List of aircraft of the Royal Air Force

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Many aircraft types have served in the British Royal Air Force since its formation in April 1918 from the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service. This is a list of RAF aircraft, including all currently active and retired types listed in alphabetic order by their RAF type name. For just those aircraft currently in service, see List of active United Kingdom military aircraft. Aircraft operated with the Fleet Air Arm from 1924 until 1939 were operated by the Royal Air Force on behalf of the Navy and are included but not those operated by the Royal Navy after it re-acquired control of the aircraft used to support its operations in 1939 are not, but all aircraft operated in conjunction with the Navy are listed at List of aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm. Army Air Corps aircraft are not included but can be found at List of aircraft of the Army Air Corps.

For aircraft operated before the merger of the RFC and RNAS in 1918:

Regular service with the RAF[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced Retired Notes
Sopwith 1½ Strutter UK Propeller Fighter/bomber/reconnaissance 1918 Single-engined biplane
Fairey IIIC, D & F[1] UK Propeller Fleet spotter 1918 1941 Single-engined biplane
Bristol 138[2] UK Propeller Research 1936 1937 Single-engined monoplane
British Aerospace 125 UK Jet Transport 1965 2015 Twin-engined
British Aerospace 146 UK Jet VIP Transport 1986 n/a Four-engined
Short 184 UK Bomber 1918 1921 Single-engined biplane floatplane
Short 320[3] UK Torpedo bomber 1918 Single-engined biplane floatplane
Avro 504K & N[4] UK Propeller Trainer/communications 1918 1933 Single-engined biplane
Agusta A109E Italy Helicopter Liaison 2006 n/a Twin-engined
Bell Airacobra[5] USA Propeller Fighter/ground attack 1941 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Fairey Albacore UK Propeller Torpedo bomber 1940 1944 Single-engined biplane
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle[6] UK Bomber/transport/glider tug 1943 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Avro Aldershot[7] UK Propeller Long range day/night bomber 1924 1926 Single-engined biplane
Avro Andover[8] UK Propeller Transport/ambulance 1924 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Siddeley Andover[9] UK Transport 1965 n/a Twin-engined turboprop
Avro Anson[10] UK Propeller TBomber/maritime patrol/trainer/transport 1936 1968 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Avro Athena[11] UK Propeller Trainer 1950 1955 Single-engined monoplane
Armstrong Whitworth Argosy[12] UK Propeller Transport 1962 1978 Four-engined turboprop monoplane
Fairchild Argus[13] USA Transport 1941 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas[14] UK Propeller Army co-operation/trainer 1927 1935 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Audax[15] UK Propeller Army co-operation 1931 1945 Single-engined biplane
Auster AOP.6/AOP.9[16] UK Propeller Air Observation 1942 1957 Single-engined monoplane
Boulton Paul Balliol[17] UK Trainer 1950 1957 Single-engined monoplane
Martin Baltimore[18] USA Propeller Medium bomber 1941 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Fairey Barracuda UK Propeller Torpedo/dive bomber 1943 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Beagle Basset[19] UK Communications transport 1965 1974 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Fairey Battle[20] UK Propeller Bomber 1937 1949 Single-engined monoplane
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2[11] UK Reconnaissance 1918 1919 Single-engined biplane
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12 UK Propeller Fighter 1918 1918 Single-engined biplane
Bristol Beaufighter[21] UK Strike fighter/night fighter/target tug 1940 1960 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Bristol Beaufort[22] UK Propeller Torpedo bomber 1939 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Short Belfast[23] UK Propeller Transport 1966 1976 Four-engined turboprop monoplane
Bristol Belvedere[24] UK Helicopter Transport 1961 1969 Twin-engined twin-rotor
Brewster Bermuda[25] USA Propeller Dive bomber 1942 1944 Single-engined monoplane
Blackburn Beverley[26] UK Propeller Transport 1955 1967 Four-engined piston monoplane
Avro Bison[27] UK Propeller Fleet spotter 1922 1929 Single-engined biplane
Blackburn Blackburn UK Fleet spotter 1923 1931 Single-engined biplane
Bristol Blenheim[28] UK Bomber 1937 1944 Twin-engined monoplane
Bristol 130/Bombay[29] UK Bomber/transport 1939 1944 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Douglas Boston[30] USA Medium bomber/trainer/night fighter 1940 1945 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Blackburn Botha[31] UK Torpedo bomber/trainer 1939 1944 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Bristol Brigand[32] UK Torpedo fighter/medium bomber/naval strike/trainer 1946 1958 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Bristol Fighter[33] UK Fighter/army cooperation/light bomber 1918 1932 Single-engined biplane
Bristol Britannia[34] UK Transport 1959 1975 Four-engined turboprop
