List of adaptive radiated marsupials by form

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This is a list of adaptive radiated marsupials by form; they are adaptively radiated marsupial species equivalent to the many niche-types of non-marsupial mammals. Many of the surviving species are from Australia. There are unique types, for example the extinct genus Nototherium, a 'rhinoceros-type'.[1]

The new world has the common opossum, also a unique form.[2]

Even before the mid-19th century and Charles Darwin's time, biogeographers understood speciation and animal niches. A supreme example that became known to Darwin as sailing ships traveled the world is the New Zealand flightless, ground-dwelling, worm-eating kiwi, a bird, but a species in a mammal-niche.

Anteater-like[edit]

1 genus–(monotypic)
(2 subspecies)

Anteater-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(anteater-like)

  1. M. fasciatus
    (2 subspecies)
Western Australia
(2 subspecies)
Numbat, also called the banded anteater

Cat-like[edit]

1 genus–(6 species)

Cat-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(cat-like)

  1. D. albopunctatus
  2. D. geoffroii
  3. D. hallucatus
  4. D. maculatus
  5. D. spartacus
  6. D. viverrinus
Australia &
Papua and New Guineas

Groundhog-like[edit]

6 genera
2 surviving genera

Groundhog-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(groundhog-like)

  1. 6 genera

Mole-like[edit]

1 genus–(2 species)

Mole-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(mole-like)

  1. N. caurinus
  2. N. typhlops

Rhinoceros-like[edit]

1 genus

Rhinoceros-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(rhinoceros-like)

Extinct

Panther like[edit]

6 genera

Panther-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(panther-like)

  1. Priscileo pitikantensis (Upper Oligocene)
  2. Priscileo roskellyae (Middle Miocene)
Subfamily Wakaleoninae
Genus †Wakaleo
  1. Wakaleo alcootaensis (Upper Miocene)
  2. Wakaleo oldfieldi (Lower—Upper Miocene)
  3. Wakaleo vanderleueri (Middle—Upper Miocene)
Subfamily Thylacoleoninae
Genus †Thylacoleo
  1. †Thylacoleo carnifex (Pleistocene)
  2. Thylacoleo crassidentatus (Pliocene)
  3. Thylacoleo hilli (Pliocene)

Squirrel-like[edit]

1 genus–(6 species)

Squirrel-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(squirrel-like)

  1. P. abidi
  2. P. australis
  3. P. biacensis
  4. P. breviceps
  5. P. gracilis
  6. P. norfolcensis

Wolf-like[edit]

1 genus–(1 species)

Wolf-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(wolf-like)

  1. T. cynocephlus
Extinct
Thylacine, also called Tasmanian wolf or tiger

Wolverine-like[edit]

1 genus–(1 species)

Wolverine-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(wolverine-like)

  1. S. harrisii
Extirpated
from mainland
(Tasmania only)

Unique: kangaroo-like[edit]

Unique: opossum-like[edit]

? species

Unique—Opossum-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(opossum-like)

  1. Many genera

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson, Eisner, Briggs, Dickerson, Metzenberg, O'Brien, Susman, & Boggs. Life on Earth, Chapter: Biogeography, Graphic: Adaptive Radiation of Marsupials, p. 854-855.
  2. ^ Wilson, Eisner, Briggs, Dickerson, Metzenberg, O'Brien, Susman, & Boggs. Life on Earth, Chapter: Biogeography, Graphic: Adaptive Radiation of Marsupials, p. 854-855.