List of allied military operations of the Vietnam War (1972)

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This article is a list of known military operations of the Vietnam War in 1972, conducted by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam, the Khmer Republic, the United States and their allies.

Date Duration Operation Name Unit(s) – Description Location VCNVA KIA's Allied KIA's
72 Operation Prek Ta[1] FANK and ARVN operation against NVA
72 Operation Seahawk[2] US search and rescue operations in the Gulf of Tonkin, on the gun line off the coast, coming under enemy fire on 15 occasions Gulf of Tonkin
Feb 1 – Apr 30 Operation Keystone Owl[3] Redeployment of five infantry battalions, two cavalry squadrons and four air cavalry squadron from South Vietnam to the United States
Apr 1 – Sep 16 Operation Eastertide (Quảng Trị)[3] ARVN 3rd Division reinforced by the ARVN 1st Division, VNMC and ARVN Airborne Division defense and counteroffensive against the NVA 304th, 308th, 312th, 320th, 324B and 325th Divisions Quảng Trị Province
Apr 2 – Jul 11 Operation Eastertide (An Loc)[3] ARVN 5th Division, reinforced by TF 52 comprising the ARVN 18th Division, ARVN 21st Division, ARVN 35th Division and 1st Airborne Brigade defense and recapture of An Loc An Loc
Apr 5 – May 10 Operation Freedom Train Initial US bombing campaign in response to the NVA Easter Offensive, later superseded by Operation Linebacker
Apr 12 – Jul 14 Operation Eastertide (Kon Tum)[3] ARVN 23rd Division, reinforced by the 40th, 41st, 42nd and 47th Regiments, ARVN 22nd Division defense of Kon Tum against the NVA 2nd, 3rd and 320th Divisions Kon Tum
May 1 – Jun 30 Operation Keystone Pheasant[3] Redeployment of 3/1 Cavalry, 196th Infantry Brigade and four infantry Battalions from South Vietnam to the United States
May 8 Operation Pocket Money[4] Mining of Haiphong Harbour by A-7 Corsair IIs and A-6 Intruders from the USS Coral Sea Haiphong Harbour
May 9 – Oct 23 Operation Linebacker I[5] U.S. Seventh Air Force and U.S. Navy Task Force 77 strategic bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong, and mining of Haiphong harbor to turn back the Easter Offensive Hanoi and Haiphong
May 17 - Oct Operation Enhance[6] US resupply of military equipment and consumables to South Vietnam
Jun 3 – 12 Operation Thunderhead[3] US Navy SEAL Team One and Underwater Demolition Team (UDT)-11 operation to rescue 2 escaped US POWs Red River basin 1
Jul 1 – Aug 31 Operation Keystone Wren[3] Redeployment of two infantry battalions from South Vietnam to the United States
Sep 1 – Nov 30 Operation Keystone Pelican[3] Redeployment of miscellaneous units from South Vietnam to the United States
20 Oct - Dec Operation Enhance Plus Transfer of equipment and bases from U.S. to South Vietnam
Dec 18 – 29 Operation Linebacker II[3] U.S. Seventh Air Force and U.S. Navy Task Force 77 strategic bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong, and mining of Haiphong harbor to force North Vietnam to return to the Paris Peace Talks Hanoi and Haiphong 1612

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wilfred P. Deac (December 1996). "Losing Ground to the Khmer Rouge". Vietnam Magazine. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Vietnam Archive Operations Database". The Vietnam Center and Archive. 
  4. ^ "Operation Pocket Money/Endsweep". GlobalSecurity.Org. 
  5. ^ Lavalle, Maj. AC (1976). Airpower and the 1972 Spring Offensive. Maxwell AFB AL: Air University Press. 
  6. ^ Kissinger, Henry. Ending the Vietnam War: A History of America's Involvement in and Extrication. Simon & Schuster Ltd. p. 350. ISBN 978-0-7432-1532-9. 


  • John M. Carland (2000), Combat Operations, 430 pages
  • Marvin E. Gettleman (1995), Vietnam and America, 560 pages

External links[edit]