List of airline holding companies

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This is a list of airline holding companies, that either own more than one airline or are the parent company of a single airline.

A company or firm in which the holding company owns a significant portion of voting shares, usually 20–50% or a "minority of share ownership", is known as an associate company. A company in which the holding company owns more than 50% voting shares or a "majority of share ownership" is known as a subsidiary. The holding company thus can also be referred to as the parent company at that stage.

To create the world's largest carrier, American Airlines and US Airways have merged on 9 December 2013, announced on 14 February 2013. The frequent flier programs is expected to be combined at a later date, and the airlines will codeshare in February 2014 using the American flight number. US Airways will exit the Star Alliance on 30 March 2014 and enter Oneworld alliance the day after, a single operating certificate would be delivered at the end of 2015.[1]


EgyptAir Holding Company
EgyptAirEgyptAir CargoEgyptAir Express
Kenya Airways Holding Company [2]
Majority Holdings:
Kenya AirwaysJambojetKenya Airways CargoKencargo Airlines International
Minority Holdings:
Precision Air - 41.23% Shareholding
South African Airline Holdings Limited
South African AirwaysSouth African ExpressMango

Asia; Central, Far East, South, and Southwest[edit]

All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd.
Air CentralAir JapanAir NextAir NipponAll Nippon AirwaysANA & JP ExpressVanilla Air
China Airlines Group
China AirlinesMandarin AirlinesTigerair Taiwan
China Southern Air Holding
China Southern AirlinesChongqing Airlines
Decor Aviation
Air Pegasus
The Emirates Group
Emirates AirlinesEmirates SkyCargo • Emirates Executive
Etihad Airways
Majority Holdings:
Etihad Airways (100%)
Minority Holdings:
Alitalia (49%) • Air Serbia (49%) • Air Seychelles (40%) • Darwin Airline (34%) • Air Berlin (29%) • Virgin Australia (24%) • Jet Airways (24%) • Aer Lingus (4%)
Evergreen Group
Eva AirUni Air
Guangdong Development Bank
Jade Cargo InternationalKunpeng AirlinesShenzhen Airlines
Hanjin Group
Korean AirJin Air
HNA Group
Chang An AirlinesChina Xinhua AirlinesHainan AirlinesShanxi AirlinesHong Kong AirlinesHong Kong Express Airways
InterGlobe Enterprises
Jagson Group
Jagson Airlines
Japan Airlines Corporation
JALJALwaysJAL ExpressJ-AirJapan Air Commuter
Kumho Asiana Group
Asiana AirlinesAir Busan (49%)
LEPL Group
Air Costa
National Aviation Company of India Limited
Air IndiaAir India ExpressAir India RegionalIndian Airlines
Swire Group
Air Hong KongCathay Pacific AirwaysDragonair
Tailwinds Limited
Jet AirwaysJetKonnectJetLite
Tata Sons
Vistara (51%)
Wadia Group

Australia, Oceania, and Southeast Asia[edit]

AirAsia Berhad
AirAsiaAirAsia XThai AirAsiaIndonesia AirAsiaPhilippines AirAsiaAirAsia ZestAirAsia IndiaAirAsia JapanThai AirAsia X
Garuda Indonesia Group
Garuda IndonesiaCitilink
Lion Group
Lion AirBatik AirWings AirMalindo AirThai Lion Air
PAL Holdings, Inc.
Philippine AirlinesPAL Express
Penerbangan Malaysia Berhad
FireflyMASWingsMalaysia Airlines
Qantas Airways Limited
Majority Holdings:
JetconnectJetstar AirwaysQantas
Minority Holdings:
Jetstar Asia AirwaysJetstar JapanJetstar Hong KongJetstar Pacific Airlines
Singapore Airlines Limited
Majority Holdings:
Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo (SQ)SilkAir (MI)ScootTiger Airways Holdings Limited
Minority Holdings:
Vistara (49%)
Tiger Airways Holdings Limited
TigerairTigerair Taiwan
Vietnam Airlines Corporation
Vietnam AirlinesVietnam Air Service CompanyCambodia Angkor Air* • Jetstar Pacific Airlines
Virgin Australia Holdings Limited
Majority Holdings:
Virgin Australia (100%) • V Australia (100%) • Virgin Australia Regional Airlines (100%) • Tigerair Australia (100%)
Minority Holdings:
Virgin Samoa (49%)
Cebu Pacific Group
Cebu PacificTigerair Philippines


