, Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada
84 9 December 1911 Cross Mountain Mine disaster, Briceville, Tennessee, U.S.
83 18 January 1984 Mitsui Miike coal mine, Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
83 13 July 2005 Shenlong, Fukang, Xinjiang, China
82 11 March 2000 Barakova, Krasnodon, Ukraine
82 5 November 1930 Millfield Mine disaster, Dover Township, Athens County, Ohio, U.S.
78 20 November 1968 Farmington Mine disaster, Farmington, West Virginia, U.S.
76 12 October 1978 Spyros disaster, Singapore
74 23 October 1958 Springhill mining disaster, Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada
74 27 February 1943 Smith Mine disaster, Bearcreek, Montana, U.S.
73 17 June 2010 San Fernando, Amaga, Antioquia, Colombia[citation needed]
72 16 March 1940 Willow Grove No. 10 explosion, Neffs, Ohio, U.S.[74]
72 7 April 1911 Price-Pancoast Colliery fire, Throop, Pennsylvania, U.S.
71 9 March 1961 Ueda Kamikiyo, Kawara, Kyūshū, Japan
71 16 February 1882 Trimdon Grange, County Durham, England[75]
68 2 March 1960 Kukje Rubber Manufacturing plant No.2 fire at Busan, South Korea
68 2 December 1997 Zyryanouskaya, Novokuznetsk, Kuzbass Siberia, Russia
66 16 October 1889 Mossfield, Longton, Staffordshire, U.K.
65 24 February 2006 KTS Composite Textile factory fire, at Chittagong, Bangladesh
65 26 March 1896 Brunner Mine disaster, West Coast, New Zealand
65 19 February 2006 Pasta de Conchos mine disaster, Coahuila, México
65 4 September 1981 Pluto, Záluží, Czech Republic,[76] Hlobane, Vryheid, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa
64 2 April 1979 Sverdlovsk anthrax leak, Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
63 28 April 1904 La Reunión Mine explosion, Villanueva del Río y Minas, Sevilla, Spain
63 31 August 1987 St. Helena gold mine explosion by methane gas, Welkom, Free State, South Africa
63 4 April 1998 Skochynsky, Donetsk, Ukraine
63 15 July 1940 Sonman Mine explosion, Portage, Pennsylvania, U.S.
62 29 July 1867 Hlubina, Ostrava, Czech Republic
61 3 January 1981 Trojice, Ostrava, Czech Republic
60 22 November 2004 Shahe iron mine caught fire, Hebei, China
60 28 May 1997 Beilongfeng, Fushun, Liaoning, China
59 20 March 2005 Xishui mine, Shanxi, China
59 26 March 1885 Bettina, Orlová, Czech Republic
58 28 June 1896 Twin Shaft Disaster, Pittston, Pennsylvania, U.S.
56 7 May 1991 Bright Sparkler fireworks factory explosion at Sungai Buloh, Malaysia
55 25 April 2008 Four-story Rosamor Furniture ameublements plant fire, Lissasfa, Casablanca, Morocco
54 22 May 1960 Hlubina, Ostrava, Czech Republic
54 1860 Františka, Záluží, Czech Republic
54 24 December 1932 1932 Moweaqua Coal Mine disaster, Moweaqua, Illinois, U.S.
53 17 March 1898 Santa Isabel Mine explosion, Bélmez, Córdoba, Spain
53 13 May 1993 Middelbult Colliery explosion, Secunda, Mpumalanga, South Africa
52 19 August 2001 Zasyadka, Donetsk, Ukraine
48 5 June 1942 Joliet Army Ammunition Plant explosion near Elwood, Illinois, United States
47 18 September 1959 Auchinloch, North Lanarkshire, Scotland
45 21 March 2011 Surran range, Quetta, Balochistan Pakistan
45 28 June 1960 Abertillery, Blaenau Gwent, Wales
43 30 December 1976 Staříč, Czech Republic
43 24 February 2003 Muchonggou, Shuicheng, Guizhou, China
40 13 April 1976 Lapua Cartridge Factory explosion, Finland
39 1 November 1956 Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada
38 30 December 1970 Hurricane Creek mine disaster, Hyden, Kentucky, U.S.
37 26–27 June 1971 Czechowice-Dziedzice Refinery fire, Poland
36 4 October 1950 Michálka, Ostrava, Czech Republic
36 19 July 2004 Donbass, Donetsk, Ukraine
36 26 January 1924 Lancashire Mine, Shanktown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
35 15 October 1970 West Gate Bridge collapse (during construction), Melbourne, Australia
34 1 December 1907 Naomi Mine explosion, Fayette City, Pennsylvania, U.S.
34 10 April 1944 Clara de l'Espà Mine explosion, Saldes, Barcelona, Spain
34 9 June 1970 Dukla, Šardice, Czech Republic
33 1890 Anna, Souš, Czech Republic
31 16 August 1968 Industria Mirafe Toy Factory blast, Ibi, Alicante, Spain[citation needed]
31 22 March 1977 ČSA, Karviná, Czech Republic
30 3 November 1975 La Consolación Mine explosion, Fígols, Barcelona, Spain
30 7 September 1985 Osceola Mine fire, copper mine fire in Osceola Township, Houghton County, Michigan, U.S.[77]
30 2 July 1937 Holditch Colliery, Chesterton, Staffordshire, UK
30 18 October 1990 Barbora, Karviná, Czech Republic
30 11 January 2008 Abaiskaya, Abai, Karaganda Oblast, Kazakhstan
29 1 April 1868 Santa Elisa Mine explosion, Bélmez, Córdoba, Spain
29 21 September 2001 AZF factory explosion (chemical), Toulouse, France
29 19 November 2010 Pike River Mine disaster, Greymouth, New Zealand
29 5 April 2010 Upper Big Branch mine explosion, Montcoal, West Virginia, U.S.
29 31 October 1941 Nordegg, Alberta, Canada
28 1 June 1974 Flixborough disaster, England
26 4 April 1970 Paskov, Paskov, Czech Republic
26 9 May 1992 Westray Mine, Nova Scotia, Canada
25 7 May 1985 Doubrava, Czech Republic
25 7 February 1881 Chatterley Whitfield, Staffordshire, England
24 13 November 2003 Nanshan Colliery disaster, Shanxi, China
24 12 February 1949 Doubrava, Czech Republic
23 23 October 1989 Phillips Disaster, Pasadena, Texas, U.S.
23 21 November 2006 Methane explosion in Halemba coal mine, Ruda Śląska, Poland
22 14 September 1997 Hindustan Petroleum Refinery fire, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
21 15 January 1919 Boston Molasses Disaster, Massachusetts, U.S.
21 5 November 1962 Kings Bay, Svalbard, Norway[78]
21 7 January 1963 Santa Eulalia Mine explosion, Langreo, Asturias, Spain
20 10 August 2009 2009 Handlová mine blast, Handlová, Slovakia
19 10 January 1990 Methane explosion in Halemba coal mine, Ruda Śląska Poland
17 20 February 1947 O’Connor Electro-Plating Company explosion in Los Angeles, California
17 24 December 2008 Gas leak, Ganglu Iron and Steel Co Ltd., Hebei, China
17 22 February 1994 Merriespruit tailings dam disaster, Virginia, Free State, South Africa
17 8 June 1925 Mine No. 9, Sturgis, Union County, Kentucky, U.S.
16 4 March 1942 Ordnance plant explosion in Burlington, Iowa, United States
16 16 October 2008 Ningxia, China
15 17 April 2013 West Fertilizer Company explosion, West, Texas, U.S.
15 23 March 2005 BP Americas Texas City isomerization unit explosion, Texas City, Texas, U.S.
11 4 October 1960 Kingsport, TN Chemical Plant Explosion
11 23 May 1975 Robin Hood Flour Company grain storage elevator explosion, Davenport, Iowa, U.S.
11 27 May 1983 Benton fireworks disaster, illegal fireworks operation in Benton, Tennessee, U.S.[79]
11 20 April 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon explosion, Gulf of Mexico
7 2 April 2010 Tesoro Refinery, Anacortes, Washington, U.S.
6 9 December 1948 Tecumseh power plant of the Kansas Power & Light Company explosion in Topeka, Kansas
5 2 October 2007 Xcel Energy Cabin Creek Hydroelectric Plant Fire, Georgetown, Colorado, U.S.

Maritime[edit]

