List of aircraft losses of the Vietnam War
During the Vietnam War, thousands of U.S. aircraft were lost to antiaircraft artillery (AAA), surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), and fighter interceptors (MiG)s. The great majority of U.S. combat losses in all areas of Southeast Asia were to AAA. The Royal Australian Air Force also flew combat and airlift missions in South Vietnam, as did the Republic of Vietnam. Among fixed-wing aircraft, more F-4 Phantoms were lost than any other type in service with any nation.
There were about 11,835 U.S helicopters that served in the Vietnam War. The U.S records showing 5,607 helicopter losses
The Republic of Vietnam lost 1,018 aircraft and helicopters from January 1964 to September 1973. 877 Republic of Vietnam aircraft were captured at war's end (1975) Of the 2750 aircraft and helicopters received by South Vietnam, only about 308 survived (240 flew to Thailand or US warships and 68 returned to the United States).
The United States, along with their allies (The Republic of Vietnam, South Korean, Australian, Thailand, New Zealand), lost about 12,500 aircraft, helicopters and UAVs.
North Vietnam lost 150 – 170 aircraft and helicopters.
United States aircraft
United States Air Force
All told, the U.S. Air Force flew 5.25 million sorties over South Vietnam, North Vietnam, northern and southern Laos, and Cambodia, losing 2,251 aircraft: 1,737 to hostile action, and 514 in accidents. 2,197 of the losses were fixed-wing, and the remainder rotary-wing. The USAF sustained approximately 0.4 losses per 1,000 sorties during the conflict, which compared favorably with a 2.0 rate in Korea and a 9.7 figure during World War II.:268
- A-1 Skyraider—191 total, 150 in combat
- First loss: A-1E 52-132465 (1st Air Commando Squadron [ACS], 34th Tactical Group [TG]) shot down during night training mission on 29 August 1964 near Bien Hoa, SVN (Capt Richard Dean Goss KIA, 1 VNAF observer [name unknown] KIA):10
- Final loss: A-1H 52-139738 (1st Special Operations Squadron, 56th Special Operations Wing) which was shot down 28 September 1972 (pilot was rescued by an Air America helicopter)
- A-7D Corsair II—6 total, 4 in combat
- First loss: 71–0310 (355th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 354th TFW) on 2 December 1972 shot down on a CSAR mission in Laos (Capt Anthony Shine KIA)
- 71-0312 (353d TFS) mid-air collision with an FAC O-1 Bird Dog in Laos on 24 December 1972, (Capt Charles Riess POW)
- 71-0316 (355th TFS) operational loss (non-combat) crash in Thailand on 11 January 1973 (pilot rescued)
- 70-0949 (354th TFW) shot down Laos on 17 February 1973 (Maj J.J. Gallagher rescued)
- 71-0305 (3rd TFS, 388th TFW) shot down in Cambodia on 4 May 1973 (1Lt T.L. Dickens rescued)
- Final loss: 70–0945 (354th TFW) shot down in Cambodia on 25 May 1973 (Capt Jeremiah Costello KIA)
- A-26 Invader—22 total
- First loss: B-26B 44-35530 (Detachment 2A, 1st ACG) shot down in IV CTZ on the night of 4–5 November 1962, killing the 3 crew
- Final loss: A-26A 64-17646 (609th SOS, 56th SOW) lost over Laos on the night of 7–8 July 1969, killing both crewmen
- A-37 Dragonfly—22 total
- First loss: 1967, final loss: 1972
- AC-47 Spooky—19 total, 12 in combat
- First loss: 1965, final loss: 1969
- AC-119 Shadow/Stinger—6 total, 2 in combat
- First loss: AC-119G 52-5907 (Det.1, 17th SOS, 14th SOW) which crashed on take-off from Tan Son Nhut, SVN, on 11 October 1969, killing 6 of 10 crewmen:191
- Final loss: AC-119K 53-7826 (18th SOS, 56th SOW out of Bien Hoa AB), shot down by 37mm flak over An Lộc, SVN, on 2 May 1972, 7 survivors of 10 crewmen:223
- AC-130 Spectre—6 total, all in combat
- B-52 Stratofortress—31 total (17 in combat, two more being scrapped after sustaining battle damage, and 12 crashed in flight accidents)
- First losses were operational (non-combat) mid-air collision 2 B-52F 57-0047 and 57-0179 (441st Bomb Squadron, 320th Bomb Wing), 18 June 1965, South China Sea during air refueling orbit, 8 of 12 crewmen killed
- Final loss: B-52D 55-0056 (307th Bomb Wing Provisional) to SAM 4 January 1973, crew rescued from Gulf of Tonkin
- B-57 Canberra—56 total, 38 in combat
- First loss: 1964, final loss: 1970
- C-5A Galaxy—1 total, 0 in combat
- C-7 Caribou—19 total, 9 in combat
- First loss: C-7B 62-4161 (459th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 483d Tactical Airlift Wing) which was hit by a US 155mm shell on 3 August 1967 in SVN killing the 3 crewmen. Note: there were two fatal crashes during Operation Red Leaf transition training of USAF crews in Army CV-2's, on 4 and 28 October 1966.
- Final loss: C-7B 62-12584 (483d TAW) which crashed in SVN on 13 January 1971, all 4 crewmen survived.
- C-47 Skytrain—21 total
- A C-47 was the very first USAF aircraft lost in the SEA conflict, C-47B 44-76330 (315th Air Division) on TDY at Vientiane, Laos which was shot down by the Pathet Lao on 23 March 1961 killing 7 of the 8 crewmen. The sole survivor, US Army Maj. Lawrence Bailey was captured and held until August 1962.
- Final loss: EC-47Q 43-48636 (361st Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron, 56th SOW) shot down in Laos on the night of 04/5 4–5 February 1973, killing all 8 crewmen.
- C-123 Provider—53 total, 21 in combat
- First loss: C-123B 56-4370 attached to the 464th TAW which came down on an Operation Ranch Hand (defoliation) training flight between Bien Hoa and Vung Tau, SVN on 2 February 1962
- Final loss: 1971
- C-130 Hercules—55 total, 34 in combat
- First loss: C-130A 57-0475 (817th Troop Carrier Squadron, 6315th Operations Group) on 24 April 1965, a Blind Bat flareship that crashed into high ground near Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, attempting to land in bad weather with a heavy load, two engine failures, and low fuel, killing all six crewmen. This was the 14th recorded loss of a C-130 to all causes.
- Final loss: C-130E 72-1297 (314th TAW) destroyed by rocket fire at Tan Son Nhut AB on 28 April 1975.
- C-141 Starlifter—2 total, 0 in combat
- First loss: C-141A 65-9407 (62d Military Airlift Wing) destroyed in a night runway collision with a USMC A-6 at Danang, SVN on 23 March 1967 killing 5 of the 6 crewmen.
- Final loss: C-141A 66-0127 (4th Military Airlift Squadron, 62d MAW) crashed soon after take-off from Cam Ranh Bay, SVN on 13 April 1967 killing 6 of the 8-man crew.
- E/RB-66 Destroyer—14 total
- First loss: RB-66B 53-0452 (Det 1, 41st Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 6250th Combat Support Group) which crashed 22–23 October 1965 west of Pleiku, SVN killing the crew.
- Final loss: EB-66B 42nd TEWS, 388th TFS lost to engine failure on 23 December 1972 during Operation Linebacker II. 3 crewmen were KIA.
- EC-121 BatCat—2 total, 0 combat
- First loss: EC-121R 67-24193 (554th Reconnaissance Squadron, 553d RW) crashed 25 April 1969 on take-off in a thunderstorm from Korat RTAFB, killing all 18 crewmen.
- Final loss: EC-121R 67-21495 (554th RS) crashed on approach to Korat RTAFB on 6 September 1969, 4 of the 16 men were killed.
- F-4 Phantom II—445 total, 382 in combat
- First loss: operational (non-combat), F-4C 64-0674 (45TH TFS, 15th TFW) which ran out of fuel after strike in SVN on 9 June 1965; first combat loss F-4C 64-0685 (45th TFS, 15th TFW) shot down Ta Chan, NW NVN on 20 June 1965. 9 of the losses were parked aircraft struck by rockets.
- Final loss: F-4D 66-8747 (432d TRW) on 29 June 1973.
- F-5 Freedom Fighter—9 total
- First loss: 1965, final loss: 1967
- F-100 Super Sabre—243 total, 198 in combat
- First loss: 1964, final loss: 1971
- F-102 Delta Dagger—14 total, 7 in combat
- First loss: 1964, final loss: 1967. 4 of the combat losses were parked aircraft.
- F-104 Starfighter—14 total, 9 in combat
- First loss: 56–0937 (476th TFS, 497th TFW) shot down by enemy ground fire during CAS mission near Tri Dao, Vietnam, on 29 June 1965, pilot Capt. R. Cole rescued:24
- Final loss: 57-0922 (435th TFS, 8th TFW) operational loss due to engine failure on 14 May 1967 in Thailand, pilot name unknown, survived:100
- F-105D Thunderchief—335 total, 283 in combat
- First loss: 62–4371 (36th TFS, 6441st TFW) written off from battle damage over Laos 14 August 1964, at Korat, Thailand
- Final loss: 61–0153 (44th TFS, 355th TFW) shot down Laos 23 September 1970, pilot Capt. J. W. Newhouse rescued
- F-105F/G Thunderchief—47 total, 37 combat
- First loss: EF-105F 63-8286 (13th TFS, 388th TFW) shot down by AAA RP-6 July 1966, Maj. Roosevelt Hestle and Capt. Charles Morgan KIA
- Final loss: F-105G 63-8359 (Det.1 561st TFS, 388th TFW) shot down by SAM 16 November 1972, RP-3, crew rescued
- F-111A Aardvark—11 total, 6 in combat
- First loss: mission-related TFR failure, 66-0022 (428th TFS 474th TFW, Project Combat Lancer), 28 March 1968, Maj. H.E. Mccann and Capt. D.L. Graham MIA
- Final loss: 67–0111 (474th TFW) mid-air collision over Cambodia, 16 June 1973, both crewmen rescued
- HU-16 Albatross—4 total, 2 in combat
- First loss: 51-5287 to unknown cause 19 June 1965
- 51-0058 to unknown cause, 3 July 1965
- 51-0071 (33d ARRS) shot down by AAA 14 March 1966, two crewmen killed
- Final loss: 51-7145 (37th ARRS) disappeared 18 October 1966, 7 crewmen KIA-BNR
- KB-50 Superfortress tanker—1 total, 0 combat
- Only loss: KB-50J 48-0065 (421st Air Refueling Squadron Detachment) at Takhli RTAFB which crashed in Thailand on 14 October 1964, all 6 crewmen survived
- KC-135 Stratotanker—3 total, 0 combat
- Two crashes in 1968, one 1969, all operational (non-combat)
- O-1 Bird Dog—172 total, 122 in combat
- First loss: 1963
- Final loss: 1972
- O-2 Skymaster—104 total, 82 in combat
- First loss: 1967
- Final loss: 1972
- OV-10 Bronco—63 total, 47 in combat
- First loss: 1968
- Final loss: 1973
- QU-22 Pave Eagle—8 lost, 7 in combat
- First loss: YQU-22A 68-10531 (554th RS, 553d RW) crashed due to engine failure on 11 June 1969
- Final loss: QU-22B 70-1546 (554th RS) on 25 August 1972, pilot killed
- RF-4C Phantom II—83 total, 76 in combat
- First loss: 1966
- Final loss: 1972
- RF-101 Voodoo—39 total, 33 in combat
- First loss: 1964
- Final loss: 1968
- SR-71A Blackbird—2 total, 0 combat
- First loss: 64-17969 (Det OL-8, 9th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing) suffered engine failure over Thailand on 10 May 1970, both crewmen ejected safely
- Final loss: 64-17978 (Det OL-KA, 9th SRW) crashed on landing at Kadena, Okinawa on 20 July 1972, both crewmen survived
- T-28 Trojan—23 total
- First loss: 1962
- Final loss: 1968
- U-2C "Dragon Lady"—1 total, 0 combat
- Only loss: 56–6690 (349th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron 100th SRW) which crashed on 8 October 1966 near Bien Hoa, SVN, Maj. Leo J Stewart ejected and was rescued
- U-3B Blue Canoe—1 total, 1 in combat
- Only loss: 60–6058, destroyed on the ground during a VC attack on Tan Son Nhut, SVN on 14 June 1968.
