List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy

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Aircraft carriers are warships that act as airbases for carrier-based aircraft. In the United States Navy, these consist of ships commissioned with hull classification symbols CV (aircraft carrier), CVA (attack aircraft carrier), CVB (large aircraft carrier), CVL (light aircraft carrier), CVN (aircraft carrier (nuclear propulsion)) and CVAN (attack aircraft carrier (nuclear propulsion)). Ships commissioned with hull classification symbols CVA-58 or higher are additionally classified as supercarriers. The United States Navy has also used escort aircraft carriers and airship aircraft carriers.

The first aircraft carrier commissioned into the United States Navy was the USS Langley (CV-1) on 20 March 1922. The Langley was a converted Proteus-class collier (originally commissioned as the USS Jupiter (AC-3),[1] Langley was soon followed by the Lexington-class, the Ranger-class (the first purpose-built carriers in the American fleet), the Yorktown-class, and the Wasp-class.[2] These classes made up the entirety of the United States carrier fleet active prior to and during the Second World War.[3]

With World War II looming, two more classes of carriers were commissioned under President Franklin Roosevelt‍, the Essex-class and the Independence-class.[4] Between these two classes, 35 ships were created.[5] During this time, the Navy also purchased two training vessels, the USS Wolverine and the USS Sable.[6][7]

The Cold War led to multiple developments in the United States' carrier fleet, starting with the addition of the Midway-class and the Saipan-class.[8] One more class in the start of the Cold War, the United States-class, was canceled due to the Revolt of the Admirals.[9] Later in the Cold War era, the first of the classes dubbed "supercarriers" was born in the Forrestal-class,[10] with the Kitty Hawk, Enterprise, and John F. Kennedy classes. Ordered later in this era, the Nimitz-class carriers are the only class that are currently in active-duty service.[11]

A new class of carriers, the Ford-class, has been ordered by the Navy. As of now, one ship (the PCU Gerald R. Ford) has been completed, construction has started on one ship (the USS John F. Kennedy), and one ship has been planned (the PCU Enterprise).[12][13]

List[edit]

