List of adjectivals and demonyms of astronomical bodies

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The adjectival forms of the names of astronomical bodies are not always easily predictable. Attested adjectival forms of the larger bodies are listed below, along with non-obvious derivations of some smaller bodies; in some cases these are accompanied by their demonymic equivalents, which denote purported inhabitants of these bodies.

For Classical (Greco-Roman) names, the adjectival form is normally derived from the genitive case, which may differ from the nominative case used in English for the noun form. For instance, for a large portion of names ending in -s, the genitive and therefore the adjective changes the -s to a -d, -t, or -r, as in Isis–Isidian and Ceres–Cererian;[note 1] occasionally an -n has been lost from the noun form, and reappears in the adjective, as in Pluto–Plutonian and Atlas–Atlantean.[note 2]

Many of the more recent or more obscure names are only attested in mythological or literary contexts, rather than in specifically astronomical contexts. Forms ending in -ish or -ine, such as "Puckish", are not included below if a derivation in -an is also attested. Rare forms, or forms only attested with spellings not in keeping with the IAU-approved spelling (such as c for k), are shown in italics.

Note on pronunciation

The suffix -ian is always unstressed: that is, /iən/. The related suffix -ean has traditionally been stressed, that is, /ˈən/; but in practice it is often pronounced as if it were -ian. This dichotomy should be familiar from the dual pronunciations of Caribbean as karr-i-BEE-ən and kə-RIB-i-ən.

Generic bodies[edit]

Name Adjective
asteroid asteroidal, asteroidic
comet cometary
cosmos, universe cosmic, cosmian, universal
ecliptic ecliptical, zodiacal
galaxy galactic, galactian
meteoroid meteoroidal
nebula nebular
planet planetary, planetic
planetoid planetoidal
quasar quasaric, quasarian
sky celestial
star astral, sidereal, siderean, stellar
supernova supernovan

Constellations[edit]

Adjectival forms of constellations are used primarily for meteor showers. These are based on the genitive form of the constellation, which is used to name stars. (See List of constellations.) Independent adjectival forms are less common.

Name Adjective Adjective (product of)
Andromeda Andromedan Andromedid
Aquarius Aquarian Aquariid
Aries Arian Arietid
Auriga Aurigid
Bootes Bootid
Cancer Cancerian Cancrid
Carina Carinid
Capricorn Capricornian Capricornid
Centaurus Centaurean, Centaurian Centaurid
Cetus Cetid
Coma Berenices Coma Berenicid
Corona Austrina Corona Austrinid
Crux Crucid
Cygnus Cygnid
Dorado Doradid
Draco Draconid
Eridanus Eridanid
Gemini Geminian Geminid
Hydra, Hydrus Hydrid
Leo Leonic, Leonian, Leonean Leonid
Leo Minor Leo Minorid
Libra Libran Librid
Lyra Lyrid
Monoceros Monocerotid
Norma Normid
Ophiuchus Ophiuchid
Orion Orionid
Pavo Pavonid
Pegasus Pegasid
Perseus Perseid
Phoenix Phoenicid
Pisces Piscean, Piscian Piscid
Piscis Austrinus Piscis Austrinid
Puppis Puppid
Sagittarius Sagittarian Sagittariid
Scorpius Scorpionic Scorpiid
Taurus Taurean, Taurian Taurid
Ursa Major, Ursa Minor Ursid
Vela Velid
Virgo Virginid
zodiac zodiacal

Sun[edit]

Name Adjective Demonym
Sun, Sol, Helios Solar, Heliacal, Phoebean, Phebeana Solarian

Planets[edit]

Planets
Name Adjective Demonym
Earth, Terra, Tellus, Gaia, Gaea earthly, Terran, Terrestrial, Terrene, Tellurian,[1] Telluric, Gaian, Gaean Earthling, Terran, Terrestrial, Tellurian, Earthian
Jupiter Jovian, Jovial, Jupiterian Jovian
Mars Martian, Martial, Areana[2] Martian
Mercury; Hermes (in the evening), Apollo (in the morning) Mercurian, Mercurial, Hermean/Hermeian, Cyllenian,a[3] Cylleneana Mercurian, Hermean
Neptune Neptunian, Neptuniala, Poseideana[4] Neptunian
Saturn Saturnian, Saturnine, Cronian,[4] Kronian,[5] Saturniala[6] Saturnian
Uranus Uranian Uranian
Venus; Hesperus, Vesper (in the evening), Eosphorus, Phosphorus, Phosphor (in the morning), Lucifer (in the day) Venerian, Venerial, Venusian, Cytherean,[7] Cytherian,a[8] Hesperian,[9] Luciferian,a[10] Phosphorian,a[11] Venusian, Cytherean, Vesuviana

a  Rare.

