List of alternative country names

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Most sovereign states have alternative names. Some countries have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names and initialisms for all nations, countries, and sovereign states, in English and any predominant or official languages of the country in question.

Countries are listed alphabetically by their description, the most common name or term that is politically neutral and unambiguous. This may be followed by a note as to the status of the description used.

a = (common, English)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
 Abkhaziaa Republic of Abkhazia (official, English), Aphsny Axwynthkharra (official, Abkhaz), Respublika Abkhaziya (official, Russian),
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (Internationally recognized, English)
AFG  Afghanistana Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (de facto official, English), Da Afġānistān Islāmī Amārāt (de facto official, Pashto), imārāt-i islāmī-yi Afġānistān (de facto official, Dari). From 2004 to 2011, it was known as Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (de jure official, English), Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat (de jure official, Pashto), Jumhūrī-yi islāmī-yi Afġānistān (de jure official, Dari). For names of prior states existing in Afghanistan, see History of Afghanistan
ALB  Albaniaa Republic of Albania (official, English), Republika e Shqipërisë (official, Albanian), Arnavutluk (Turkish), Arbanon (former, English), People's Socialist Republic of Albania (former official, English), Republika Popullore Socialiste e Shqipërisë (former official, Albanian), Albanian Kingdom (former official, English), Mbretnija Shqiptare (former official, Albanian)
DZA  Algeriaa People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (official, English), al-Jazāʾir (common, Arabic), al-Jumhūriyya al-Jazāʾiriyya ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyya aš‑Šaʿbiyya (official, Arabic), République algérienne démocratique et populaire (official, French)
AND  Andorraa Principality of Andorra (official, English), Principat d'Andorra (official, Catalan), Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (alternate, English)
AGO  Angolaa Republic of Angola (official, English), República de Angola (official, Portuguese)
ATG  Antigua and Barbudaa Antigua and Barbuda (official, English), Wadadli (the name the island of Antigua was originally called by Arawaks and is sometimes locally known by today)
ARG  Argentinaa Argentine Republic (official, English), la Argentina (colloquial, Spanish), the Argentine (archaic, English), Argentine Nation (official and legally preferred, English), United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (former official, English), Argentine Confederation (former official, English)
ARM  Armeniaa Republic of Armenia (official, English), Hayastan (transliterated Armenian, original: Հայաստան), Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն (official, Armenian), Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun (official, transliterated Armenian)
AUS  Australiaa Commonwealth of Australia (official, English), New Holland (former name, English)
AUT  Austriaa Republic of Austria (official, English), Republik Österreich (official, German), Österreich (common, German), Federal Republic of Austria (former official, English), Cisleithania (former, English), Cisleithanien (former, German)
AZE  Azerbaijana Republic of Azerbaijan (official, English), Azərbaycan Respublikası (official, Azerbaijani), Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (former official, English), Azerbaijan SSR (former short, English), Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы (former official, Azerbaijani)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
BHS  The Bahamasa Commonwealth of The Bahamas (official, English), Commonwealth of the Bahama Islands (former official, English), Bahama Islands (colloquial, English)
BHR  Bahraina Kingdom of Bahrain (official, English), Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn (official, Arabic), State of Bahrain (former official, English)
BGD  Bangladesha People's Republic of Bangladesh (official, English), বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh (common name, meaning the country of Bengal), গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônôprôjatôntri Bangladesh (long official name in Bengali), বাংলা Bangla (alternative name meaning the geographical land of Bengal), বঙ্গ Bônggô (Bongo, historical name for geographical area of Bengal), গঙ্গাঋদ্ধি Gônggarriddhi (ancient name for Bengal region), Bengal Presidency (former political name),
পূর্ববঙ্গ Purbô Bônggô (former political name), East Bengal (former political name), পূর্ব পাকিস্তান Purbô Pakistan (former political name), East Pakistan (former political name)
BRB  Barbadosa Barbados (official, English)
BLR  Belarusa Republic of Belarus (official, English), Рэспубліка Беларусь Respublika Bielaruś (Belarusian, official), Byelorussia (former name), White Russia (outdated)
BEL  Belgiuma Kingdom of Belgium (official, English), Koninkrijk België (official, Dutch), Royaume de Belgique (official, French), Königreich Belgien (official, German), Belgique (common, French), België (common, Dutch), Belgien (common, German)
BLZ  Belizea Belize (official, English), British Honduras (former, English)
BEN  Benina Republic of Benin (official, English), Dahomey (former name), République du Bénin (official, French)
BTN  Bhutana Kingdom of Bhutan (official, English), Druk Gyal Khap (official, Dzongkha)
BOL  Boliviaa Plurinational State of Bolivia (official, English), Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (official, Spanish), Republic of Bolívar (former official, English), Republic of Bolivia (former official, English)
BIH  Bosnia and Herzegovinaa Bosnia and Herzegovina (official, English), Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (former official, English), Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (former official, English), Bosnia (colloquial, English)
BWA  Botswanaa Republic of Botswana (official, English), Bechuanaland (former, English),
BRA  Brazila Federative Republic of Brazil (official, English), Pindorama (in Tupi and Guarani, native languages), Terra de Santa Cruz (early Portuguese colonization), Ilha de Vera Cruz (former, Portuguese), Empire of Brazil (former, English), United States of Brazil (former, English), República Federativa do Brasil (official, Portuguese)
BRN  Bruneia Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (official, English), State of Brunei (colonial name, English), Negara Brunei Darussalam (Malay), Brunei Darussalam (Malay), نڬارا بروني دارالسلام (Jawi)
BGR  Bulgariaa Republic of Bulgaria (official, English), Република България Republika Bǎlgariya (official, Bulgarian), People's Republic of Bulgaria (former official, English), Bulgaristan (Turkish)
BFA  Burkina Fasoa Burkina Faso (official, English), Upper Volta (former name, English), Haute-Volta (former name, French), Bourkina-Fasso (unofficial French form in the first few days after the 1984 change from Upper Volta until the government clarified the official spelling)
BDI  Burundia Republic of Burundi (official, English), Republika y'Uburundi (official, Kirundi), République du Burundi (official, French), Kingdom of Burundi (former official, English)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
KHM  Cambodia a Kingdom of Cambodia (official, English), Royaume du Cambodge (official, French), Kampuchea (former officially sanctioned common name in the English language and transliteration from Khmer language), Khmer Republic (former official), Democratic Kampuchea (former official), People's Republic of Kampuchea (former official), State of Cambodia (former official)
CMR  Cameroon a Republic of Cameroon (official, English), United Republic of Cameroon (former official, English), Kamerun (former colonial, German)
CAN  Canada
Canada (official, English and French), Dominion of Canada (historical long form, English), Dominion du Canada (historical long form, French), Acadia (French colony)
CPV  Cape Verde
Republic of Cabo Verde (official, English), República de Cabo Verde (official, