List of aircraft of the Iranian Air Force
This is a list of aircraft types operated by the Iranian Air Force, not including those operated by the air arm of the Aerospace Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution prior to the foundation of the Air Force as a separate service in August 1955. In 2007, Iraq asked Iran to return some of the scores of Iraqi fighter plans that flew there ahead of the Persian Gulf War in 1991. And as of 2014, Iran was receptive to the demands and was working on refurbishing an unspecified number of jets. In late 2014, Iran gave some of the impounded former Iraqi military aircraft back to Iraq.
- 1 Combat types
- 2 Reconnaissance, patrol, and EW
- 3 Transport and utility
- 4 Trainers
- 5 Helicopters
- 6 Other types
- 7 Iranian combat aircraft under development
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Air superiority fighters
|Grumman F-14 Tomcat||US||Interceptor||F-14A||40 to 44||1974–||80 examples ordered, 79 were originally delivered; the only plane to use the Phoenix missile. 40 to 44 noted as operational.
Iran currently has about 40 F-14 remaining with two of them having been upgraded to F-14AM around 24 Fully Mission Capable and the other 20 Partially Mission Capable
|Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum||Russia||Multirole-fighter
|MiG-29A||45||1991||14 MiG-29 delivered in 1990. 20 delivered in 1991. 6 delivered again in 1993/1994. Iran also took 5 ex-Iraqi MiG-29 aircraft flown over in 1991, including one MiG-29UB. Only one dual seater was taken into service with 3 single seaters cannibalized for spare parts. The current number of MiG-29 in active service is unknown although most sources point to 25. According to Russian media up to 30 (24 MiG-29 9.12A and 6 MiG-29UB 9.51) of all MiG-29s have been overhauled and can now be armed with Nasr-1 anti-ship missile.|
|McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II||US||Multirole-fighter||F-4D/E
|64||1968-||According to Global Security 60 F-4D/E and 4 RF-4Es are in service. 10 are F-4Ds and 50 are F-4Es. F-4Ds/Es are currently undergoing an upgrade program which includes a new Chinese-built radar and other avionics and weapons namely PL-5E, PL-11 and C-801.(According to the aviationist (October 2013) the Qader cruise missile that went into mass production was successfully tested on an F-4).|
|Northrop F-5 Tiger II||US||Light fighter||F-5E
|60 ||1974–||According to Global Security 60 F-5's modernized This includes about 16 F-5F dual seat trainers and 44 F-5E fighter bomber|
|HESA Saeqeh||Iran||Light Fighter||30||2006-|
|Su-22||Iran||Fighter-Bomber||Su-22M3/M4||20||1991-||The Iranian Air Force received 40 Su-20/22s from Iraq in 1991. While non-operational for several years, Iran started in 2013 an overhauling program for these. In March 2015, 10 of the Iranian Air Force Su-22 were transferred to the Syrian Arab Air Force to fight in the ongoing Civil War. In July 2018, Iranian military technical experts successfully overhauled and modernized 10 Su-22s, giving them the ability to carry smart bombs, fire precision-guided munitions, transfer data from UAVs and in the near future the necessary systems to use air-launched cruise missiles with a range of 1500 km. The overhauled planes are being used by IRGC's Air Force.|
|HESA Azarakhsh||Iran||Light attack aircraft||First Generation (includes twin-seat version)||4||2015||Rebuilt F-5E.|
|Sukhoi Su-22||Russia||Attack aircraft||Su-22M3/M4||10||1991||10 aircraft put into service after overhauls and upgrades.|
|Sukhoi Su-24||Russia||Strike/air-to-air refuelling "buddy" tanker||Su-24MK||30 to 36||1991||
12 aircraft supplied by Russia in 1991. 24 Iraqi examples were evacuated to Iran during the 1991 Gulf War and were put in service with the IRIAF. 30 Su-24MKs in service as of January 2013. Iran tested domestically produced, anti-radar smart missiles carried by Su-24 aircraft in September 2011, the IRIAF's Deputy Commander, General Mohammad Alavi said, according to IRINN TV.
|Sukhoi Su-25||Russia||Close Air Support||Su-25K/UBK||6||1991||7 ex-Iraqi Air Force Su-25s were transferred back to Iraq to fight ISIL|
|Saegheh 2||Iran||Fighter||Fighter jet||0||2016||The new generation of Saeqeh is a twin-seat fighter jet, which has more power, mobility, navigation equipment, fire power, pay load and operational range compared to its single-seat version.|
|Qaher-313||Iran||Fighter||Fighter Jet||?||?||An Iranian Fifth-generation jet fighter. On 15 April 2017, the prototype Qaher-313 conducted taxi tests.|
Reconnaissance, patrol, and EW
|Lockheed P-3 Orion||US||maritime patrol||P-3F||5||1974–||3 in service|
|HESA IrAn-140||Iran||Transport/AWACS/Maritime patrol||0||Project appears to have been stalled or cancelled.|
Transport and utility
|Boeing 707||US||VIP transport
air-to-air refuelling tanker
1 tanker, 2 transports Global security reports that one 707 is a tanker and two are transports.
