List of airports in Greenland

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Map of Greenland

This is a list of airports in Greenland, grouped by type and sorted by location.

Greenland (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat, Danish: Grønland) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically associated with Europe (specifically Norway and Denmark).

Since January 2009, Greenland has been divided into four municipalities: Kujalleq, Qaasuitsup, Qeqqata, and Sermersooq. The large Northeast Greenland National Park is not part of any municipality (unincorporated). The Thule Air Base (Pituffik), located as an enclave within the Qaasuitsup municipality, is also an unincorporated area and does not belong to any municipality.

Previously, Greenland consisted of three counties (amt): Kitaa/Vestgrønland (West Greenland), Tunu/Østgrønland (East Greenland) and Avannaa/Nordgrønland (North Greenland). Kitaa had 15 municipalities; Tunu had two municipalities and Avannaa had one municipality.

Air travel is extremely important in Greenland, since there are generally no roads between settlements. Arctic Umiaq Line provides passenger and freight services by sea but is limited to the southwest coast and travel time is long.

History[edit]

See also: Air Greenland

The first airports in Greenland were built by and for the United States defense. The first and main one was Kangerlussuaq Airport in 1941, followed by Narsarsuaq Airport in 1942 and Kulusuk Airport in 1956. They were initially not used for civilian travel, and they were in general not located near the local major settlement making them less useful for civilian travel. In the early 1960s Greenlandair was founded, starting flights between the air bases, and helicopter and sea plane flights to the settlements. SAS operated the connection from Copenhagen to Kangerlussuaq, beginning in 1954 as a fuel stop to the United States, and was taken over in 2000 by Air Greenland.

Beginning with Nuuk Airport in 1979 and Ilulissat Airport in 1983, several airports with short runway s were built.

Airports[edit]

List of airports in Greenland is located in Greenland
BGAA
BGAA
BGJN
BGJN
BGCO
BGCO
BGSF
BGSF
BGKK
BGKK
BGMQ
BGMQ
BGBW
BGBW
BGGH
BGGH
BGPT
BGPT
BGTL
BGTL
BGQQ
BGQQ
BGUQ
BGUQ
BGSS
BGSS
BGUK
BGUK
Location of airports. Airports in red have international flights (may be seasonal).

Many locations in Greenland have Danish names in addition to their Greenlandic names. The Danish name, where applicable, is shown in italics. Airport or heliport names shown in bold indicate the facility has scheduled passenger service on a commercial airline.

Several of the airports do not have road connection with the local major settlement, so a helicopter transfer is often needed by most passengers to some airports. Airports with a very small population reachable by road include Kangerlussuaq Airport, Kulusuk Airport, Narsarsuaq Airport, Nerlerit Inaat Airport and Qaarsut Airport. All 14 civil airports and 47 helipads in Greenland are operated by the state-owned enterprise Greenland Airport Authority.

Aerodromes[edit]

The following 14 airports are listed under AD 2 AERODROMES at Naviair.[1]

Location served Municipality ICAO IATA Airport name Reference
Aasiaat (Egedesminde) Qaasuitsup BGAA JEG Aasiaat Airport [2]
Ilulissat (Jakobshavn) Qaasuitsup BGJN JAV Ilulissat Airport [3]
Ittoqqortoormiit (Scoresbysund) Sermersooq BGCO CNP Nerlerit Inaat Airport (Constable Pynt Airport) [4]
Kangerlussuaq (Søndre Strømfjord) Qeqqata BGSF SFJ Kangerlussuaq Airport [5]
Kulusuk Sermersooq BGKK KUS Kulusuk Airport [6]
Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen) Qeqqata BGMQ JSU Maniitsoq Airport [7]
Narsarsuaq Kujalleq BGBW UAK Narsarsuaq Airport (Narsarsuaq Air Base) [8]
Nuuk (Godthåb) Sermersooq BGGH GOH Nuuk Airport [9]
Paamiut (Frederikshåb) Sermersooq BGPT JFR Paamiut Airport [10]
Pituffik BGTL THU Thule Air Base [11]
Qaanaaq Qaasuitsup BGQQ NAQ Qaanaaq Airport [12]
Qaarsut / Uummannaq Qaasuitsup BGUQ JQA Qaarsut Airport (Uummannaq Airport) [13]
Sisimiut (Holsteinsborg) Qeqqata BGSS JHS Sisimiut Airport [14]
Upernavik Qaasuitsup BGUK JUV Upernavik Airport [15]

The following two aerodromes are located in the Northeast Greenland National Park.