Hawker Siddeley Buccaneer[35] UK Naval strike 1969 1994 Twin-engined jet
Bristol Buckingham[36] UK Bomber, transport 1944 1950 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Bristol Buckmaster[37] UK Trainer 1945 1958 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Brewster Buffalo[38] USA Fighter 1940 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Bristol Bulldog[39] UK Fighter/trainer 1929 1937 Single-engined biplane
Scottish Aviation Bulldog[40] UK Basic trainer 1972 2001 Single-engined piston monoplane
Martinsyde Buzzard[41] UK Fighter 1918 1922 Single-engined biplane
Sopwith Camel[42] UK Fighter 1918 1920 Single-engined biplane
Fairey Campania UK Reconnaissance 1918 1919 Single-engined biplane
English Electric Canberra[43] UK Bomber, photo reconnaissance, trainer 1951 2006 Twin-engined jet
Consolidated Catalina[44] USA Maritime patrol 1939 1945 Twin-engined monoplane seaplane
Boeing-Vertol Chinook[45] USA Helicopter Transport 1980 n/a Twin-engined turbine twin rotor
De Havilland Chipmunk[46][Notes 1] UK Trainer 1949 1996 Single-engined piston monoplane
De Havilland Cirrus Moth[47] UK Communications/trainer 1926 1930 Single-engined biplane
Curtiss Cleveland[48] USA Dive-bomber 1940 1941 Single-engined biplane
Handley Page Clive[49] UK Transport 1931 Twin-engined biplane
Saro Cloud[50] UK Navigational trainer 1933 1936 Twin-engined monoplane amphibian
De Havilland Comet[Notes 2] UK Experimental 1935 1936 Twin-engined piston monoplane
De Havilland Comet[51] UK Jet Reconnaissance 1956 1975 Four-engined
Consolidated Coronado[48] USA Transport 1943 1946 Four-engined flying-boat
Fairchild Cornell[52] USA Trainer 1943 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Sopwith Cuckoo[53] UK Torpedo bomber 1918 1923 Single-engined biplane
Douglas Dakota[54] USA Transport 1942 1970[Notes 3] Twin-engined piston monoplane
Blackburn Dart UK Torpedo bomber 1923 1933 Single-engined biplane
Boulton Paul Defiant[55] UK Fighter/night fighter/Air-sea rescue/target tug 1939 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Hawker Demon[56] UK Fighter 1931 1939 Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Devon[57] UK Transport 1948 1984 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Airco DH.4A[58] UK Bomber/transport 1918 Single-engined biplane
Airco DH.6 UK Trainer 1918 Single-engined biplane
Airco DH.9[58] UK Bomber 1918 Single-engined biplane
Airco DH.9A[59][Notes 4] UK Bomber 1918 1931 Single-engined biplane
Airco DH.10 Amiens[60] UK Bomber 1918 1923 Twin-engined biplane
De Havilland DH.86 Express[61] UK Transport 1937 Four-engined biplane
Sopwith Dolphin[53] UK Fighter 1918 1919 Single-engined biplane
de Havilland Dominie[62][Notes 5] UK Transport/trainer 1938 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Hawker Siddeley Dominie[63] UK Navigation trainer 1965 2011 Twin-engined jet
De Havilland Don[64] UK Trainer/communications/liaison 1938 1939 Single-engined monoplane
Sopwith Dragon[65] UK Fighter 1919 1919 Single-engined biplane
Westland Dragonfly[66] UK helicopter Transport 1950 1956 Single piston engine
Airspeed Envoy[67] UK Transport 1938 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Beechcraft Expeditor[68] USA Transport/trainer Twin-engined piston monoplane
Miles Falcon[69] UK Communications/trainer Single-engined monoplane
Fairey Fawn[70] UK Bomber 1924 1929 Single-engined biplane
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2d[71] UK Bomber 1918 1918 Single-engined pusher biplane
Felixstowe F.2A[71] UK Maritime patrol 1918 Twin-engined biplane flying boats
Felixstowe F.3[72] UK Maritime patrol 1918 Twin-engined biplane flying boats
Felixstowe F.5[73] UK Maritime patrol 1918 1925 Twin-engined biplane flying boats
Slingsby Firefly UK Trainer 1995 2010 Single-engined monoplane
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8[27] UK Artillery Spotter, Bomber 1918 1919 Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Flamingo[64][Notes 6] UK Transport 1939 1940 Twin-engined monoplane
Boeing Fortress[74] USA Bomber/maritime patrol/electronic warfare 1941 1945 Four-engined monoplane
Fairey Fox[75] UK Bomber/trainer 1926 1933 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Fury[76] UK Fighter 1931 1939 Single-engined biplane
Gloster Gamecock[77] UK Fighter 1926 1931 Single-engined biplane
Gloster Gauntlet[78] UK Fighter 1935 1939 Single-engined biplane
Westland Gazelle[79] UK Helicopter Trainer/VIP transport 1973 n/a Single-engined
De Havilland Genet Moth[47] UK Trainer 1927 Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Gipsy Moth[80] UK Trainer/communications 1930 Single-engined biplane
Gloster Gladiator[81] UK Fighter/meteorology 1937 1944 Single-engined biplane
Boeing Globemaster USA Jet Transport 2001[82] n/a Four-engined
Folland/Hawker Siddeley Gnat[83] UK Jet Trainer 1962 1979 Single-engined
Fairey Gordon[84] UK Bomber/trainer 1931 1941 Single-engined biplane
Gloster Grebe[85] UK Fighter 1923 1931 Single-engined biplane
Bell Griffin Canada Helicopter Training
Search and rescue/support
1997 n/a Twin-engined turbine
Waco Hadrian[86] USA Infantry glider 1943 1947 Glider
Handley Page Halifax[87] UK Bomber/transport 1940 1952 Four-engined monoplane
