List of active separatist movements in Africa

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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Africa. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/inhabitants of the conflict area and do not come from another country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Algeria[edit]

The traditional distribution of the Tuareg in the Sahara

Tamazgha

Kabylia


Maps

Angola[edit]

A map of Angola showing majority ethnic groups (Bakongo area is north, dark green)
  • Flag of Lunda Tchokwe.svg Ethnic group: Lunda-Tchokwé people
    • Proposed state: Flag of Lunda Tchokwe.svg Democratic Republic of Lunda-Tchokwé (República Democrática da Lunda-Tchokwé) (RDLT)
    • Government-in-exile: Partido Democrático da Defesa do Estado Lunda-Tchokwé (PDDELT)
    • Claimant group: Manifesto Jurídico Sociológico do Povo Lunda-Tchokwé (MJSPL), also an Advocacy group
    • Political party: Partido Democrático da Defesa do Estado Lunda-Tchokwé (PDDELT)
    • Traditional Kingdom: Lunda-Tchokwe Kingdom
    • Status: Juridical Fight on ICC
    • Leaders: Dr. Jota Filipe Malakito (The Founder Leader)
    • Movements: Mulher Unida da Lunda-Tchokwé (MULT), Pioneiros Unidos da Lunda-Tchokwé (PULT), Juventude Unida da Lunda-Tchokwé(JULT)
    • News Broadcast: www.diariodomanifestojuridicosociologicodopovolundes.com
    • Vindicating area: The Forgotten Portuguese Protectorate of Lunda (The entire East Part of current Angola) or current North-Lunda, South-Lunda, Moxico and Kuando-Kubango
    • Extension Vindicating area: 602.709 km2
    • Population: 2.692.723 ( Since the 2014 )

 Cabinda

Cameroon[edit]

Proclaimed Ambazonian territory
Bakassi

 Ambazonia

Flag of the Democratic Republic of Bakassi.png Bakassi

Central African Republic[edit]

  Territories under control of FPRC around 2020

Dar El Kuti

Comoros[edit]

Republic of the Congo[edit]

Approximate location of the Kingdom of Loango

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

Map of the factions in the Congo in 1961
Region of Kivu

Equatorial Guinea[edit]

Bubi nationalist flag.svg Bioko

Ethiopia[edit]

Map of the regions and zones of Ethiopia

France[edit]

Map of the Réunion
Map of the Mayotte
Secessionist movements:
  • Political party: Proposed flag of Réunion (Nationalist movement).svg Lorganizasion Popilèr po Libèr nout Péi (Lplp) – Popular Front for National Liberation: composed of Nasion Rénioné, Mar, Drapo rouz, Patriot rénioné and Mir.
  • Political party: Communist Party of Réunion
  • Proposed state: Republic of Zabon
  • Mayotte continues to have autonomist movements despite the island having voted to become France's 101st department in 2011.[21]

Ghana[edit]

Map of the Togoland

Western Togoland

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)

Kenya[edit]

Mombasa
North Eastern

Libya[edit]

Secession in Libya
Toubouland

 Cyrenaica Transitional Council


 Toubouland

Mali[edit]

Map of Azawad, as claimed by the MNLA

Note for Image : Dark grey dots indicate regions with a Tuareg majority. The west is mainly inhabited by Moors, and the south by sub-Saharan peoples.

 Azawad

Mauritius[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Rifian speaking regions of Morocco (yellow)

 Rif

  • Ethnic group: Riffian
    • Proposed state: Rif
    • Political party: RIM
    • Militant organisation(s): RIM
  • Rif Independence Movement – occurred in Morocco during the 1920s,[25][26] and was revitalized in 2013.[27] Rif Independence Movement is a charter member of the Organization of Emerging African States.[27]

Namibia[edit]

Map of the Caprivi

 Caprivi

Niger[edit]

Agadez

Nigeria[edit]

Map of Nigeria numerically showing states typically considered part of the Niger Delta region: 1. Abia, 2. Akwa Ibom, 3. Bayelsa, 4. Cross River, 5. Delta, 6. Edo, 7.Imo, 8. Ondo, 9. Rivers
Oyo Empire and surrounding states

 Biafra

Yoruba people

a flag option for the proposed republic of Oduduwa

www.ooduamovement.org,

Niger Delta

Rwanda[edit]

The northern Twa - The easternmost group are the Great Lakes Twa

Senegal[edit]

 Casamance

South Africa[edit]


Afrikaner Vryheidsvlag.svg Boer/Afrikaner homeland

Cape Republic

Cape republic.png Cape Republic

Spain[edit]

 Canary Islands

Sudan[edit]

