List of adoption dates of the Gregorian calendar per country

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This is a list of adoption dates of the Gregorian calendar per country. For explanation, see the article about the Gregorian calendar.

If not stated otherwise, it concerns the transition from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar by the civil authorities. In religious sources it could be that the Julian calendar was used for a longer period of time, in particular on the Protestant and Eastern Orthodox side. The historic area does not necessarily match the present-day area or country. The column 'present country' only provides a logic search entry. With a few exceptions, the former colonies of European powers are not shown separately.

List[edit]

Fl. Present country Historic area After (O.S.) Follows (N.S.) Particulars Source
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium Flanders 1582-12-14 1582-12-25 edict of Francis, Duke of Anjou followed [1]
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium Liège 1583-02-10 1583-02-21 edict of Philip II of Spain followed [1][2][3]
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium Southern Netherlands 1582-12-20 1582-12-31 or one day later; areas under Spanish rule: Artois, occupied Brabant, occupied Flanders, Hainaut, Limburg, Luxemburg, Namur [2][4][5]
Flag of Canada.svg Canada French colonial empire 1582-12-09 1582-12-20
Flag of Estonia (bordered).svg Estonia Estonia 1918-02-15 1918-03-01
Flag of France.svg France France 1582-12-09 1582-12-20 without Alsace and Lorraine [4][5][6]
Flag of France.svg France Sedan 1582-12-09 1582-12-20 [6]
Flag of Greece.svg Greece Greece 1923-02-15 1923-03-01 except Athos [5]
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland Kingdom of Ireland 1752-09-02 1752-09-14 The 'Calendar (New Style) Act 1750' was passed by the Parliament of Ireland concurrently with its British counterpart. [7]
Flag of Italy.svg Italy 1582-10-04 1582-10-15 [4][5]
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Courland 1617-00-00 1617-00-00 ? [5][8]
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Courland 1796-02-07 1796-01-28 return to the Julian calendar [5][8]
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Courland 1915-05-12 1915-05-25
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Livland 1915-08-22 1917-09-05
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1585-12-21 1586-01-01 [9]
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania Lithuania Governorate 1800-01-12 1800-01-01 return to the Julian calendar
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania Kovno and Vilna Governorates 1915-05-12 1915-05-25 [10]
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania Duchy of Prussia 1612-08-22 1612-09-02 north eastern Ducal Prussia is now part of Lithuania [5][8]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Brabant 1582-12-14 1582-12-25 edict of Francis, Duke of Anjou followed [1][4][11]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Drenthe 1701-04-30 1701-05-12 [4][11]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Frisia 1700-12-31 1701-01-12 [4][11]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Gelderland 1700-06-30 1700-07-12 [4][11]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Groningen (city) 1583-03-01 1583-03-12 edict of Philip II of Spain was: 10 followed by 21 February (proclaimed later) [1][4][12][13]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Groningen (city) 1594-11-19 1594-11-10 return to the Julian calendar [1][12][13]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Groningen (province) 1700-12-31 1701-01-12 Stad and Ommelanden [4][11][12]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Holland 1583-01-01 1583-01-12 edict of Francis, Duke of Anjou followed later on [1][4][11]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Overijssel 1700-11-30 1700-12-12 [4][11]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands States General 1582-12-14 1582-12-25 edict of Francis, Duke of Anjou followed [1][4][11]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Utrecht 1700-11-30 1700-12-12 [4][11]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Zeeland 1582-12-14 1582-12-25 edict of Francis, Duke of Anjou followed [1][4][11]
Flag of Poland (bordered 2).svg Poland Poland 1582-10-04 1582-10-15 local resistance [8]
Flag of Poland (bordered 2).svg Poland Duchy of Prussia 1612-08-22 1612-09-02 southern Ducal Prussia is now part of Poland [5][8]
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal Portuguese Empire 1582-10-04 1582-10-15 [4][5]
Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Russia Duchy of Prussia 1612-08-22 1612-09-02 northern Ducal Prussia is now part of Russia [5][8]
Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Russia Russia 1918-01-31 1918-02-14 [14]
Flag of Spain.svg Spain Spanish Empire 1582-10-04 1582-10-15 [4][5]
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Swedish Empire 1700-02-28 1700-03-01 incl. Finland [6]
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Swedish Empire 1712-02-30 1712-03-01 incl. Finland; return to the Julian calendar [6]
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Sweden 1753-02-17 1753-03-01 incl. Finland [6]
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Switzerland, Protestant parts 1700-12-31 1701-01-12 Basel, Bern, Mulhouse, Sargans, Schaffhausen, Geneva and Zürich [5][6]
Flag of the United Kingdom (3-2 aspect ratio).svg United Kingdom Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland 1752-09-02 1752-09-14 The Calendar (New Style) Act 1750 was passed to ensure alignment with the rest of Europe, but made no reference to Gregory [4][5]
Flag of the United States (3-2 aspect ratio).svg United States of America French colonial empire, Spanish Empire,
British Empire, Russian Empire
1582-12-09, 1752-09-02 1582-12-20, 1752-09-14 Alaska adopted the Gregorian calendar on incorporation into the United States, which preceded adoption by Russia
Fl. Present country Historic area After (O.S.) Follows (N.S.) Particulars Source

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h (in Dutch)Archief voor vaderlandsche, en inzonderheid vriesche geschiedenis, part 2, p.19-26
  2. ^ a b (in Dutch)De Chronologie van de Middeleeuwen en de Moderne tijden in de Nederlanden, door E. I. STRUBBE en L. VOET, 1960 (PDF), p.497
  3. ^ (in Dutch)Geschiedkundige Kring kanunnik Daris Borgloon, Kroniek van Borgloon
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q (in Dutch)Hoe schrijf ik de geschiedenis van mijn gemeente? (PDF), p.94
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m (in German)Über die Abbildung der Zeit durch Kalender (PDF), p.5
  6. ^ a b c d e f The Reform of the Julian Calendar, p.24-25
  7. ^ Calendar (New Style) Act, 1750, Ireland
  8. ^ a b c d e f (in German)F.K. GINZEL: Handbuch...Das Zeitrechnungswesen der Völker Bd 3, p.266,271,295
  9. ^ Arthur Giry, „Zur gregorianische Kalendarreform in Polen“, in: Mittheilungen des Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, vol. VI, 1885, pp. 626seqq.
  10. ^ Cf. 5th ordinance of 21 May 1915, in: Verordnungsblatt der Deutschen Verwaltung für Litauen, Tilsit: Lituania, 1915.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j (in Dutch)hoofdstuk 4. het archiveringssysteem van de staten-generaal (PDF), p.280
  12. ^ a b c (in Dutch)Universiteit van het Noorden: vier eeuwen academisch leven in Groningen, part 1, p.56
  13. ^ a b (in Dutch)note 3: Dr. J. Smit, article "De invoering van de Gregoriaansche tijdrekening in de Noordelijke Nederlanden" in "Bijdragen voor Vaderlandsche Geschiedenis en Oudheidkunde", VI series, part VIII, 1929
  14. ^ History of calendar in Russia and the USSR (in Russian)