#[14] Name[14] Image Commissioned[2] Decommissioned[2] Class Status[2] Refs.
CV-1 Langley USS Langley 43-1193M.jpg 20 March 1922 27 February 1942 Langley-class, lead ship Scuttled and Sunk 65 nm south of Cilacap, Java [15][16][17]
CV-2 Lexington USS Lexington.jpg 14 December 1927 8 May 1942 Lexington-class, lead ship Sunk in the Battle of the Coral Sea [17][18]
CV-3 Saratoga Uss saratoga cv3.jpg 16 November 1927 26 July 1946 Lexington-class Sunk in Operation Crossroads as a nuclear test target near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean [17][19]
CV-4 Ranger USS Ranger CV-4.jpg 4 June 1934 18 October 1946 Ranger-class, lead ship Scrapped in 1947 in Chester, Pennsylvania [20]
CV-5 Yorktown USS Yorktown (CV-5) Jul1937.jpg 30 September 1937 7 June 1942 Yorktown-class, lead ship Sunk in the Battle of Midway [21]
CV-6 Enterprise USS Enterprise (CV-6) in Puget Sound, September 1945.jpg 12 May 1938 17 February 1947 Yorktown-class Scrapped in 1960 [22]
CV-7 Wasp USS Wasp (CV-7).jpg 25 April 1940 15 September 1942 Wasp-class, lead ship Sunk during the Guadalcanal campaign [23]
CV-8 Hornet USS Hornet (CV-8).jpg 20 October 1941 26 October 1942 Yorktown-class Sunk in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands [24][25]
CV-9 Essex USS Essex Trial 1 February, 1943.jpg 31 December 1942 20 June 1969 Essex-class, lead ship Scrapped in 1975 [26]
CV-10 Yorktown CVS-10 Yorktown.jpg 15 April 1943 27 June 1970 Essex-class Preserved at the Patriot's Point Naval & Maritime MuseumMount Pleasant, South Carolina, USA [27]
CV-11 Intrepid USS Intrepid 1944;021125.jpg 16 August 1943 15 March 1974 Essex-class Preserved at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space MuseumNew York, New York, USA [28]
CV-12 Hornet Uss hornet cvs-12.jpg 20 November 1943 26 May 1970 Essex-class Preserved at USS Hornet MuseumAlameda, California, USA [29]
CV-13  Franklin USS Franklin (CV-13)-Tarn.jpg 31 January 1944 17 February 1947 Essex-class Scrapped in 1966 [30]
CV-14 Ticonderoga Uss ticonderoga cva-14.jpg 8 May 1944 1 September 1973 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1975 [31]
CV-15 Randolph USS Randolph.jpg 9 October 1944 13 February 1969 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1975 [32]
CV-16 Lexington USS Lexington (CVS-16) underway in the 1960s.JPEG 17 February 1943 8 November 1991 Essex-class Preserved at USS Lexington Museum On the BayCorpus Christi, Texas, USA [33][34]
CV-17 Bunker Hill USS Bunker Hill (CV-17).jpg 25 May 1943 9 July 1947 Essex-class Scrapped in 1973 [35][36][37]
CV-18 Wasp Uss wasp cvs-18.jpg 24 November 1943 1 July 1972 Essex-class Scrapped in 1973 [38]
CV-19 Hancock USS Hancock (CVA-19) off Pearl Harbor 1968.jpg 15 April 1944 30 January 1976 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1976 [39]
CV-20 Bennington Uss bennington cvs-20.jpg 6 August 1944 15 January 1970 Essex-class Scrapped in 1994 [40]
CV-21 Boxer USS Boxer HN-SN-98-07246.jpg 16 April 1945 1 December 1969 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1971 [41][42]
CVL-22 Independence USS Independence CVL-22.jpg 14 January 1943 28 August 1946 Independence-class light carrier, lead ship Scuttled in 1951 [43]
