List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy

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Aircraft carriers are warships that act as airbases for carrier-based aircraft. In the United States Navy, these consist of ships commissioned with hull classification symbols CV (aircraft carrier), CVA (attack aircraft carrier), CVB (large aircraft carrier), CVL (light aircraft carrier), CVN (aircraft carrier (nuclear propulsion)) and CVAN (attack aircraft carrier (nuclear propulsion)). Ships commissioned with hull classification symbols CVA-58 or higher are additionally classified as supercarriers. The United States Navy has also used escort aircraft carriers and airship aircraft carriers.

The first aircraft carrier commissioned into the United States Navy was the USS Langley (CV-1) on 20 March 1922. The Langley was a converted Proteus-class collier (originally commissioned as the USS Jupiter (AC-3),[1] Langley was soon followed by the Lexington-class, the Ranger-class (the first purpose-built carriers in the American fleet), the Yorktown-class, and the Wasp-class.[2] These classes made up the entirety of the United States carrier fleet active prior to and during the First World War.[3]

With World War II looming, two more classes of carriers were commissioned under President Franklin Roosevelt‍, the Essex-class and the Independence-class.[4] Between these two classes, 35 ships were created.[5] During this time, the Navy also purchased two training vessels, the USS Wolverine and the USS Sable.[6][7]

The Cold War led to multiple developments in the United States' carrier fleet, starting with the addition of the Midway-class and the Saipan-class.[8] One more class in the start of the Cold War, the United States-class, was canceled due to the Revolt of the Admirals.[9] Later in the Cold War era, the first of the classes dubbed "supercarriers" was born in the Forrestal-class,[10] with the Kitty Hawk, Enterprise, and John F. Kennedy classes. Ordered later in this era, the Nimitz-class carriers are the only class that are currently in active-duty service.[11]

A new class of carriers, the Ford-class, has been ordered by the Navy. As of now, one ship (the PCU Gerald R. Ford) has been completed, construction has started on one ship (the USS John F. Kennedy), and one ship has been planned (the PCU Enterprise).[12][13]

List[edit]