Deaths Incident
1,565–4,400 MV Doña Paz (Tablas Strait, Philippines, 20 December 1987). Casualty estimates vary because of overloading and unmanifested passengers
2,750–3,920 SS Kiangya (off Shanghai, December 1948). Estimates of casualties vary due to large number of stowaways on board
1,863 MV Le Joola (Senegal, 26 September 2002)
1,800 Sultana (Mississippi River, 27 April 1865)
1,600 Tek Sing (Near the Belvidere Shoals in the South China Sea, 6 February 1822)
1,573 MV Spice Spice Islander I (Zanzibar Channel, 10 September 2011)
1,514 RMS Titanic (North Atlantic, 15 April 1912)
1,500 Taiping, (East China Sea, 27 January 1949)
1,159 Tōya Maru (Tsugaru Strait, 26 September 1954)
1,024 RMS Empress of Ireland (Saint Lawrence River, 29 May 1914)
1,021 PS General Slocum (New York, USA, 15 June 1904)
1,012 MS al-Salam Boccaccio 98, (Red Sea, 3 February 2006)
1,000 SS Kiche Maru (off Honshu, Japan, 22 September 1912)
1,000 SS Hsin-Yu (Zhoushan, 22 April 1916)
~1,000 SS Hong Moh (South China Sea, 3/4 March 1921)
900 Wusung (Kuril Islands, Russia, 16 September 1927)
900 HMS Victory (60 miles off Plymouth England near Black Rock 4–5 October 1744)
894 MV Bukoba (Lake Victoria, Tanzania, 21 May 1996)
852 MS Estonia (Baltic Sea, 28 September 1994)
844 SS Eastland (Chicago, 24 July 1915)
832 MV Princess of the Stars capsized by Typhoon Fengshen off Sibuyan Island, Philippines, 21 June 2008
829 HMS Ramillies (Devon, England, 15 February 1760)
826 Lefort (Gulf of Finland, 22 September 1857)
800+ HMS Royal George (Portsmouth, England, 29 August 1782)
746 SS Vaitarna (lost in cyclonic storm of coast of Saurashtra, Gujarat, India, 8 November 1888)[80]
741 SS Indigirka (Sarufutsu, Japan, 12 December 1939)
737 SS Camorta (Irrawaddy Delta, 6 May 1902)
736 HMS Bulwark (1899) (Sheerness-on-Sea, England, 26 November 1914)
731 HMS St George (Ringkøbing, Denmark, 24 December 1811)
702 Slave trade ship Leusden (Marowijne Suriname, 18 January 1738)
673 HMS Queen Charlotte (Cabrera, 17 March 1800)
~640 SS Princess Alice and SS Bywell Castle (River Thames, 3 September 1878)
627 SS Norge (Rockall, 28 June 1904)
625 1947 Ramdas Ship Disaster SS Ramdas (Bombay, 17 July 1947)
608 Novorossiysk (Sevastopol, 29 October 1955)
600 HMS Glorieux (Newfoundland, Canada, 16–17 September 1782)
600 Shamia (Meghna River, southern Barisa, Bangladesh, 25 May 1986)
600+ HMS Coronation (West of Penlee Point, Rame, United Kingdom, 3 September 1691)
587 Ertuğrul (off Kushimoto, Japan, 18 September 1890)
583 HMS Defence (Jutland. Denmark, 24 December 1811)
580 Indonesian passenger ship Tampomas 2 (caught fire and sank in Java Sea, 27 January 1981)
575 SS Afrique (Bay of Biscay, 9 January 1920)
570 HMS Minotaur (off Texel, Netherlands, 22 December 1810)
565 SS La Bourgogne (Sable Island, Nova Scotia, 4 July 1898)
564 SS Utopia (Bay of Gibraltar, 17 March 1891)
558 SS Principe de Asturias (off Brazil, 5 March 1916)
550 Cahaya Bahari (off Sulawesi, Indonesia, 29 June 2000)
546 RMS Atlantic (Nova Scotia, 1 April 1873)
533 Ertuğrul (Kushimoto, Japan, 18 September 1890)
528 MV Nazreen 1 (Chandpur, Bangladesh, 8 July 2003)
520 HMS Namur, (Tamil Nadu, India, 14 April 1749)
500 HMS Ardent (Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, April 1794)
500–700 Ferry Neptune (16 February 1993)
500–600 Shamia (Meghna River, Bangladesh, 25 May 1986)
500 Atlas Star (Dhaleswar River, Munshiganj, Bangladesh, 29 January 1986)
498 HMS Sussex, (Gibraltar, 1 March 1694)
497 Ebisu Maru (off Tokushima, Japan, 1946)
496 Saint-Philibert (off Île de Noirmoutier, France, 14 June 1931)
491 HMS York (Cruden Bay, Scotland, January 1804)
488 SS Valbanera (Key West, Florida, September 1919)
481 Cahaya Bahari (29 June 2000)
480 SS City of Glasgow (Atlantic Ocean, January 1854)
480 HMS Captain (Atlantic Ocean , 7 September 1870)
473 SS Austria (Atlantic Ocean, 1 September 1858)
469 Cospatrick (Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, 17 November 1874)
464 MV Salem Express (off Safaga, Egypt, 17 December 1991)
461 MV Senopati Nusantara (off Mandalika Island, Indonesia, 30 December 2006)
459 Royal Charter (Dulas Bay, Wales, 26 October 1859)
450 MV Salahuddin-2 (Meghna River, Bangladesh, 3 May 2002)
445 Principe de Asturias (Sao Sebastiao, Brazil, 5 March 1916)
442 MV Dong Fang Zhi Xing capsized on the (Yangtze River, China, 1 June 2015)
438 Baccha Singh (Manihari Ghat, Bihar, River Ganges, 6 August 1988)
432 Rival (Connemara, Ireland, 4 December 1832)
429 SS Central America, (The Carolinas, United States, 9 September 1857)
423 SS Admiral Nakhimov (Black Sea, 31 August 1986)
420 Reina Regenta (off Gibraltar, 11 March 1895)
400 HMS Centaur (Newfoundland, Canada, September 1782)
400 PS Lady Elgin (Chicago, 8 September 1860)
400 Cataraqui (King Island, Australia, 4 August 1845)
400+ HMS Invincible (Norfolk, England, 16 March 1801)
397 Toyo Maru 10 (near Kurushima, Japan, 1945)
387 HMS Restoration (Goodwin Sands, England, 27 November 1703)
387+ Chagas (Faial Island, Portugal, 13 June 1594)
392 SS Himera (off Athens, Greece, 19 January 1947)
389 Pomona (Ballyconigar, Ireland, 24 April 1859)
389 Filipino ferry MV Doña Marilyn capsized during Typhoon Ruby off Maripipi Island, Philippines, 24 October 1988
380–400 Elizabeth (East Indiaman) (Dunkirk, England, 28 December 1810)
380 RMS Tayleur (Lambay Island, Ireland, 21 January 1854)
376 HMS Eurydice (Isle of Wight, England, 24 March 1878)
372 Arniston (Cape Aghulas, South Africa, 30 May 1815)
364 Sea Horse (East of Ireland, 30 January 1816)
361 KM Bimas Raya 2 (off Merauke, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, 20 October 1999)
360 Lampedusa migrant shipwreck (off Lampedusa, Italy, 3 October 2013)
350 SS Arctic (Cape Race, Newfoundland. Canada, 27 September 1854)
358 Drummond Castle, (off Ouessant, France, 16 June 1896)
358 HMS Victoria (near Tripoli, Lebanon, 22 June 1893)
357 10th of Ramadan (Lake Nasser, Egypt, 25 May 1983)
355 SS Schiller (Isles of Sicily, Italy, 7 May 1875)
353 SIEV-X (off Indonesia, 19 October 2001)
350 Annie James (off Vatersay, Outer Hebrides, United Kingdom, 28 September 1853)
347 HMS Athenienne (Strait of Sicily, Italy, 20 October 1806)
343 SS Princess Sophia (Vanderbilt Reef, Alaska, 23 October 1918)
340 Salahuddin 2 (Meghna River, Bangladesh, 3 May 2002)
340 USS Insurgent (West Indies, September 1800)
338 Gurita (off Sabang, Aceh, Indonesia, 19 January 1996)
334 SS Elbe (North Sea, 30 January 1895)
325 Harta Limba (off Kalimantan, Indonesia, 6 February 1999)
321 MV Rabaul Queen (Solomon Sea, 2 February 2012)
319 Yoshino (Yellow Sea, 15 May 1904)
314 Principessa Mafalda (off Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil, 25 October 1927)
314 Dashun (Yantai, China, 24 November 1999)
313 Harta Rimba (7 February 1999)
308 Namyong-Ho (Korean Strait, 15 December 1970)
307–400 Cazador (Constitución, Chile, 30 January 1856)
304 Japanese passenger boat Sekirei Maru capsized with crush by windy conditions (off northwestern Awaji Island, Japan, 9 December 1945.)
304 MV Sewol-Ho capsized off South-Korea (16 April 2014)
300+ White Ship (Barfleur, France, 25 November 1120)
300–400 Steamer SS Hsin Wah sinks off Waglan Island, Hongkong, China (15 January 1929)[81]
300 Brazilian river boat Sobral Santos capsized (Amazon River, Óbidos, Brazil, 19 September 1981)
300 HMS Amphion (Plymouth, England, 22 September 1796)
300 The London (Thames Estuary, England, 7 March 1665
300 French battleship Liberté (Toulon, France, 25 September 1911)
300 Filipino motor vessel Dumagnete capsized off Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines, 11 October 1968
299 Kapunda (Coast of Brazil, 20 January 1887)
293–500+ SS Sirio (Cape Palos, Spain, 4 August 1906)
293 Northfleet (Dungeness, England, 22 January 1873)
292 A Seohae, South Korean ferry, West Sea, overloaded with 362 people, capsized off Puan county 10 October 1993[82]
289 A boat of clandestine immigrants F174 sank near Portopalo, Italy, 25 December 1996
284 New Era, (Deal Beach, New Jersey, United States, 13 November 1854)
283 Evening Star (Tybee Island, Georgia, 6 October 1866)
281 HMS Juno (Atlantic Ocean, February 1880)
280 Unebi (South China Sea, December 1886)
280 Chinese ferry Dashun caught fire and capsized in rough seas off Yellow Sea, Yantai, Shandong, China, 24 November 1999
280 Nigerian passenger boat capsized at Ibaka, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria, April 1998
280 Myanmar passenger ferry U Hla Myist sunk by colliding with Japanese vessel Bombei Maru at Yangon Bay, Myanmar, February 1973
279 Filipino floating pagoda capsized in Bocaue river, northern Manila, Philippines, 2 July 1993
276 Hollandia (Sicily, Italy, 13 July 1743)
275–300 SS Hermann (Kwatzu, Japan, 13 February 1869)
274 USS Maine (Havana, Cuba, 15 February 1898) it is disputed whether this was accidental or an act of terrorism
273 SS Pacific (Cape Flattery, Washington, 4 November 1875)
272 Turkish ferry SS Üsküdar capsized and sank at Bay of İzmit, Kocaeli, Turkey, 1 March 1958
272 Kenyan ferry MV Likoni Ferry sank at Mtongwe, Mombasa, Kenya, 29 April 1994
269–276 SMS Grosser Kurfurst (English Channel, 31 May 1878)
269 HMS Lutine (Vlieland, Netherlands, 9 October 1799)
260 Earl of Abergavenny (off Portland Bill, 5 February 1805)
260 Nuestra Señora de Atocha (Florida Keys, 6 September 1622)
259 Portuguese passenger ship Save ran aground off Mozambique, 8 July 1961
256 "Vliegend Hert" (1735)
254 Vietnamese refugee boat capsized off Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia, 22 November 1978
251+ Cleopatra (Malabar Coast, India, 14 April 1847)
250 Pennsylvania (Memphis, Tennessee, 13 June 1858)
250 Powhattan sunk off New Jersey, 16 April 1854[83]
250 Russian liner Ogoza sank in the Black Sea, 1928[84]
250 Bangladeshi ferry MV Dinar gone down in strong whirlpool at Meghna River, Chandpul, Bangladesh, 20 August 1994
250 RMS Royal Adelaide (Margate, England, 30 March 1850)
250 Chinese steamer Lee Cheong sank in a storm off Swabue (21 December 1929)[85]
249 Chang Tyong-Ho (Busan, South Korea, 5 January 1953)
247 Doddington (Algoa Bay, South Africa, 17 July 1755)
242 HMS Avenger (Sorelle Rocks, Malta, 20 December 1847)
241 SS G. P. Griffith burned and sank in Lake Erie, 17 June 1850. The number of lives lost may have been as high as 289.
240+ MV Teratai Prima sinking (near Sulawesi, Indonesia, 11 January 2009)
238 Negotie (Texel, Netherlands, 1790)
238 MV Dara (Persian Gulf, 8 April 1961)
237 Anglo Saxon (Cape Race, Newfoundland, 27 April 1863)
233 MV Christena (Leeward Islands, St. Kitts and Nevis, 1 August 1970)
232 HMS Tribune (Herring Cove, Nova Scotia, Canada, 24 November 1797)
230 Brazilian double-decker boat Novo Amapá capsized (Amazon River, Pará, Brazil, 6 January 1981)
230 Bangladeshi ferry Rushi capsized by stormy condition at Padma River, Bangladesh, April 1980
226 Ville du Havre (North Atlantic, 22 November 1873)
225–400 Sovnarkom (Ob River, Russia, 10 May 1921)
225 Brother Jonathan (Crescent City, California, 30 July 1865)
224 Neva sunk off (King Island, (Tasmania, Australia, 13 May 1835)
220 HMS Northumberland (Goodwin Sands, England, 27 November 1703)
220 SS London (Bay of Biscay, 11 January 1866)
220 Nigerian passenger boat capsized by stormy sea off Uyo, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria, 24 January 1996
217 SS Heraklion (Souda, Crete, Greece, 8 December 1966) Official death toll; exact fatality count unknown
215 Myanmar double-decker ferry sank during storm at Gyaing River, 7 April 1990
212 Aquidabã (Ilha Grande, Brazil, 21 January 1906)
211 SS Waratah, disappeared without trace off Durban, South Africa, 27 July 1909
210 Illegal African immigrants boat sank off Sfax, Tunisia, 2003
209 Naval transport ship Angamos sank during a storm in the Bay of Arauco, Chile, 6 July 1928[86][87]
209 Seven Japanese fishing boats sunk by Super typhoon Carmen (off Agrihan, 7 October 1965)
206 Matsushima (Pescadores Islands, Taiwan, 30 April 1908)
206 Egyptian ferry boat Adel capsized at Upper Nile, Maghagha, Governorate, Egypt, May 1963
206 HMS Stirling Castle (Goodwin Sands, England, 27 November 1703)
205 HMS Iolaire (off Stornoway, 1 January 1919)
205 SS Hungarian Wrecked off Cape Sable, Shelburne County, Nova Scotia, Canada 19 February 1860
200 Explosion on the Chinese passenger steamer Pa Shi, 1931[88]
200 Victoria (London, Ontario, Canada, 24 May 1881)
200 Aagtekerke (Indian Ocean, 1726)
200+ Prince of Patuakhali (Patuakhali, Bangladesh, 14 May 2005)
200 Lightning Sun (Meghna River, Bangladesh, 23 May 2004)
200 Indonesian passenger ferry KMP Digul capsized in rough sea off Merakuke, Papua, Indonesia, 7 July 2005
200 Bangladeshi passenger ferry Haisal rammed by collide with cargo vessel at Dhaleswari river, Bangladesh, 27 December 1988
200 SS Xi'an passenger ferry fire in Hong Kong (4 February 1947[89])
193 Herald of Free Enterprise (English Channel, 6 March 1987)
192 Two illegal immigrants boats sank off Gulf of Aden, Yemen, 2007
192 Portland (Atlantic Ocean near Massachusetts, 26 November 1898)
191 SS City of Boston (North Atlantic Ocean, January 1870)
190–250 Phoenix (Lake Michigan, 21 November 1847)
190 Boadicea (Courtmacsherry, Ireland, 30 January 1816)
189 MV Maharaj (Buriganga River, Bangladesh, 19 February 2005)
189 Waterloo (Table Bay, South Africa, 28 August 1842)
189 HMS Orpheus, (Auckland, 7 February 1863)
189 Nathalie (Newfoundland, Canada, May 1826)
186 Pacific (Atlantic Ocean, 1856)
185 Batavia (off Australia, 4 June 1629) includes both drowned and murdered
182 Victoria (Thames River, Ontario, Canada, 24 May 1881)
182 Congo ferry Dieu Merci capsized at Mai-Ndombe Lake, Bandunu, Democratic Republic of Congo, 27 November 2003
180 Somali refugee boat capsized off Gulf of Aden, Yemen, 31 March 1998
178 Ocean Monarch, (Liverpool, England, 24 August 1848)
177 Russian cruise ship Aleksandr Suvorov crashed into a railroad bridge at Volga River, Ulyanovsk, southwestern Russia, 5 June 1983
177 Russalka (Gulf of Finland, 7 September 1893)
176 MV Don Juan (Maestre de Campo Island, Philippines, 22 April 1980)
176 USS Hobson, (Atlantic Ocean, 26 April 1952)
175–223 Golden Gate (Manzanillo, Mexico, 27 July 1862)
173 Southern Cross (Cape Pine, Newfoundland, March-April 1914)
173 HMS Serpent (Cape VIlan, Spain, 10 November 1890)
173 USS Wasp, (October 1814)
171 Chinese sightseeing boat sank at Songhua River, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China, 20 August 1985
170–265 Lady of the Lake (Newfoundland, Canada, 11 May 1833)
170 Staffordshire (Cape Sable, 30 December 1853)
168 Shiun Maru (Takamatsu, Japan, 11 May 1955)
167 Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 26 January 1958
167 Dona Cassandra sunk by typhoon Orchid (off Mindanao, 21 November 1983)
166 Halsewell (Isle of Purbeck, Dorset. England, 6 January 1786)
165 Tamil refugees boat capsized off Nanchchikuddah, Sri Lanka, 20 February 1997
163 Dieu Merci (Lake Mai-Ndombe, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 25 November 2003)
161 Romanian passenger boat Mogosoaia sunk by collision with Bulgarian barge Peter Karaminchev at Danube River, Galaţi, Romania, 10 September 1989
160 Madagascar (1853)
159 Scandinavian Star (Skagerrak, 7 April 1990)
158 Sierra Leone boat Amunafa capsized off coast Bailor, Sierra Leone, 3 August 2007
150–250 American paddle steamer Atlantic sunk after a collision on Lake Erie, 20 August 1852
150–200 Larchmont (Block Island, Rhode Island, 12 February 1907)
150 Peruvian ferry La Chachita capsized at Marañón River, central Peru, 7 May 1991
150 MV Princess of the Orient (Fortune Island, Philippines, 18 September 1998)
150 Overloaded motorized canoe capsized off Tasso Island, Sierra Leone, 25 March 1999
150 SS Tempest (Atlantic Ocean, February 1857)
150 A pontoon ferry sink by overturned on Shire River, Malawi, 23 May 1965
150 MV Skagit (Chumbe Island, Tanzania, 18 July 2012)
150 SS Koombana (Port Hedland, Australia, 20 March 1912)
150 Colombian excursion ship Vencedor capsized off Buenaventura, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, 3 September 1961
148 French frigate Méduse (off Senegal, 2 July 1816)
147 Chinese passenger ferry Red Star 312 capsized at Shanshui, Guangdong, China on 2 March 1983
147 HMS Sappho (Southeast coast of Australia, February 1858)
147 Mayakovsky, (Riga, Latvia, 13 August 1950)
144 HMS Prince (Balaklava, Crimea, 14 November 1854)
144 Whydah Gally (Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 26 April 1717)
143 HMS Doterel (Punta Arenas, Chile, 26 April 1881)
140 SS Koombana (off Port Hedland, Western Australia, 20 March 1912)
140 Italian ferry Moby Prince collide with oil tanker, dense fog off Livorno, Tuscany, Italy, 10 April 1991
140 SS Wairarapa (Great Barrier Island, New Zealand, 29 October 1894)
140 Two African immigrants boats sank off Seferihisar, Turkey, 8 December 2007
140 Filipino ferry MV Cebu City capsized and collision with freighter Kota Suria off Manila Bay, Philippines, 2 December 1994
139 Lexington (Atlantic Ocean, 13 January 1840)
137 SS Morro Castle (off Asbury Park, New Jersey, 8 September 1934)
136 SS President (Atlantic Ocean, 11 March 1841)
136 SS Valencia (off the coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, 22 January 1906)
136 Finnish steamer SS Kuru capsized in autumnal storms at Lake Näsijärvi, near city of Tampere, 7 September 1929
134 Peruvian passenger boat Adresito capsized at Amazon River, Iquitos, Loreto Maynas, Peru, 6 March 1990
134 RMS Quetta struck a rock in the Adophus Channel of Cape York, Queensland on 28 February 1890
133 Amphitrite, (Boulogne, France, 25 August 1833)
132 Pamir (Azores Islands, Portugal, 21 September 1957)
131 Chinese passenger boat Rong Jian capsized at Hejiang River, Rongshan, Sichuan, China, June 2000
131 Tararua (off Waipapa Point, New Zealand, 29 April 1881)
130 SS Hankow fire (Hong Kong, 14 October 1906)[90][91]
130 SS Volturno (Burned and sank in the North Atlantic, 9 October 1913)
130 MV Princess Victoria (Scotland, 31 January 1953)
130 Hoop (Pacific Ocean, September 1600)
130–172 HMS Ontario (Lake Ontario, 31 October 1780)
130 Nigerian ferry Olodiama collided with a tugboat off Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria, 1 September 1997
130 Thai ferry boat Sathit collided with chemical tanker at Gulf of Thailand, Si Racha, Thailand, 9 March 1992
129 USS Reprisal (Newfoundland, Canada, 14 September 1777)
129 USS Thresher (N. Atlantic, 10 April 1963)
128 SS City of Rio de Janeiro (San Francisco Bay, 22 February 1901)
128 Ferry SS Berlin struck the pier near Hook of Holland (the Netherlands), 21 February 1907
128 HMS Gladiator (Isle of Wight, 25 April 1908)
128 Greek cruise ship TSMS Lakonia sunk after fire on board off Madeira, Portugal, 22 December 1963
125 HMS Orestes (Indian Ocean, 5 November 1799)
125 SS Bokhara (Formosa, 10 October 1892)
125 SS Hilda (North of France, 18 November 1905)
125 USS Oneida (Yokohama, Japan, 24 January 1870)
124 SS Yongala (Townsville, Australia, 23 March 1911)
124 Djibouti ferry Al Baraqua 2 capsized off Tadjoura, Djibouti, 6 April 2006
124–195 SS Daphne (Glasgow, Scotland, 3 July 1883)
123 SS Asia (Georgian Bay, Canada, 14 September 1882)
123 RMS Rhone (Salt Island, British Virgin Islands, 29 October 1865)
122+ Russian river cruise ship Bulgaria capsized on the Kuybyshev Reservoir of the Volga River in Tatarstan, Russia, 10 July 2011
121 Pulau Kidjang (Rejang River, Malaysia, 26 December 1973)
121 Dunbar (Sydney Harbour, Australia, 20 August 1857)
120 HMS Vipere (Shannon Estuary, Ireland, 1797)
120 Ghanan motorboat capsized at Lake Volta, Jasikan, Ghana, 7 April 2006
120 French battleship Iéna (Toulon, France, 12 March 1907)
120 São João (Port Edward, South Africa, 8 June 1552)
118–139 (est) SS Noronic caught fire while docked in Toronto, Ontario, 17 September 1949
118 Kursk (Barents Sea, 12 August 2000)
118 Vergulde Draeck (Ledge Point, Western Australia, 28 April 1656)
117–181 SS Valencia (Vancouver Island, Canada, 22 January 1906)
117 Kinka Maru (Onagawa, northeastern Miyagi, Japan, 1946)
116+ MV Shariatpur 1 (Meghna River, Bangladesh, 12 March 2012)
116 SuperFerry 14 (Manila Bay, Philippines, 27 February 2004)
114 Auguste (Aspy Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada, 15 November 1761)
113 Japanese wooden passenger boat Kitagawa Maru 5 capsized at Onomichi, Japan, 12 April 1957
111 Samson (Madagascar, 7 March 2004)
111 SS Vestris (North Atlantic, 12 November 1928)
110 Star of Bengal, (Coronation Island, Alaska, 20 September 1908)
108 Orazio (Toulon, France, 21 January 1940)
107 SMS Amazone (Coast of Netherlands, 14 November 1861)
106 SS Mohegan (Lizard Peninsula, England, 14 October 1898)
105 Iranian motor vessel Viaqtar capsized off Abu Dhabi, UAE, on 14 March 1970
105 Stella (Channel Islands, France, 30 March 1899)
104 Yugoslav river boat Niš, capsized on the Danube River near Belgrade, Serbia, 9 September 1952
103 USS Bennington (Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, 26 May 1954)
102 Pelican (River Mersey, England, 20 March 1793)
102 SS Gothenburg. (Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, 24 February 1875)
100–125 SS Pewabic (Lake Huron, 9 August 1865)
100 SS City of Columbus (Gay Head Cliffs, Massachusetts, 18 January 1884)
100 Brazilian cruise boat Bateau Mouche capsized at Copacabana beach, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1 January 1989
99 USS Scorpion (near Azores, 21 May 1968)
99 Meikle Ferry capsize, Dornoch Firth, Scotland, 16 August 1809
92 Japanese passenger boat Koun Maru sunk by rough sea off Misumi, Amakusa, western Kyūshū, Japan, 1 October 1933
90 SS Yarmouth Castle (Bahamas, 13 November 1965)
89 SS Admella wrecked off South Australia, Australia, 6 August 1859
86 Princess Amelia (Mumbles, Wales, 27 September 1647)
85 Illegal African immigrants boat sank Mareg, Puntland, Yemen, 2003
84 Paisley Canal Disaster, canal pleasure boat capsized, Paisley 10 November 1810
82 STV Royston Grange (off Montevideo, Uruguay, 1972)
81 MS Express Samina (near Paros, Greece, 2000)
81 Turkish submarine TCG Dumlupınar collided with the Swedish freighter Naboland and sunk at Dardanelles Turkey, 4 April 1953
80 Pamir (1957)
80 Hong Kong ferry Fatshan sunk by Typhoon Rose, 17 August 1971
78 Greek tanker Spyros exploded at Jurong shipyard, Singapore, 12 October 1978
78 MV George Prince ferry sank after colliding with the Norwegian tanker SS Frosta on the Mississippi River, 20 October 1976
74 MV Princess Ashika sunk while on a regular ferry service in Tonga due to the combined effects of the boats age and lack of maintenance leading to its unseaworthiness, 5 August 2009.
70 Ming 361 (2003)
61 Turkish fishing boat carrying illegal migrants sank after hitting rocks (2012)
58 Bahrain wooden pleasure boat al-Dana capsized off Gulf of Bahrain, 2006
57 Danish passenger boat Turisten Killing 57 pass. after fire on board on Haderslev Dam, 8 July 1959
54 MS Jan Heweliusz (Baltic Sea, 1993)
53 Finnish torpedo boat S2, in autumnal storms at Outoori, near Pori, 1925
51 TEV Wahine (Wellington, NZ, 1968)
51 SS Andrea Doria (off Nantucket, Massachusetts 1956)
51 Marchioness (River Thames, London 1989). 131 people on board leisure craft for a birthday party when accidentally rammed and sunk by Thames dredger Bowbelle
48 Danish passenger ship Kjøbenhavn capsized after striking mine off coast of Jutland, Denmark, 11 June 1948
48 Brazilian river boat Comandante Sales capsized at Solimoes River, on the outskirts of Manacapura, Amazonas, Brazil, 4 May 2008
46 PCC-772 Cheonan Pohang class corvette (Baengnyeong-do island, South Korea, 26 March 2010)
45 SS Elingamite (Three Kings Islands, NZ, 1902)
44 British bulk carrier MV Derbyshire capsized by structural failure and Typhoon Orchid off Ryukyu Island, 9 September 1980
42 Masbate, Philippines (including 11 children) crowded Don Dexter Cathlyn, inter-island ferry was hit by a squall and overturned; 76 of 119 passengers were rescued, but 10 were still missing, on 4 November 2008.[92][93]
39 Lamma IV, collision by Sea Smooth (Hong Kong, 1 October 2012)
36 FV Gaul (Barents Sea, 1974)
36 Ellan Vannin (Liverpool, United Kingdom en route from the Isle of Man), December 1909
35 HMS Pandora (Torres Strait, 1791)
33 Costa Concordia (cruise ship capsized off the coast of Isola del Giglio, Italy, 13 January 2012)
32 River Dee Ferry Boat Disaster (Aberdeen, United Kingdom, 1876)
31 SS Carnatic (Red Sea, 1869)
29 SS Edmund Fitzgerald (Lake Superior, 1975)
28 Soviet submarine K-19 (to fire, 24 February 1972)
23 Pajtás passenger boat (Hungary, Lake Balaton, 30 May 1954, capsized by design flaws, when all passengers gathered on one side of the ship to watch a sailing competition to start)[94]
22 Shek Kong Vietnamese refugee detention centre fire (Hong Kong, 3 February 1992)[89]
20 Ethan Allen (Lake George, 2 October 2005)
18 Migrant boat sank off Lesbos, Greece (2012)
17 1979 Fastnet race (Fastnet Rock, 1979)
16 MS Sleipner (Norway, 1999)
14 Danish passenger ship SS Agda sank after striking mine near by the coast of Horsens, Denmark, 15 January 1944
13 Essex (South Pacific, 1819)
13 MS Norman Atlantic (Strait of Otranto, 2014) The ferry caught fire in the Adriatic Sea off Corfu, Greece and was burnt out. 13 of the 478 people on board were killed, 2 during salvage.
8 AHTS Bourbon Dolphin (Offshore of Shetland, 2007) The ship capsized and sank three days later.
6 Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race (Bass Strait, 1998)

