List of active separatist movements in Oceania
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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Oceania. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:
- They are active movements with living, active members.
- They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
- They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area.
Under each region listed is one or more of the following (except for The United States which only has the last one):
- De facto state: for regions with de facto autonomy from the government
- Proposed state: proposed name for a seceding sovereign state
- Proposed autonomous area: for movements toward greater autonomy for an area but not outright secession
- De facto autonomous government: for governments with de facto autonomous control over a region
- Government-in-exile: for a government based outside of the region in question, with or without control
- Political party (or parties): for political parties involved in a political system to push for autonomy or secession
- Militant organisation(s): for armed organisations
- Advocacy group(s): for non-belligerent, non-politically participatory entities
- Ethnic/ethno-religious/racial/regional/religious group(s)
- Ethnic group: Indigenous Australians
- Ethnic group: Norfolk Islanders
- Proposed state: Norfolk Island
- Proposed state: Western Australia
- Proposed state: Tasmania
- Pressure group: First Party of Tasmania
- French Polynesia
- Political party: Tavini Huiraatira
- New Caledonia
- Proposed state: Republic of Aceh
- Militant organisation: Free Aceh Movement (negotiated peace with the Indonesian government in 2005, and now it is a civil movement, but the separatism still has supporters)
- Proposed state: South Moluccas
- Proposed state: Republic of West Papua or unification with Papua New Guinea
- Militant organisation: Free Papua Movement
- Proposed state: Riau
- Proposed state: unification with East Timor
- Cook Islands
- Proposed state: Sovereign Kingdom of the Cook Islands
- Initiative by the Cook Islands Ariki which considers both the Cook Islands' previous status as a British protectorate and its current status as associated state of New Zealand to be illegitimate. Aims to set up the Cook Islands as a sovereign state independent of both the United Kingdom and New Zealand.
- Māori people
- Ngāi Tūhoe (Māori iwi, northeastern North Island)
- Proposed state: Tūhoe Nation
- South Island
Papua New Guinea
- Bougainville (member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)
- Bougainville & Twin Kingdom of Papa'ala and Me'ekamui
- Political group: Triune Government of Bougainville
- New Ireland
- Proposed autonomous province: New Ireland
- Ethnic group: Native Hawaiians
(The purpose of these organizations and The Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement is to create Native Hawaiian nations within the State of Hawaii equal to Native American nations, or to obtain complete independence from the USA).
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