- U-6A Beaver—1 total, 0 in combat
- Only loss: 51-15565 (432d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing) which crashed in Thailand 28 December 1966, both crewmen survived
- U-10D Courier—1 total, 1 in combat
- Only loss: 63-13102 (5th SOS, 14th SOW) shot down 14 August 1969 near Bien Hoa, killing 1/Lt Roger Brown
- CH/HH-3 Jolly Green Giant—34 total, 25 in combat
- HH-43B Pedro—13 lost, 8 in combat
- First loss: 63–9713 (38th ARRS) damaged by fire 2 June 1965, crew rescued and aircraft destroyed to prevent its capture
- Final loss: 60–0282 (38th ARRS) crashed Cam Ranh Bay 7 August 1969, crew rescued
- CH/HH-53 Super Jolly—27 total, 17 in combat
- First loss: HH-53C 66-14430 (40th ARRS) in Laos, damaged by gunfire 18 January 1969 crew rescued and aircraft destroyed by bombing to prevent capture
- Last losses: four CH-53s (68-10925, −10926, −10927, 70–1627, all from 21st SOS, 56th SOW) to AAA on 15 May 1975, Koh Tang, Kampuchea, (Mayaguez incident final aircraft losses of Vietnam War)
- UH-1 Iroquois—36 total
Twenty-one aircraft carriers conducted 86 war cruises and operated 9,178 total days on the line in the Gulf of Tonkin. 532 aircraft were lost in combat and 329 more to operational causes, resulting in the deaths of 401 naval aviators, with 64 airmen reported missing and 179 taken prisoner of war.
USN fixed-wing carrier-based
- A-1 Skyraider—65 total, 48 in combat
- A-3 Skywarrior—7 total, 2 in combat
- A-4 Skyhawk—282 total, 195 in combat
- A-6 Intruder—62 total, 51 in combat
- A-7 Corsair—100 total, 55 in combat
- First loss: A-7A 153239 (VA-147, USS Ranger), SAM North Vietnam 22 December 1967, LCdr J.M. Hickerson POW
- Final loss: A-7E 156837 (VA-147, USS Constellation), operational loss (non-combat) 29 January 1973, pilot missing
- Operation Frequent Wind loss—"The Enterprise flew 95 sorties in support of the operation, but on no occasion was any ordnance used in anger, although an A-7E was lost to undetermined causes". The pilot was rescued at sea.
- C-1 Trader—4 total, 0 in combat
- First loss: C-1A 146047 (VR-21, USS Independence), non-combat 30 August 1965, 7 passengers and crew rescued
- C-1A 136784 (VR-21, USS Independence), operational loss (non-combat) 12 September 1965, 9 passengers and crew rescued, 1 killed
- C-1A 146016 (Composite Squadron Five VC-5), operational loss (non-combat) 8 August 1967, 3 passengers and 2 crew rescued
- Final loss: C-1A 146054 (Carrier Air Wing 11, USS Kitty Hawk), operational loss (non-combat) 16 January 1968, 7 passengers and crew rescued, 3 killed
- C-2 Greyhound—2 total, 0 in combat
- First loss: C-2A 152796 (VRC-50, USS Constellation), Gulf of Tonkin crash 2 October 1969, 26 passengers and crew killed
- Final loss: C-2A 152793 (VRC-50, USS Ranger), Gulf of Tonkin crash 15 December 1970, 3 crew killed
- E-1 Tracer—3 total, 0 in combat
- E-2 Hawkeye—2 total, 0 in combat
- EKA-3 Skywarrior—2 lost, 0 in combat
- EA-1 Skyraider—4 total, 1 in combat
- F-4 Phantom—138 total, 75 in combat
- First loss: F-4B 151412 (VA-142, USS Constellation), operational loss (non-combat) 13 November 1964, crew rescued
- Final combat loss (also last USN combat loss of war): F-4J 155768 (VF-143, USS Enterprise), AAA South Vietnam 27 January 1973, Cdr H.H. Hall and Lcdr P.A. Keintzer POW