|Boeing 747||US||VIP transport/freighter||747-100
|6||2 tanker, 4 transports.|
|Dassault Falcon 20||France||VIP transport||3|
|Dassault Falcon 50||France||VIP transport||?|
|Fokker F27 Friendship||Netherlands||tactical airlift/transport and target towing||F27-400M
|Ilyushin Il-76 Candid||Russia||transport||15||According to magazine "Airforce", only 4~5 of them are fully operational|
|Lockheed C-130 Hercules||US||tactical airlift/transport||C-130E
|Lockheed JetStar||US||VIP transport||JetStar 8||2||1 operational in 2008|
|Pilatus PC-6 Porter||Switzerland||utility transport||15|
|Antonov An-74||Ukraine||utility transport||12||All assigned to IRGCAF, not IRIAF.|
|Chengdu FT-7||China||Advanced Trainer||FT.7||14||Dual-seat J-7 conversion trainer. Some reports indicates that 5 are in service. Scramble notes 14 active.|
|IAMI Parastoo||Iran||trainer||12||12 as of 2005.|
|HESA Simorgh / Northrop F-5 B||Iran||Advanced Trainer||9||F-5As converted domestically to F-5B standard.|
|Pilatus PC-7 Turbo Trainer||Switzerland||trainer||45|
|TB-21 Tobago / TB-200 Trinidad||France||trainer||12||12 traniers in service.|
|PAC MFI-17 Mushshak||Pakistan||trainer||25||25 trainers in service.|
|Boeing CH-47 Chinook||US||Heavy-lift transport helicopter||CH-47C||At least 40|
|Bell 214||US||Search and rescue/medium-lift transport helicopter||Bell 214C/214A||70|
|Agusta-Bell 212||Italy||Light transport helicopter||AB-212||50||Licence-built in Italy|
|Agusta Bell 206||Italy||Trainer/light transport helicopter||AB 206||6||Licence-built in Italy.|
These types were also purchased by the Iranian government
A number of other types have been in recent, or reported to be in, Iranian service. Many remain in reserve storage or are operated by the Army or Navy. Some recent types include:
- Mikoyan MiG-25 (formerly IQAF)
- Mikoyan MiG-23 (formerly IQAF)
- Boeing 727 (Cargo/transport)
- Hughes 300C
- Shabaviz 2-75 (Iranian origin, operated by the Army)
- Bell 204 UH-1 (40 operated by the Army)
- AH-1 SeaCobra (Received 204 examples, ~50 are operational and upgraded by HESA and in service with the Army)
- C-130 Hercules (Received 60 examples, 48 are operational, overhauled and upgraded by the Army)
- HESA Shahed 278
- Shahed 285 (40+ operated by Iranian forces)
- IAIO TOOFAN (40+ operated by IRIAA)
- Mi-17(45 operated by the Iranian air force)
Iran has a number of UAVs and UCAVs, currently under operation of the Iranian Army Aviation.
Iranian combat aircraft under development
- Colvin, Ross. "Iraq air force wants Iran to give back its planes". Archived from the original on 2017-10-11. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
- "With new US planes slow to arrive, Iraq seeks remnants of Saddam's air force to bomb ISIL". Archived from the original on 2017-08-24. Retrieved 2017-08-23.
- "Iraq cobbling together makeshift air force to fight ISIS". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2017-09-01. Retrieved 2017-08-23.
- "Iran returns military aircraft to Iraq after 20 years". 23 June 2014. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- "Iran Air Force". globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 30 October 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Analysis: Fakour Air-to-Air Missile". Archived from the original on 2018-07-27. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
- "Iranian Air Force receives overhauled MiG-29 fighter jet and new Nasr missiles - News - Russian Aviation - RUAVIATION.COM". www.ruaviation.com.
- Sputnik. "Russia-Iran Military-Technical Cooperation in Facts and Details". sputniknews.com. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- Taghvaee, Babak (June 2012). "Guardians of Tehran: Iranian Fulcrums". Combat Aircraft Monthly: 70–73.
- "Scramble". www.scramble.nl. Archived from the original on 2017-08-25. Retrieved 2017-08-25.
- "01IRIAF Su 22 Fitter1 :: Mycity-Military.com". www.mycity-military.com. Archived from the original on 2018-07-29. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- Boring, War Is (2013-12-18). "This Is How Iran Maintains Its Bizarre Air Force". War Is Boring. Archived from the original on 2017-09-13. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
- "Warplanes: Iran Gives Syria Ten Iraqi Su-22s". www.strategypage.com. Archived from the original on 2018-02-04. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
- "IRGC overhauls, upgrades 10 Sukhoi SU-22 fighter jets". 25 July 2018. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Iran Upgrades 10 Su-22 Fighter Jets Domestically". www.defenseworld.net. Archived from the original on 2018-07-27. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
- . World Military Aircraft Inventory. "2013 Aerospace". Aviation Week and Space Technology. January 2013.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Su-24 front-line bomber". airforceworld.com. September 2011. Archived from the original on 14 October 2011. Retrieved 5 Oct 2011.
- "HESA Saeqeh Saeqeh-80 Azarakhsh-2 fighter aircraft". airrecognition.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Iran Defense Ministry showcases achievements, including some making first appearances". Iran: PressTV. 15 April 2017. Archived from the original on 16 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
- "Iran rejects manufacturing Iran-140 passenger plane". 19 May 2015. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Military Database - Scramble". www.scramble.nl.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aircraft of the Iranian Air Force.|