#[14] Name[14] Image Commissioned[2] Decommissioned[2] Class Status[2] Refs.
CV-1 Langley USS Langley 43-1193M.jpg March 20, 1922 February 27, 1942 Langley-class, lead ship Sunk 65 nm south of Cilacap, Java [15][16][17]
CV-2 Lexington USS Lexington.jpg December 14, 1927 May 8, 1942 Lexington-class, lead ship Sunk in the Battle of the Coral Sea [17][18]
CV-3 Saratoga Uss saratoga cv3.jpg November 16, 1927 July 26, 1946 Lexington-class Sunk in Operation Crossroads as a nuclear test target [17][19]
CV-4 Ranger USS Ranger CV-4.jpg June 4, 1934 October 18, 1946 Ranger-class, lead ship Scrapped in 1947 [20]
CV-5 Yorktown USS Yorktown (CV-5) Jul1937.jpg September 30, 1937 June 7, 1942 Yorktown-class, lead ship Sunk in the Battle of Midway [21]
CV-6 Enterprise USS Enterprise (CV-6) in Puget Sound, September 1945.jpg May 12, 1938 February 17, 1947 Yorktown-class Scrapped in 1960
CV-7 Wasp USS Wasp (CV-7).jpg April 25, 1940 September 15, 1942 Wasp-class, lead ship Sunk during the Guadalcanal campaign
CV-8 Hornet USS Hornet (CV-8).jpg October 20, 1941 October 26, 1942 Yorktown-class Sunk in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
CV-9 Essex USS Essex Trial 1 February, 1943.jpg December 31, 1942 June 20, 1969 Essex-class, lead ship Scrapped in 1975 [22]
CV-10 Yorktown CVS-10 Yorktown.jpg April 15, 1943 June 27, 1970 Essex-class Preserved at the Patriot's Point Naval & Maritime MuseumMount Pleasant, South Carolina, USA [23]
CV-11 Intrepid USS Intrepid 1944;021125.jpg August 16, 1943 March 15, 1974 Essex-class Preserved at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space MuseumNew York, New York, USA [24]
CV-12 Hornet Uss hornet cvs-12.jpg November 20, 1943 May 26, 1970 Essex-class Preserved at USS Hornet MuseumAlameda, California, USA [25]
CV-13  Franklin USS Franklin (CV-13)-Tarn.jpg January 31, 1944 February 17, 1947 Essex-class Scrapped in 1966 [26]
CV-14 Ticonderoga Uss ticonderoga cva-14.jpg May 8, 1944 September 1, 1973 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1975 [27]
CV-15 Randolph USS Randolph.jpg October 9, 1944 February 13, 1969 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1975 [28]
CV-16 Lexington USS Lexington (CVS-16) underway in the 1960s.JPEG February 17, 1942 November 8, 1991 Essex-class Preserved at USS Lexington Museum On the BayCorpus Christi, Texas, USA
CV-17 Bunker Hill USS Bunker Hill (CV-17).jpg May 25, 1943 July 9, 1947 Essex-class Scrapped in 1973
CV-18 Wasp Uss wasp cvs-18.jpg November 24, 1943 July 1, 1972 Essex-class Scrapped in 1973 [29]
CV-19 Hancock USS Hancock (CVA-19) off Pearl Harbor 1968.jpg April 15, 1944 January 30, 1976 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1976 [30]
CV-20 Bennington Uss bennington cvs-20.jpg August 6, 1944 January 15, 1970 Essex-class Scrapped in 1994 [31]
CV-21 Boxer USS Boxer HN-SN-98-07246.jpg April 16, 1945 December 1, 1969 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1971
CVL-22 Independence USS Independence CVL-22.jpg January 14, 1943 August 28, 1946 Independence-class light carrier, lead ship Scuttled in 1951
CVL-23 Princeton USS Princeton (CVL-23).jpg February 25, 1943 October 24, 1944 Independence-class Sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf
CVL-24 Belleau Wood Uss belleau wood cvl-24.jpg March 31, 1943 January 13, 1947 Independence-class Scrapped in 1960
CVL-25 Cowpens USS Cowpens.jpg May 28, 1943 January 13, 1947 Independence-class Scrapped in 1960
CVL-26 Monterey USS Monterey (CVL-26) in Gulf of Mexico.jpg June 17, 1943 January 16, 1956 Independence-class Scrapped in 1971
CVL-27 Langley USS Langley CVL-27.jpg August 31, 1943 February 11, 1947 Independence-class Scrapped in 1964
CVL-28 Cabot USS Cabot (CVL-28).jpg July 24, 1943 January 21, 1955 Independence-class Scrapped in 2002
CVL-29 Bataan USS Bataan.jpg November 17, 1943 April 9, 1954 Independence-class Scrapped in 1961 [32]
CVL-30 San Jacinto USS San Jacinto (CVL-30).jpg December 15, 1943 March 1, 1947 Independence-class Scrapped 1972
CV-31 Bon Homme Richard USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) underway c1956.jpg November 26, 1944 July 2, 1971 Essex-class Scrapped in 1992 [33]
CV-32 Leyte USS Leyte (CV-32) with F9Fs.jpg April 11, 1946 May 15, 1959 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1970
CV-33 Kearsarge Mercury On Deck - GPN-2000-001403.jpg May 2, 1946 January 15, 1970 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1974 [34]
CV-34 Oriskany USS Oriskany (CVA-34) near Midway Atoll 1967.jpeg September 25, 1950 September 20, 1979 Essex-class (extended bow) Scuttled as an artificial reef in the Gulf of Mexico in 2006
CV-36 Antietam USS Antietam.jpg January 28, 1945 May 8, 1963 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1974 [35]
CV-37 Princeton Uss princeton lph-5.jpg November 18, 1945 January 30, 1970 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1971
CV-38 Shangri-la USS Shangri-La (CV-38) underway in the pacific, 1946.jpg September 15, 1944 July 30, 1971 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1988 [36]