- Final loss: F-4J 158361 (VF-21, USS Ranger), operational loss (non-combat) 29 January 1973, crew killed
- F-8 Crusader—118 total, 57 in combat
- KA-3 Skywarrior—2 lost, 0 in combat
- First loss: KA-3B 142658 (VAH-4, USS Oriskany), operational loss (non-combat) 28 July 1967, 1 crewmen rescued, 2 killed
- Final loss: KA-3B 138943 (VAH-10, USS Coral Sea), operational loss (non-combat) 17 February 1969, 3 crewmen killed
- RA-5 Vigilante—27 total, 18 in combat
- RF-8 Crusader—29 total, 19 in combat
- S-2 Tracker—5 total, 3 in combat
- First loss: S-2D 149252 (VS-35, USS Hornet), unknown combat loss 21 January 1966, 4 crewmen MIA
- S-2E 152351 (VS-21, USS Kearsarge), combat loss 11 October 1966, 4 crewmen KIA
- US-2C 133365 (VC-5, NAS Atsugi, Japan), combat loss 13 May 1967, 2 crewmen KIA
- US-2C 133371 (VC-5, USS Hornet), operational loss (non-combat) 27 September 1967, crew rescued
- Final loss: S-2E (VS-23, USS Yorktown), unknown combat loss 17 March 1968, 4 crewmen KIA
- SH-2/UH-2 Sea Sprite—12 lost, 0 in combat
- SH-3 Sea King—20 lost, 8 in combat
USN fixed-wing land-based
- OV-10 Bronco—7 total, 6 in combat
- First VAL-4 loss: 155490 was shot down the night of 12 July 1969. Crash Location: Near Ap Bac, Chau Doc Province, South Vietnam. Both Aircrew members were Killed In-Action
- 155503 was shot down about 1645 on 20 December 1969. Crash Location: Rung Sat Special Zone, 8 miles N of Vung Tau. Both Aircrew members were Killed In-Action
- 155393 was shot down on 30 March 1970. Crash Location: Hue Duc, 20 miles north of Rach Gia. Both Aircrew members ejected and were rescued
- 155495 was shot down on 7 June 1970. Crash Location: Near an island in the Mekong River, five miles northeast of Vinh Long. Pilot was Killed In-Action, Copilot ejected and was rescued
- 155497 was shot down on 29 September 1970. Crash Location: Xom Thong Xoai. Both Aircrew members ejected and were rescued
- 155394 was shot down on 29 October 1971. Crash Location: Approx. 15 miles south-east of Phu Vinh. Both Aircrew members ejected and survived enemy fire until they were rescued
- Last VAL-4 loss: 155461 crashed on 9 February 1972. Crash Location: Into Sea off southwest coast of Vietnam near Rach Gia and Ca Mau. Pilot was Killed In-Action, Copilot ejected and was Wounded In-Action
- VS-41 only loss (non-combat, training): 155460 Crashed on landing on 7 August 1970 at NAS North Island, San Diego, California. One crewmember ejected but was outside the envelope. Both crewmembers died in the crash.
To increase air support for the SEALORDS Operation in South Vietnam's Mekong Delta, the Navy "borrowed" twenty North American Aviation OV-10A Broncos from the United States Marine Corps. On 3 January 1969 Light Attack Squadron Four (VAL-4) was commissioned at NAS North Island, California and after an intense period of training was transferred to Vietnam. In early April, combat flight operations began from detachments at Binh Thuy and Vung Tau. VS-41 at NAS North Island retained four of the borrowed Broncos to be used for training replacement pilots and maintenance personnel.
- P-3B Orion – 2 lost
United States Marine Corps
U.S. Marine Corps aircraft lost in combat included 193 fixed-wing and 270 rotary-wing aircraft.