Location served Municipality ICAO IATA Airport name Reference
NEEM Camp Northeast Greenland National Park NEEM Camp
Summit Camp Northeast Greenland National Park Summit Station

Not included are the former United States Army Air Forces bases of Bluie East Two, Marrak Point, Narsarsuaq Air Base and Sondrestrom Air Base.

Heliports[edit]

The following 47 heliports are listed under AD 4 HELIPORTS at Naviair.[16]

Location served Municipality ICAO IATA Airport name Reference
Aappilattoq Kujalleq (was Nanortalik) BGAQ QUV Aappilattoq Heliport (Kujalleq) [17]
Aappilattoq Qaasuitsup (was Upernavik) BGAG AOQ Aappilattoq Heliport (Qaasuitsup)
(non-IATA identifier: AAP)
[18]
Akunnaaq Qaasuitsup BGAK Akunnaaq Heliport [19]
Alluitsup Paa (Sydprøven) Kujalleq BGAP LLU Alluitsup Paa Heliport [20]
Ammassivik (Sletten) Kujalleq BGAS QUW Ammassivik Heliport [21]
Arsuk Sermersooq BGAR JRK Arsuk Heliport [22]
Attu Qaasuitsup BGAT Attu Heliport [23]
Eqalugaarsuit Kujalleq BGET QFG Eqalugaarsuit Heliport [24]
Iginniarfik Qaasuitsup BGIG Iginniarfik Heliport [25]
Ikamiut Qaasuitsup BGIT Ikamiut Heliport [26]
Ikerasaarsuk Qaasuitsup BGIK Ikerasaarsuk Heliport [27]
Ikerasak Qaasuitsup BGIA Ikerasak Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: IKE)
[28]
Ilimanaq (Claushavn) Qaasuitsup BGIL Ilimanaq Heliport [29]
Illorsuit Qaasuitsup BGLL IOT Illorsuit Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: ILL)
[30]
Innaarsuit Qaasuitsup BGIN IUI Innaarsuit Heliport [31]
Isertoq Sermersooq BGIS IOQ Isortoq Heliport [32]
Ittoqqortoormiit (Scoresbysund) Sermersooq BGSC OBY Ittoqqortoormiit Heliport [33]
Kangaatsiaq Qaasuitsup BGKA Kangaatsiaq Heliport [34]
Kangersuatsiaq (Prøven) Qaasuitsup BGKS KGQ Kangersuatsiaq Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: KAQ)
[35]
Kitsissuarsuit (Hunde Ejlande) Qaasuitsup BGKT Kitsissuarsuit Heliport [36]
Kullorsuaq Qaasuitsup BGKQ KHQ Kullorsuaq Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: KLQ)
[37]
Kuummiit Sermersooq BGKM Kuummiit Heliport [38]
Nalunaq (Nalunaq gold mine) Kujalleq (was Nanortalik) BGNL Nalunaq Heliport [39]
Nanortalik Kujalleq BGNN JNN Nanortalik Heliport [40]
Narsaq Kujalleq BGNS JNS Narsaq Heliport [41]
Narsaq Kujalleq (Frederiksdal) Kujalleq BGFD QFN Narsaq Kujalleq Heliport [42]
Niaqornaarsuk Qaasuitsup BGNK Niaqornaarsuk Heliport [43]
Niaqornat Qaasuitsup BGNT NIQ Niaqornat Heliport [44]
Nuugaatsiaq Qaasuitsup BGNQ JUU Nuugaatsiaq Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: NUG)
[45]
Nuussuaq (Kraulshavn) Qaasuitsup BGNU NSQ Nuussuaq Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: NUS)
[46]
Qaqortoq (Julianehåb) Kujalleq BGJH JJU Qaqortoq Heliport [47]
Qasigiannguit (Christianshåb) Qaasuitsup BGCH JCH Qasigiannguit Heliport [48]
Qassimiut Kujalleq BGQT QJH Qassimiut Heliport [49]
Qeqertaq Qaasuitsup BGQE Qeqertaq Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: QQT)
[50]
Qeqertarsuaq (Godhavn) Qaasuitsup BGGN JGO Qeqertarsuaq Heliport [51]
Saattut Qaasuitsup BGST SAE Saattut Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: SAA)
[52]
Saqqaq (Solsiden) Qaasuitsup BGSQ Saqqaq Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: QUP)
[53]
Savissivik Qaasuitsup BGSV SVR Savissivik Heliport [54]
Sermiligaaq Sermersooq BGSG Sermiligaaq Heliport [55]
Siorapaluk Qaasuitsup BGSI SRK Siorapaluk Heliport [56]
Tasiilaq Sermersooq BGAM AGM Tasiilaq Heliport (Ammassalik Heliport) [57]
Tasiusaq Kujalleq (was Nanortalik) BGTQ Tasiusaq Heliport (Kujalleq) [58]
Tasiusaq Qaasuitsup (was Upernavik) BGTA TQA Tasiusaq Heliport (Qaasuitsup) [59]
Tiilerilaaq Sermersooq BGTN TQI Tiniteqilaaq Heliport [60]
Ukkusissat Qaasuitsup BGUT JUK Ukkusissat Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: UKK)
[61]
Upernavik Kujalleq (Søndre Upernavik) Qaasuitsup BGKL Upernavik Kujalleq Heliport
(non-IATA identifier: UPK)
[62]
Uummannaq Qaasuitsup BGUM UMD Uummannaq Heliport [63]