CVL-23 Princeton USS Princeton (CVL-23).jpg 25 February 1943 24 October 1944 Independence-class Sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf [2]
CVL-24 Belleau Wood Uss belleau wood cvl-24.jpg 31 March 1943 13 January 1947 Independence-class Scrapped in 1960 [2]
CVL-25 Cowpens USS Cowpens.jpg 28 May 1943 13 January 1947 Independence-class Scrapped in 1960 [2]
CVL-26 Monterey USS Monterey (CVL-26) in Gulf of Mexico.jpg 17 June 1943 16 January 1956 Independence-class Scrapped in 1971 [2]
CVL-27 Langley USS Langley CVL-27.jpg 31 August 1943 11 February 1947 Independence-class Scrapped in 1964 [2]
CVL-28 Cabot USS Cabot (CVL-28).jpg 24 July 1943 21 January 1955 Independence-class Scrapped in 2002 [2]
CVL-29 Bataan USS Bataan.jpg 17 November 1943 9 April 1954 Independence-class Scrapped in 1961 [44]
CVL-30 San Jacinto USS San Jacinto (CVL-30).jpg 15 December 1943 1 March 1947 Independence-class Scrapped 1972
CV-31 Bon Homme Richard USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) underway c1956.jpg 26 November 1944 2 July 1971 Essex-class Scrapped in 1992 [45]
CV-32 Leyte USS Leyte (CV-32) with F9Fs.jpg 11 April 1946 15 May 1959 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1970
CV-33 Kearsarge Mercury On Deck - GPN-2000-001403.jpg 2 May 1946 15 January 1970 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1974 [46]
CV-34 Oriskany USS Oriskany (CVA-34) near Midway Atoll 1967.jpeg 25 September 1950 20 September 1979 Essex-class (extended bow) Scuttled as an artificial reef in the Gulf of Mexico in 2006
CV-36 Antietam USS Antietam.jpg 28 January 1945 8 May 1963 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1974 [47]
CV-37 Princeton Uss princeton lph-5.jpg 18 November 1945 30 January 1970 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1971
CV-38 Shangri-la USS Shangri-La (CV-38) underway in the pacific, 1946.jpg 15 September 1944 30 July 1971 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1988 [48]
CV-39 Lake Champlain Uss lake champlain cvs-39.jpg 3 July 1945 2 May 1966 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1972
CV-40 Tarawa USS Tarawa.jpg 8 December 1945 13 May 1960 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1968
CVB-41 Midway USS Midway;024105.jpg 10 September 1945 11 April 1992 Midway-class, lead ship Preserved at the USS Midway MuseumSan Diego, California, USA [49]
CVB-42 Franklin D. Roosevelt USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42) Sep 1967.jpeg 27 October 1945 1 October 1977 Midway-class Scrapped in 1978 [50]
CVB-43 Coral Sea USS Coral Sea.jpg 1 October 1947 26 April 1990 Midway-class Scrapped in 2000 [51]
CV-45 Valley Forge Uss valley forge lph-8.jpg 3 November 1946 15 January 1970 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1971
CV-47 Philippine Sea USS Philippine Sea.jpg 11 May 1946 28 December 1958 Essex-class (extended bow) Scrapped in 1971
CVL-48 Saipan USS Saipan CVL-48 1956.jpg 14 July 1946 14 January 1970 Saipan-class, lead ship Scrapped in 1976
CVL-49 Wright USSWrightCVL-49.jpg 9 February 1947 15 March 1956 Saipan-class Scrapped in 1980 [2]
CV-59 Forrestal USS Forrestal-600px.jpg 1 October 1955 30 September 1993 Forrestal-class supercarrier, lead ship Scrapped in 2014 [52][53]

