List of active United Kingdom military aircraft

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Tri-service badge of the United Kingdom's armed forces.

This is a list of military aircraft currently in service with the Armed Forces of the United Kingdom.

Royal Air Force[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
Leonardo AW109SP Italy Rotorcraft Transport 2016 1 1 [1] Used for transportation of senior military commanders or government ministers
Airbus A400M Atlas Spain Propeller Transport 2014 19 19[2][3] [4]Two on order
Airbus Voyager Spain Jet Tanker / Transport 2011 9 9 [5]
Qinetiq Zephyr UK Solar ISTAR 2017 3 7
Beechcraft Shadow R1 USA Propeller ISTAR 2009 4 5 [4]
Bell Griffin HAR2 Canada Rotorcraft Utility 2003 3 3 [4] Used for SAR duties in Akrotiri Cyprus
Boeing Chinook USA Rotorcraft Transport 1980 41 60 [4]
Boeing C‑17A Globemaster III USA Jet Transport 2001 8 8 [4]
Boeing Sentry AEW1 USA Jet AEW&C 1991 4 6 [4]
Boeing Airseeker R1 USA Jet SIGINT 2013 2 3 [4]
British Aerospace 146 UK Jet Transport 1995 4 4 [4]
British Aerospace Hawk T1 UK Jet Trainer 1976 39 68 [4] Used in the aggressor role by 100 squadron and the Red Arrows
British Aerospace Hawk T2 UK Jet Trainer 2009 20 28 [4] Used as an advanced fast jet lead-in trainer
Eurofighter Typhoon UK Jet Multi-role 2007 92 137[6] [4] Of the 22 two seat trainer aircraft[7] 16 Tranche 1's are to be scrapped under the RTP (reduce to produce) requirement[8] which started in late 2016[9]
General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper USA UAV ISR / attack 2007 7 10 [4]
Grob Tutor T1 Germany Propeller Basic Trainer 1999 90 91 [4] To be replaced as part of the new Ascent UK Military Flight Training System detailed below [10]
Grob Viking TX1 Germany Glider Trainer 1990 60 60 [4]
Lockheed C‑130J Hercules USA Propeller Transport 2000 17 18[11] [4] All but one shorter C5 variant being withdrawn as part of SDSR 2015 to leave one C5 and 13 C4 variant after one C4 was lost after a mission against ISIS[12]
Lockheed Martin F‑35B Lightning II USA Jet Multi-role 2013 15 22 Joint operated with Fleet Air Arm. Total of 138 aircraft to be procured. [13][14]
Panavia Tornado GR4 UK Jet Attack 1979 29 41 [4] OSD Q1 2019
Raytheon Sentinel R1 Canada / USA Jet ISTAR 2008 2[15] 4 [4]
Short Tucano T1 UK Propeller Trainer 1989 51 51 [4] To be replaced as part of the new Ascent UK Military Flight Training System detailed below
Westland Puma HC2 UK Rotorcraft Transport 1971 16 23 [4]

RAF Battle of Britain Memorial Flight[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
Avro Lancaster (PA474) UK Propeller Bomber 1942 1 1 B.I
De Havilland Canada Chipmunk UK Propeller Trainer 1946 2 753 2 T.10
Douglas Dakota USA Propeller Transport 1942 1 1 C.3
Hawker Hurricane UK Propeller Fighter 1937 2 14533 2 Mk IIc
Supermarine Spitfire UK Propeller Fighter 1938 6 20341 1 Mk IIa, 1 Mk Vb, 1 LF.IXe, 1 LF.XVIe, 2 PR.XIX

Fleet Air Arm[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat HMA2 UK Rotorcraft Attack 2014 22 28 [4]
AgustaWestland AW101 Merlin HM2 UK Rotorcraft Transport 2000 19 30 Maritime helicopter
AgustaWestland AW101 Merlin Mk3/4 UK Rotorcraft Transport 2000 14 25 [4] The Mk4/4A are undergoing a capability upgrade and will be fully delivered by 2020[16] Troop carrying aircraft used to support the Royal Marines
Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin II France Rotorcraft Utility 1999 2 2 [4] Used as transport of instructors as part of FOST training
British Aerospace Hawk T1 UK Jet Trainer 1994 14 14 [17] Used in the aggressor role by 736 squadron
Beechcraft Avenger USA Propeller Trainer 2011 3 3 [4] Used for RN potential aircrew Flying Grading.
Grob Tutor T1 (Heron) Germany Propeller Basic Trainer 2002 5 5 [4] To be replaced as part of the new Ascent UK Military Flight Training System detailed below
Lockheed Martin F‑35B Lightning II USA Jet Multi-role 2013 - - To be Jointly operated with Royal Air Force

Royal Navy Historic Flight[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
de Havilland Chipmunk UK Propeller Trainer 1946 1 1 T.10
Fairey Swordfish UK Propeller Torpedo-bomber 1936 2 2 Mk.I/II
Hawker Sea Fury UK Propeller Fighter-bomber 1945 1 1 FB11
Hawker Sea Hawk UK Jet Fighter-bomber 1953 1 1 FGA6

