List of active separatist movements in South America

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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in South America. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:




  • Proposed state: Flag Pernambucan Revolt of 1817.svg Pernambuco
    • Pressure Group: GEAPI - Grupo de Estudo e Avaliação Pernambuco Independente (Independent Pernambuco Study and Evaluation Group)
    • Proposition: To separate Pernambuco from Brazil and create the Republic of Pernambuco once the mentioned state was already a Republic (the first of Portuguese language) in 1817 and seeks once again its political, economic and social independence of Brazil.
  • Proposed state: Bandeira Separatista de São Paulo.png São Paulo
    • Pressure Groups: Free Sao Paulo, Movimento República de São Paulo, Movimento São Paulo Independente.
    • Proposition: To separate the São Paulo state from Brazil, creating The Republic of São Paulo. To organize and promote free debate and studies on the degree of autonomy of the State of São Paulo in the Brazilian federation and the current model of federalism in Brazil, as well as on the implementation of a new model of the Confederate States, and discuss foster actions aimed at bringing the public discussion of the federation, to foster growth stock elements of the typical culture São Paulo, organize debates and events on the political representation of the State of São Paulo in the current model of federation, among other actions.[1]
  • Proposed state: Bandeira do sul.svg Sul



  • Proposed state: Flag of San Andrés y Providencia.svg San Andrés y Providencia
    • Pressure groups: Archipielago Movement For Ethnic Native Self Determination (AMEN-SD)[2]
    • Proposition: Self determination for Raizal people.



  • Proposed state: Flag of Zulia State.svg Zulia
    • Pressure groups: es:Rumbo Propio
    • Proposition: A high degree of autonomy for the Zulia State. Considered secessionist by Venezuelan government.[3]

See also[edit]