List of administrative divisions of Hainan

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Hainan Province
Province
Capital: Haikou
Prefectural level divisions
Prefectural cities4
County level divisions
County cities5
Counties4
Autonomous counties4
Districts8
Township level divisions
Towns183
Townships21
Subdistricts18
Villages level divisions
Communities517
Administrative villages2,553
Sansha districts are not counted into the figures above. However Sansha management committees are counted as towns.

Hainan uses a slightly different administrative system from the other provinces of China. Most other provinces are divided entirely into prefecture-level divisions, each of which is then divided entirely into county-level divisions, which generally do not come directly under the province. In Hainan, nearly all county-level divisions (the eight districts excepted) come directly under the province. This method of division is due to Hainan's relatively sparse population.However,it's planned that the counties and cities in Hainan(excluding Sansha)would be merged into five city-level cities,just as those on the mainland area of China administratived by PRC.

Administrative divisions[edit]

All of these administrative divisions are explained in greater detail at Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China. This chart lists only prefecture-level and county-level divisions of Hainan.

Sansha oversees the South China Sea Islands: the Xisha (Paracel Islands), Zhongsha (Macclesfield Bank), and Nansha (Spratly Islands). The Spratlys are in reality disputed and divided among China and several neighbouring countries, while the Paracel Islands is claimed by the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and Vietnam.

Prefecture level
(Division code)
County Level
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Division code[1]
Haikou city
海口市
Hǎikǒu Shì
(Capital)
(4601)
Xiuying District 秀英区 Xiùyīng Qū 460105
Longhua District 龙华区 Lónghuá Qū 460106
Qiongshan District 琼山区 Qióngshān Qū 460107
Meilan District 美兰区 Měilán Qū 460108
Sanya city
三亚市
Sānyà Shì
(4602)
Haitang District 海棠区 Hǎitáng Qū 460202
Jiyang District 吉阳区 Jíyáng Qū 460203
Tianya District 天涯区 Tiānyá Qū 460204
Yazhou District 崖州区 Yázhōu Qū 460205
Sansha city[a]
三沙市
Sānshā Shì
(4603)
Xisha District[b] 西沙群岛 Xīshā Qúndǎo 460301
Nansha District[b] 南沙群岛 Nánshā Qúndǎo
Zhongsha District[b] 中沙群岛 Zhōngshā Qúndǎo
Danzhou city
儋州市
Dānzhōu Shì
(4604)
No county-level divisions.
The city government directly administers
17 township-level divisions (17 towns and 6 other township divisions).
For more information see Template:Danzhou.
460401
Directly
administered
(4690)
Wuzhishan city 五指山市 Wǔzhǐshān Shì 469001
Qionghai city 琼海市 Qiónghǎi Shì 469002
Wenchang city 文昌市 Wénchāng Shì 469005
Wanning city 万宁市 Wànníng Shì 469006
Dongfang city 东方市 Dōngfāng Shì 469007
Ding'an County 定安县 Dìng'ān Xiàn 469021
Tunchang County 屯昌县 Túnchāng Xiàn 469022
Chengmai County 澄迈县 Chéngmài Xiàn 469023
Lingao County 临高县 Língāo Xiàn 469024
Baisha County[c] 白沙县 Báishā Xiàn 469025
Changjiang County[d] 昌江县 Chāngjiāng Xiàn 469026
Ledong County[e] 乐东县 Lèdōng Xiàn 469027
Lingshui County[f] 陵水县 Língshuǐ Xiàn 469028
Baoting County[g] 保亭县 Bǎotíng Xiàn 469029
Qiongzhong County[h] 琼中县 Qióngzhōng Xiàn 469030
  1. ^ Sansha city is administered partially by the People's Republic of China. Sansha city is also claimed and administered partially by Taiwan (Republic of China), Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam.
  2. ^ a b c These districts within Sansha are not formal administrative subdivisions recognized by the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
  3. ^ Conventional name: Baisha Li Autonomous County; Chinese: 白沙黎族自治县; pinyin: Báishā Lízú Zìzhìxiàn
  4. ^ Conventional name: Changjiang Li Autonomous County; Chinese: 昌江黎族自治县; pinyin: Chāngjiāng Lízú Zìzhìxiàn
  5. ^ Conventional name: Ledong Li Autonomous County; Chinese: 乐东黎族自治县; pinyin: Lèdōng Lízú Zìzhìxiàn
  6. ^ Conventional name: Lingshui Li Autonomous County; Chinese: 陵水黎族自治县; pinyin: Língshuǐ Lízú Zìzhìxiàn
  7. ^ Conventional name: Baoting Li and Miao Autonomous County; Chinese: 保亭黎族苗族自治县; pinyin: Bǎotíng Lízú Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn
  8. ^ Conventional name: Qiongzhong Li and Miao Autonomous County; Chinese: 琼中黎族苗族自治县; pinyin: Qióngzhōng Lízú Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn

Administrative divisions history[edit]

Recent changes in administrative divisions[edit]

Date Before After Note Reference[2][3]
1988-04-13 parts of Guangdong Province Hainan Province provincial established MoCA Announcement
Haikou (PL-City) city district Haikou (PL-City) city district transferred
Sanya (PL-City) city district Sanya (PL-City) city district transferred
Hainan Administrative Region provincial-controlled dissolved & transferred
↳ Tongshi (CL-City) ↳ Tongshi (CL-City) transferred
↳ Qiongshan County ↳ Qiongshan County transferred
↳ Qionghai County ↳ Qionghai County transferred
↳ Wenchang County ↳ Wenchang County transferred
↳ Wanning County ↳ Wanning County transferred
↳ Tunchang County ↳ Tunchang County transferred
↳ Ding'an County ↳ Ding'an County transferred
↳ Chengmai County ↳ Chengmai County transferred
↳ Lingao County ↳ Lingao County transferred
↳ Dan County ↳ Dan County transferred
↳ Baisha County (Aut.) ↳ Baisha County (Aut.) transferred
↳ Changjiang County (Aut.) ↳ Changjiang County (Aut.) transferred
↳ Ledong County (Aut.) ↳ Ledong County (Aut.) transferred
↳ Lingshui County (Aut.) ↳ Lingshui County (Aut.) transferred
↳ Baoting County (Aut.) ↳ Baoting County (Aut.) transferred
↳ Qiongzhong County (Aut.) ↳ Qiongzhong County (Aut.) transferred
↳ Dongfang County (Aut.) ↳ Dongfang County (Aut.) transferred
Paracels, Spratlys, and Zhongsha Islands
Authority (CL-Administration Office)
Paracels, Spratlys, and Zhongsha Islands
Authority (CL-Administration Office)
transferred
1990-11-15 Haikou (PL-City) city district Zhendong District established
Xinhua District established
Xiuying District established
1992-11-06 Qionghai County Qionghai (CL-City) upgraded Minhan[1992]132
1993-03-03 Danzhou County Danzhou (CL-City) upgraded Minhan[1993]45
1994-01-24 Qiongshan County Qiongshan (CL-City) upgraded Minhan[1994]26
1995-11-07 Wenchang County Wenchang (CL-City) upgraded Minhan[1995]77
1996-08-05 Wanning County Wanning (CL-City) upgraded Minhan[1996]53
1997-04-22 Dongfang County (Aut.) Dongfang (CL-City) upgraded Minhan[1997]4
2001-07-05 Tongshen (CL-City) Wuzhishan (CL-City) renamed Minhan[2001]170
2002-10-16 Qiongshan (CL-City) Qiongshan District upgraded Guohan[2002]92
Zhendong District Meilan District renamed
Xinhua District Longhua District renamed
2012-06-21 provincial-controlled Sansha (PL-City) city district established Guohan[2012]51
Paracels, Spratlys, and Zhongsha Islands
Authority (CL-Administration Office)
2014-01-25 Sanya (PL-City) city district Jiyang District established Guohan[2014]14
Tianya District established
Haitang District established
Yazhou District established
2015-02-19 provincial-controlled Danzhou (PL-City) city district established Guohan[2015]41
↳ Danzhou (CL-City)

Population composition[edit]

Prefectures[edit]

Prefecture 2010 2000
Haikou 2,046,189 1,508,341
Sanya 685,408 482,296
Sansha not established not established
Danzhou 932,362

Counties[edit]

Name Prefecture 2010
Xiuying Haikou 349,544
Longhua Haikou 593,018
Qiongshan Haikou 479,960
Meilan Haikou 623,667
Jiyang Sanya not established
Fenghuang Sanya not established
Haitang Sanya not established
Yazhou Sanya not established
Wuzhishan Directly administered 104,122
Qionghai Directly administered 483,217
Wenchang Directly administered 537,428
Wanning Directly administered 545,597
Dongfang Directly administered 408309
Ding'an Directly administered 284,616
Tunchang Directly administered 256,931
Chengmai Directly administered 467,161
Lingao Directly administered 427,873
Baisha Directly administered 167,918
Changjiang Directly administered 223,839
Ledong Directly administered 458,876
Lingshui Directly administered 32,046
Baoting Directly administered 146,684
Qiongzhong Directly administered 174,076
Yangpu Directly administered 37,000
XNZIA (dissolved) Directly administered 444

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2012国家统计局统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived 2013-07-27 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ 中华人民共和国行政区划沿革 (1949-2006). www.gov.cn. Government of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ 县级以上行政区划变更情况 (1999-present). www.mca.gov.cn. Ministry of Civial Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 11 January 2016.