- A-4 Skyhawk—81 lost
- A-6 Intruder—25 lost
- C-117 Skytrain—2 lost
- EA-6A Intruder—2 lost
- EF-10 Skynight—5 lost
- F-4 Phantom—95 lost, 72 combat
- F-8 Crusader—21 lost
- KC-130 Hercules—4 lost
- O-1 Bird Dog—7 lost
- OV-10 Bronco—10 lost
Source for F-4 losses is Phantom with U.S. Marine Corps (Joe Baugher), others are unsourced
- AH-1 Cobra—7 lost
- HUS-1—75 lost
- UH-1E Huey—69 lost
- CH-37 Mojave—1 lost
- CH-46D Sea Knight—109 lost
- CH-53 Sea Stallion—9 lost
United States Army
- OV-1A/B/C/D Mohawk—65 lost
- O-1 Bird Dog—297 lost
Production of a total of 380 Mohawks ended in December 1970. When the Vietnam War ended in 1973, Mohawk losses were: one shot down by a MiG, one destroyed by mortar fire, 27 lost to ground fire and 36 destroyed in operational accidents. U-21 losses need added U-8 losses need added u-6 losses need added all are army fixed wing aircraft
5,195+ (which include not in addition to the above statistics)
- CH-47A—83 lost
- CH-47B—20 lost
- CH-47C—29 lost
- CH-54A—9 lost
- H-13D—3 lost
- H-37A—2 lost
- OH-13S—147 lost
- OH-23G—93 lost
- OH-58A—45 lost
- OH-6A—842 lost
- UH-1—60 lost
- UH-1A—1 lost
- UH-1B—357 lost
- UH-1C—365 lost
- UH-1D—886 lost
- UH-1E—90 lost
- UH-1F—18 lost
- UH-1H—1,313 lost
- UH-34D—176 lost
Republic of Vietnam aircraft
- A-1 Skyraider – 225 lost
- A-37A/B Dragonfly – 38 lost
- AC-47 – 9 lost
- C/AC-119G/K Stinger – 8 lost
- C-7A Caribou – 6 lost
- C/EC-47 Skytrain – 17 lost
- C-123K Provider – 11 lost
- C-130A Hercules – 2 lost
- F-5A/B/C/E Freedom Fighter/Tiger II – ~250 lost (inculding 114 were captured)
- U/H-1D/H Iroquois (helicopter) – 332 lost
- C/UH-34C/D/G Choctaw (helicopter) – 140 lost
- CH-47A Chinook (helicopter) – 10 lost
- O-1 Bird Dog – 152 lost
- O-2A Skymaster – 2 lost
- T-41D Mescalero – 1 lost
- U-6A Beaver – 10 lost
- U-17A/B Skywagon – 39 lost
North Vietnam captured 877 South Vietnamese aircraft at war's end.
Royal Australian Air Force
- C-7 Caribou—3 total, 1 in combat; all from No. 35 Squadron RAAF
- Caribou A4-193 was destroyed by mortar fire while taxiing at That Son (near the Cambodian border) on 29 March 1970.
- English Electric Canberra—2 total, 2 in combat; both from No. 2 Squadron RAAF
- First loss: Canberra A84-231 disappeared on 3 November 1970 on a night bombing mission in the northern 1st Corps Tactical Zone region of South Vietnam after dropping its bombs near Da Nang. Pilot Officer Robert Charles Carver (24) and Flying Officer Michael Patrick John Herbert (24), were both MIA until 30 July 2009 when their remains were positively identified.
- Final loss: A84-228 shot down by two SA-2 SAM missiles on 14 March 1971; Wing Commander F. J. L. Downing and Flight Lieutenant A.J. Pinches were both rescued.
- CAC Sabre—2 total, 2 in combat; both from No. 79 Squadron RAAF
- First Loss: CA-27 Sabre Mk 32 A94-984; 24 September 1964, crashed 28 nautical miles west of RTAF Ubon, Thailand following engine failure; the pilot, Flight Lieutenant Ian McFarlane ejected
- Final loss: CA-27 Sabre Mk 32 A94-986; 3 January 1968; crashed due to engine failure three miles south west of RTAF Ubon; Pilot Officer Mark McGrath was killed, one Thai national injured (later a fatality) on ground. The first and only fatal crash by an RAAF aircraft in Thailand.
Democratic Republic of Vietnam Aircraft
Russian source: 65 MiG-21s, 5 MiG-19s, 75 MiG-17s lost through all causes. 2 Mi-4, 5 An-2, 5 Il-14, 1 MiG-15UTI, 1 Il-28, 1 L-29, 1 Lisunov Li-2 lost through all causes Total: 159 aircraft and 2 helicopter lost.
People's Republic of China aircraft
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- Photo of Caribou crash
- Hestle remains accounted for June 2017
- <a href="https://blackpony.org/writtenoff.htm]VAL-4 and VS-41 OV-10A losses:</a>
- <a href="https://blackpony.org/buno155460.htm"> 155460 Crash Report</a>
- http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/virtual_disk_library/index.cgi/1025775/FID1977/NAVY/Chap_3.pdf page 173
- USMC HELO LOSSES(1962–1973) by aircraft type Archived 3 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
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- Widow travels to Vietnam after 40 years and finds her MIA husband's Marine Corps F-4 jet crash site in Que Son Mtns
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