[54]

[55]

CV-60 Saratoga USS Saratoga (CV-60) underway port side aerial.jpg 14 April 1956 20 August 1994 Forrestal-class supercarrier Scrapped in 2015 [56]
CV-61 Ranger Uss ranger cv-61.jpg 10 August 1957 10 July 1993 Forrestal-class supercarrier Sold for scrapping [57]
CV-62 Independence Uss independence cv-62.jpg 10 January 1959 30 September 1998 Forrestal-class supercarrier Sold for scrapping [58]
CV-63 Kitty Hawk USS Kitty Hawk CV-63.jpg 29 April 1961 12 May 2009 Kitty Hawk–class supercarrier, lead ship In reserve [59]
CV-64 Constellation USS Constellation CV-64.jpg 27 October 1961 7 August 2003 Kitty Hawk–class supercarrier Sold for scrapping [60]
CVN-65 Enterprise USS Enterprise (CVN-65).jpg 25 November 1961
Enterprise-class supercarrier, lead ship Inactive and listed as unfit for service [61]
CV-66 America USS America CVA-66.jpg 23 January 1965 9 August 1996 Kitty Hawk–class supercarrier Scuttled in 2005 [62]
CV-67 John F. Kennedy Uss john f kennedy cv-67.jpg 7 September 1968 23 March 2007 Kennedy-class supercarrier, lead ship On hold for donation [63]
CVN-68 in active service Nimitz USS Nimitz (CVN-68).jpg 3 May 1975
Nimitz-class supercarrier, lead ship Stationed at Naval Station Everett, Everett, Washington [64]
CVN-69 in active service Dwight D. Eisenhower Uss Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69).jpg 18 October 1977
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [65]
CVN-70 in active service Carl Vinson USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) underway in the Pacific Ocean on 31 May 2015.JPG 13 March 1982
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California [66]
CVN-71 in active service Theodore Roosevelt USS Theodore Roosevelt at sea.jpg 25 October 1986
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [67]
CVN-72 in active service Abraham Lincoln USS Abraham Lincoln(CVN 72).jpg 11 November 1989
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [68]
CVN-73 in active service George Washington USS George Washington (CVN-73) 001.jpg 4 July 1992
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Yokosuka Naval Base, Yokosuka, Japan [69]
CVN-74 in active service John C. Stennis USS John C. Stennis, 2007May11.jpg 9 December 1995
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Base Kitsap, Bremerton, Washington [70]
CVN-75 in active service Harry S. Truman US Navy 030117-N-9851B-027 The Military Sealift Command ship USNS Spica (T-AFS 9).jpg 25 July 1998
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [71]
CVN-76 in active service Ronald Reagan USSRONALDREAGANgoodshot.jpg 12 July 2003
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California [72]
CVN-77 in active service George H.W. Bush US Navy 110129-N-3885H-158 USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77) is underway in the Atlantic Ocean.jpg 10 January 2009
Nimitz-class supercarrier Stationed at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia [73]
CVN-78 Gerald R. Ford USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) on the James River in 2013.JPG 2016
Ford-class supercarrier, lead ship Floated in dry dock 2013; Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia [74][75]
CVN-79under construction John F. Kennedy CVN-78 Artist Image.jpg ~2020
Ford-class supercarrier Keel laid; Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia [74][76]
CVN-80° Enterprise[13] USS Enterprise (CVN-80) artist depiction.jpg ~2025
Ford-class supercarrier Planned; Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia [74][77]
Keys
  •   (†) ships currently in active service
  •   (‡) ships currently under construction
  •   (°) ships currently planned