Army Air Corps[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
AgustaWestland Apache UK Rotorcraft Attack 2004 42 50 [4]
AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat UK Rotorcraft Attack 2014 24 34 [4]
Bell 212 Canada Rotorcraft Attack 1995 5 5 Used by No.7 Flight and No.25 Flight AAC in Brunei and Kenya in support of TTB and BATUK[4]
Britten-Norman Defender UK Propeller Patrol 2003 9 9 To be transferred to the Royal Air Force by 2021[4]
Britten-Norman Islander UK Propeller Patrol 1997 3 3 To be transferred to the Royal Air Force by 2021[4]
Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin II France Rotorcraft SAS 2009 5 5
Thales Watchkeeper WK450 UK UAV ISR 2014 50 50 [4]
Westland Gazelle UK Rotorcraft Patrol 1974 19 34 to be retired in 2025.[18] The two additional units are currently undergoing work to bring them back into service[18]

UK Military Flying Training System[edit]

The contractors providing the new UK Military Flying Training System will eventually operate 38 fixed wing aircraft and 32 helicopters on the military register, but the aircraft are initially civilian-registered.

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
Grob Prefect T1 Germany Propeller Basic Trainer 2018 21[19] 23 ISD expected early 2019[20]
Beechcraft Texan T1 USA Propeller Trainer 2018 4[19] 10 ISD expected early 2019[20]
Embraer Phenom 100 Brazil Jet Trainer 2018 3[19] 5 ISD expected mid 2018[20]
Airbus H135 Juno Germany Rotorcraft Trainer 2018 29[21] 29 ISD 1 April 2018[21]
Airbus H145 Jupiter Germany Rotorcraft Trainer 2018 3[21] 3 ISD 1 April 2018[21]

Empire Test Pilots' School[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service No. Notes
Agusta AW109 Italy Rotorcraft Utility 2 [22]
Avro RJ UK Jet Transport 2 [22]
British Aerospace Hawk UK Jet Trainer / experimental 3 [22]
JAS 39 Gripen Sweden Jet Trainer 1 [23]
Short Tucano T1 UK Propeller Trainer 2

Ministry of Defence[edit]

As well as the military services a number of defence contractors operate military aircraft on behalf of the Ministry of Defence.

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
Agusta AW109 Italy Rotorcraft Utility 1 QinetiQ Boscombe Down.
Eurofighter Typhoon UK Jet Multi-role 2 BAE Systems, Warton.
Hawker Hunter UK Jet Fighter 3 Hawker Hunter Aviation.
Lockheed Martin F‑35B Lightning II USA Jet Multi-role 2013 3 3 Lockheed Martin, United States.[13]
Panavia Tornado UK Jet Attack 2 BAE Systems, Warton.
Westland Sea King UK Rotorcraft Utility 1 QinetiQ Boscombe Down.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leonardo GrandNew A109SP". Official RAF website. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "UK Armed Forces Equipment and Formations 2018". Gov.uk. Retrieved 14 September 2018. 
  3. ^ "British RAF opens new £70m hangar for Atlas aircraft - Airforce Technology". 2 February 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "UK Armed Forces Equipment and Formations 2018". Gov.uk. Retrieved 14 September 2018. 
  5. ^ "The Voyager family is complete at RAF Brize Norton". Royal Air Force. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.airbus.com. 
  7. ^ "UK Typhoon Fleet by Block « Articles « Fast Air Photography". www.fast-air.co.uk. 
  8. ^ "RAF to scrap twin-seat Typhoons - Jane's 360". www.janes.com. 
  9. ^ "Scrapped: Eurofighter Typhoon ZJ815 Sent for RTP - Urban Ghosts". 12 December 2016. 
  10. ^ 28 Tutors have been sold to the Finnish Air Force as of 2018 "Five More ex-UK Grob Tutors Delivered to Finnish Air Force". Royal Air Force. 22 October 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  11. ^ "RAF lost C-130J in Iraq - Jane's 360". www.janes.com. 
  12. ^ https://www.janes.com/article/82290/raf-revises-hercules-plans-to-reflect-iraq-loss
  13. ^ a b Delivering Carrier Strike. National Audit Office. 10 March 2017. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-78604-110-4. Retrieved 30 April 2017. 
  14. ^ "Written question HL867: Lord Campbell of Pittenweem 17-07-2017". UK Parliament. 
  15. ^ "RAF Sentinel R1 hunting IS again - Jane's 360". www.janes.com. 
  16. ^ "Farnborough 2018: More Merlin magic for the UK (video) - DH - Defence Helicopter - Shephard Media". www.shephardmedia.com. 
  17. ^ "Navy Hawks get new boss - Royal Navy". www.royalnavy.mod.uk. 
  18. ^ a b "Farnborough 2018: UK helicopters in Transition". DH – Defence Helicopter. Shephard Media. 
  19. ^ a b c "Affinity hails UK Phenom, Prefect training milestones". Flight global. 18 May 2018. 
  20. ^ a b c "£1.1 billion investment by MOD in future military flying training". UK Government. 
  21. ^ a b c d "Pictures: Juno and Jupiter helicopters arrive at RAF Shawbury". Flight global. 29 March 2018. 
  22. ^ a b c Empire Test Pilots' School - Our Fleet and Facilities Archived 19 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine., etps.qinetiq.com
  23. ^ ETPS Saab Gripen

External links[edit]