Planetoids[edit]

Asteroids
Name Adjective
91 Aegina Aeginetan[12]
29 Amphitrite Amphitritean
99942 Apophis Apophian[13]
404 Arsinoe Arsinoean[14]
105 Artemis Artemidean,[15] Artemidian,[16] Artemisian[17]
5 Astraea Astraean[1]
94 Aurora Aurorean, Auroral[18]
2063 Bacchus Bacchian,[19] Bacchean,[20] Bacchic (adj. only)
324 Bamberga Bambergian,[18] Bambergean
199 Byblis Byblian[21]
1 Ceres Cererian,[22] Cerereana[23]
388 Charybdis Charybdian[18]
34 Circe Circean[18]
763 Cupido Cupidian, Cupidinian
403 Cyane Cyanean
65 Cybele Cybelean, Cybelian
133 Cyrene Cyrenian, Cyrenean[18]
511 Davida Davidian[24]
209 Dido Didonian[25]
423 Diotima Diotiman, Diotimean, Diotimian
48 Doris Dorian[18]
60 Echo Echonian,[26] Echoic (adj. only)
13 Egeria Egerian
59 Elpis Elpidian[27]
221 Eos Eoan /ˈ.ən/[28][29]
163 Erigone Erigonian[30]
433 Eros Erotian[31]
45 Eugenia Eugenian
15 Eunomia Eunomian
31 Euphrosyne Euphrosynean, Euphrosynian
52 Europa (as the moon)
27 Euterpe Euterpean
8 Flora Florian[citation needed]
1036 Ganymed (as the moon)
1272 Gefion Gefionian[32]
Asteroids (cont)
Name Adjective
6 Hebe Hebean[33]
121 Hermione Hermionean
10 Hygiea Hygiean[34]
1566 Icarus Icarian[35]
243 Ida Idæan (Idaean) › Idean[18]
173 Ino Inoan[36]
704 Interamnia Interamnian[18]
7 Iris Iridian[18]
42 Isis Isidian[37]
3 Juno Junonian[38][39]
22 Kalliope Calliopean, Calliopian
216 Kleopatra Cleopatrian
158 Koronis Koronian[citation needed]
20 Massalia Massalian[40]
18 Melpomene Melpomenean[41]
9 Metis Metidian[citation needed]
192 Nausikaa Nausicaan[42]
128 Nemesis Nemesian,[43][44][45] Nemesean[46]
44 Nysa Nysian[47][48]
2 Pallas Palladian[18]
11 Parthenope Parthenopian, Parthenopean
201 Penelope Penelopean
3200 Phaethon Phaetonian
16 Psyche Psychean[18]
665 Sabine Sabinian[49]
896 Sphinx Sphingian,[50] Sphinxian
87 Sylvia Sylvian
81 Terpsichore Terpsichorean
24 Themis Themistian[51]
17 Thetis Thetidian,[52] Thetian[53]
88 Thisbe Thisbean, Thisbian
279 Thule Thulean[18]
4179 Toutatis Toutatian[54]
92 Undina Undinian[55]
375 Ursula Ursulian
490 Veritas Veritasian[56]
4 Vesta Vestian,[57][58] Vestan,[59][60] Vestalian[61]
411 Xanthe Xanthean[62]

See additional minor planet forms.