Fairey Hamble Baby UK Reconnaissance 1918 Single-engined biplane floatplane
General Aircraft Hamilcar[88] UK Transport 1942 1950 Glider
Handley Page Hampden[89] UK Bomber 1938 1945 Twin-engined monoplane
Hawker Hardy[90] UK Tropicalized general purpose/bomber 1935 1941 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Siddeley Harrier[91] UK Jet Ground attack/reconnaissance/trainer 1969 1994 Single-engined VTOL
BAE Harrier II UK Jet Ground attack/reconnaissance/trainer 1989 2011 Single-engined VTOL
Handley Page Harrow UK Torpedo bomber/Reconnaissance 1926 1928 Single-engined biplane
Handley Page Harrow[92] UK Bomber/transport 1937 1945 Twin-engined monoplane
Hawker Hart[93] UK Bomber/trainer 1930 1943 Single-engined biplane
North American Harvard[94] USA Trainer 1939 1955 Single-engined monoplane
Handley Page Hastings[95] UK Transport/trainer 1948 1977 Four-engined piston monoplane
Douglas Havoc[96] USA Medium bomber/night fighter 1940 1943 Twin-engined monoplane
Hawker Siddeley/BAe Hawk[97] UK Trainer 1976 n/a Single-engined jet
Hawker Hector[98] UK Army co-operation/glider tug 1937 1942 Single-engined biplane
Fairey Hendon[99] UK Bomber 1936 1939 Twin-engined monoplane
Hawker Henley[100] UK Target tug 1939 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Lockheed Hercules[101] USA Transport 1967 n/a Four-engined turboprop
Handley Page Hereford[89] UK Bomber/trainer 1940 1940 Twin-engined monoplane
De Havilland Heron[57][Notes 7] UK Transport 1955 1972 Four-engined monoplane
Handley Page Heyford[102] UK Bomber/trainer 1933 1941 Twin-engined biplane
Handley Page Hinaidi[103] UK Bomber 1929 1937 Twin-engined biplane
Hawker Hind[104] UK Bomber/trainer 1935 1939 Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Hornet[105] UK Fighter 1945 1955 Twin-engined monoplane
De Havilland Hornet Moth UK Communications 1938 1946 Single-engined monoplane
Airspeed Horsa[106] UK Troop glider 1942 1945 Glider
Hawker Horsley[107] UK Bomber/torpedo bomber 1927 1935 Single-engined biplane
General Aircraft Hotspur UK Trainer 1941 1945 Glider
Vought-Sikorsky Hoverfly I[108] USA Trainer 1945 1945 Single-engined piston helicopter
Vought-Sikorsky Hoverfly II[108] USA Trainer 1946 1950 Single-engined piston helicopter
Lockheed Hudson[109] USA Maritime patrol/bomber/transport 1939 1945 Twin-engined monoplane
De Havilland Hummingbird[110][111] UK Trainer 1924 1927 Single-engined ultralight monoplane
Hawker Hunter[112] UK Fighter/fighter-bomber/reconnaissance/trainer 1954 1994 Single-engined jet
Hawker Hurricane[113] UK/
Canada
Fighter/fighter-bomber/night fighter 1937 1947 Single-engined monoplane
Beagle Husky[Notes 8] UK Trainer 1969 1989 Single-engined piston monoplane
Handley Page Hyderabad[114] UK Bomber 1925 1933 Twin-engined biplane
Beardmore Inflexible UK Bomber 1928 1930 Three-engined monoplane
Blackburn Iris[115] UK Maritime patrol 1930 1934 Three-engined biplane flying boat
Britten-Norman Islander UK Communications n/a Twin-engined piston monoplane
SEPECAT Jaguar[116] UK Ground-attack/reconnaissance/trainer 1974 2007 Twin-engined jet
Gloster Javelin[117] UK All-weather fighter/interceptor 1956 1968 Twin-engined jet
BAC Jet Provost[118] UK Trainer 1955 1993 Single-engined jet
Scottish Aviation Jetstream[119] UK Trainer 1973 2003 Twin-engined turboprop
Blackburn Kangaroo[25] UK Torpedo bomber 1918 1919 Twin-engined biplane
Hawker Siddeley Kestrel[120] UK Fighter/ground-attack 1964 1965 Single-engined VTOL jet
Beechcraft Super King Air USA Trainer n/a Twin-engined turboprop
Curtiss Kittyhawk USA Fighter/fighter-bomber 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Short Knuckleduster UK Maritime patrol 1935 1935 Twin-engined monoplane flying boat. Service trials only
Avro Lancaster[121] UK/
Canada
Heavy bomber/reconnaissance/maritime patrol/air-sea rescue 1942 1954 Four-engined monoplane
Avro Lancastrian[122][123] UK Transport 1945 1950 Four-engined monoplane
Saro Lerwick[124] UK Maritime patrol 1939 1942 Twin-engined flying boat
Consolidated Liberator[125] USA Heavy bomber, transport, maritime patrol 1941 1947 Four-engined monoplane
English Electric Lightning[126] UK Fighter/interceptor 1959 1988 Twin-engined jet
Lockheed Lightning[127] USA Heavy fighter 1942 1943 Twin-engined twin-boom monoplane
Avro Lincoln[128] UK Bomber 1945 1963 Four-engined monoplane
Lockheed Lodestar[127] USA Transport 1941 Twin-engined monoplane
Saro London[129] UK Maritime patrol 1936 1941 Twin-engined biplane flying boat
Fairey Long-Range Monoplane[130] UK Experimental (Distance record) 1928 1933 Single-engined monoplane
Westland Lysander[131] UK Army co-operation/liaison 1938 1946 Single-engined monoplane
Bristol M.1C UK Fighter 1918 Single-engined monoplane
Miles Magister[132] UK Trainer 1937 1944 Single-engined monoplane
Avro Manchester[133] UK Bomber 1940 1942 Twin-engined monoplane
Handley Page Marathon[134] UK Navigation trainer 1953 1958 Four-engined piston monoplane
Martin Marauder[135] USA Bomber 1942 1945 Twin-engined monoplane
Martin Mariner[41] USA Maritime patrol/transport 1943 1947 Twin-engined monoplane seaplane
Miles Martinet[136] UK Target tug 1942 1950 Single-engined monoplane
Martin Maryland[137] USA Bomber 1940 1943 Twin-engined monoplane
