List of almond diseases

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This article is a list of diseases of almonds (Prunus dulcis).

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Bacterial diseases
Almond leaf scorch Xylella fastidiosa
Bacterial canker Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae
Bacterial hyperplastic canker Pseudomonas amygdali
Bacterial spot Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni
Crown gall Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Fungal diseases[edit]

diseases
Alternaria leaf spot Alternaria alternata
Almond Anthracnose Colletotrichum acutatum
Armillaria root rot

Armillaria mellea
Rhizomorpha subcorticalis [anamorph]

Band canker = Dothiorella canker

Botryosphaeria dothidea
Dothiorella sp. [anamorph]

Brown rot

Monilinia fructicola
Monilinia laxa
Monilia sp. [anamorph]

Ceratocystis canker Ceratocystis fimbriata
Green fruit rot

Botrytis cinerea
Botryotinia fuckeliana [teleomorph]
Monilinia fructicola
Monilinia laxa
Monilia sp. [anamorph]
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Hull rot

Monilinia fructicola
Monilinia laxa
Rhizopus arrhizus
Rhizopus circinans
Rhizopus stolonifer

Leaf blight

Discostroma corticola
Seimatosporium lichenicola [anamorph]

Leaf curl Taphrina deformans
Leucostoma canker

Leucostoma cincta
Leucocytospora cincta [anamorph]
Leucostoma persoonii
Leucocytospora leucostoma [anamorph]

Phomopsis canker and fruit rot

Phomopsis amygdali
= Fusicoccum amygdali

Phytophthora root and crown rot

Phytophthora spp.
Phytophthora cactorum
Phytophthora cambivora
Phytophthora cinnamomi
Phytophthora citricola
Phytophthora citrophthora
Phytophthora cryptogea
Phytophthora drechsleri
Phytophthora megasperma
Phytophthora nicotianae
Phytophthora syringae

Powdery mildew

Podosphaera tridactyla var. tridactyla
Oidium passerinii [anamorph]
Sphaerotheca pannosa [anamorph]

Red leaf blotch Polystigma ochraceum
Rust = Stone fruit rust Tranzschelia discolor
Scab

Venturia carpophila
Cladosporium carpophilum [anamorph]

Shot hole

Wilsonomyces carpophilus
= Stigmina carpophila

Silver leaf Chondrostereum purpureum
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae

Nematodes, parasitic[edit]

Nematodes, parasitic
Dagger nematode

Xiphinema americanum

Ring nematode

Mesocriconema xenoplax

Root-knot nematode

Meloidogyne arenaria
Meloidogyne hapla
Meloidogyne incognita
Meloidogyne javanica

Root-lesion nematode

Pratylenchus penetrans
Pratylenchus dulscus

Viral diseases[edit]

Viral diseases
Calico genus Ilarvirus, Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV)
Enation genus Nepovirus, Tomato black ring virus (TBRV)
Infectious bud failure genus Ilarvirus, Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV)
Peach mosaic Cherry mottle leaf virus
Peach yellow bud mosaic genus Nepovirus, Tomato ringspot virus (ToRSV)

Phytoplasmal diseases[edit]

Phytoplasmal diseases
Almond brown line and decline Peach yellow leaf roll phytoplasma
Almond kernel shrivel Peach yellow leaf roll phytoplasma
European stone fruit yellows European stone fruit yellows phytoplasma
Western X disease Western-X phytoplasma

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders[edit]

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
Bryobia mite insect infestation
Corky growth (on leaves) Physiological
Corky spot (on kernels) Unknown
Foamy canker Unknown
Fusarium root rot Fusarium spp.
Noninfectious bud failure = Crazy top Genetic
Nonproductive syndrome = Bull trees Unkno
Pythium root rot Pythium spp.
Union mild etch Unknown

References[edit]