Nuclear and radiation accidents[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
200 to 6,000 29 September 1957 Mayak nuclear waste storage tank explosion (Chelyabinsk, Soviet Union), 270,000 people were exposed to dangerous radiation levels.[95]
95 to 4,000+[96][97] 26 April 1986 Chernobyl disaster, Soviet Union. The official report is 31 immediate deaths, 64 recorded cancer deaths by 2008, and potentially up to, but no more than 4,000 total cancer deaths.[98] Far higher death toll estimates have been made, but are disputed.
33 10 October 1957 Windscale fire, Cumberland, England
17 August 2000 – March 2001 Instituto Oncologico Nacional of Panama, patients receiving treatment for cancer receive lethal doses of radiation.[99][100]
13 1996 Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica, 114 patients received an overdose of radiation.[101]
11 December 1990 1990 Clinic of Zaragoza radiotherapy accident, Spain, (27 patients were injured)[102]
10 10 August 1985 Soviet submarine K-431 accident, (49 people suffered radiation injuries)[103]
10 1974–1976 Columbus radiotherapy accident, 88 injuries[100][104]
9 24 May 1968 Soviet submarine K-27 accident. (83 people were injured)[100]
8 4 July 1961 Soviet submarine K-19 accident. More than 30 people were over-exposed to radiation.[105]
8 March 1984 Radiation accident in Morocco[106]
7 1980 Houston radiotherapy accident[100][104]
5 9 August 2004 Mihama Nuclear Power Plant accident. Hot water and steam leaked from a broken pipe[107]
5 5 October 1982 Lost radiation source, Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR, 13 injuries[100]
4 September 1987 Goiânia accident, Brazil, (249 people received serious radiation contamination)[108]
4 1962 Radiation accident in Mexico City
3 1961 SL-1 reactor explosion and melt-down (US Army)
3 1985–1987 Software and engineering errors in the Therac-25 radiation therapy machine result in patients receiving massive overdoses of radiation.[109]:425 and three people dying as a result of the overdose.[110]
3 February 2000 Samut Prakan radiation accident: Three deaths and ten injuries resulted when a radiation-therapy unit was dismantled.[111]
2 30 September 1999 Tokaimura nuclear accident, nuclear fuel reprocessing plant (Japan)[107]