Air Berlin (Group) PLC
Majority Holdings:
Air BerlinLTU International
Minority Holdings:
Belair (49%) • Niki (49.9%)
Air France-KLM SA
Majority Holdings:
Air FranceRégionalBrit Air ;• KLMKLM CityhopperMartinairTransavia.comHOP!
Minority Holdings:
Airlinair (19,5%) • Air Calédonie (2%) • Air Mauritius (5%) • Air Tahiti (7%) • Compagnia Aerea Italiana (7.08%) • CCM Airlines (12%) • Kenya Airways (26%) • Royal Air Maroc (3%)
Air Greenland
Minority Holdings:
Norlandair (25%)
Cirrus Group Holding
Augsburg AirwaysCirrus Airlines
Compagnia Aerea Italiana
AlitaliaAlitalia ExpressAir OneAir One CityLinerVolare Airlines
Deutsche Post World Net
Aero Express Del EcuadorDHL Aero ExpresoDHL Air UKDHL de GuatemalaEuropean Air TransportSNAS/DHL
Fastjet TanzaniaFastjet Zimbabwe
Icelandair Group
Air IcelandBluebird CargoIcelandairLoftleiðir IcelandicSmartLynx Airlines
International Airlines Group
Majority Holdings:
Aer Lingus • Iberia Group • British AirwaysVueling Airlines
Minority Holdings:
Comair (18%)
Lufthansa Group
Majority Holdings:
Air DolomitiAustrian AirlinesEurowingsGermanwingsLufthansa Airlines, Lufthansa Cargo, Lufthansa CityLineSwiss International Air LinesEdelweiss AirSunExpress (50% with Turkish Airlines)
Minority Holdings:
Brussels Airlines (45%) • JetBlue Airways (15,6%) • Jade Cargo International (25%) • Luxair (13%) • Ukraine International Airlines (22,52%)
SAS Group
Majority Holdings:
Blue1Scandinavian AirlinesScandinavian Airlines DenmarkScandinavian Airlines NorwayScandinavian Airlines Sweden
Minority Holdings:
Air Greenland (37.5%) • Estonian Air (10%) • Skyways Express (25%)
TAP Group
PortugáliaPGA ExpressTAP Portugal
TUIFly ( - ), TUIfly (Germany)TUIFly ( - ), Arkefly - Corsairfly - Jetairfly - Thomson Airways - TUIfly Nordic
Note: all of the preceding airlines are presently being merged into two main groups, and will simply be named TUIFly, and one of which will be partially owned and presided over by a Lufthansa Holding company.
Turkish Airlines
AnadoluJetSunExpress (50% with Lufthansa)
Straumur-Burdaras Investment Bank
XL Airways GermanyXL Airways France
Virgin Group
Majority Holdings:
Virgin Atlantic Airways
Minority Holdings:
AirAsia X (20%) • VAI Partners LLC (Virgin America) (25%) • Virgin Blue Holdings Limited (25%) • Virgin Nigeria Airways Limited (49%)

North America[edit]

ACE Aviation Holdings Inc.
Majority Holdings:
Air Canada
Air Transport Services Group
ABX AirAir Transport InternationalCapital Cargo International Airlines
Alaska Air Group
Alaska AirlinesHorizon Air
American Airlines Group
Majority Holdings:
American AirlinesUS AirwaysEnvoy AirPiedmont AirlinesPSA Airlines
Minority Holdings:
Mesa Air Group (10%) • Mesa Airlines
Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings, Inc.
Majority Holdings:
Atlas Air (100%) • Polar Air Cargo (51%)
Minority Holdings:
Global Supply Systems (49%)
Grupo Aeromexico
AeroMéxicoAeroMéxico Connect
Copa Holdings S.A.
AeroRepúblicaCopa Airlines
Delta Air Lines, Inc.
Delta Air LinesEndeavor Air
Minority Holdings:
Virgin Atlantic holding company (49%) • Gol Linhas Aereas Inteligentes (6.15%) • Grupo Aeromexico (4.17%) • China Eastern Airlines Corp. (3.6%)
Major Former Airline Holdings:
ComairPinnacle Airlines
Hoth Inc.
Era Alaska - Era AviationEra Alaska - Frontier AlaskaArctic Circle Air
Indigo Partners, LLC
Frontier Airlines
MatlinPatterson Global Advisors
Majority Holdings:
Global Aviation Holdings, North American Airlines
Major Former Airline Holdings:
Arrow AirATA AirlinesWorld Airways
Minority Former Airline Holdings:
Pacific Air Holdings
Pacific WingsGeorgiaSkiesKentuckySkiesNew Mexico AirlinesTennesseeSkies
Republic Airways Holdings
Chautauqua AirlinesRepublic AirlinesShuttle America
Saltchuk Resources
Aloha Air CargoNorthern Air Cargo
SkyWest, Inc.
ExpressJet AirlinesSkyWest Airlines
Southwest Airlines Co.
AirTran AirwaysSouthwest Airlines
Trans States Holdings
Compass AirlinesGoJet AirlinesTrans States Airlines
United Continental Holdings
Continental AirlinesContinental MicronesiaUnited Airlines
Volare Air Group
Northeast AirlinesNortheast JetlinesGrace AirwaysYellow Cargo System

South and Central America[edit]

Synergy Aerospace Corp.[3]
Majority Holdings:
• (66%) AviancaTaca Holding S.A. - Avianca S.A.TACA International Airlines S.A.
• (100%) Avianca S.A. - SAM S.A.Tampa CargoVarigLogOceanAirVIP S.A.AeroGalCapital AirlinesHelicol S.A.TurbServ
Kingsland Holding Ltd.
Minority Holdings:
• (34%) AviancaTaca Holding S.A. - Avianca S.A.TACA International Airlines S.A.Volaris (25%)
• (100%) TACA International Airlines S.A. - TACA RegionalTACA PerúLACSAAeroman
LATAM Airlines Group
Majority Holdings:
LAN ArgentinaLAN CargoLAN ChileLAN EcuadorLAN ExpressLAN PerúLAN Colombia
ABSA Cargo AirlineLANCOMasAirTAM Linhas Aéreas S.ATAM Airlines
Tenedora K (Grupo Industrial Omega, Grupo Arizan) [4]