CV-39 Lake Champlain Uss lake champlain cvs-39.jpg July 3, 1945 May 2, 1966 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1972
CV-40 Tarawa USS Tarawa.jpg December 8, 1945 May 13, 1960 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1968
CVB-41 Midway USS Midway;024105.jpg September 10, 1945 April 11, 1992 Midway-class, lead ship Preserved at the USS Midway MuseumSan Diego, California, USA [37]
CVB-42 Franklin D. Roosevelt USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42) Sep 1967.jpeg October 27, 1945 October 1, 1977 Midway-class Scrapped in 1978 [38]
CVB-43 Coral Sea USS Coral Sea.jpg October 1, 1947 April 26, 1990 Midway-class Scrapped in 2000 [39]
CV-45 Valley Forge Uss valley forge lph-8.jpg November 3, 1946 January 15, 1970 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1971
CV-47 Philippine Sea USS Philippine Sea.jpg May 11, 1946 December 28, 1958 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1971
CVL-48 Saipan USS Saipan CVL-48 1956.jpg July 14, 1946 January 14, 1970 Saipan-class, lead ship Scrapped in 1976
CVL-49 Wright USSWrightCVL-49.jpg February 9, 1947 March 15, 1956 Saipan-class Scrapped in 1980
CV-59 Forrestal USS Forrestal-600px.jpg October 1, 1955 September 30, 1993 Forrestal-class supercarrier, lead ship Scrapped
CV-60 Saratoga USS Saratoga (CV-60) underway port side aerial.jpg April 14, 1956 August 20, 1994 Forrestal-class supercarrier Sold for scrapping [40]
CV-61 Ranger Uss ranger cv-61.jpg August 10, 1957 July 10, 1993 Forrestal-class supercarrier Sold for scrapping [41]
CV-62 Independence Uss independence cv-62.jpg January 10, 1959 September 30, 1998 Forrestal-class supercarrier To be sold for scrapping [42]
CV-63 Kitty Hawk USS Kitty Hawk CV-63.jpg April 29, 1961 May 12, 2009 Kitty Hawk–class supercarrier, lead ship In reserve [43]
CV-64 Constellation USS Constellation CV-64.jpg October 27, 1961 August 7, 2003 Kitty Hawk–class supercarrier To be disposed of [44]
CVN-65 Enterprise USS Enterprise (CVN-65).jpg November 25, 1961
Enterprise-class supercarrier, lead ship Inactive and listed as unfit for service [45]
CV-66 America USS America CVA-66.jpg January 23, 1965 August 9, 1996 Kitty Hawk–class supercarrier Scuttled in 2005 [46]
CV-67 John F. Kennedy Uss john f kennedy cv-67.jpg September 7, 1968 March 23, 2007 Kennedy-class supercarrier, lead ship On hold for donation [47]
CVN-68 in active service Nimitz USS Nimitz (CVN-68).jpg May 3, 1975
Nimitz-class supercarrier, lead ship Stationed at Naval Station Everett, Everett, Washington [48]
CVN-69 in active service Dwight D. Eisenhower Uss Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69).jpg October 18, 1977
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [49]
CVN-70 in active service Carl Vinson USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) underway in the Pacific Ocean on 31 May 2015.JPG March 13, 1975
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California [50]
CVN-71 in active service Theodore Roosevelt USS Theodore Roosevelt at sea.jpg October 25, 1986
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [51]
CVN-72 in active service Abraham Lincoln USS Abraham Lincoln(CVN 72).jpg November 11, 1989
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [52]
CVN-73 in active service George Washington USS George Washington (CVN-73) 001.jpg July 4, 1992
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Yokosuka Naval Base, Yokosuka, Japan [53]
CVN-74 in active service John C. Stennis USS John C. Stennis, 2007May11.jpg December 9, 1995
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Base Kitsap, Bremerton, Washington [54]
CVN-75 in active service Harry S. Truman US Navy 030117-N-9851B-027 The Military Sealift Command ship USNS Spica (T-AFS 9).jpg July 25, 1998
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [55]
CVN-76 in active service Ronald Reagan USSRONALDREAGANgoodshot.jpg July 12, 2003
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California [56]
CVN-77 in active service George H.W. Bush US Navy 110129-N-3885H-158 USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77) is underway in the Atlantic Ocean.jpg January 10, 2009
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [57]
CVN-78 Gerald R. Ford USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) on the James River in 2013.JPG 2016
Ford-class supercarrier, lead ship Floated in dry dock 2013; Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia [58][59]
CVN-79under construction John F. Kennedy CVN-78 Artist Image.jpg ~2020
Ford-class supercarrier First steel cut; Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia [58][60]
CVN-80° Enterprise[13] USS Enterprise (CVN-80) artist depiction.jpg ~2025
Ford-class supercarrier Planned; Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia [58][61]
Keys
  •   (†) ships currently in active service
  •   (‡) ships currently under construction
  •   (°) ships currently planned