Rail accidents and disasters[edit]

Deaths Incident
1,700+ Sri Lanka tsunami train wreck (Sri Lanka, 26 December 2004)
800–1,000 Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne derailment (France, 12 December 1917)
600–1,000 Ciurea rail disaster (Romania, 14 January 1917)
500–800 Bihar train disaster (Bihar, India, 6 June 1981)[112]
700+ Vereshchyovka train disaster (ru) (Soviet Union, 24 January 1944)
600+ Guadalajara train disaster (Mexico, 22 January 1915)[113]
575 Ufa train disaster (Soviet Union, 4 June 1989)
521–600+ Balvano train disaster (Italy, 3 March 1944)
200–500+ Torre del Bierzo rail disaster (Spain, 3 January 1944)
428 Awash rail disaster (Awash, Afar, Ethiopia, 13 January 1985)
383 Al Ayatt train disaster (Egypt, 20 February 2002)
360 1981 Chengdu-Kunming rail crash, (Ganluo County, China, 9 July 1981)
358 Firozabad rail disaster (Firozabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, 20 August 1995)
338 Rongjiawan trains disaster (Rongjiawan, Hunan, China, 29 April 1997)
320 Nishapur train disaster (Iran, 18 February 2004)
307 Sukkur rail disaster (Sangi, Sindh, Pakistan, 4 January 1990)
300 Changsha rail disaster (Changsha, China, January 1918)
300~ Montemorelos, (Mexico, 1915)[114]
300 Tolunda (Angola, 1994)[115]
300 Gambar train crash, (Montgomery, Punjab, Pakistan, 29 September 1957)[116]
289 Baku Metro fire (Baku, Azerbaijan, 28 October 1995)
285 Gaisal train disaster (Gaisal, Assam, India, 2 August 1999)
281 Igandu train disaster (Tanzania, 24 June 2002)
278 Genthin rail disaster (Genthin, Germany, 22 December 1939)
248 El Virilla train accident, (Costa Rica, 14 March 1926)[117]
230 Lagny-Pomponne Railroad Disaster, (France, 23 December 1933)
226 Quintinshill rail crash (Scotland, 22 May 1915)
212 Khanna rail disaster (Khanna, Ludhiana, Punjab, India, 1998)
208 Saltillo, Coahuila (Mexico, 1972)
207 BASF tank car explosion, (Ludwigshafen, Germany, 28 July 1948)
200 Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki train disaster (Poland, 1949). Not confirmed by any official source, cf. Katastrofy kolejowe w Polsce (pl) (Polish)
192 Muamba rail disaster (Mozambique, 25 May 2002)
189 Nishinari train fire, (Osaka, Japan, 29 January 1940)[118]
185 Aracaju train crash, (Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil, 20 March 1946)
184 Komagawa train disaster (Komagawa, Saitama, Japan, 1947)
162 Mikawashima train crash (Tokyo, Japan, 3 May 1962)
161 Tsurumi rail accident (Japan, 9 November 1963)
156 Bintaro train crash (Indonesia, 19 October 1987)
155 Kaprun disaster (Austria, 11 November 2000)
154 Ryongchon disaster (North Korea, 22 April 2004)
154 Mardaiyar river bridge derail disaster, (Tamil-Nadu, India, 1956)
153 Zagreb express train crash (Croatia, then Yugoslavia, 30 August 1974)
151 Tangiwai train disaster (New Zealand, 24 December 1953)
150 1965 Durban commuter train disaster, (KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, 1965)
150 Pukhrayan train derailment, (Pukhrayan, Uttar Pradesh, India, 20 November 2016)
148 Gyaneshwari Express train derailment, (West Midnapore, West Bengal, India, 28 May 2010)
142–236 Benavidez rail disaster (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1970)[119]
100–140 Pontecagnano train disaster, Pontecagnano, Italy,1944
139 Yasanti River train crash, (India, 28 September 1954)
135 Maizdi Khan trains disaster (Bangladesh, 1989)
132 Ghotki rail crash (Ghotki, Sindh, Pakistan, 13 July 2005)
131 Bouhalouane train crash, (Algeria, 27 January 1982)
130 Rafiganj train disaster (Rafiganj, Bihar, India, 10 September 2002)
130 Barwald Sredni trains disaster, (Poland, 1944)
128 Mirshah trains disaster, (Punjab, Pakistan, 1997)
128 Mangueira train disaster, (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 8 May 1958)
125 Railway bridge collapse, (India, 2 September 1956)
120 Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh (India, 1997)
120 Yaoundé train explosion (Cameroon, 14 February 1998)
119 Anchieta rail disaster (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 4 March 1952)
118 Stéblová train disaster (Czechoslovakia, 14 November 1960)
118 Moimenta-Alcafache train crash, (Portugal, 11 September 1985)
114 Veligonda train disaster (Veligonda, Andhra Pradesh (now in Telangana), India, 29 October 2005)
114 Ngai Ndethya (Kenya, 1993)
112 Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash (England, 8 October 1952)
112 San Rafael River train disaster (Mexico, 10 August 1989)
112 Nebukawa, derailment caused by the Great Kantō earthquake, (Japan, 1 September 1923)[120]
110 Tsuchiura triple trains crash (Tsuchiura, Japan, 1943)
108 Tangua train disaster, (Brazil, 1950)
107 Patna train derailed (Bihar, India, 1937)
107 Vierzy tunnel trains derailed, (Aisne, France, 1972)
107 Amagasaki rail crash (Japan, 25 April 2005)
107 Peruman railway accident (Kerala, India, 8 July 1988)
106 Sakuragichō train fire commuter train fire (Yokohama, Japan, 24 April 1951)
106 Kamensk-Shakhtinsky rail disaster (Russia, 7 August 1987)
106 Yangzhuang station trains disaster, (Henan, China, 1978)
105 Tama river trains disaster, (Hachioji, Japan, 1945)
103 Šakvice train disaster, (Czechoslovakia, 24 December 1953)
93–102 Malbone Street Wreck, (Brooklyn, NY, 1 November 1918)
102 Aßling train disaster, (Aßling, Germany, 16 July 1945)
102 Wuntho train disaster, (Myanmar, 1994)
101 Markdorf train disaster, (Markdorf, Germany, 22 December 1939)
101 Eschede train disaster (Germany, 3 June 1998)
101 The Great Train Wreck of 1918 (Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 9 July 1918)
100 Col des Nuages (Pass of the Clouds) derailment, (East Indochina (Vietnam), 24 June 1953)
100 Benaleka train crash, (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1 August 2007)
99 St-Hilaire train disaster, (Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada, 29 June 1864)
97 Eden train wreck, (Colorado, United States, 7 August 1904)
96 Great Wellington train disaster, (Sky Valley Washington, United States, 1 March 1910)
94 Langenweddingen level crossing disaster, (Magdeburg, Germany, 6 July 1967)
93 Harmelen train disaster, (Netherlands, 8 January 1962)
92 Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster, (Ashtabula, Ohio, 29 December 1876)
91 Lewisham rail crash, (Lewisham, London, England, 4 December 1957)
91 Arzamas train disaster, (Arzamas, Russia, 4 June 1988)
90 Hunan rail disaster, (Hunan, China, 30 May 1946)