Miles Master[138] UK Trainer 1939 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Miles Mentor[69] UK Trainer/communications 1938 Single-engined monoplane
Miles Messenger[139] UK Liaison 1943 1948 Single-engined monoplane
AgustaWestland Merlin UK Transport 2001 n/a Three-engined helicopter
Gloster Meteor[140] UK Reconnaissance 1944 1977 Twin-engined jet
Armstrong Whitworth Meteor[141] UK Night fighter 1951 1961 Twin-engined jet
North American Mitchell[142] USA Bomber 1942 1950 Twin-engined monoplane
Curtiss Mohawk[143] USA Fighter 1940 1944 Single-engined monoplane
De Havilland Mosquito[144] UK Bomber/reconnaissance/fighter-bomber/night fighter/target tug 1941 1956 Twin-engined monoplane
North American Mustang[145] USA Fighter/fighter-bomber 1942 1946 Single-engined monoplane
Lockheed Neptune[146] USA Maritime patrol/AEW 1952 1957 Twin-engined monoplane
Nieuport Nighthawk[147] UK Fighter 1920 1923 Single-engined biplane
Miles Nighthawk[69] UK Trainer 1938 1940 Single-engined monoplane
Nieuport Nightjar[139] UK Fighter 1922 1924 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Siddeley/BAE Nimrod[148] UK Maritime patrol/airborne early warning 1969 2011 Four-engined jet
Northrop Nomad[149] USA Bomber/trainer 1940 1940 Single-engined monoplane
Northrop N-3PB[149] USA Maritime patrol 1941 1943 Single-engined floatplane
Norman Thompson N.T.2B UK Trainer 1918 Single-engined flying-boat
Handley Page O/400[49] UK Bomber 1918 1920 Twin-engined biplane
Boulton Paul Overstrand[150] UK Medium bomber/gunnery trainer 1934 1941 Twin-engined biplane
Airspeed Oxford[151] UK Trainer 1937[152] 1956[153] Twin-engined monoplane
Parnall Panther UK Reconnaissance 1919 1926 Single-engined biplane
Hunting Percival Pembroke[154] UK Reconnaissance 1953 1988 Twin-engined monoplane
Blackburn Perth[155] UK Maritime patrol 1934 1938 Three-engined biplane flying boat
Percival Petrel[156] UK Communications 1938 1947 Twin-engined monoplane
McDonnell Douglas Phantom[157] USA Fighter/ground attack/reconnaissance 1969 1992 Twin-engined jet
Scottish Aviation Pioneer[158] UK Transport 1953 1969 Single-engined monoplane
Avro Prefect[8] UK Trainer 1935 Single-engined biplane
Percival Prentice[159] UK Trainer/communications 1947 1953 Single-engined monoplane
Percival Proctor[160] UK Trainer/communications 1939 1955 Single-engined monoplane
Percival Provost[161] UK Trainer 1953 1969 Single-engined monoplane
Westland/Aérospatiale Puma[162] UK Transport 1971 n/a Twin-engined helicopter
Sopwith Pup UK Fighter 1918 Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Puss Moth UK Communications Single-engined monoplane
De Havilland Queen Bee[61] UK Pilotless target drone Single-engined biplane
Airspeed Queen Wasp[67] UK Pilotless target drone 1940 Single-engined biplane
Short Rangoon[163] UK Maritime patrol 1931 1939 Three-engined biplane flying boat
Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8[156] UK Artillery spotting and reconnaissance 1918 1920 Single-engined biplane
Vultee-Stinson Reliant USA Trainer/communications Single-engined monoplane
Blackburn Roc UK Carrier fighter, target tug, 1939 1943 Single-engined monoplane
Avro Rota[122] UK Army co-operation 1934 1945 Autogyro
Canadair Sabre[164] Canada Fighter 1953 1956 Single-engined jet
Sopwith Salamander[65] UK Ground attack 1918 1922 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Scapa[165] UK General Reconnaissance 1935 1938 Twin-engined biplane flying boat
Nieuport Scout France Fighter 1918 Single-engined biplane
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5A UK Fighter 1918 Single-engined biplane
Short Seaford[42] UK Maritime patrol 1946 1948 Four-engined flying boat
Westland Sea King[166] UK Air-sea rescue 1977 n/a Twin-engined helicopter
Fairey Seal UK Fleet spotter 1933 1943 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Sea Otter[167] UK Air-sea rescue/fleet spotting/communications 1943 1949 Single-engined biplane flying boat
Raytheon Sentinel Canada Battlefield Surveillance 2008 n/a Twin-engined jet
Stinson Sentinel[168] USA Liaison 1943 1946 Single-engined monoplane
Boeing Sentry USA Airborne early warning 1990 n/a Four-engined jet
Avro Shackleton[169] UK Maritime patrol/AEW/air-sea rescue/trainer 1951 1991 Four-engined piston monoplane
Beechcraft Shadow USA Battlefield Surveillance n/a Twin-engined turboprop monoplane
Blackburn Shark UK Torpedo bomber 1936 1942 Single-engined biplane
Boulton Paul Sidestrand[170] UK Bomber 1928 1934 Twin-engined biplane
Short Singapore[171] UK Maritime patrol 1935 1941 Four-engined biplane flying boat
Armstrong Whitworth Siskin[172] UK Fighter/trainer 1924 1932 Single-engined biplane
Westland Sioux[68] UK Trainer Single-engined piston helicopter
Saro Skeeter[173] UK Air observation/trainer 1958 1964 Single-engined piston helicopter
Blackburn Skua UK Fighter/dive-bomber 1938 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Douglas Skymaster[13] USA Transport 1944 1946 Four-engined monoplane
Sopwith Snipe[174] UK Fighter 1918 1926 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Southampton[175] UK Reconnaissance 1925 1937 Twin-engined biplane flying boat