Trojans, Centaurs, and TNOs
Name Adjective
588 Achilles Achillean[18]
911 Agamemnon Agamemnonian[63]
55576 Amycus Amycian[64]
65489 Ceto Cetoean, Cetèan[65]
19521 Chaos Chaotian[66]
2060 Chiron Chironian, Chironean
53311 Deucalion Deucalionean, Deucalionian
Eris Eridian[67]
624 Hektor Hectorian[68]
28978 Ixion Ixionian[69]
58534 Logos Logian[70]
Makemake Makemakean[71]
7066 Nessus Nessian[72]
Nunam Nunaup(ian)[73]
90482 Orcus Orcean,[74] Orcan
617 Patroclus Patroclean[75]
Pluto Plutonian[18]
38083 Rhadamanthus Rhadamanthean, Rhadamanthian,
Rhadamanthyan, Rhadamanthan,
Rhadamanthine, Rhadamanthyne
Sila Silaup(ian)[73]
Varuna Varunian[76]
42355 Typhon Typhonian, Typhonean[77]

Moons[edit]

Earth and Mars
Name Adjective Demonym
Moon (Luna, Selene) lunar, Selenian, Cynthian Lunarian, Selenite
Deimos Deimosian[78]
Phobos Phobian[34]
Jupiter
Name Adjective, demonym
Adrastea Adrastean[79]
Aitne Aetnean[80]
Amalthea Amalthean[81]
Ananke Anankean[82]
Aoede Aoedean[83]
Arche Archean
Autonoe Autonoean (expected[84])
Callirrhoe Callirrhoean (expected[84])
Callisto Callistoan,[85] Callistonian[86]
Carme Carmean[82]
Carpo Carpoan or Carponian (expected[87])
Chaldene Chaldenean (expected)[88]
Cyllene Cyllenean (also rare for Mercury)[89]
Elara  ? Elarian [90]
Erinome Erinomean (expected[88])
Euanthe Euanthian[91]
Eukelade Euceladian[92]
Euporie Euporian (expected)[93]
Europa Europan[94]
Eurydome Eurydomean (expected[88])
Ganymede Ganymedean[95]
Harpalyke Harpalykean (expected[88])
Hegemone Hegemonean (expected[88])
Helike Helikean[96]
Hermippe Hermippean[97]
Herse Hersean (expected[88])
Himalia Himalian[82]
Io Ionian[98]
Iocaste Iocastean,[99] Jocastean
Isonoe Isonoean (expected[84])
Kale Kalean (expected[88])
Kallichore Callichorean[100]
Kalyke Calycian[101]
Kore Korean (expected[88])
Leda Ledean,[102] Ledian[103]
Lysithea Lysithean[82]
Megaclite Megaclitean (expected[88])
Metis Metidian/Metidean[104]
Mneme Mnemean (expected[88])
Orthosie Orthosian[105]
Pasiphae Pasiphaean[106]
Pasithee Pasithean[107]
Praxidike Praxidician[108]
Sinope Sinopean,[109] Sinopian[110]
Sponde Spondean[111]
Taygete Taygetian, Taygetean[112]
Thebe Thebean, Theban
Thelxinoe Thelxinoean (expected[84])
Themisto Themistian, Themistean
Thyone Thyonean[113]
Saturn
Name Adjective, demonym
Aegaeon Aegaeonic[114] (adj. only)
Albiorix Albiorigian (expected)[115]
Anthe  ? Anthean[116]
Atlas Atlantean[117]
Bebhionn Bebhionnian (expected)
Calypso Calypsonian[18]
Daphnis Daphnean,[118] Daphnidian,[119] Daphnidean[120]
Dione Dionean[121][122]
Enceladus Enceladan,[123][124] Enceladean,[125][126] Enceladian[82]
Epimetheus Epimethean[127][128]
Erriapus Erriapian (expected[129])
Fenrir Fenrian[130]
Helene Helenean[131]
Hyperion Hyperionian[132]
Iapetus Iapetian,[133] Japetian[18]
Ijiraq Ijiraup(ian), Ijiraqan[73]
Janus Janian[134][135]
Kiviuq Kiviup(ian), Kiviuqan[73]
Methone Methonean[136]
Mimas Mimantean,[126] Mimantian,[137] Mimasian[138]
Paaliaq Paaliap(ian), Paaliaqan[73]
Pallene Pallenean[139]
Pan Pandean[18]
Pandora Pandoran[18][140]
Phoebe Phoebean (also rare for the Sun)[18]
Polydeuces Polydeucean,[141] Polydeucian[142]
Prometheus Promethean[18][123]
Rhea Rhean[143][144]
Siarnaq Siarnaup(ian), Siarnaqan[73]
Skathi Skathian[145]
Surtur Surtian (expected)[146]
Suttungr Suttungian (expected)[146]
Tarqeq Tarqiup,[147] Tarqeqian, Tarqiupian[73]
Tarvos Tarvian (expected)[148]
Telesto Telestoan or Telestonian (expected[87][149])
Tethys Tethyan[18][150][151]
Thrymr Thrymian (expected)[146]
Titan Titanian (also of Titania),[152][153] Titanean[154]
Ymir Ymirian[155]
Uranus
Name Adjective, demonym
Ariel Arielian[82][156]
Belinda  ?
Bianca Biancan[157]
Caliban Calibanian[158]
Cordelia Cordelian
Cressida Cressidian[159]
Cupid Cupidian[160]
Desdemona Desdemonan,[161] Desdemonian,[162] Desdemonean[163]
Ferdinand Ferdinandian[164]
Francisco Francisconian[165]
Juliet Juliettish[166] (adj. only)
Mab Mabbish[167] (adj. only)
Margaret Margaretian[168]
Miranda Mirandan,[169] Mirandian[170]
Oberon Oberonian[171]
Ophelia Ophelian[172]
Perdita Perditean[173]
Portia Portian[174]
Prospero Prosperonian,[175] Prosperian[176]
Puck Puckian[177]
Rosalind  ? Rosalindian[178]
Setebos Setebosian[179]
Stephano Stephanonian[180]
Sycorax Sycoraxian[181]
Titania Titanian (also of Titan)
Trinculo  ?
Umbriel Umbrielian,[182]
Neptune
Name Adjective, demonym
Despina Despinian (expected)
Galatea Galatean[183]
Halimede Halimedean (expected[88])
Laomedeia Laomedian[184]
Larissa Larissean,[185] Larissan,[186] Larissian,[187]
Naiad Naiadian[188]
Nereid Nereidian,[34] Nereidean[189]
Neso Nesoan or Nesonian (expected[87])
Proteus Protean[18]
Psamathe Psamathian[190]
Sao Saoan or Saonian (expected[87])
Thalassa Thalassian[191]
Triton Tritonian[192]
Pluto and other planetoids
Name Adjective, demonym
Charon (Pluto I) Charonian[18]
Dactyl (Ida I) Dactylian
Dysnomia (Eris I) Dysnomian
Echidna (Typhon I) Echidnean, Echidnian
Hydra (Pluto III) Hydrian[193]
Linus (Kalliope I) Linian[194]
Menoetius (Patroclus I) Menoetian[195]
Nix (Pluto II) Nictian
Phorcys (Ceto I) Phorcyan, Phorcian
Remus (Sylvia II) Reman
Romulus (Sylvia I) Romulian,[196] Romulean,[197] Romulan
Vanth (Orcus I) Vanthian (expected)
Zoe (Logos I) Zoean (expected[88])

Galaxies[edit]

Name Adjective
Milky Way Galaxy Galactic,[198] Lacteal[199]
Andromeda Galaxy Andromedan
Magellanic Clouds Magellanic


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This is reflected in Russian and Italian, where both nominal and adjectival forms derive from the genitive:
    Russian Transcription Italian English
    noun
    English
    adjective
    Плутон Pluton Plutone Pluto Plutonian
    Юнона Junona Giunone Juno Junonian
    Церера Tserera Cerere Ceres Cererian
    Атлант Atlant Atlante Atlas Atlantean
    Мимант Mimant Mimante ~ Mima Mimas Mimantean
    Паллада Pallada Pallade Pallas Palladian
    Эрида Erida Eride Eris Eridian
    Ирида Irida Iride Iris Iridian
    Метида Metida Metide ~ Meti Metis Metidian
    Фетида Fetida Tetide ~ Teti Thetis Thetidian
    Изида Izida Iside ~ Isi Isis Isidian
    Эрот Erot (Eros) Eros Erotian

    (Italian Erote is avoided for euphemistic reasons; the alternative forms Mima, Meti, Teti, Isi are loans from the French.)

    However, in other cases the final consonant is not part of the root and so is dropped in Russian and Italian:

    Russian Transcription Italian English
    noun
    English
    adjective
    Икар Ikar Icaro Icarus Icarian
    Харибда Haribda Cariddi Charybdis Charybdian
    Ахилл Ahill Achille Achilles Achillean
    Несс Ness Nesso Nessus Nessian
    Орк Ork Orco Orcus Orcean

    This approach is not foolproof; note Italian Eros above and Russian Немесида Nemesida (Nemesis), but Italian Nemesi and English adj. Nemesian.

  2. ^ Other cases of epenthetic -n- are not original to the root, but are added to form an adjective by analogy with Plutonian, as in Callistonian for Callistoan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Announcement of the discovery of Astraea in The Eclectic magazine of foreign literature, science, and art, v. 8, p. 279 (1846)
  2. ^ "Schiaparelli on Mars" (1895 [1894]) Nature, v. 51
  3. ^ Lewis (1888) A Latin dictionary for schools
  4. ^ a b "Enabling Exploration with Small Radioisotope Power Systems" (PDF). NASA. September 2004. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Müller et al. (2010) Azimuthal plasma flow in the Kronian magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res. 115, A08203
  6. ^ Pennsylvania school journal, v. 29 (1880)
  7. ^ Raitala (1993) "Crustal tectonic zone on Venus", Earth, Moon, and Planets, v. 64, no. 2
  8. ^ "A theoretical study of the martian and cytherian ionospheres", NASA Technical Reports Server, JPL-TR-32-398
  9. ^ Goodsell Observatory (1909) Popular astronomy, v. 17
  10. ^ Duffy (2009) The Constitution of Shelley's Poetry
  11. ^ Boardman (2001) The poems of Francis Thompson
  12. ^ Figueira (1981) Aegina, society and politics
  13. ^ British & foreign evangelical review (1880) Paterson, Exell
  14. ^ Cohen (1995) The Hellenistic settlements in Europe, the islands, and Asia Minor
  15. ^ Sophocles (1902 trans.)
  16. ^ Dowden (1989) Death and the maiden: girls' initiation rites in Greek mythology
  17. ^ Fischer-Hansen & Poulsen (2009) From Artemis to Diana
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Listed in any reasonably complete dictionary
  19. ^ Müller (1847) Ancient art and its remains: or a manual of the archaeology of art
    Tournoy (1999) Humanistica Lovaniensia: Journal of Neo-Latin Studies, vol. 48
  20. ^ Sanxay (1811) Lexicon Aristophanicum, græco-anglicum
  21. ^ The works of Lucian (1780)
  22. ^ Rüpke (2007) A companion to Roman religion
  23. ^ Booth (1923) Flowers of Roman poesy
  24. ^ adj. form of the masc. 'David'
  25. ^ Taylor (1989) Chaucer reads "The divine comedy"
  26. ^ Dryden (1738) The Conversation of Gentlemen
  27. ^ American ecclesiastical review, v. 21 (1899)
  28. ^ Whitney & Smith (1897) The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  29. ^ A selection from the poetry of Samuel Daniel & Michael Drayton (1899)
  30. ^ Publius Ovidius Naso, John Gower (1640) Ovids Festivalls
  31. ^ Expected from the name of his festival, Erōtia.
  32. ^ Charles Dickens, ed. 1861. All the year round, 4:445.
  33. ^ Sartain's union magazine of literature and art, v. 10 (1852)
  34. ^ a b c The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1911)
  35. ^ as in Icarian flights
  36. ^ Bucolica, Georgica, et Aeneis: Virgil, with English notes (1843)
  37. ^ Douglas (1914) A theory of civilisation
  38. ^ "Junonian asteroids" in The North British review, v. 18 (1853)
  39. ^ Conington (1867) The Aeneid of Virgil
  40. ^ Metamorphosis: the Transfiguration in Byzantine theology and iconography (2005) Andreopoulos
  41. ^ A handbook of Rome and its environs (1875)
  42. ^ James Joyce's Ulysses: critical essays (1974) Hart & Hayman
  43. ^ Hornum (1993) Nemesis, the Roman state and the games
  44. ^ Hilpert & Kärcher (1846) A dictionary of the English and German, and the German and English language
  45. ^ Peery (1963) Studies in the Renaissance, vol. 10
  46. ^ Curtis (1994) The imprisoned hero in Camus, Beckett, and Desvignes