Road[edit]

Deaths Date Incident Location
2,700 3 November 1982 Salang Tunnel fire[121] Salang Pass, Hindu Kush, Afghanistan
230 2 July 2010 Sange road tanker explosion[122] Sange, South Kivu, DRC
219 25 June 2017 Bahawalpur explosion[123] Bahawalpur, Pakistan
217 11 July 1978 Los Alfaques disaster[121] Tarragona, Spain
171 15 February 1991 Thung Maphrao truck explosion[124] Thung Maphrao, Phang Nga, Thailand
125 12 June 1965 Sotouba truck collision[121] Sotouba, Togo
121 12 July 2012 Okobie road tanker explosion[125] Okobie, Nigeria
115+ 6 January 1967 Manila bus collision[126] Manila, Philippines
113 31 January 2009 Molo road tanker fire Molo, Kenya
110 12 March 1995 Tamil Nadu truck collision[127] Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, India
104 18 August 1968 Gero bus accident[121] Gero, Gifu, Japan
100–200 5 November 2000 Ibadan road tanker explosion[128] Ibadan, Lagos, Nigeria
99 15 November 2008 Boromo bus collision[129] Boromo, Burkina Faso
98 28 March 2007 Kagarko truck explosion Kagarko, Kaduna, Nigeria
94 8 June 1999 Karnataka bus accident[130] Karnataka, India
90 15 November 1976 Mafeteng bus accident Mafeteng, Lesotho
90 29 June 1980 Kashmir bus accident[121] Kashmir, Pakistan
90 24 June 2004 Zahedan bus accident[131] Zahedan, Iran
87 4 August 1991 Troutbeck bus accident[132] Troutbeck, Manicaland, Zimbabwe
80 30 January 1984 Rapar bus accident Rapar, Punjab, India
80 17 November 2016 Caphiridzange explosion Caphiridzange, Tete, Mozambique
78 5 July 2017 Bambari truck accident[133] Bambari, Central African Republic

Smog[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
12,000 5–9 December 1952 The Great Smog of London (London, 5–9 December 1952)
2,200 1880 Coal smog (London, 1880)[134]
300-405 January-February 1963 1963 New York City smog
220-240 November 1953 1953 New York City smog
168 23–25 November 1966 1966 New York City smog
160 12–15 December 1991 Smog (London, 12–15 December 1991)[135]
60 1930 Meuse Valley smog (Belgium, 1930)[134]
50 27–31 October 1948 The 1948 Donora smog (Donora, Pennsylvania, 27–31 October 1948)[134]

Space exploration[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
7 28 January 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, over Florida, U.S.
7 1 February 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, over Texas/Louisiana, U.S.
3 27 January 1967 Apollo 1, Kennedy Space Center, Merritt Island, Florida, U.S. – occurred on ground before launch
3 30 June 1971 Soyuz 11, space
1 24 April 1967 Soyuz 1, southeast of Orenburg, Russia
1 15 November 1967 X-15 Flight 191, near Edwards AFB, California, U.S.
1 31 October 2014 VSS Enterprise, suborbital, Mojave Desert, California, U.S.

Sporting events[edit]

Deaths Date Incident
1,112 140 Collapse upper tier of the Circus Maximus, (Rome, 140AD)
590 26 February 1918 Happy Valley Racecourse fire, (Happy Valley, Hong Kong, 26 February 1918)
328 24 May 1964 1964 Lima football riot tragedy, (Lima, Peru, 24 May 1964)[136]
~200 20 January 1980 Collapse of wooden bleachers at Corralejas bullring/stadium, Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia, 20 January 1980[137]
96 15 April 1989 Hillsborough stadium crush (Sheffield, England, 15 April 1989)
93 12 March 1988 Hailstorm & Stadium crush (Kathmandu, Nepal, 12 March 1988)[138]
84 11 June 1955 1955 Le Mans disaster (motor racing accident) (Le Mans, France, 11 June 1955)
79 1 February 2012 Port Said Stadium disaster (Port Said, Egypt, 1 February 2012)
71 23 June 1968 Puerta 12 crush (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 23 June 1968)[139]
66 2 January 1971 Second Ibrox stadium disaster, stairway crowd crush (Glasgow, Scotland, 2 January 1971)
66 20 October 1982 Luzhniki disaster, stairway crowd crush on a stadium in Moscow, USSR (20 October 1982)[140]
56 11 May 1985 Bradford City stadium fire (Bradford, England, 11 May 1985)
43 11 April 2001 Ellis Park Stadium disaster, football match crush (Johannesburg, South Africa, 11 April 2001)
44 17 September 1967 Kayseri Atatürk Stadium disaster football stadium hooliganism (Kayseri, Central Anatolia, Turkey, 17 September 1967)
39 29 May 1985 Heysel Stadium disaster football stadium hooliganism (Brussels, Belgium, 29 May 1985)
32 3 October 2014 2014 Patna stampede (Patna, Bihar, India, 3 October 2014)
33 9 March 1946 Burnden Park disaster (Bolton, England, 9 March 1946)
28 9 September 1928 Italian Grand Prix, Emilio Materassi and 27 spectators was killed when Materassi's car crashed into a grandstand, (Monza, Italy, 1928)
26 5 April 1902 First Ibrox stadium disaster, terracing collapse (Glasgow, Scotland, 5 April 1902)
24 15 November 2014 Drunken football fan provoked a stampede at game Deportivo Cali and América de Cali, Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, 18 November 1982[141]
22 29 November 1900 Spectators on roof of glass factory observing 1900 Big Game college football game caused roof to collapse, causing deaths from falls and burns (San Francisco, 1900)[142]
21 8 February 1981 Gate 7 stampede at the old Karaiskakis Stadium at the end of a football game between Olympiacos and AEK Athens (Piraeus, Greece, 8 February 1981)[143]
18 5 May 1992 Temporary grand stand collapsed, before French Cup semi-final match SC Bastia and Olympique Marseille, (Bastia, Corsica, France, 5 May 1992).[144]
17 1979 1979 Fastnet yachting race storms (Fastnet Rock, Ireland, 1979)
15 September 10, 1961 1961 Italian Grand Prix, Autodromo Nazionale Monza (Formula 1 race): Wolfgang Von Trips and 14 spectators were killed when Von Trips' car was thrown amidst the audience (Monza, Italy, September 10, 1961)
13 12 May 1957 Mille Miglia road race: driver Alfonso de Portago, his co-driver/navigator, Ed Nelson and nine spectators was killed when Portago and Nelson ploughed into spectators.(Guidizzolo, Mantua; Italy, 12 May 1957). Also includes 2 separate deaths earlier in the race. (Reggio Emilia and Florence)[145][146]
13 18 January 1953 1953 Argentine Grand Prix: driver Nino Farina ploughed into the crowds on lap 31, killing 13 spectators, Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 18 January 1953
13 14 September 2008 2008 Congo football riots: Democratic Republic of Congo football league second division of Socozaki and Nyuki System match riot at Matokeo stadium, Butembo, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, 14 September 2008
13 31 August 1952 Grenzlandring, 13 killed and 42 injured including the driver himself when his car went out of control and plunged into spectators, Wegberg, Mönchengladbach, Germany; 31 August 1952
12 1969 Yellow River Dragstrip, an out of control dragster crashed through a chain-link fence into a spectator area, killing 11 instantly. The twelfth person died later in hospital. (Covington, Georgia, 1969)
12 8 August 1903 Baker Bowl bleachers collapse, Philadelphia, 8 August 1903
11 1911 Auto race at New York State Fairgrounds, when a car went through a rail fence into the crowd, (Syracuse, New York, 1911)
11 16 September 2011 2011 Reno Air Races crash, 11 killed including the pilot Jimmy Leeward when his aircraft plunged into VIP booths in front of the grandstands (Reno Stead Airport, Reno, Nevada; 16 September 2011)
9 18 July 1909 The Racetrack Disaster of Berlin 9 killed, 52 injured in a cycling event when a motorcycle pacemaker crashed into spectators at a newly built velodrome (Berlin Botanical Garden, Berlin, Germany; 18 July 1909)[147][148]
9 1992 1992 Le Mans Moto accidents, 9 dead and 50 injured in a chain of road accidents involving motorcyclists in the surrounding area during the running of the race (Le Mans, France, 1992)[149]
8 11 January 1999 Egyptian Premier League cross ryval Koroum and Al-Ittihad football match stampede at Alexandria Stadium, northern Egypt, 11 January 1999[150]
8 1903 1903 Paris–Madrid race, a chain of accidents occurred causing deaths to drivers and spectators and destruction to properties. The race which was called to a halt at Bordeaux.[151][152]
8 15 August 2010 2010 California 200 Off Road race, eight spectators killed when an off-road truck rolled into the gallery[153][154]
6 1998 1998 Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race, in which six sailors died and many other yachts had to retire after being caught in a large storm
6 24 April 1977 Saloon car race at the 1977 Malaysian Grand Prix, six children killed when a car struck into a fence, following a tire blowout; Batu Tiga Circuit, Selangor, Shah Alam.[155]
6 8 September 1912 Vailsburg Motordrome, two riders including Eddie Hasha and four spectators died and 17 injured through a chain of events that began when Hasha collided into a rail (Vailsburg, Newark; 8 September 1912).[156]

Stampedes[edit]

