List of active nationalist parties in Europe
Ruth Wodak stresses that the rise of populist parties across Europe has different reasons in different countries. In a March 2014 article she divided these parties into four groups: "parties [that] gain support via an ambivalent relationship with fascist and Nazi pasts" (e.g., in Austria, Hungary, Italy, Romania, and France), parties that "focus primarily on a perceived threat from Islam" (e.g., in the Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland), parties that "restrict their propaganda to a perceived threat to their national identities from ethnic minorities" (e.g., in Hungary, Greece, Italy, and the United Kingdom) and parties that "endorse a fundamentalist Christian conservative-reactionary agenda" (e.g., in Poland, Romania and Bulgaria). According to the Economist, the main attraction of far-right parties in the Scandinavian countries is the national culture is under threat.
Different parts of Europe have nationalist parties with different ideologies and goals. Most nationalist parties in Western Europe are described as right-wing populists. According to Thomas Klau of the European Council on Foreign Relations "as antisemitism was a unifying factor for far-right parties in the 1910s, 20s and 30s, Islamophobia has become the unifying factor in the early decades of the 21st century." Many are Left Wing or Civic Nationalist Parties, which often advocate regionalism.
Nationalist parties are the ruling party in the Republic of Macedonia the VMRO-DPMNE is one of the two major parties in the country. Switzerland is also ruled by a nationalist party by the Swiss People's Party.
In all other countries, nationalist parties are in opposition. In some countries, nationalist parties are major players in politics, such as Ireland's Sinn Féin, France's National Front Finland's True Finns, Estonia's Conservative People's Party, Italy's Lega Nord, Austria's Freedom Party of Austria Hungary's Jobbik, Turkey's MHP, Greece's Golden Dawn , Armenia's Armenian Revolutionary Federation, the United Kingdom's UK Independence Party, Poland's Party of Law and Justice, Slovakia's Slovak National Party, Denmark's Danish People's Party etc.
Most, if not all, nationalist parties represented in the European Parliament are in the Europe of Freedom and Democracy group.
Eastern Europe and the Caucasus
Nationalist parties in the Eastern European states differ from the ones in Western Europe mostly by the fact that there is virtually no immigration into these countries.
Governments in Belarus and Azerbaijan are often considered totalitarian and elections in these countries have been described unfair and not free and thus the parliaments are effectively controlled by the ruling party.
- the governing party
- giving parliamentary support
Disputed, de facto independent areas
|Party||Country||Date established||% of popular vote (legislature)||Votes (legislature)||Seats||Ideology, description|
|Unity Party||South Ossetia||2003||46.3% (2009)||21,246||
17 / 34
|Free Motherland||Nagorno-Karabakh||2005||44.2% (2010)||29,252||
14 / 33
|National Unity Party||Northern Cyprus||1975||44.1% (2009)||622,804||
27 / 50
|Democratic Party of Kosovo||Kosovo||1999||30.38% (2014)||222,181||
37 / 120
25 / 43
|United Abkhazia||Abkhazia||2004||% (2012)||
0 / 35
|Party||Country||Date established||% of popular vote (legislature)||Votes (legislature)||Seats||Ideology|
|Basque National Party||Basque Autonomous Community||1895||37.4% (2016)||398,168||
28 / 75
|Geroa Bai (Basque National Party + other minor parties)||Navarre||2011||15.8% (2015)||53,497||
9 / 50
|EH Bildu||Basque Autonomous Community||2011||21.1% (2016)
18 / 75
8 / 50
|Alliance of Independent Social Democrats||Republika Srpska||2001||50.5% (2010)||319,615||
37 / 83
|Junts per Catalunya||Catalonia||2017||21.6% (2017)||940,602||
34 / 135
|Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes||Catalonia||2017||21.4% (2017)||929,407||
32 / 135
|Popular Unity Candidacy–Constituent Call||Catalonia||2017||8.2% (2017)||193,352||
4 / 135
|Pè a Corsica||Corsica||2002||45.4% (2017)
(54.5% in second round)
(67,253 in second round)
32 / 63
|Scottish National Party||Scotland||1934||44.1% (2016)
(Constituency vote: 46.5%)
(Regional vote: 41.7%)
(Constituency vote: 1,059,897)
(Regional vote: 953,587)
63 / 129
|New Flemish Alliance||Flanders||2001||31.9% (2014)||1,339,943||
43 / 124
|Flemish Interest||Flanders||2004||5.9% (2014)||248,840||
6 / 124
|Martinican Independence Movement||Martinique||2002||30.3% (2015)
(54.1% in second round)
(83,541 in second round)
33 / 51
|Sinn Féin||Northern Ireland / Ireland||1905||27.9% (2016)||224,245||
27 / 90
|Plaid Cymru||Wales||1925||20.7% (2016)
(Constituency vote: 20.5%)
(Regional vote: 20.8%)
(Constituency vote: 209,376)
(Regional vote: 211,548)
12 / 60
|Party of Democratic Action||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina||1990||20.2% (2010)||206,926||
23 / 98
|Croatian Democratic Union||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina||1990||10.6% (2010)||108,943||
12 / 98
|Galician Nationalist Bloc||Galicia||1982||10.1% (2012)||146,027||
7 / 75
|Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians||Vojvodina||1994||4.8% (2016)||47,034||
6 / 120
Defunct nationalist parties in Europe
Party of the Danes (2011–2017)
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Hungary's radical nationalist Jobbik party plans to fight for the toppling of borders set by the 1920 Trianon treaty, newly elected MEP Csanad Szegedi said at the memorial meeting.External link in
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