  47. ^ Katz (2004) The complete elegies of Sextus Propertius
  48. ^ Stein (2004) Persephone Unveiled
  49. ^ Schiller (1978) Roman law
  50. ^ Martial (1782) The epigrams of M. Val. Martial, in twelve books
  51. ^ Astronomy now, Volume 22 (2008)
  52. ^ Herbert (1828) Nimrod: a discourse on certain passages of history and fable, vol. 2
  53. ^ Stevenson (1806) Trafalgar, or The victory over the combined fleets of France and Spain
  54. ^ Hudson, "Gravitational Isopotentials on Toutatis"
  55. ^ Readings: the poetics of Blanchot, Joyce, Kafka, Kleist, Lispector, and Tsvetayeva (1991) Cixous
  56. ^ James Morrow (1990) City of Truth
  57. ^ Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2010) Dawn Journal, March 28
  58. ^ Tsiolkovsky (1960) The call of the cosmos
  59. ^ Meteoritics & planetary science, Volume 42, Issues 6–8, 2007
  60. ^ Origin and evolution of Earth, National Research Council et al., 2008
  61. ^ 'Vestalian' is of those associated with Vesta (as the vestal virgins), not of Vesta her/itself, though the latter use is occasionally found, e.g. in Worlds of tomorrow, v. 4, n. 1-3, p. 58 (1966)
  62. ^ generally used for Xanthus
  63. ^ Browning (1877) The Agamemnon of Aeschylus
  64. ^ trans. of Vergil, The Aeneid
  65. ^ Herbert (1828) Nimrod: a discourse on certain passages of history and fable, v. 3
  66. ^ Thayer (1994) Gray world, green heart
  67. ^ David Morrison (2008) Ask an Astrobiologist
  68. ^ trans. of the Iliad
  69. ^ Richards (1980) English verse, 1830-1890, v. 6
  70. ^ Holdsworth (1913) Gospel origins: a study in the synoptic problem
  71. ^ Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum, no. 3-5 (1953)
  72. ^ Lamb (1836) Elia
  73. ^ a b c d e f g Regular derivation of Inuktitut names replaces the absolutive case suffix -q with genitive -p (-up after a single vowel; see [1]), though anglicized forms in -ian might be expected to be more productive.
  74. ^ Angley (1847) De Clifford, the philosopher
  75. ^ Riggs (1972) The Christian poet in Paradise lost
  76. ^ Duchesne-Guillemin (1958) The Western response to Zoroaster
  77. ^ The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language lists 'Typhoëan' as the only 'correct' form, but erroneously considered Typhon to be distinct from Typhoëus.
  78. ^ Kazue Takahashi (2006) Magnetospheric ULF waves: synthesis and new directions.
  79. ^ Dryden (1895) Plutarch's lives, v. 3
  80. ^ 'Aitnean' not attested. Ætnean in e.g. Tonson & Draper (1750) The works of Spenser, v. 4
  81. ^ Bacon & Basil Montagu (1848) The works of Francis Bacon, v. 1
  82. ^ a b c d e f Yenne (1987) The Atlas of the Solar System.
    Note: The adjectival forms in this book generally do not match literary forms, and are not in general found elsewhere in astronomical literature.
  83. ^ Tuft & Holt (ca. 1900) The Aoedean Collection
  84. ^ a b c d Based on Arsinoe–Arsinoean, names ending in -oe may be expected to have derivatives in -oean.
  85. ^ Harland (2000) Jupiter odyssey: the story of NASA's Galileo mission
  86. ^ Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v.71, 1911
  87. ^ a b c d based on other names ending in ω, such as Callisto
  88. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l based on other names ending in η, such as Cyllene
  89. ^ Six books of the Æneid of Virgil (1877)
  90. ^ Elarian has been used in Star Trek fan fiction, but is not attested for the Classical name.
  91. ^ Science, v. 216, p. 1218 (1982)