 Darfur

Tanzania[edit]

 Zanzibar

Zambia[edit]

Flag of Barotseland.svg Barotse

Zimbabwe[edit]

Matabeleland

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grace Young. "Kabyle people". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  2. ^ The 2nd Kabylian Movement for Self-Determination Congress (10 December 2011). "Kabylian Movement for Self-Determination Status" (Chapter VIII): Art. 19. 21. 22. 23. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Ferhat Mehenni. "Blog". Mak-Anavad Leader Blog. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. ^ MAK- Mouvement pour l'Autodétermination de la Kabylie. "Official Website".
  5. ^ "Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-04-10. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Official Website of the Government of the Federal Republic of Ambazonia (2016). "Government of Ambazonia". Government of Ambazonia Official Website. Retrieved December 26, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Southern Cameroons National Council plans street protests to have activists freed". The Post News. 2005-11-27. Archived from the original on 2016-08-16. Retrieved 2009-04-10. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Rebels Declare 'Independence' Of Bakassi, by Azore Opio & Francis Tim Mbom
  9. ^ "Central African Republic rebels declare autonomous state in north". The Washington Post. 15 December 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ Chris Roth. "Springtime of Nations". Retrieved 23 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "MPA - Mouvement Populaire Anjouanais". MweziNet. Retrieved 2009-04-11. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Comoros : Overview". UNHCR. Retrieved 2009-04-10. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "ETAT DU SUD CONGO". Retrieved 23 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ "(Congo-Brazzaville) Etat du Sud-Congo : drapeau, devise, armoiries et limites géographiques". Retrieved 23 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Patrick, André. "Site Officiel du Royaume Loango - Soyez les Bienvenus !". www.royaumeloango.org. Retrieved 31 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "SPECIAL INQUIRY INTO THE BAS CONGO EVENTS OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH 2008" (PDF). Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. May 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 30, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-10. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "United Republic of Kivu". Federation of Free States of Africa. Retrieved 2015-11-05. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ Iain Dalton (2008-11-19). "Democratic republic of Congo: Civil war erupts once again". The Socialist (UK). Retrieved 2009-04-12. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. ^ Temare, Getachew Gebrekiros (28 September 2019). "The Republic of Tigray? Aydeln, yekenyeley!". Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  20. ^ Asefa, Abraham (22 August 2020). "'Exit' imminent as Abiy neglects the Tigrayan 'voice'". Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-14. Retrieved 2010-07-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ http://theafricareport.com/index.php/20120517501811752/east-horn-africa/kenya-s-mombasa-republican-council%E2%80%A9-the-coast-calls-for-freedom-501811752.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ Luc Torres. "The separatist map of Africa: interactive". the Guardian. Retrieved 23 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  24. ^ "Cri de Liberté". Mathaba News Network. 2008-04-21. Archived from the original on 2015-06-19. Retrieved 2009-04-11. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  25. ^ White Gypsies: Race and Stardom in Spanish Musical Films - Eva Woods Peiró. p. 46.
  26. ^ What the Arabs think - William Roe Polk. p. 52.
  27. ^ a b "The Rif Independence Movement Joins OEAS". Scribd. Retrieved 31 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  28. ^ "Caprivi Liberation Front". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2009-04-10. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  29. ^ Forrest, Joshua B. (2003). Subnationalism in Africa: Ethnicity, Alliances, and Politics. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 188. ISBN 1-58826-227-8.
  30. ^ "Voice of Biafra International". www.biafraland.com. Retrieved 31 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  31. ^ "Oduduwa Grand Alliance For Independence, OGAFI". Retrieved 2020-07-11. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  32. ^ "Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques du le Casamance (MFDC)". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-04-11. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  33. ^ "Ek is wit en trots daarop". Mail & Guardian. 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2009-04-10. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  34. ^ Members: Afrikaner, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
  35. ^ "An independent Western Cape? - OPINION - Politicsweb". www.politicsweb.co.za. Retrieved 31 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  36. ^ "Cape Party still wants to 'free' Western Cape from rest of SA". Retrieved 31 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  37. ^ "Contagion of discontent: Muslim extremism spreads down east Africa coastline". The Economist. 3 November 2012.
  38. ^ "Assessment for Lozi in Zambia". Minorities at Risk. Archived from the original on 2010-06-03. Retrieved 2009-04-10. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  39. ^ "Bulawayo24 NEWS -". Retrieved 23 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  40. ^ "Matabeleland Freedom Party". Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  41. ^ https://mthwakazirepublicparty.co.za. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  42. ^ https://bulawayo24.com/index-id-news-sc-national-byo-173507.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)