Training ships[edit]

During World War II, the United States Navy purchased two Great Lakes side-wheel paddle steamers and converted them into freshwater aircraft carrier training ships. Both vessels were designated with the hull classification symbol IX (Unclassified Miscellaneous) and lacked hangar decks, elevators or armaments. The role of these ships was for the training of pilots for carrier take-offs and landings.[78] Together the Sable and Wolverine trained 17,820 pilots in 116,000 carrier landings. Of these, 51,000 landings were on Sable.[79]

#[14] Name[14] Image Commissioned[2] Decommissioned[2] Class Status[2] Refs.
IX-64 Wolverine USS Wolverine (IX-64) Lake Michigan 1943.jpg 12 August 1942 7 November 1945 N/A
(converted side-wheel steamer)
Scrapped in 1947 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
IX-81 Sable USS Sable (IX-81).jpg 8 May 1943 7 November 1945 N/A
(converted side-wheel steamer)
Scrapped in 1948 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Aircraft-carrier museums[edit]

See: U.S. Navy Museum#Aircraft-carrier museums

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USS Langley (CV-1 & AV-3)". www.history.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Petty, Dan. "The US Navy Aircraft Carriers". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  3. ^ "World War I Centenary: Aircraft Carriers". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  4. ^ "Aircraft Carriers in World War II - Engineering and Technology History Wiki". ethw.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  5. ^ Pike, John. "CV-9 ESSEX Class". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  6. ^ "Western New York Heritage Press". wnyheritagepress.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  7. ^ Pike, John. "IX-64 Wolverine". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  8. ^ "CV-41 MIDWAY class - Navy Ships". fas.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  9. ^ Pike, John. "CVA 58 United States". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  10. ^ "CV-59 FORRESTAL class - Navy Ships". fas.org. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  11. ^ Petty, Dan. "The US Navy -- Fact File: Aircraft Carriers - CVN". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  12. ^ O'Rourke, Ronald (12 June 2015). "Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "USS Enterprise: Past Present And Future". The Official US Navy Blog. US Navy. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d "USN Aircraft Carriers Throughout History". Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  15. ^ Kaplan, Phillip (2013). Naval Air: Celebrating a Century of Naval Flying. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-78159-241-0. 
  16. ^ Roscoe, Theodore (1953). United States Destroyer Operations In World War II. Annapolis: United States Naval Academy. ISBN 0-87021-726-7. 
  17. ^ a b c "Board for selling doomed warships". The New York Times. 1922-05-03. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  18. ^ "NH 61245". www.history.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  19. ^ Australia, The. "From Hermes To Saratoga - Diving two aircraft carriers within two months - The Scuba Doctor". The Scuba Doctor. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  20. ^ "USS Ranger (CV-4) - History, Specs and Pictures - Navy Ships". Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  21. ^ "USS Yorktown (CV 5)". United States Navy. 11 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  22. ^ "Specifications and Armament". www.cv6.org. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  23. ^ "Aircraft Carrier Photo Index: USS WASP (CV-7)". www.navsource.org. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  24. ^ "CV-8 Brief History - WORLD WAR II - Aircraft Carrier USS Hornet Museum". www.uss-hornet.org. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  25. ^ "USS Hornet CV-8". www.its.caltech.edu. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  26. ^ "Essex". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  27. ^ "Yorktown". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  28. ^ "Intrepid". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  29. ^ "Hornet". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  30. ^ "Franklin". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  31. ^ "Ticonderoga". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  32. ^ "Randolph". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  33. ^ "USS Lexington (CV 16)". navysite.de. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  34. ^ "USS Lexington (CV-16) Deployments & History". www.hullnumber.com. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  35. ^ "Bunker Hill I (CV-17)". www.history.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  36. ^ "Aircraft Carrier USS Bunker Hill (CV-17)". Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  37. ^ "Aircraft Carrier Photo Index: USS BUNKER HILL (CV-17)". www.navsource.org. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  38. ^ "Wasp". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  39. ^ "Hancock". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  40. ^ "Bennington". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  41. ^ "USS BOXER (CV-21) Deployments & History". www.hullnumber.com. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  42. ^ "USS Boxer (CV 21)". www.navysite.de. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  43. ^ "Welcome Aboard The USS Independence CVL-22 Official Site". www.cvl-22.com. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  44. ^ "USS Bataan (CVL-29)". United States Navy. 12 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  45. ^ "Bon Homme Richard". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  46. ^ "Kearsarge". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  47. ^ "Antietam". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  48. ^ "Shangri-la". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  49. ^ "Midway". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  50. ^ "Franklin D. Roosevelt". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  51. ^ "Coral Sea". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  52. ^ "USS Forrestal (CV 59)". navysite.de. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  53. ^ Killmeyer. "6 JUNE 1967 - 47 Years Ago - USS FORRESTAL". www.uss-forrestal.com. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  54. ^ USS-FORRESTAL.com. "Brief History of the USS FORRESTAL". www.uss-forrestal.com. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  55. ^ "Aircraft Carrier Photo Index: USS FORRESTAL (CVA-59)". www.navsource.org. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  56. ^ "Saratoga". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  57. ^ "Ranger". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  58. ^ "Independence". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  59. ^ "Kitty Hawk". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  60. ^ "Constellation". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  61. ^ "Enterprise". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  62. ^ "America". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  63. ^ "John F. Kennedy". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  64. ^ "Nimitz". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  65. ^ "Dwight D. Eisenhower". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  66. ^ "Carl Vinson". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  67. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  68. ^ "Abraham Lincoln". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  69. ^ "George Washington". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  70. ^ "John C. Stennis". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  71. ^ "Harry S. Truman". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  72. ^ "Ronald Reagan". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  73. ^ "George H.W. Bush". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  74. ^ a b c Ronald O'Rourke (26 July 2012). "Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  75. ^ "Gerald R. Ford". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  76. ^ "John F. Kennedy". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  77. ^ "Enterprise". www.nvr.navy.mil. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  78. ^ "IX-64 Wolverine". Global Securtiy.org. Retrieved 19 July 2009. 
  79. ^ "The Greater Buffalo & The U.S.S. Sable". WNY Heritage Press. 2005. Retrieved 19 July 2009. 

External links[edit]