  92. ^ Dunton (1703) The Athenian oracle; an entire collection of all the valuable questions and answers in the old Athenian mercuries, by a member of the Athenian society
  93. ^ expected from Greek -ία and by analogy with Orthosie
  94. ^ Greenberg (2005) Europa: the ocean moon
  95. ^ Journal of geophysical research, v. 95 (1990)
  96. ^ Wilson & Strangway (1980) The Continental crust and its mineral deposits
  97. ^ of Hermippos, as in Littell's Living Age, v. 96 (1868)
  98. ^ "Electron Beams and Ion Composition Measured at Io and in Its Torus", Science, 1996 October 18
  99. ^ Naoya (1996) Shiga Naoya's A dark night's passing
  100. ^ Robertson (1895) trans. of Victor Hugo, A Hymn of the Earth
  101. ^ rare; as 'Calycian Lounge' in Interiors, v. 109 p. 66 (1949)
  102. ^ Hansos & Rolfe (1865) Selections from Ovid and Virgil
  103. ^ Monteith (2007) Yeats and theosophy
  104. ^ Per Classical Latin ''Metid-, Russian Метида Metida, and Italian Metide
  105. ^ Beloe (1821) Herodotus
  106. ^ Milesi (2003) James Joyce and the difference of language
  107. ^ Akurgal (1978) The Proceedings of the Xth International Congress of Classical Archaeology
  108. ^ Banier (1740) The mythology and fables of the ancients, v. 4
  109. ^ Özal (2004) Chemical characterization of Sinopean archeological common ware
  110. ^ Schiff (2010) How an Economy Grows and Why It Crashes
  111. ^ Lemprière (1827) A classical dictionary
  112. ^ 'Taygetean' is uncommon, but found in Zaffran (1990) Contributions à la flore et à la végétation de la Crète, v. 1
  113. ^ Alexander (1999) The complete Odes and Satires of Horace
  114. ^ Case and comment, v. 81 (1977)
  115. ^ Ogam: tradition celtique, v. 15, p. 358 (1967)
  116. ^ Pausânias & Levi (1971) Central Greece
  117. ^ Chambers's English dictionary (1872)
  118. ^ Neander (1845) The life of St. Chrysostom, v. 1
  119. ^ Hull (1970) Visions of Handy Hopper, v. 6
  120. ^ 'Daphnidean' is a regular derivation, but rare. [Smid (1965) Protevangelium Jacobi]
  121. ^ Anthon (1849) The Aeneïd of Virgil
  122. ^ JPL (2007) Cassini Equinox Mission: Dionean Linea
  123. ^ a b Lebowitz (1970) Progress into silence: a study of Melville's heroes
  124. ^ JPL (2010) Cassini Equinox Mission: Enceladan Tectonics
  125. ^ The less common form. JBIS: journal of the British Interplanetary Society, v. 36 (1983)
  126. ^ a b JPL (ca. 2009) Cassini Equinox Mission: Mimas
  127. ^ Illich (1970) The dawn of Epimethean man
  128. ^ JPL (2005) Cassini Equinox Mission: Epimethean Profile
  129. ^ expected from the dative, Erriapo
  130. ^ Andre Norton (1978) Secret of the lost race
  131. ^ as Helenéan in Earle (1841) Marathon: and other poems. Also the adj. form of Saint Helena.
  132. ^ JPL (ca. 2008) Cassini Equinox Mission: Hyperion
  133. ^ JPL (ca. 2008) Cassini Equinox Mission: Iapetus
  134. ^ Carter (1919) The gates of Janus
  135. ^ JPL (ca. 2008) Cassini Equinox Mission: Janus
  136. ^ JPL (ca. 2008) Cassini Equinox Mission: Methone
  137. ^ Harrison (1908) Prolegomena to the study of Greek religion, ed. 2
  138. ^ Proctor (1874) The borderland of science
  139. ^ JPL (ca. 2008) Cassini Equinox Mission: Pallene
  140. ^ Mahoney (2010) The Ultimate Fan's Guide to Avatar
  141. ^ Lundström (1997) Eranos, v. 95
  142. ^ Levin (1971) Apollonius' Argonautica, v. 1
  143. ^ The Westminster review, v. 140 (1893)
  144. ^ JPL (ca. 2008) Cassini Equinox Mission: Rhea
  145. ^ Cole (2010) Kresley Cole Immortals After Dark: The Clan MacRieve
  146. ^ a b c Norse names drop the nominative case suffix -r or -ur in derivations.