Deaths Incident
6,000 Ponte das Barcas disaster in Porto. A multitude of civilians fleeing from an advancing French army tried to cross the Douro river passing over a fragile pontoon bridge, which collapsed. (Portugal, 1809)
4,000 Mass panic at air raid shelter, during Japanese bombing of Chongqing, most deaths caused by suffocation (Chongqing, China, 1941)
2,268 2015 Mina stampede in a Mina street en route to the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 2015)
1,426 1990 Mecca tunnel tragedy inside a pedestrian tunnel (Mecca, 1990)
1,389 Khodynka Tragedy at coronation of Nicholas II, (Moscow, 1896)
953 Baghdad bridge stampede, (Baghdad, Iraq, 2005) (note: because the stampede was triggered by reports of a bombing, this figure is also included in the higher estimate for casualties of the War in Iraq)
800 1954 Kumbh Mela stampede, crowd crush at religious festival (Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, 1954)
357 Phnom Penh stampede (Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2010)
354 Galleria delle Grazie (Genoa, Italy, 1942)
362 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 12 January 2006)
328 Estadio Nacional disaster, (Lima, Peru, 24 May 1964)
270 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 1994)
258 Mandher Devi temple stampede (Wai, Maharashtra, India, 25 January 2005)
251 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 2004)
245 Bridge stampede, (Lyon, France, 11 October 1711)
224 2008 Jodhpur stampede disaster in Chamunda Devi temple (Rajasthan, India, 30 September 2008)
200 Stampede in the central place of Nagpur (Maharashtra, India, 1992)
183 Victoria Hall theatre stairway crush (Sunderland, 1883)
173 Bethnal Green tube station panic (London, 1943)
162 Naina Devi Temple stampede disaster (Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India, 3 August 2008)
130 1994 Gowari stampede in Maharashtra State Legislature building (Nagpur, Maharastra, India, 23 November 1994)
124 New Year event stampede at Yahiko Shrine (Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, 1 January 1956)
123 Hearts of Oak vs. Kumasi Ashanti Kotoko football match crush (Accra, Ghana, 2001)
118 Pilgrims trampled to death (Mecca, 1998)
115 Shiloh Baptist Church stampede, (Birmingham, Alabama, 19 September 1902)
115 2013 Madhya Pradesh stampede, (Ratangarh, India, 13 October 2013)
110 Carnival tragedy of 1823 (Valletta, Malta, 1823)
105 Yingze Park lantern festival stampede disaster in Taiyuan, Shanxi, China, (10 October 1991)
102 2011 Sabarimala stampede, broken out during an annual pilgrimage (Sabarimala, Kerala, India, 14 January 2011)
100 The Station nightclub fire, fourth-deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history (West Warwick, Rhode Island, 20 February 2003)
96 Hillsborough disaster crush (Sheffield, England, 1989)
93 Kathmandu stadium disaster, (Kathmandu, Nepal, 13 March 1988)
84 Guatemala and Costa Rica football match crush (Guatemala City, 16 October 1996)
78 PhilSports Arena stampede, (Manila, Philippines, 4 February 2006)[157]
77 Stampede and panics at Kyoto railroad station (Japan, 8 January 1934)
73 Italian Hall disaster (Calumet, Michigan, 1913)[158]
72 River Plate vs Boca Juniors football match, stampede at gate 12 (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 23 June 1968)
71 Ram Janki Temple stampede, (Kunda, India, 4 March 2010)
70 Glen Cinema Disaster, panic caused by smouldering cinema film, Glen Cinema, (Paisley, Scotland, 31 December 1929)
67 1959 Busan stadium stampede disaster: Typhoon Billie forced the evacuation of thousands of people through tight corridors of a stadium (Busan, South Korea, 17 July 1959)
66 Second Ibrox disaster crush (Glasgow, Scotland, 1971)
66 Luzhniki disaster, football match crush (Moscow, USSR. 20 October 1982)[140]
61 Abidjan stampede disaster, (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 1 January 2013)
60 Jean Monthe Institute secondary school panic disaster, (Yaoundé, Cameroon, 6 December 1988)
60 A tent fire after stampede, during local festival parade (Jamshedpur, Bihar, India on 3 March 1989)
53 Niamiha metro station stampede (Minsk, Belarus, 31 May 1999)
53 1999 Sabarimala stampede, (Sabarimala, India, 15 January 1999)
53 1952 Santa Teresa church stampede, (Caracas, Venezuela, 9 April 1952)[159]
52 Hengyang railroad station stampede disaster, during Lunar New Year holidays of final day, Hengyang, Hunan, China (14 February 1994)
51 Yemeni presidential candidate Ali Abdullah Saleh election rally stampede disaster (Zunjubar, Ibb Governorate, Yemen, 13 September 2006)
50 Mahamaham stampede disaster (Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India on 18 February 1992)[160]
45 Qutab Minar Tower stampede disaster by electric power failure (Delhi, India, 4 December 1981)
44 Kayseri Atatürk Stadium disaster (Kayseri, Central Anatolia, Turkey, 17 September 1968)
42 Ellis Park Stadium Disaster (Johannesburg, South Africa, 11 April 2001)
39 Heysel Stadium disaster (Brussels, 29 May 1985)
37 Mihong Park Lantern Festival stampede disaster (Miyun, Beijing, China, 5 February 2004)
36 Modibo Keita Stadium stampede disaster (Bamako, Mali on 21 February 2011),[161]
36 2013 Kumbh Mela stampede (Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India)
36 2014 Shanghai stampede (The Bund, Shanghai, China)
33 Kumbh Mela bathing festival stampede disaster (Nasik, Maharashtra, India, 26 August 2003)
29 Mosque stampede (Karachi, 2006)[162]
26 Djinuereber Mosque stampede disaster (Timbuktu, Mali, February 2010)[citation needed]
25 A stampede by building collapse, during Shiva ratri festival (Patna, Bihar, India, 6 March 1989)
24 Covento Franciscano de la Villa partial building collapse during a heavy hail storm with 1,300 people inside caused panic and rush down the stairs to the exit. (Granadilla, Tenerife Island, Spain, 3 February 1963)[163]
24 Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero Stampede Disaster (Cali, Colombia, 18 November 1982)
23 al-Mureikh Stadium stampede disaster, during graduation ceremony (Omdurman, Sudan 13 July 2008)
21 Lan Kwai Fong stampede disaster (Hong Kong, 1 January 1993)[164]
21 Love Parade stampede (Duisburg, Germany, 24 July 2010)
21 2003 E2 nightclub stampede (Chicago, IL, USA, 17 February 2003)
20 Steve Kekana concert stampede disaster (Maseru, Lesotho, 29 August 1980)
20 Mexican singar Martinez Gil and twist singer Pily Gaos concert stampede disaster (Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, 31 January 1965)
19 Synagogue stampede during the fast of Yom Kippur (Ostrowo, Germany, 10 October 1872)
19 Stampede disaster after Christina Nilsson's appearance at a window of Grand Hôtel (Stockholm, Sweden, 23 September 1885)
13 News Divine nightclub stampede disaster (Nueva Atzacoalco, Mexico City, 20 June 2008)
13 Throb Nightclub stampede disaster (Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 24 March 2000)
12 Crush on Brooklyn Bridge, four days after opening (New York City, 30 May 1883)[165]
11 Crowd crush at The Who concert at the Riverfront Coliseum (Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America, 3 December 1979)
11 Eleven killed and 247 injured in a pedestrian crush after a fireworks festival (Akashi, Hyōgo, Japan, 21 July 2001)[166]
11 Alexandria Stadium football match stampede disaster (Northern Egypt, January 1999)
10 All Africa Arts Hall concert stampede disaster (Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, 10 February 2008)
9 Pearl Jam performance at Roskilde Festival (Denmark, 30 June 2000)

Structural collapses[edit]