The following four heliports are not listed by Naviair.

Location served Municipality ICAO IATA Airport name Reference
Igaliku Kujalleq QFX Igaliku Heliport [64]
Kangilinnguit (Grønnedal) Sermersooq BGGD JGR Kangilinnguit Heliport
Moriusaq Qaasuitsup BGMO Moriusaq Heliport
Saarloq Kujalleq BGSO QOQ Saarloq Heliport [65]

Future[edit]

At a late 2011 Air Greenland meeting, plans to move the main Greenland intercontinental air hub away from Kangerlussuaq were agreed upon. From 2011 is has not been possible to buy new aircraft (except for very small ones) which can use the 800–900 m (2,600–3,000 ft) airstrips which are common in Greenland including Nuuk Airport. So something needs to be done before the fleet of Bombardier Dash 8 Q200 is retired in future.

According to the 2011 plan, three 1,199 metres (3,934 ft) airstrips will be built: consisting of a new airport at Qaqortoq, and expansions at Nuuk, and Ilulissat. Probably later new airports at Tasiilaq and Ittoqqortoormiit will be built. These planned airstrips will be too short to host intercontinental flights, so an airstrip of at least 1,799 m (5,902 ft) must be created before Kangerlussuaq can be closed. Even such a runway would only allow smaller planes than current ones serving the Denmark route, requiring more flights. The main candidates for a new intercontinental airport are presently Ilulissat and Nuuk. Only a longer 2,800 m (9,200 ft) runway would allow continued use of the planes currently serving the Denmark route, which would need a new location on islands outside Nuuk. Suggested alternatives are to have the intercontinental hub at Illulisat or Keflavik.