SPAD S.XIII France Fighter 1918 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Spitfire[176] UK Fighter, photo Reconnaissance 1938 1954 Single-engined monoplane
Supermarine Spiteful[177] UK Fighter Single-engined monoplane
Eurocopter Squirrel[178] France Trainer 1997 n/a Single-engined helicopter. With Defence Helicopter Flying School
Short Stirling[179] UK Bomber/transport 1940 1946 Four-engined monoplane
Supermarine Stranraer[180] UK Maritime patrol 1936 1940 Twin-engined biplane flying boat
Short Sunderland[181] UK Maritime patrol/transport 1938 1959 Four-engined monoplane flying boat
Supermarine Swift[182] UK Fighter/Reconnaissance 1954 1961 Single-engined jet
Fairey Swordfish UK Torpedo-bomber/Reconnaissance 1936 1945 Single-engined biplane
Bristol Sycamore[183] UK Communications/ambulance/search and rescue 1952 1971 Single-engined piston helicopter
Hawker Tempest[184] UK Fighter/target tug 1944 1951 Single-engined monoplane
Republic Thunderbolt[185] USA Fighter/fighter-bomber 1944 1945 Single-engined monoplane
De Havilland Tiger Moth[186] UK Trainer 1932 1951 Single-engined biplane
Curtiss Tomahawk[187] USA Fighter/fighter-bomber 1940 1944 Single-engined monoplane
Hawker Tomtit[188] UK Trainer 1929 1935 Single-engined biplane
Panavia Tornado[189] UK Fighter/bomber 1979 n/a Twin-engined jet
Beech Traveller USA Transport Twin-engined cabin biplane
Lockheed TriStar USA Transport/tanker 1984 2013 Three-engined jet
Shorts Tucano UK Trainer 1988 n/a Single-engined turboprop monoplane
Avro Tutor[190] UK Trainer 1930 1937 Single-engined biplane
Grob Tutor Germany Trainer n/a Single-engined piston monoplane
Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer[191] UK Transport 1958 1969 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Eurocopter Twin Squirrel France Transport/communications n/a Twin-engined helicopter
Hawker Typhoon[192] UK Fighter/fighter-bomber 1941 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Eurofighter Typhoon UK Fighter-bomber 2007 n/a Twin-engined jet
Handley Page V/1500 UK Bomber 1918 1920 Four-engined biplane
Vickers Valentia[193] UK Bomber/transport 1934 1944 Twin-engined biplane
Vickers Valetta[194] UK Transport/trainer 1948 1969 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers Valiant[195] UK Bomber/tanker 1955 1965 Four-engined jet
De Havilland Vampire[196] UK Fighter/night fighter/trainer 1946 1972 Single-engined jet
Vickers Varsity[197] UK Trainer 1951 1976 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers VC10[198][199] UK Transport/tanker 1966 2013 Four-engined jet
Percival Vega Gull[200] UK Communications 1938 Single-engined monoplane
Vultee Vengeance[201][202] UK Dive bomber/target tug 1942 1948 Single-engined monoplane
de Havilland Venom[203] UK Fighter-bomber/night fighter 1952 1962 Single-engined jet
Lockheed Ventura[204] USA Medium bomber/maritime patrol 1942 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers Vernon[205] UK Transport 1922 1927 Twin-engined biplane
Handley Page Victor[206] UK Strategic bomber/tanker/Reconnaissance 1957 1993 Four-engined jet
Vickers Victoria[207] UK Transport 1926 1935 Twin-engined biplane
Vultee Vigilant[168] USA Army co-operation 1941 Single-engined monoplane
Vickers Viking[123][208][209][Notes 9] UK Transport 1946 1959 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers Vildebeest[210] UK Torpedo bomber 1933 1942 Single-engined biplane
Vickers Vimy[211] UK Bomber 1918 1931 Twin-engined biplane
Vickers Vincent[174] UK Army co-operation 1934 1941 Single-engined biplane
Vickers Virginia[212] UK Heavy bomber/parachute training 1924 1937 Twin-engined biplane
Airbus Voyager France/
Spain
Tanker/Transport 2012 n/a Twin-engined jet
Avro Vulcan[213] UK Strategic bomber/tanker/Reconnaissance 1957 1984 Four-engined jet
Westland Wallace[214] UK Utility 1933 1943 Single-engined biplane
Westland Walrus[215] UK Fleet Reconnaissance 1921 1925 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Walrus[216] UK Air-sea rescue, fleet spotting and communications 1936 1946 Single-engined biplane amphibian
Westland Wapiti[217] UK General purpose/bomber/trainer 1928 1940 Single-engined biplane
Vickers Warwick[218] UK Bomber/maritime patrol/transport 1943 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Boeing Washington[219] USA Bomber 1950 1958 Four-engined monoplane
Westland Welkin[215] UK High altitude fighter 1944 1944 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers Wellesley[220] UK Bomber 1937 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Vickers Wellington[221] UK Medium bomber/Maritime patrol/transport/trainer/AEW 1938 1953 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Westland Wessex[222] UK Transport/air-sea rescue 1964 1985 Twin-engined helicopter
Westland Whirlwind[223] UK Fighter 1940 1943 Twin-engined monoplane
Westland Whirlwind[224] UK Air-sea rescue/transport 1955 1977 Single-engined helicopter
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley[225] UK Medium bomber/maritime patrol/transport/trainer 1937 1945 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Hawker Woodcock[226] UK Night fighter 1924 1928 Single-engined biplane
Avro York[227] UK Transport 1943 1957 Four-engined monoplane