Deaths Incident
171,000 failure of Banqiao Dam and 60 other dams in Ru River basin (Zhumadian, southern Henan province, China, 8 August 1975)[167]
20,000+ Amphitheater collapse, (Fidenae, Italy, 27)
5,000–10,000 1979 Machchhu dam failure, (Morbi, India, 11 August 1979)
2,209 Johnstown Flood, (Johnstown, Pennsylvania, United States, 31 May 1889)
1,129 Collapse of the Rana Plaza (Savar Upazila, Dhaka District, Bangladesh, 24 April 2013)
1,000+ Tigra Dam failure, (Gwalior, India, 4 August 1917)
1,000 Panshet Dam failure, (Pune, India, 12 July 1961)
941 Iruka Lake Dam failure, (Inuyama, Japan, 13 May 1868)
608 Puentes dam collapsed flooding Lorca, Murcia, Spain, 30 April 1802
502 Sampoong Department Store collapse (Seoul, South Korea, 29 June 1995)
500–1500 Eitai Bridge collapse, (Tokyo, Japan, 20 September 1807)
423 Malpasset Dam failure, (Fréjus, France, 2 December 1959)
400–600+ St. Francis Dam failure, (Los Angeles County, California, 12 March 1928)
356 Gleno Dam failure, (Bergamo, Italy, 1 December 1923)
268 Val di Stava dam collapse, (Tesero, Italy, 19 July 1985)
250–434 Koshi Barrage failure, (Koshi River, Nepal, 18 August 2008)
244 Dale Dike Reservoir dam failure, (Sheffield, England, United Kingdom, 11 March 1864)
238 Dam failure caused by 1972 Black Hills flood, (Rapid City, South Dakota, United States, 10 June 1972)
226 Angers Bridge collapse, (Angers, France, 16 April 1850)
~200 Collapse of wooden bleachers at Corralejas bullring/stadium, Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia, 20 January 1980[137]
169 Manila Film Center collapsed, Pasay, Philippines, 17 November 1981
~160 Uyo church collapse, Uyo, Nigeria, 10 December 2016
145 Pemberton Mill collapse, (Lawrence, Massachusetts, 10 January 1860)
144 Vega de Tera dam collapsed flooding Ribadelago, Zamora, Spain, 9 January 1959
140 Makahali River bridge collapsed, Baitadi, Makahali, Nepal, on 19 November 1974
139 Mill River dam failure, (Williamsburg, Massachusetts, United States, 1874)
139 a six-story apartment collapsed at Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan on 13 September 1976
135 Collapse of the Royal Plaza Hotel (Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand, 13 August 1993)
128 Guavio hydroelectric project dam collapse near Bogota, Colombia, 28 July 1983
125 Buffalo Creek flood, (Logan County, West Virginia, United States, 26 February 1972)
125 a wire rope style bridge collapsed over a swollen stream at Munnar, Kerala, India, 8 November 1984
120 a nuns' school chapel collapsed at Biblian, Canar, Ecuador on 1 February 1963
120–180 Kantale Dam failure, (Kantale, Sri Lanka, 20 April 1986)
117 Heiwa Lake Dam failure, (Kameoka, Japan, 1951)
115 Synagogue Church Building collapsed at Lagos State, Nigeria on 12 September 2014
114 Hyatt Regency walkway collapse, (Kansas City, Missouri, 1981)
112 Yeotmal Shia Imami Ismaili mosque situated in choti gujri, Yavatmal collapsed disaster, present day of Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India on 20 August 1963.[citation needed]
111 Mecca crane collapse, at Masjid al-Haram, Mecca, Saudi Arabia on 11 September 2015.
111 Dam failure, (Molare, Italy, 1935)
108 Taisho Lake Dam failure, (Ide, Kyoto, Japan, 1951)
107–500 Dam failure, (Vratsa, Bulgaria, 1966)
100 Walnut Grove Dam failure, (Wickenburg, Arizona, United States, 21 February 1890)
100 Saque Comprehensive College collapsed at Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria, 16 June 1990
98 Knickerbocker Theatre (Washington, D.C.) weight of snow causes building collapse, Washington, D.C., 28 January 1922
98+ Situ Gintung Dam failure, (Cirendeu, Indonesia, 27 March 2009)
94 Eleven-story apartment building collapsed at Konya, central Turkey, on 2 February 2004
94 Pétionville school collapse, (Pétion-Ville, Haiti, 7 November 2008)
89 1971 Certej dam failure, (Certeju de Sus, Romania, 30 October 1971)
84 Shigotani dormitory site of under construction Kurobe hydro power-plant station hit avalanche by heavy snow at Kurobe, Toyama, Japan, on 27 December 1938
82 Church tower Geldrop, Netherlands, during storm on 27 December 1627
81 Bilberry reservoir dam failure, (Holme Valley, United Kingdom, 5 February 1852)
79 Yarmouth Bridge collapse, (Great Yarmouth, United Kingdom, 2 May 1845)
78 Austin Dam failure, (Potter County, Pennsylvania, United States, 30 September 1911)
75 Quebec Bridge, (Canada, 29 August 1907)
74 Cinema theatre roof collapse (Tokamachi, Japan, 1 January 1938)
74 Fengcheng power station collapse (Fengcheng, Jiangxi, China, 24 November 2016)
73 Six dormitories of Abe coal mine company collapse with heavy rain at Sasebo, northwestern Kyūshū, Japan, on 16 April 1955
71 Dhaka University assembly hall collapsed, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 16 October 1985
70 A three-story house collapsed at Lal Bazzar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India on 4 May 1992
70 Shaikdor Dam failure, (Pasni, Pakistan, 10 February 2005
69 Gameleira Exhibition Pavilion collapse (Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 4 February 1971)
67 Six-story apartment building collapsed at Foggia, Apulia, Italy, on 13 November 1999
65 Katowice Trade Hall roof collapse (Chorzów, Poland, 28 January 2006)
64 Twelve-story upmarket building collapsed at Heliopolis, outskirt of Cairo, Egypt, 27 October 1996
62 Desná Dam failure, (Desná, Czech Republic, 1916)
61 2013 Mumbai building collapse, (Mumbai, India, 27 September 2013)
61 Apartment building under construction collapsed at Moulivakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India on 28 June 2014
60 Horonai Dam failure, (Ōmu, Hokkaido, Japan, 1941)
60 Under construction Hau River bridge collapsed at Cần Thơ, Vĩnh Long, Vietnam, on 26 September 2007
60 Run Pathani bridge collapsed by flood swept in Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan on August 2006
60 Under-construction Tuojiang bridge collapsed in Fenghuang, Hunan, China on 13 August 2007
59 116-year-old Hintze-Ribeiro Bridge collapse, with a bus and three cars plunged into Douro River at Castelo de Paiva, Aveiro, Portugal on 4 March 2001
58 Via Canosa in Barletta building collapse a five-story apartment building collapsed, Barletta, Apulia, Italy on 15 September 1959[168]
56 Market roof collapse (Moscow, Russia, 21 February 2006)
56 Los Ángeles de San Rafael restaurant building collapse (near Segovia, Castile-León, Spain, 15 June 1969)
55 Point Ellice Bridge disaster, (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, 26 May 1896)
54 2013 Riga Maxima superstore collapse (Riga, Latvia, 21 November 2013)
52–59 Collapse of Cần Thơ Bridge, (Cần Thơ, Vietnam, 26 September 2007)
51 Willow Island disaster (Willow Island, West Virginia, USA, 27 April 1978)
51 Moqattam Hill rockslide disaster in Manshiyet Nasser erea, Cairo, Egypt, 6 September 2008
50+ Black Forest Hotel collapse in Nagold, Germany, 5 April 1906
50 Ordzhonokidze Machine Tool factory roof collapsed by heavy snow at Moscow, Russia, 17 January 1982
50+ Jiantuo River bridge collapse, (Hunan, China, 2007)
49 Cais do Sodré railroad station collapsed at Lisbon, Portugal, May 1963
48 Hulu Kelang Highland Towers collapsed at Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 11 December 1993
48 Paulo de Frontin Elevated Expressway collapse (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 20 November 1971)
47 Miles City, Montana bridge collapse (United States, 1938)
46 Silver Bridge Collapse (United States, 1967)
45 Under-construction Kota Chambal River Bridge collapse in Kota, Rajasthan, India on December 2009.[citation needed]
43 Cavalese cable-car disaster, (Italy, 1976)
42 Grandstand collapse at Boy Scout review in Bucharest, Romania, 8 June 1936
42 Interstate 880 (Oakland, California, Collapsed due to earthquake, 17 October 1989.)
39 Kelly Barnes Dam collapse at Toccoa, Georgia, 1977
35 West Gate Bridge collapse, (Australia, 1970)
35 Illegally built seven-story building collapse at Alexandria, Egypt, 24 December 2007
34 Six-story apartment building collapsed at Castellaneta, Puglia, Taranto, Italy, 7 February 1985
33 Hotel New World disaster, six-story building collapsed at Serangoon Road, Singapore, March 1986
32 Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal bridge collapsed at Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia, 31 July 1988
32 Seongsu Bridge collapsed in Han River, Seoul, South Korea on October 1994
29 Under-construction Baikong bridge collapsed, Ruyuan, Shaoguan, Guangdong, China, on 20 December 1996
28 Offshore defense radar facility, Texas Tower 4 collapsed in Atlantic Ocean, southeast of New York City, New York, United States, 15 January 1961
28 L'Ambiance Plaza collapsed during construction, Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA, 23 April 1987
28 Transvaal Park roof collapsed, Moscow, Russia, 14 February 2004
27 The Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing collapsed during construction in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 17 June 1958
26 Shojuso elderly house with sixty apartment building destroyed by landslide (Nagano, Japan, 26 July 1985)
24 Ritz Cafe collapse in Phenix City, Alabama, United States, 21 April 1938
24 Unlicensed construct four-story apartment buildings collapsed at Cairo, Egypt, 3 May 1984
23 City Hall auditorium collapse in London, Ontario, Canada, 3 January 1898
23 Versailles wedding hall, Jerusalem, Israel. Large portion of the third floor of the four-story building collapsed during a wedding, 24 May 2001
22 Ford's Theatre floor collapse in Washington, D. C., United States, 9 June 1893
20 Cavalese cable car disaster, (Italy, 1998) cable severed by United States Marine Corps military aircraft
20 Toyohama road tunnel collapse, Furubira, Hokkaidō, Japan, February 1996
20 Chunchu suspension bridge collapse, Napalgunj, Birendranagar, Nepal, 25 December 2007. Another 15 missing
19 a seven-story apartment building collapsed at Saadatabad, Teheran, Iran on 1 July 2008
17+ At least 17 people are killed in a building collapse in Mumbai, India, 26 July 2017
17 Sete Quedas foot bridge collapsed at Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, 17 January 1982
15 Wonderland Theatre collapse in Detroit, Michigan, 5 November 1898
14 La Tienda Amigo clothing outlet collapse in Brownsville, Texas, 7 July 1988
14 Cave Creek disaster A scenic Viewing Platform in Paparoa National Park, on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand collapses. 28 April 1995
14 I-40 bridge disaster collapse, (Webbers Falls, Oklahoma, 2002)
13 John G. Myers Company store collapse in Albany, New York, on 8 August 1905
13 Apartment balcony collapse in Chicago, Illinois, 2003
13 I-35W Mississippi River bridge collapse, (Minneapolis, Minnesota, 2007)
12 Schlitz Brewing Company warehouse collapse in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, 1942
12 Bridge ramp collapse near Indiana Harbor, Indiana, 1982
11 Harbor Cay Condominium collapse in Cocoa Beach, Florida, 1981
11 Petrobras 36 Oil Platform explosions (Brazil, 2001)
10+ Amsden Building collapse in South Framingham, Massachusetts, 1906
10 Erie Tunnel collapse near Brooklyn, New York, 1910
10 Consumers Power Company building wall collapse in Jackson, Michigan, 1956
9 Crystal Restaurant collapse in Akron, Ohio, 1916
9 Dance pavilion collapse at Buckeye Lake, Ohio, 1924
9 Stone arch collapse in Texcoco, Mexico, 1951
9 Heron Road Bridge collapse in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1966
8 Hatchie River Bridge collapse near Covington, Tennessee, 1989
8 Torre Annunziata building collapse, July 7, 2017
7 Johanns Steamship Provisions Company building collapse in New York City, New York, 1917
7 Television transmitting tower collapse in Shoreview, Minnesota, 1971
7 Lake Keowee dam collapse at Seneca, South Carolina, 1978
6 Foothill Freeway bridge collapse near Pasadena, California, 1972
5 Interstate highway bridge collapse near Rapid City, South Dakota, 1962
5 Reservoir roof collapse in Hillsboro, Oregon, 1962
5 Rosemont Horizon (later called Allstate Arena) roof collapse in Rosemont, Illinois, 1979
5 Bridge collapse near Port Isabel, Texas, 2001
3 Drugstore collapse in Flora, Illinois, 1954
3 Baseball stadium wall collapse in Augusta, Georgia, 1955
3 Illinois State Fair grandstand roof collapse in Springfield, Illinois, 1966
3 Turia disco lights collapse (Roppongi, Tokyo, Japan; 5 January 1988)[169]

Structural fires[edit]

