List of airborne wind energy organizations

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This is a list of airborne wind energy or kite-energy organizations that are advancing airborne wind energy systems (AWES). There were over 40 organizations implied around the world in 2011,[1] but this number is increasing to over 100 in 2013.

Categories of kite-energy or airborne-wind-energy organizations that are forming the nascent industry: education, academic, non-profit, for-profit, communication, research, original kite-energy equipment manufacturer, kite-line manufacturer, industry-wide association, history, testing, forum entity, library, cooperative, consortium, group, club, school, training school.[2]

Generation by kite-energy systems may involve pumping, electricity generators flown in the upper flying system (flygen), electric generators situated on the land or sea or on board a vessel (groundgen), simple lifting of objects (lifting), pulling hulls or other objects (traction), or transportation; systems generate energy to do special tasks. Systems may be scaled from tiny to utility size.


Name Location Start year Type Generation Comment
Scuola Sant'Anna[3] Pisa, Italy 2013 Research Lab Flygen Investigates Dual Drone Systems
Airborne Wind Energy Labs[4] Texas, USA 2013 Research Lab Groundgen Provides calculations of cost per kWh
Altaeros Energies[5] Massachusetts, USA 2010 Research and OEM Flygen MIT and Harvard graduates
AWEIA[6] Worldwide 2009 Association All types Nation chapters
NTS GmbH[7][8] Germany 2006 Company Groundgen X-Wind technology by Uwe Ahrens
TU Delft[9][10] Delft, The Netherlands 1999 Research group Groundgen Wubbo Ockels ✝ , Roland Schmehl
GIPSA-lab[11] Grenoble, France 2011 Research group Groundgen Ahmad Hably
Enerkite[12][13] Brandenburg, Germany 2009 Company Groundgen Alexander Bormann
Energy Kite Systems[14] Los Angeles, California, USA 1968 Research, communication All types Acquired by UpperWindpower
University of Freiburg[15] Germany 2011 Research group Groundgen Moritz Diehl. The SYSCOP Kite Power activities are within the ERC Project HIGHWIND.[15]
SkySails [16][17] Hamburg, Germany 2001 Company Groundgen and hull traction Stephan Wrage, Thomas Meyer
Makani Power[18][19] Alameda, California, USA 2006 Company Flygen Acquired by Google
KiteLab Group[20] Ilwaco, Washington, USA  ? R&D All methods Rapid open source development of kite energy. Flight encampments.
Kitepower Enevate BV[21] Delft, NL 2016 Company Groundgen Mobile 100kW system, H2020 FTI
Ampyx power[22] The Hague, The Netherlands 2008 Company GroundGen European fund for regional development
e-kite[23] The Netherlands 2013 Company GroundGen 50 kW prototype
KiteGen[24][25][26][27] Torino, Italy 2003 Private Research- industrial Company GroundGen; Carousel GW scale 3MW preseries; 130sqm composite wings, first mover; full patents coverage (3000 worldwide); freedom to operate;
TwingTec[28] Switzerland 2013 Company GroundGen Using tensairity
Windswept and Interesting Limited[29] United Kingdom 2014 Company GroundGen FlyGen and Lift Structures Using Daisy


  1. ^ "KitePower - Context - Airborne Wind Energy". Kitepower. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  2. ^ AWE and Kite Energy Industry List by UpperWindpower
  3. ^ "Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna". Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna. Retrieved 2017-05-17. 
  4. ^ "Airborne Wind Energy Labs". Airborne Wind Energy Labs. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  5. ^ "Altaeros Energies". Altaeros Energies. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  6. ^ "AWEIA - About us". Airborne Wind Energy Industry Association. Retrieved 2013-10-02. [non-primary source needed]
  7. ^ "News". Nature Technology Systems. 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  8. ^ "Startup: Berliner wollen guenstigsten Windstrom der Welt erzeugen/". Wirtschaftswoche. 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  9. ^ "KitePower - KitePower". Kitepower. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  10. ^ "Delft explores kite power for rural Africa". Gizmag. Retrieved 2013-10-21. 
  11. ^ "Génération d'électricité par voile de traction qui exploite les vents de hautes altitudes". gipsa-lab. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  12. ^ "Airborne Wind Energy". EnerKite. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  13. ^ "Virging Flight of a Mobile Airborne Wind Power Plant". Haute Innovation. 2012. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  14. ^ "Energy Kite systems". Kite Information and Technology Exchange Society of America (KITESA). Retrieved 2016-11-10. "kPower, LLC". 
  15. ^ a b "Simulation, Optimization and Control of High-Altitude Wind Power Generators". ERC Highwind. Retrieved 2016-12-14. 
  16. ^ "SkySails GmbH - Home". SkySails GmbH. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  17. ^ Fritz, Falko (2013). Ahrens, Uwe; Diehl, Moritz; Roland, Schmehl, eds. Application of an Automated Kite System for Ship Propulsion and Power Generation. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 359–372. ISBN 978-3-642-39964-0. 
  18. ^ "Airborne Wind Energy". Makani - Google. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  19. ^ "Google X acquires kite-power startup Makani". cnet. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  20. ^ "KiteLab Group". Dave Santos. Retrieved 2013-10-02. [non-primary source needed]
  21. ^ "Kitepower". Johannes Peschel. Retrieved 2016-11-29. [non-primary source needed]
  22. ^ "Ampyx power a rising star in airborne wind power". Connect green. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  23. ^ "Wind energy takes a flight". e-kite. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  24. ^ "KiteGen Company site". KiteGen. Retrieved 2007-07-05. 
  25. ^ "high-altitude-wind-power-reviewed". EuanMearns. Retrieved 2016-06-05. 
  26. ^ "Kites global energy". Mashable. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  27. ^ "KiteGen looks to get wind-power off the ground". Gizmag. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  28. ^ "TwingTec aims to harvest wind power using kites". Gizmag. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  29. ^ "Windswept and Interesting Limited Open Source AWE Hardware". windswept and interesting ltd. Retrieved 2014-10-07.