Aircraft Impressed into RAF Service[edit]

Civil Aircraft[edit]

[228]

Aircraft Type Number
impressed
Unit(s)/location/purpose
Aeronca 50 Chief 1 India
Airspeed AS 5 Courier[229] 9
Airspeed AS 6 Envoy[229] 2
Airspeed Ferry 2 One used by RAF Halton in 1940, then both used as instructional airframes.[230]
Armstrong Whitworth Atlanta[229] 5 31 Squadron in India and Iraq, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
Armstrong Whitworth Ensign[229] 2 24 Squadron, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
Avro 504N[229] 7 glider tug
Avro 642 Eighteen 1
Avro 652[229] 2 navigation training
Avro Cadet 32 No. 3 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS) at RAF Hamble and RAF Watchfield
Avro Commodore[229] 1 RAF Cranfield Communications Flight
Avro 619 Five 1 No. 11 Air Observer Navigation School (AONS) at RAF Hamble
Beech 17 Traveller 4
Bellanca Pacemaker 1
British Aircraft Double Eagle 2
British Aircraft Eagle[229] 4
British Aircraft Swallow[229] 9 some converted into gliders
British Aircraft Company Drone 1 608 Squadron
Blackburn B-2 31 No. 4 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS) at Brough
Boeing 247D[229] 1 Telecommunications Research Establishment, ex-RCAF
Cessna C-34 Airmaster 1 Used a few weeks in 1941 by RAF Hucknall, sold in 1942.[231]
Cierva C.30A[229] 5 529 Squadron
Cierva C.40 Rota Mk II 2
Comper Swift[229] 2 1 used by 25 Squadron and second by 247 Squadron
Curtiss T-32 Condor II 4
De Havilland DH.86B[229] 2 24 Squadron
De Havilland Albatross[229] 2 271 Squadron, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
De Havilland Dragon[229] 17
De Havilland Dragon Rapide[229] 40
De Havilland Dragonfly[229] 15
De Havilland Flamingo[229] 3 24 Squadron, ex-BOAC
De Havilland Fox Moth 2
De Havilland Gipsy Moth[229] 37
De Havilland Hornet Moth[229] 64 25 used for coastal patrol
De Havilland Moth Minor[229] 26 glider tug
De Havilland Leopard Moth[229] 45 communications
De Havilland Moth Major[229] unk.
De Havilland Puss Moth[229] 47 communications
De Havilland Tiger Moth[229] 160 + training
Desoutter Mk.II[232] 4
Douglas DC-2[232] 19 No. 31 Squadron RAF in India, Iraq and Burma, 1941 - 1943[233][234][235]
Douglas DC-3 10 31 Squadron and 24 Squadron (2 ex-SABENA).
Fairchild 24 2 RAF Halton Communications Flight
Fairchild 91[232] 1 air-sea rescue in the Middle East
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor 1 Danish Air Lines War prize seized after Germany invaded Denmark.
Flown by BOAC but rarely used due to restrictions on flying German aircraft.
Crashed on delivery to Air Transport Auxiliary and dismantled.[236]
Fokker F.XXII[232] 2 ex-KLM. No. 1 Air Observer Navigation School (AONS) at Prestwick
Fokker F.XXXVI[232] 1 ex-KLM, No. 1 Air Observer Navigation School (AONS) at Prestwick
Ford Trimotor[232] 1 271 Squadron, ex-Guinness family private aircraft
Foster Wikner Warferry[237] 3 24 Squadron, Communications Flights RAF Cranwell and RAF Northolt
General Aircraft Cagnet[232] 1 School of Army Co-operation
General Aircraft Cygnet[232] 5 Nos. 23, 24, 85, 88 and 510 Squadrons
General Aircraft Owlet[232] 1 23 Squadron
General Aircraft Monospar (ST-6, 10 & 12)[232] 4 Nos 7 and 8 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Units (AACU)
General Aircraft Monospar ST-25[232] 13
General Aircraft Owlet 1 Nos. 23 and 605 Squadrons.
Grumman Goose[49] 2 Operated by 24 Squadron and ATA in 1943
Grumman Widgeon 1 West Africa
Handley Page HP.42[232] 3 271 Squadron, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
Harlow PC-5A 5 India
Heston Phoenix[232] 3 24 Squadron
Koolhoven F.K.43 1 Dutch private aircraft
Lockheed Model 10 Electra[232] 4 24 Squadron
Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior[232] 2 24 Squadron
Messerschmitt Aldon[232] 3 Station Flights at RAF Abingdon, RAF Andover and RAF Northolt
Miles Falcon[232] 6 Station Flights at RAF Heston, RAF Northolt and RAF Sealand
Miles Hawk Major[232] 11
Miles Hawk Trainer[232] 11 No. 8 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS).
Miles Mohawk[232] 1 RAF Andover
Miles Monarch[232] 5 Abingdon and Halton Communications Flights
Miles Whitney Straight[232] 21
Parnall Heck[232] 3 1 at Communications Flight RAF Turnhouse and 1 at 24 Squadron
Percival Gull[232] 1
Percival Q.6 Petrel[237] 9
Percival Vega Gull[237] 20
Piper J-4 Cub Coupe[237] 19
Saro Cutty Sark 2 No. 3 Elementary and Reserve Flying Training School (ERFTS)
Savoia-Marchetti S.73[237] 7 Nos. 24 and 271 Squadrons, ex-SABENA
Short Empire[237] 4 Maritime patrol with Nos. 119 and 413 squadrons, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
Short G-class[237] 3 Maritime patrol with 119 Squadron
Short Mercury[237] 1 320 Squadron
Short Scion[237] 11
Short Scion Senior 1 173 Squadron
Spartan Cruiser 3 No. 6 and 7 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Units (AACU)
Spartan Executive 1 No. 1 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF
Stampe SV.4B[237] 1 510 Squadron
Stinson Reliant[237] 11
Stinson Voyager[237] 2
Taylorcraft Auster Plus C and Plus D[237] 23
Tipsy B/Trainer 6 No. 18 (Pilots) Advanced Flying Unit RAF
Westland Wessex 1
Zlin 212 1 India

