List of active separatist movements in Oceania
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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Oceania. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:
- They are active movements with living, active members.
- They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
- They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area.
Under each region listed is one or more of the following (except for The United States which only has the last one):
- De facto state: for regions with de facto autonomy from the government
- Proposed state: proposed name for a seceding sovereign state
- Proposed autonomous area: for movements toward greater autonomy for an area but not outright secession
- De facto autonomous government: for governments with de facto autonomous control over a region
- Government-in-exile: for a government based outside of the region in question, with or without control
- Political party (or parties): for political parties involved in a political system to push for autonomy or secession
- Militant organisation(s): for armed organisations
- Advocacy group(s): for non-belligerent, non-politically participatory entities
- Ethnic/Ethno-religious/Racial/Regional/Religious group (s): for information on what group of people calls for change for each individual movement listed
- Ethnic group: Indigenous Australians
- Ethnic group: Torres Strait Islanders
- Ethnic group: Norfolk Islanders
- Proposed state: Norfolk Island
- French Polynesia
- Political party: Tavini Huiraatira
- New Caledonia
- Proposed state: Republic of Aceh
- Militant organisation: Free Aceh Movement (negotiated peace with the Indonesian government in 2005, and now it is a civil movement, but the separatism still has supporters)
- Proposed state: South Moluccas
- Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa
- Proposed state: Riau
- Cook Islands
- Proposed state: Sovereign Kingdom of the Cook Islands
- Initiative by the Cook Islands Ariki which considers both the Cook Islands' previous status as a British protectorate and its current status as associated state of New Zealand to be illegitimate. Aims to set up the Cook Islands as a sovereign state independent of both the United Kingdom and New Zealand.
- Māori people
- South Island
Main article: South Island nationalism
- Political parties: South Island Party, New Munster Party
- Pressure groups: Cut the Cable, South Island First, Zealandia Independence Project
- Militant organization: New Munster Liberation Army
- Proposed state: New Munster, South Zealand
- Proposed autonomous region: New Munster Province
Papua New Guinea
- Bougainville (member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)
- Bougainville & Twin Kingdom of Papa'ala and Me'ekamui
- Political group: Triune Government of Bougainville
- Ethnic group: Native Hawaiians
(The purpose of these organizations and The Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement is to create Native Hawaiian nations within the State of Hawaii equal to Native American nations)
- Sarah Elks (15 October 2011). For Mabo's sake, let my island home go: Torres Strait elder George Mye. The Australian. News Limited. Retrieved on 25 April 2012.
- Larine Statham (17 October 2011). Progress for Torres Strait independence. Courier Mail. Queensland Newspapers. Retrieved on 25 April 2012.
- (5 August 2009). MP supports Torres Strait independence. news.com.au. News Limited. Retrieved on 25 April 2012.
- "Native Village News". Nativevillage.org.
- "easterisland - www". Hectortobar.com. 2004-01-28.
- "The Republic of Hau Pakumoto?". GeoCurrents. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Perhatian Buruk! Warga Perbatasan Ancam Kibarkan Bendera Malaysia" (in Indonesian). Tribun News. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Duh, WNI di Perbatasan Ancam Gabung ke Malaysia" (in Indonesian). I Today. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Sejumlah Kecamatan Perbatasan Ingin Gabung Malaysia" (in Indonesian). JPNN. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Warga Sebatik Ingin Gabung ke Malaysia, NKRI Diambang Kehancuran?" (in Indonesian). Jawaban News. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Minahasa Nationalism". Indonesia Matters. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Christian Sulawesi (Minahasa) seeks independence from Muslim Indonesia". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Banaba - Our Homeland". Abara Banaba. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- New Munster Party - Our Policies (Self-Determination)
- "Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) (Papua New Guinea), GROUPS - ASIA - DORMANT". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 2009-04-10.