Deaths Incident
2,000+ Church of the Company Fire (Santiago, Chile, 8 December 1863)
1,995 Theater fire (Kamli, Japan, 1893)[170]
1,670 Theater fire (Canton, China, 25 May 1845)
900 Theater fire (Shanghai, China, June 1871)
800 Lehman Theater fire (St. Petersburg, Russia, 1836)
667 Cinema fire (Xinjiang, China, 1977)
658 Antoung Movie Theater fire (China, 13 February 1937)
602 Iroquois Theater Fire (Chicago, Illinois, 30 December 1903)
600 Theater fire (Tientsin, China, 20 May 1872)
538 Dayananda Anglo Vedic private school fire (Mandi Dabwali, Haryana, India, 23 December 1995)
530 Kanungu church fire (Kanungu, Uganda, 17 March 2000)
500 Gran Circus Norte-Americano – Niterói circus fire (Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17 December 1961)
492 Cocoanut Grove fire (Boston, Massachusetts, 28 November 1942)
448 Ringtheater Fire (Vienna, Austria-Hungary, 8 December 1881)
430 Circus Ferroni fire (Berdichev, Russia, 13 January 1883)
400 Coliseo theater fire (Zaragoza, Spain, 17 December 1778)
396 Paraguay supermarket fire (Asunción, Paraguay, 1 August 2004)
360 Comayagua prison fire (Comayagua, Honduras, 14 February 2012)
326+ 1900 Hoboken Docks fire, (Hoboken, New Jersey, United States, 30 June 1900)
324 1994 Karamay fire (Karamay, China, 10 December 1994)
322 Ohio Penitentiary fire (Columbus, Ohio, United States, 21 April 1930)
322 L'Innovation Department Store Fire (Brussels, Belgium, 22 May 1967)
312 Barn fire, (Ököritófülpös, Hungary, 1910)
309 Dongdu Commercial shopping center fire (Luoyang, China, 25 December 2000)
291 Mesa Redonda fire, (Lima, Peru, 29 December 2001)
289 1995 Baku Metro fire (Baku, Azerbaijan, 28 October 1995)
278+ Brooklyn Theatre fire (Brooklyn, United States, 5 December 1876)
257+ 2012 Karachi garment factory fire, (Karachi, Pakistan, 11 September 2012)
250 Flores Theater fire (Acapulco, Mexico, 15 February 1909)
242 Kiss nightclub fire in Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 27 January 2013)
234 Discothèque fire, (Fuxin, China, 27 November 1994)
225 Mental hospital fire (Guatemala City, Guatemala, 14 July 1960)
209 Rhythm Night Club fire (Natchez, Mississippi, 23 April 1940)
208 Hoteiza theater fire (Kucchan, Japan, 6 March 1943)
200 Carslruhe theater fire (St. Petersburg, Russia, 1847)
200 Banquet theater fire (Porto, Portugal, 21 March 1888)
194 República Cromagnon nightclub fire (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 30 December 2004)
188 Joelma Building fire (São Paulo, Brazil, 1 February 1974)
188 Kader Toy Factory fire (Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, 10 May 1993)
186 Theatre Royal, Exeter, (England, 5 September 1887)
175 Collinwood school fire (Collinwood, Ohio, United States, 4 March 1908)
171 Rhoads Opera House Fire (Boyertown, Pennsylvania, 13 January 1908)
168 Hartford circus fire, (Hartford, Connecticut, 6 July 1944)
167 Piper Alpha oil platform explosions (North Sea, 6 July 1988)
165 Beverly Hills Supper Club fire (Southgate, Kentucky, 28 May 1977)
163 Cinema fire (Amude, Syria, 13 November 1960)
162 Daeyeonggak Hotel fire (Seoul, South Korea, 25 December 1971) [171]
162 Ozone Disco Club fire (Quezon City, Philippines, 18 March 1996)
157 Eventide Home for the Aged, (Kingston, Jamaica, 20 May 1980)
153 Perm Lame Horse club fire, (Perm, Russia, 4 December 2009)[172]
152 Cinema fire, (Amuda, Syria, 13 November 1960)
150 Teatro Yagüez fire, (Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, United States, 19 June 1919
146 Club Cinq-Sept fire night club fire (Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France, 1 November 1970)[171]
146 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, (New York City, New York, United States) 25 March 1911)
144 1930 Costești wooden church fire, (Costești, Romania, 19 April 1930)[173]
139 Wing On godown fire, (Sai Wan, Hong Kong, 22 September 1948)[89][174][175]
130 Cinema fire (Kirin, China, 18 March 1930)[176]
126 Bazar de la Charité fire, (Paris, France, 4 May 1897)
124 2010 Nimtoli Fire (Nimtoli, Old Dhaka, 3 June 2010)[177]
124 2012 Dhaka fire, Tazreen Fashion factory (Dhaka, Bangladesh, 24 November 2012)[178]
123 Cleveland Clinic fire of 1929, (Cleveland, Ohio, 15 May 1929)
120+ Jilin Baoyuanfeng poultry plant fire, (Dehui, China, 13 June 2013)
119 Winecoff Hotel fire, (Downtown Atlanta, Georgia, 7 December 1946)
118 1930 Costești wooden church fire, (Costești, Romania, 19 April 1930)
118 Sennichi department store fire, (Osaka, Japan, 13 May 1972)
113–117 Grue Church fire, (Grue, Norway, 26 May 1822)
109 1961 Elbarusovo school fire (Elbarusovo, Soviet Union, 5 November 1961)
108 Fire at San Pedro Sula's prison (San Pedro Sula, Honduras, 17 May 2004)
104 Cinema fire (Chinkai Guard District, 10 March 1930)[179]
104 Taiyo department store fire, (Kumamoto, Japan, 29 November 1973)
104 Jinhae Primary School fire, (Jinhae, South Korea, 10 March 1930)
102 Royal Jomtien Resort Hotel fire, (Jomtien Beach, Thailand, 11 July 1997)
100 Nursing home fire, (Yokohama, Japan, 16 February 1955)
100 The Station nightclub fire, (West Warwick, Rhode Island, 20 February 2003)
99 Seibo-no-Sono nursery home fire, (Yokohama, Japan, 17 February 1955)
99 Knights of Columbus Hostel fire, (St John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 12 December 1942)
97 Dupont Plaza Hotel arson, (San Juan, Puerto Rico, 31 December 1986)
95 Our Lady of the Angels School Fire, (Chicago, Illinois, 1 December 1958)
94 2004 Kumbakonam School fire, (Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India 16 July 2004)
92+ 1981 Bangalore circus fire, (Bangalore, India, 8 February 1981)
90 Novedades Theater fire, (Madrid, Spain, 23 September 1928)
89 AMRI hospital fire, (Kolkata, West Bengal, India, 9 December 2011)
89 Pu Lai Win Hotel fire, (Seoul, South Korea, 3 November 1974)
87 Cinema fire, (Rueil-Malmaison, France, 30 August 1947)
87 Happyland Fire, (Bronx, New York City, 25 March 1990)
87 MGM Grand fire, (Paradise, Nevada, 21 November 1980)
86 Windsor Hotel fire, (New York City, New York, 17 March 1899)
82 Alcalá 20 nightclub fire, (Madrid, Spain, 17 December 1983)
81 Zhili Toy Factory fire, (Shenzhen, China, 20 November 1993)
81 Primary School fire, (Shirahama, Japan, 20 December 1937)
80–88 Karlslust dance hall fire, (Berlin, Germany, 8 February 1947)
80+ Grenfell Tower fire, (North Kensington, London, England, 14 June 2017)
80 Hotel Corona de Aragón fire, (Zaragoza, Spain, 12 July 1979)
79 Saavedra Psychiatric Hospital fire, (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1985)
79 Linxi department store fire, (Tangshan, China, 14 February 1993)
78 Kebon Kembang shopping mall fire, (Bogor, Indonesia, 28 March 1996)
78 Barn fire, (Burwell, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom, 8 September 1727)
78 Precious Blood Church fire, (Holyoke, Massachusetts, 27 May 1875)
78 Laurier Palace Theatre fire, (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 9 January 1927)
77 Cleveland school fire, (Camden, South Carolina, 16 May 1923)
75 Building fire, (Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 24 September 1999)
75 Manor Hotel fire, (Quezon City, Philippines, 17 August 2001)
74 Kentex slipper factory fire, (Valenzuela City, Philippines, 13 May 2015)
74 Tiantang cinema fire, (Jiaozuo, China, 29 March 2000)
73 Lakshimki Talkies cinema fire, (Tuticorin, India, 29 July 1979)
72 Richmond Theatre fire, (Richmond, Virginia, 26 December 1811)
72 Warrenton Nursing Home Fire, (Warrenton, Missouri, 17 February 1957)
71 Glen Cinema disaster, (Paisley, Scotland, United Kingdom, 31 December 1929)
71 Newhall House Hotel fire, (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 10 January 1883)
70 St. Anthony's Hospital fire, (Effingham, Illinois, 5 April 1949)
68 Kyanguli Secondary school fire, (Machakos, Kenya, 26 March 2001)
68 Manufacturing plant fire, (Busan, South Korea, 2 March 1960)
66 Santika Club fire, (Bangkok, Thailand, 1 January 2009)
65 KTS Composite Textile factory fire, (Chittagong, Bangladesh, 24 February 2006)
64 Restaurant fire in Taichung City, Taiwan, R.O.C., (15 February 1995)
64 Cinema Statuto fire, (Turin, Italy, 13 February 1983)
64 Le Monde theater fire, (Diourbel, Senegal, 4 May 1963)
63 Nursing home fire, (Krasnodar, Russia, 19 March 2007)
63 Golden Age Nursing Home fire, (Fitchville Township, Ohio, United States, 23 November 1963)
63 Gothenburg nightclub fire, (Gothenburg, Sweden, 29 October 1998)
63 Colectiv nightclub fire, (Bucharest, Romania, 30 October 2015)
62 Premier Studio of Mysore fire, (Mysore, India, 8 February 1989)
61 La Salle Hotel fire, (Chicago, Illinois, 5 June 1946)
61 Textile Factory fire, (Fuzhou, China, 13 December 1993)
61 Prison fire, (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1978)
60 Brihadiswara temple fire, (Thanjavur, India, 8 June 1997)
60 Ho Chi Minh City ITC fire, (Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 29 October 2002)
59 (to 61) Santika 2009 Bangkok nightclub fire (Bangkok, Thailand, 1 January 2009)[180]
59 Uphaar Cinema fire, (Green Park, Delhi, India, 13 June 1997)
58+ 2010 Shanghai apartment fire, (Shanghai, China, 15 November 2010)
58 Cinema fire, (Wielopole Skrzyńskie, Poland, 11 May 1955)
56 Bradford City Football Club stadium fire, (Bradford, West Yorkshire, 11 May 1985)
55 Rosamar Furniture factory fire, (Casablanca, Morocco, 25 April 2008)
55 Mental hospital fire, (Górna Grupa, Poland, 1980)
55 Gulf Hotel fire, (Houston, Texas, United States, 7 September 1943)
54 Building fire (Incheon, South Korea, 30 October 1999)
53 Zhongbai Commercial Plaza fire, (Jilin, China, 16 February 2004)
51 Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum fire, (London, England, United Kingdom, 27 January 1903]]
50 Summerland disaster, (Douglas, Isle of Man, 2 August 1973)
50 Sidi Moussa prison fire, (El Jadida, Morocco, 2 November 2002)
49 2009 Hermosillo daycare center fire, (Hermosillo, Mexico, 5 June 2009)
48 Stardust fire, (Artane, Dublin, Ireland, 14 February 1981)
48 Opémiska Community Hall, (Chapais, Quebec, Canada, 1 January 1980)
44 Chau Street tenement house fire, (New Kowloon, Hong Kong, 1 August 1962)
44 Myojo 56 building fire, (Tokyo, Japan, 1 September 2001)
43 Flying nightclub fire, (Zaragoza, Spain, 14 January 1990)
42 Dromcolliher Cinema Fire, (County Limerick, Ireland, 5 September 1926)
41 The Garley Building fire, (Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong, 20 November 1996).
41 Ballantynes Fire, (Christchurch, New Zealand, 18 November 1947)
38 Seacliff Lunatic Asylum Fire. (near Dunedin, New Zealand, 8 December 1942)
37 Blue Bird Café fire, (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1 September 1970)
37 Karen refugee camp fire (Mae Hong Son, Thailand, 22 March 2013)
36 2016 GhostShip Oakland warehouse fire, (Oakland, California, United States, 2 December 2016)[181]
35 Hotel Hafnia Fire after an arson fire on the hotel, (Copenhagen, Denmark, 1 September 1973)
34 Under construction Jumbo Kingdom industrial fire in Aberdeen Harbour, Hong Kong, killing up to 34 workers on 30 October 1971[182][183]
33 Hotel Polen fire, (Amsterdam, Netherlands, 9 May 1977)
33 Hotel New Japan Fire, (Tokyo, Japan, 8 February 1982)
31 King's Cross tube station fire, (London, United Kingdom. 18 November 1987)
30 William Booth Memorial Home fire – Australia's deadliest building fire. Salvation Army home for destitute men (3 August 1966).[184]
29 Pioneer Hotel fire, after an arson fire on the hotel in Tucson, Arizona (20 December 1970)[185]
29 Utopia nightclub fire, (Lima, Peru, 20 July 2002)[186]
24 A fire at an Islamic boarding school for boys kills 24 people, most of them students. (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 14 September 2017)
24 Gulliver's nightclub fire (Port Chester, New York, United States, 30 June 1974)
24 2009 Nakumatt supermarket fire (Nairobi, Kenya, 28 January 2009)
22 Changshu, (Jiangsu, China, 16 July 2017)
22 Lobohombo, (Mexico City, Mexico, 20 October 2000)[187]
21 Hostel for homeless fire (Kamień Pomorski, Poland, 13 April 2009)
21 Andorinha Building fire (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17 February 1986)
21 St. Johns School Fire (Peabody, Massachusetts, 28 October 1915)
20 Hotel fire, (Borås, Sweden, 10 June 1978)[188]
19 Calderón Guardia Hospital fire (San José, Costa Rica, 12 July 2005)
19 Dorothy Mae Apartment arson fire, Los Angeles, California, 4 September 1982[189]
19 Knitting factory fire in Hong Kong, spread to apartment above the factory, on 1968[190]
17 A cinefilm fire in an elementary school in Kilingi-Nõmme, Estonia, on 20 April 1937
17 Top One Karaoke fire (fire after an arson attack in Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong, 25 January 1997)[191]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources say 90[citation needed]

References[edit]

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