List of aircraft of Japan during World War II

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This is a list of aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.

Fighters[edit]

Aircraft Allied
Code name
First
flown
Number
built
Service
Kawanishi N1K Kyofu Navy Fighter Seaplane Rex 1942 97 IJN
Kawanishi N1K1-J/N1K2-J Shiden Navy Land-Based Interceptor George 1943 1,435 IJN
Kawasaki Ki-10 Army Type 95 Fighter Perry 1935 588 IJA
Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu Army Type 2 Two-Seat Fighter Nick 1941 1,370 IJA
Kawasaki Ki-61 Hien Army Type 3 Fighter Tony 1943 3,159 IJA
Kawasaki Ki-100 Goshikisen Army Type 5 Fighter n/a 1945 395 IJA
Kawasaki Ki-102 Army Type 4 Assault Aircraft Randy 1944 238 IJA
Mitsubishi A5M Navy Type 96 Carrier-based Fighter Claude 1937 1,094 IJN
Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen Navy Type Zero Carrier Fighter Zeke/Hamp 1940 11,000 IJN
Mitsubishi J2M Raiden Navy Interceptor Fighter Jack 1942 621 IJN
Mitsubishi Ki-46-III-Kai Army Type 100 Air Defence Fighter Dinah 1941 1,742 IJA, IJN
Nakajima A6M2-N Navy Type 2 Interceptor/Fighter-Bomber Rufe 1941 327 IJN
Nakajima J1N1-S Gekko Irving 1941 479 IJN
Nakajima Ki-27 Army Type 97 Fighter Nate 1937 3,368 IJA
Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa Army Type 1 Fighter Oscar 1939 5,919 IJA
Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki Army Type 2 Single-Seat Fighter Tojo 1941 1,225 IJA
Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate Army Type 4 Fighter Frank 1943 3,514 IJA

Attack Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Allied
Code name
First
flown
Number
built
Service
Aichi D3A Navy Type 99 Carrier Bomber Val 1940 1,486 IJN
Aichi B7A Ryusei Navy carrier torpedo bomber Grace 1942 114 IJN
Aichi M6A1 Seiran Navy Special Strike Submarine Bomber n/a 1943 28 IJN
Mitsubishi Ki-15 Army Type 97 Command Reconnaissance Plane Babs 1936 500~ IJA
Mitsubishi Ki-51 Army Type 99 Assault Plane Sonia 1939 2,385 IJA
Mitsubishi B5M Navy Type 97 No.2 Carrier Attack Bomber Mabel 1937 125 IJN
Nakajima B5N Navy Type 97 Carrier Attack Bomber Kate 1937 1,150~ IJN
Nakajima B6N Tenzan Navy Carrier Torpedo Bomber Jill 1941 1,268 IJN
Tachikawa Ki-36 Army Type 98 Direct Co-operation Aircraft Ida 1938 1,334 IJA
Yokosuka B4Y Navy Type 96 Carrier Attacker Jean 1935 205 IJN
Yokosuka D4Y Suisei Navy Carrier Dive bomber Judy 1942 2,038 IJN
Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka n/a 1944 852 IJN

Bombers[edit]

Aircraft Allied
Code name
First
flown
Number
built
Service
Kawasaki Ki-48 Army Type 99 Twin-engined Light Bomber Lily 1940 1,997 IJA
Mitsubishi G3M Navy Type 96 Land-based Attack Aircraft Nell 1935 1,048 IJN
Mitsubishi G4M Navy Type 1 Land-based Attack Aircraft Betty 1941 2,435 IJN
Mitsubishi Ki-21 Army Type 97 Heavy Bomber Sally 1938 2,064 IJA
Mitsubishi Ki-30 Army Type 97 Light bomber Ann 1938 704 IJA
Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryu Navy Type 4 Heavy Bomber Peggy 1942 767 IJA
Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu Army Type 100 Heavy Bomber Helen 1941 819 IJA
Yokosuka P1Y1 Ginga Navy Land-Based Bomber Frances 1943 1,098 IJN