Military Aircraft[edit]

Title
Type Original Operator Number Period Unit(s) Purpose
Bücker Bü 181 Luftwaffe 70 ~ 1945-1946 Various Communications
Caudron Simoun L'Armee de l'Air 2 1940- 1 with 267 Squadron Communications
Caproni Ca.148 Regia Aeronautica 1 1940- Khartoum Communications Flight & 117 Squadron Transport
Dewoitine D.520 L'Armee de l'Air 3 1940- Fighter
Dornier Do 17Ka Royal Yugoslav Air Force 2 1941 Egypt Bomber/transport
Dornier Do 22Kj Royal Yugoslav Air Force 8 1941-1942 No. 2 (Yugoslav) Squadron with 230 Squadron Anti-submarine patrol
Fieseler Fi 156 Luftwaffe 50 ~ 1939-1946 Various Communications/reconnaissance
Focke-Wulf Fw 58 Luftwaffe 9 ~ 1945-1946 Various Communications
Fokker T.VIIIW[72] Marinens Flyvevaaben 5 1940-1940 320 Squadron Convoy patrol
Heinkel He 115 Marinens Flyvevaaben 4 1940-1943 Royal Norwegian Navy flight Clandestine operations
Junkers Ju 52/3m Luftwaffe 70 ~ 1945-1946 Various Transport
Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 L'Armee de l'Air a few 1940-1942 No. 2 French (Fighter) Flight Fighter
Potez 29 L'Armee de l'Air 2 1940-? Transport
Potez 63 L'Armee de l'Air 6 1940-1941 No. 2 French (Fighter) Flight Fighter
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H Royal Yugoslav Air Force 1 1941- No. 2 (Yugoslav) Squadron
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79K Royal Yugoslav Air Force 4 1941-1942 1 with No.2 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit,
3 with 117 Sqdn
Transport
Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 Regia Aeronautica 2 1945-1946 Transport
Siebel Si 204 Luftwaffe 65 ~ 1945-1946 Various Communications

Captured or Interned[edit]

Captured or interned examples of the following aircraft were at one time flown by either the RAF or more normally by the Royal Aircraft Establishment for evaluation.

Argentine Aircraft[edit]

German Aircraft 1918-1919[edit]

German Aircraft 1938-1947[edit]

Italian Aircraft 1939-1945[edit]

Japanese Aircraft 1939-1945[edit]

Schneider Trophy Seaplanes[edit]

Aircraft used by the Royal Air Force in support of its efforts in the races, and includes aircraft used solely as trainers.

Training gliders[edit]

The following Gliders are or were flown by RAF training squadrons:

Airships and Balloons[edit]

UAVs and Drones[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ UK variant completely redesigned from Canadian original and shared few interchangeable parts.
  2. ^ Racer evaluated as K5084
  3. ^ One aircraft for training and support with Memorial Flight
  4. ^ The DH-9A wasn't a variant of the DH-9, but was instead entirely redesigned by Westland.
  5. ^ Dominie was the RAF's name for the Dragon Rapide - impressed examples retained original name
  6. ^ Evaluation only, later impressed. RAF name was to have been Hertfordshire
  7. ^ Used by Queen's flight
  8. ^ Single example donated to RAF
  9. ^ Used by Queen's flight

References[edit]

  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Hamlin, John F. The Oxford, Consul & Envoy File. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 2001. ISBN 0 85130 2890
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Moss, Peter W, Impressments Log Volume 1 United Kingdom. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1962.
  • Moss, Peter W, Impressments Log Volume 3 United Kingdom. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1964.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • Owen Thetford: Aircraft of the Royal Air Force since 1918 7th edition. Putnam & Co., London 1978, ISBN 0-370-30186-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald & Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1969 (2nd edition 1976, reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Unknown (January 1996). "DH 53 Humming Bird". Wingspan & Planes (Wingspan): 52. 

