List of administrative divisions of Shanghai

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Municipality of Shanghai
Municipality
Seat: Huangpu District
Prefectural level divisions
Sub-provincial new areas 1
County level divisions
Districts 15
Township level divisions
Towns 106
Townships 12
Subdistricts 99

Shanghai is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of People's Republic of China, and is further divided into 16 districts. There is no single downtown district in Shanghai as the urban core is scattered across several districts, although Huangpu is generally considered the center of Shanghai. Today's Huangpu is the result of the mergers of three old districts: the original Huangpu District merged with Nanshi District in 2000, and in 2011 Luwan District also merged into Huangpu. Huangpu is now the location of the city hall, The Bund, and shopping areas including the famous Nanjing Road, Huaihai Road, and Xintiandi. Across the Huangpu River, Pudong includes Lujiazui, the financial center of Shanghai as well as China, and has been undergoing rapid development since its formation in 1992. In April 2009 Nanhui District was merged into Pudong.[1] Other prominent business and shopping areas include Xujiahui in Xuhui District, Jing'an Temple in Jing'an District, Hongqiao in Changning District, Wujiaochang in Yangpu District, and North Sichuan Road in Hongkou District. Many universities in Shanghai are located in Yangpu, Minhang, and Songjiang Districts.

Eight of the districts are situated in Puxi (literally Huangpu West), or the older part of urban Shanghai on the west bank of the Huangpu River. These eight districts are collectively referred to as downtown Shanghai (上海市区) or the city centre (市中心).

Chongming, Changxing, Hengsha, and Yuansha Islands at the mouth of the Yangtze River are governed by Chongming District.

Administrative divisions[edit]

All of these administrative divisions are explained in greater detail at Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China. This chart lists only county-level divisions of Shanghai.

County Level
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Division code[2] Area (km²)[3] Population (2010 census)[4] Density (/km²)
   Huangpu District[5]
(City seat)
黄浦区 Huángpǔ Qū 310101 20.46 678,670 33,171
   Xuhui District 徐汇区 Xúhuì Qū 310104 54.76 1,085,130 19,816
   Changning District 长宁区 Chángníng Qū 310105 38.30 690,571 18,031
   Jing'an District 静安区 Jìng'ān Qū 310106 36.88 1,077,264 29,209
   Putuo District 普陀区 Pǔtuó Qū 310107 54.83 1,288,881 23,507
   Hongkou District 虹口区 Hóngkǒu Qū 310109 23.48 852,476 36,306
   Yangpu District 杨浦区 Yángpǔ Qū 310110 60.73 1,313,222 21,624
   Minhang District 闵行区 Mǐnháng Qū 310112 370.75 2,429,372 6,553
   Baoshan District 宝山区 Bǎoshān Qū 310113 270.99 1,904,886 7,029
   Jiading District 嘉定区 Jiādìng Qū 310114 464.20 1,471,231 3,169
   Pudong New Area
(Sub-provincial)
浦东新区 Pǔdōng Xīn Qū 310115 1,210.41 5,044,430 4,168
   Jinshan District 金山区 Jīnshān Qū 310116 586.05 732,410 1,250
   Songjiang District 松江区 Sōngjiāng Qū 310117 605.64 1,582,398 2,613
   Qingpu District 青浦区 Qīngpǔ Qū 310118 670.14 1,081,022 1,613
   Fengxian District 奉贤区 Fèngxián Qū 310120 687.39 1,083,463 1,576
   Chongming District 崇明区 Chóngmíng Qū 310151 1,185.49 703,722 594

Further divisions[edit]

As of 2009, these administrative divisions are further divided into the following 210 township-level divisions: 109 towns, 2 townships, 99 subdistricts. Those are in turn divided into the following village-level divisions: 3,640 neighborhood committees and 1,722 village committees.[6]

Recent changes in administrative divisions[edit]

Date Before After Note Reference[7][8]
1980-10-30 parts of Baoshan County Wusong District established
1981-02-22 parts of Xuhui District Minhang District established
parts of Shanghai County established
1988-01-12 Baoshan County Baoshan District upgraded
Wusong District merged into
1992-09-26 Shanghai County Minhang District merged into Guohan[1992]130
1992-10-11 Chuansha County Pudong New Area upgraded Guohan[1992]145
Jiading County Jiading District upgraded Guohan[1992]147
1997-04-29 Jinshan County Jinshan District upgraded Guohan[1997]29
1998-04-29 Songjiang County Songjiang District upgraded Guohan[1998]16
1999-09-16 Qingpu County Qingpu District upgraded Guohan[1999]113
2000-06-13 Nanshi District Huangpu District merged into
2001-01-09 Fengxian County Fengxian District upgraded Guohan[2001]2
Nanhui County Nanhui District upgraded Guohan[2001]3
2009-04-24 Nanhui District Pudong New Area merged into Guohan[2009]52
2011-05-20 Luwan District Huangpu District merged into Guohan[2011]59
2015-10-13 Zhabei District Jing'an District merged into Guohan[2015]183
2016-06-08 Chongming County Chongming District upgraded Guohan[2016]78

Historical divisions[edit]

ROC (1911-1949)[edit]

County / City Present division
Shanghai City
上海市
Huangpu, Xuhui, Changning,
Jing'an, Putuo, Hongkou,
Yangpu
Shanghai County, Jiangsu
上海縣
Minhang
Songjiang County, Jiangsu
松江縣
Songjiang
Nanhui County, Jiangsu
南匯縣
Pudong
Qingpu County, Jiangsu
青浦縣
Qingpu
Fengxian County, Jiangsu
奉賢縣
Fengxian
Jinshan County, Jiangsu
金山縣
Jinshan
Chuansha County, Jiangsu
川沙縣
Pudong
Jiading County, Jiangsu
嘉定縣
Jiading
Baoshan County, Jiangsu
寶山縣
Baoshan
Chongming County, Jiangsu
崇明縣
Chongming

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chinese Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2010
  2. ^ 最新县及县以上行政区划代码(截止2014年10月31日)
  3. ^ Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2010 - Land Area
  4. ^ Chinese Shanghai 2010 Census Data Shanghai Statistics Bureau
  5. ^ Huangpu District's area and population are the sums of Huangpu and Luwan districts in sources, as the two merged in 2011.
  6. ^ Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2010 - Administrative Division
  7. ^ "中华人民共和国行政区划沿革 (1949-2006)". www.gov.cn. Government of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  8. ^ "县级以上行政区划变更情况 (1999-present)". www.mca.gov.cn. Ministry of Civial Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 11 January 2016.