Reconnaissance Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Allied
Code name
First
flown
Number
built
Service
Aichi E13A Navy Type 0 Reconnaissance Seaplane Jake 1941 1,418 IJN
Aichi E16A Zuiun Navy Reconnaissance Seaplane Paul 1942 256 IJN
Kawanishi E7K Navy Type 94 Reconnaissance Seaplane Alf 1933 533 IJN
Kawanishi E15K Shiun Navy Type 2 High-speed Reconnaissance Seaplane Norm 1941 15 IJN
Kawanishi H6K Type 97 Large Flying Boat Mavis 1936 215 IJN
Kawanishi H8K Type 2 Large Flying Boat Emily 1941 167 IJN
Kawasaki Ki-10 Army Type 95 Fighter (used for reconnaissance during WW2) Perry 1935 588 IJA
Mitsubishi F1M Type 0 Observation Seaplane Pete 1936 1,118 IJN
Mitsubishi Ki-46 Type 100 Command Reconnaissance Aircraft Dinah 1941 1,742 IJA
Nakajima C6N Saiun Navy Carrier Reconnaissance Plane Myrt 1943 463 IJN
Nakajima E8N Navy Type 95 Reconnaissance Seaplane Model 1 Dave 1934 755 IJN
Nakajima J1N Gekkou Navy Type 2 Reconnaissance Plane Irving 1942 479 IJN
Watanabe E9W Navy Type 96 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane Slim 1935 35 IJN
Yokosuka E14Y Type 0 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane Glen 1939 126 IJN

Trainers[edit]

World War II Imperial Japanese Navy trainer aircraft were frequently modified from operational aircraft and differentiated by the suffix letter "K". Japanese training aircraft were red-orange where combat aircraft would have been camouflaged.

Aircraft Allied
Code name
First
flown
Number
built
Service
Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan Navy Special Strike Submarine Bomber trainer n/a 1943 2 IJN
Kawanishi N1K2-K Shiden Navy Land Interceptor modified as Fighter Trainer George 1943 IJN
Kyushu K10W1 Navy Type 2 Land-based Intermediate Trainer Oak 1941 176 IJN
Kyushu K11W1 Shiragiku Navy Operations Trainer n/a 1942 798 IJN
Kyushu Q1W1-K Tokai-Ren Lorna 1943 1 IJN
Mansyu Ki-79 Army Type 2 Advanced Trainer Nate 1936 1,329 IJA
Mitsubishi A5M4-K Navy Carrier Fighter Type 96, model 4 Claude 1935 103 IJN
Mitsubishi A6M2-K & A6M5-K Navy Carrier Fighter Type 0 Zeke 1939 243 IJN
Mitsubishi G3M1/2-K Nell 1935 1,048 IJN
Mitsubishi G6M1-K Navy Land Trainer Betty 1939 IJN
Mitsubishi K3M Navy Type 90 Crew Training Aircraft Pine 1930 625 IJN
Nakajima A4N1-K n/a 1934 221 IJN
Tachikawa Ki-9 Army Type 95-1 Medium Grade Trainer Spruce 1935 2,618 IJA
Tachikawa Ki-17 Army Type 95-3 Basic Grade Trainer Cedar 1935 560 IJA
Tachikawa Ki-55 Army Type 99 Advanced Trainer Ida 1939 1,389 IJA
Yokosuka K5Y1 Willow 1933 5,770 IJN
Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka Model 43 K-1 Kai n/a 1944 45 IJN
Yokosuka MXY-8 Akigusa n/a 1945 50-60 IJN

Transports[edit]

Aircraft Allied
Code name
First
flown
Number
built
Service
Kawasaki Ki-56 Army Type 1 Freight Transport & Tachikawa Navy Type LO Thalia/Thelma 1940 1,937 IJA & IJN
Mitsubishi Ki-57 Army Type 100 Transport Topsy 1940 406 IJA
Nakajima Ki-34 Army Type 97 Transport & Nakajima L1N Navy Type AT-2 Transport Thora 1936 351 IJA & IJN
Showa/Nakajima L2D Navy Type 0 Transport Tabby 1939 487 IJN
Mitsubishi Hinazuru-type Passenger Transport n/a 1936 11 IJN