Alongside Kangerlussuaq, if airports at Qaqortoq, Tasiilaq and Ittoqqortoormiit are built, the airports at Narsarsuaq, Kulusuk and Nerlerit Inaat will also be closed.[66]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ AD 2 AERODROMES
  2. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAA – Aasiaat Airport from Naviair
  3. ^ Greenland AIP for BGJN – Ilulissat Airport from Naviair
  4. ^ Greenland AIP for BGCO – Nerlerit Inaat Airport from Naviair
  5. ^ Greenland AIP for BGSF – Kangerlussuaq Airport from Naviair
  6. ^ Greenland AIP for BGKK – Kulusuk Airport from Naviair
  7. ^ Greenland AIP for BGMQ – Maniitsoq Airport from Naviair
  8. ^ Greenland AIP for BGBW – Narsarsuaq Airport from Naviair
  9. ^ Greenland AIP for BGGH – Nuuk Airport from Naviair
  10. ^ Greenland AIP for BGPT – Paamiut Airport from Naviair
  11. ^ Greenland AIP for BGTL – Thule Air Base from Naviair
  12. ^ Greenland AIP for BGQQ – Qaanaaq Airport from Naviair
  13. ^ Greenland AIP for BGUQ – Uummannaq Qaarsut Airport from Naviair
  14. ^ Greenland AIP for BGSS – Sisimiut Airport from Naviair
  15. ^ Greenland AIP for BGUK – Upernavik Airport from Naviair
  16. ^ AD 4 HELIPORTS
  17. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAQ – Aappilattoq (Nanortalik) Heliport from Naviair
  18. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAG – Aappilattoq (Upernavik) Heliport from Naviair
  19. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAK – Akunaq Heliport from Naviair
  20. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAP – Alluitsup Paa Heliport from Naviair
  21. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAS – Ammassivik Heliport from Naviair
  22. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAR – Arsuk Heliport from Naviair
  23. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAT – Attu Heliport from Naviair
  24. ^ Greenland AIP for BGET – Eqalugaarsuit Heliport from Naviair
  25. ^ Greenland AIP for BGIG – Iginniarfik Heliport from Naviair
  26. ^ Greenland AIP for BGIT – Ikamiut Heliport from Naviair
  27. ^ Greenland AIP for BGIK – Ikerassaarsuk Heliport from Naviair
  28. ^ Greenland AIP for BGIA – Ikerasak Heliport from Naviair
  29. ^ Greenland AIP for BGIL – Ilimanaq Heliport from Naviair
  30. ^ Greenland AIP for BGLL – Illorsuit Heliport from Naviair
  31. ^ Greenland AIP for BGIN – Innarsuit Heliport from Naviair
  32. ^ Greenland AIP for BGIS – Isortoq Heliport from Naviair
  33. ^ Greenland AIP for BGSC – Ittoqqortoormiit Heliport from Naviair
  34. ^ Greenland AIP for BGKA – Kangaatsiaq Heliport from Naviair
  35. ^ Greenland AIP for BGKS – Kangersuatsiaq Heliport from Naviair
  36. ^ Greenland AIP for BGKT – Kitsissuarsuit Heliport from Naviair
  37. ^ Greenland AIP for BGKQ – Kullorsuaq Heliport from Naviair
  38. ^ Greenland AIP for BGKM – Kuummiut Heliport from Naviair
  39. ^ Greenland AIP for BGNL – Nalunaq Heliport from Naviair
  40. ^ Greenland AIP for BGNN – Nanortalik Heliport from Naviair
  41. ^ Greenland AIP for BGNS – Narsaq Heliport from Naviair
  42. ^ Greenland AIP for BGFD – Narsaq Kujalleq Heliport from Naviair
  43. ^ Greenland AIP for BGNK – Niaqornaarsuk Heliport from Naviair
  44. ^ Greenland AIP for BGNT – Niaqornat Heliport from Naviair
  45. ^ Greenland AIP for BGNQ – Nuugatsiaq Heliport from Naviair
  46. ^ Greenland AIP for BGNU – Nuussuaq Heliport from Naviair
  47. ^ Greenland AIP for BGJH – Qaqortoq Heliport from Naviair
  48. ^ Greenland AIP for BGCH – Qasigiannguit Heliport from Naviair
  49. ^ Greenland AIP for BGQT – Qassimiut Heliport from Naviair
  50. ^ Greenland AIP for BGQE – Qeqertaq Heliport from Naviair
  51. ^ Greenland AIP for BGGN – Qeqertarsuaq Heliport from Naviair
  52. ^ Greenland AIP for BGST – Saattut Heliport from Naviair
  53. ^ Greenland AIP for BGSQ – Saqqaq Heliport from Naviair
  54. ^ Greenland AIP for BGSV – Savissivik Heliport from Naviair
  55. ^ Greenland AIP for BGSG – Sermiligaaq Heliport from Naviair
  56. ^ Greenland AIP for BGSI – Siorapaluk Heliport from Naviair
  57. ^ Greenland AIP for BGAM – Ammassalik Heliport from Naviair
  58. ^ Greenland AIP for BGTQ – Tasiusaq (Nanortalik) Heliport from Naviair
  59. ^ Greenland AIP for BGTA – Tasiusaq (Upernavik) Heliport from Naviair
  60. ^ Greenland AIP for BGTN – Tiniteqilaaq Heliport from Naviair
  61. ^ Greenland AIP for BGUT – Ukkusissat Heliport from Naviair
  62. ^ Greenland AIP for BGKL – Upernavik Kujalleq Heliport from Naviair
  63. ^ Greenland AIP for BGUM – Uummannaq Heliport from Naviair
  64. ^ Igaliku at Air Greenland
  65. ^ Saarloq at Air Greenland
  66. ^ "Kangerlussuaq to be closed". Sermitsiaq, AG. Retrieved January 5, 2012.