Training ships[edit]

USS Sable

During World War II, the United States Navy purchased two Great Lakes side-wheel paddle steamers and converted them into freshwater aircraft carrier training ships. Both vessels were designated with the hull classification symbol IX (Unclassified Miscellaneous) and lacked hangar decks, elevators or armaments. The role of these ships was for the training of pilots for carrier take-offs and landings.[62] Together the Sable and Wolverine trained 17,820 pilots in 116,000 carrier landings. Of these, 51,000 landings were on Sable.[63]

# Name Commissioned Decommissioned Class Status
IX-64 Wolverine 1942 November 7, 1945 Training ship Scrapped 1947
IX-81 Sable 1943 November 7, 1945 Training ship Scrapped 1948

Aircraft-carrier museums[edit]

See: U.S. Navy Museum#Aircraft-carrier museums

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USS Langley (CV-1 & AV-3)". www.history.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d Petty, Dan. "The US Navy Aircraft Carriers". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  3. ^ "World War I Centenary: Aircraft Carriers". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  4. ^ "Aircraft Carriers in World War II - Engineering and Technology History Wiki". ethw.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  5. ^ Pike, John. "CV-9 ESSEX Class". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  6. ^ "Western New York Heritage Press". wnyheritagepress.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  7. ^ Pike, John. "IX-64 Wolverine". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  8. ^ "CV-41 MIDWAY class - Navy Ships". fas.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  9. ^ Pike, John. "CVA 58 United States". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  10. ^ "CV-59 FORRESTAL class - Navy Ships". fas.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  11. ^ Petty, Dan. "The US Navy -- Fact File: Aircraft Carriers - CVN". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  12. ^ O'Rourke, Ronald (12 June 2015). "Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "USS Enterprise: Past Present And Future". The Official US Navy Blog. US Navy. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "USN Aircraft Carriers Throughout History". Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  15. ^ Kaplan, Phillip (2013). Naval Air: Celebrating a Century of Naval Flying. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-78159-241-0. 
  16. ^ Roscoe, Theodore (1953). United States Destroyer Operations In World War II. Annapolis: United States Naval Academy. ISBN 0-87021-726-7. 
  17. ^ a b c "Board for selling doomed warships". The New York Times. 1922-05-03. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  18. ^ "NH 61245". www.history.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  19. ^ Australia, The. "From Hermes To Saratoga - Diving two aircraft carriers within two months - The Scuba Doctor". The Scuba Doctor. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  20. ^ "USS Ranger (CV-4) - History, Specs and Pictures - Navy Ships". Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  21. ^ "USS Yorktown (CV 5)". United States Navy. 11 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  22. ^ "Essex". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  23. ^ "Yorktown". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  24. ^ "Intrepid". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  25. ^ "Hornet". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  26. ^ "Franklin". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  27. ^ "Ticonderoga". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  28. ^ "Randolph". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  29. ^ "Wasp". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  30. ^ "Hancock". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  31. ^ "Bennington". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  32. ^ "USS Bataan (CVL-29)". United States Navy. 12 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  33. ^ "Bon Homme Richard". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  34. ^ "Kearsarge". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  35. ^ "Antietam". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  36. ^ "Shangri-la". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  37. ^ "Midway". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  38. ^ "Franklin D. Roosevelt". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  39. ^ "Coral Sea". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  40. ^ "Saratoga". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  41. ^ "Ranger". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  42. ^ "Independence". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  43. ^ "Kitty Hawk". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  44. ^ "Constellation". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  45. ^ "Enterprise". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  46. ^ "America". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  47. ^ "John F. Kennedy". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  48. ^ "Nimitz". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  49. ^ "Dwight D. Eisenhower". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  50. ^ "Carl Vinson". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  51. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  52. ^ "Abraham Lincoln". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  53. ^ "George Washington". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  54. ^ "John C. Stennis". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  55. ^ "Harry S. Truman". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  56. ^ "Ronald Reagan". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  57. ^ "George H.W. Bush". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  58. ^ a b c Ronald O'Rourke (26 July 2012). "Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  59. ^ "Gerald R. Ford". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  60. ^ "John F. Kennedy". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  61. ^ "Enterprise". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  62. ^ "IX-64 Wolverine". Global Securtiy.org. Retrieved 19 July 2009. 
  63. ^ "The Greater Buffalo & The U.S.S. Sable". WNY Heritage Press. 2005. Retrieved 19 July 2009. 

External links[edit]