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.237-238, 243-245, 587
  2. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.130-131
  3. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.604
  4. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.44-47
  5. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.98-99
  6. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.34-35
  7. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.48-49
  8. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.574
  9. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.370-372
  10. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.53-58
  11. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.576
  12. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.368-369
  13. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.586
  14. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.25-27
  15. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.326-327
  16. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.39-43, 159-160
  17. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.121-122
  18. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.401-402
  19. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.96-97
  20. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.252-255
  21. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.140-145
  22. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.138-139
  23. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.465-466
  24. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.561-562
  25. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.578
  26. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.106-107
  27. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.573
  28. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.132-135, 146-147
  29. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.136-137
  30. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.224-226
  31. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.104-105
  32. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.152-154
  33. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.125-126
  34. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.157-158
  35. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.377-378
  36. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.148-149
  37. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.150-151
  38. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.123-124
  39. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.127-129
  40. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.443-444
  41. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.596
  42. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.605
  43. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.229-236
  44. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.161-162
  45. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.611-612
  46. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.210-211
  47. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.582
  48. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.579
  49. ^ a b c Thetford, 1978, p.592
  50. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.43-434
  51. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.220-221
  52. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.587
  53. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.606
  54. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.227-228
  55. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.118-120
  56. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.324-325
  57. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.585
  58. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.580
  59. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.177-178
  60. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.179-180
  61. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.583
  62. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.185-186
  63. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.372-373
  64. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.584
  65. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.607
  66. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.554-555
  67. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.572
  68. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.577
  69. ^ a b c Thetford, 1978, p.597
  70. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.239-240
  71. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.588
  72. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.589
  73. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.256-257
  74. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.108-111
  75. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.241-242
  76. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.322-323, 335-336
  77. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.261-262
  78. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.263-264
  79. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.568-569
  80. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.181-182
  81. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.265-266
  82. ^ "First of four Boeing C-17s is handed over to the UK RAF". Flight International: 6. 22–28 May 2001. 
  83. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.366-367
  84. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.248-249
  85. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.258-260
  86. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.623
  87. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.296-303
  88. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.622
  89. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, pp.292-295
  90. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.330-331
  91. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.374-376
  92. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.289-291
  93. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.320-321, 328-329
  94. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.415-416
  95. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.304-306
  96. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.222-223
  97. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.381-382
  98. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.337-338
  99. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.250-251
  100. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.347-348
  101. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.397-398
  102. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.287-288
  103. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.285-286
  104. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.332-334
  105. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.204-205
  106. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.620
  107. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.316-317
  108. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.603
  109. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.387-392
  110. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.581
  111. ^ Wingspan, January 1996, p.52
  112. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.358-365
  113. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.339-346
  114. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.283-284
  115. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.100-101
  116. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.447-448
  117. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.277-280
  118. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.91-95
  119. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.445-446
  120. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.594
  121. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.61-66
  122. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.575
  123. ^ a b Air-Britain: Royal Air Force Aircraft SA100 - VZ999, 1985
  124. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.437-438
  125. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.163-170
  126. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.82-88
  127. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.595
  128. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.69-70
  129. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.435-436
  130. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.246-247
  131. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.549-551
  132. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.407-408
  133. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.59-60
  134. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.307-308
  135. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.403-404
  136. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.411-412
  137. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.399-400
  138. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp409-410
  139. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.598
  140. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.267-276
  141. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.36-38
  142. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.419-420
  143. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.171-172
  144. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.187-203
  145. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.417-418, 421-422
  146. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.395-396
  147. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.413-414
  148. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.379-380, 613-614
  149. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.599
  150. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.116-117
  151. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.18-19
  152. ^ Hamlin 2001, p.21
  153. ^ Hamlin 2001, p.61
  154. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.385-386
  155. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.102-103
  156. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.601
  157. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.405-406
  158. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.439-440
  159. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.429-430
  160. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.427-428
  161. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.383-384
  162. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.566-567
  163. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.449-450
  164. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.423-424
  165. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.475-476
  166. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.570
  167. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.497-498
  168. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.609
  169. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.71-76
  170. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.114-115
  171. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.451-452
  172. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.20-24
  173. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.602
  174. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, pp.
  175. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.469-470
  176. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.481-496
  177. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.608
  178. ^ Squirrel HT1
  179. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.459-464
  180. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.479-480
  181. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.453-458
  182. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.499-503
  183. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.155-156
  184. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.353-357
  185. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.431-432
  186. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.183-184
  187. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.173-176
  188. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.318-319
  189. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.425-426
  190. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.50-52
  191. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.441-442
  192. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.349-352
  193. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.519-520
  194. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.535-537
  195. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.540-541
  196. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.206-209, 212-215
  197. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.538-539
  198. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.89-90
  199. ^ flightglobal.com - RAF VC10s to make last operational flight
  200. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.600
  201. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.542-543
  202. ^ Air Britain: RAF Aircraft KA100 - KZ999, Tonbridge 1990
  203. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.216-219
  204. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.393-394
  205. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.506-507
  206. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.309-313
  207. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.513-514
  208. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.608
  209. ^ Air-Britain: Viking - Valetta - Varsity, 1975
  210. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.515-516
  211. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.504-505
  212. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.508-512
  213. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.77-81
  214. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.546-548
  215. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.610
  216. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.477-478
  217. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.544-545
  218. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.531-534
  219. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.112-113
  220. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.521-522
  221. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.523-530
  222. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.563-565
  223. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.552-553
  224. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.556-560
  225. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.28-33
  226. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.314-315
  227. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.67-68
  228. ^ http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/CivilAircraftinWWIIService.cfm
  229. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Thetford, 1978, p.616
  230. ^ Moss 1962, p. 20
  231. ^ Moss 1962, p. 28
  232. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Thetford, 1978, p.617
  233. ^ Francillon, René: McDonnell Douglas Aircraft since 1920: Volume I, p. 172
  234. ^ Air Britain: RAF Aircraft DA100 - DZ999, 2008
  235. ^ Air Britain: RAF Aircraft HA100 - HZ999, 1998
  236. ^ Moss 1964, p. 110
  237. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Thetford, 1978, p.618
  238. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.590
  239. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.591
  240. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.471-472
  241. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.473-474
  242. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.411

External links[edit]