  147. ^ attested in the name Tarqiup Inua, 'Master of the Moon'
  148. ^ from the diminutive Tarvillus. Daniel Davis, 2001, The Development of Celtic Linguistics, 1850-1900, p. 162
  149. ^ Telestian is a rare variant of Telestic (mystical). Ennemoser & Howitt (1854), The history of magic, vol. 1
  150. ^ Şengör & Atayman (2009) The Permian extinction and the Tethys
  151. ^ JPL (ca. 2008) Cassini Equinox Mission: Tethys
  152. ^ Anton et al. (1859) A Latin-English and English-Latin dictionary
  153. ^ JPL (ca. 2008) Cassini Equinox Mission: Huygens Landed with a Splat[2]
  154. ^ Milton, Hughes (2003) Complete poems and major prose
  155. ^ Budd (1898) "Norse Mythology", in St. Mary's Hall lectures: and other papers
  156. ^ DeKoven (1991) Rich and strange: gender, history, modernism
  157. ^ Ruud (2008) Critical companion to Dante: a literary reference to his life and work
  158. ^ Apple, Au, & Gandin (2009) The Routledge international handbook of critical education
  159. ^ Kellog (1995) Boccaccio's and Chaucer's Cressida
  160. ^ Tanner & Barnet (1995) Comedies
  161. ^ Harris & Lazzari (1997) Shakespearean criticism
  162. ^ Daileader (2005) Racism, misogyny, and the Othello myth
  163. ^ Genova (1997) Power, gender, values
  164. ^ The Eclectic magazine of foreign literature, science, and art, v. 18 (1873)
  165. ^ also of San Francisco
  166. ^ Enclitic, v. 11, no. 4 (1994)
  167. ^ Wood (1872) The Argosy, v. 13
  168. ^ Cathcart (1971) The Duchess of Kent
  169. ^ Journal of geophysical research, v. 93 (1988)
  170. ^ Robertson (1929) The life of Miranda
  171. ^ Normand (1970) Nathaniel Hawthorne
  172. ^ Small (1998) Love's Madness
  173. ^ Byrne (2008) Perdita: the literary, theatrical, scandalous life of Mary Robinson
  174. ^ Oxford Journals (1894) Notes and queries, no. 106
  175. ^ Emenyonu (2003) Emerging perspectives on Chinua Achebe, v. 1
  176. ^ in scare quotes in Bate (1997) The genius of Shakespeare
  177. ^ Sedgwick (1999) Shakespeare and the young writer
  178. ^ Dtek blog, 2007-09-10
  179. ^ Campbell, Pyre, Weaver (1932) Poetry and criticism of the romantic movement
  180. ^ Lessing (1914) How the Ancients Represented Death
  181. ^ Goldberg (2004) Tempest in the Caribbean
  182. ^ rare
  183. ^ AMIA (1999) Transforming health care through informatics
  184. ^ Otley (1828) Essays on the nature, causes and effects of national antipathies
  185. ^ Boccaccio (1974) The book of Theseus
  186. ^ Livy (1850 trans.) The history of Rome, v. 3
  187. ^ Bell (1790) Bell's New pantheon
  188. ^ Morris (1904) British violin-makers
  189. ^ Life and letters and the London mercury, v. 12-14 (1967)
  190. ^ 'Psamathean' not attested
  191. ^ The complete poetical works of Robert Browning (1912)
  192. ^ Bunbury (1883) A history of ancient geography
  193. ^ Davenport (1843) A new geographical, historical, and commercial grammar
  194. ^ "linia" = 'of Linus' in Banier (1793) The mythology and fables of the ancients, explain'd from history, v. 1; also in Charles Frederick Partington (1838) The British Cyclopædia of Biography
  195. ^ Redfield (1994) Nature and culture in the Iliad: the tragedy of Hector
  196. ^ Clark (1919) History of Roman private law, v. 3
  197. ^ Rodríguez-Adrados, van Dijk, & Ray (2000) History of the Graeco-Latin Fable
  198. ^ When capitalized, "Galactic" refers specifically to the Milky Way galaxy.
  199. ^ The Independent, v. 55, p. 964 (1903)

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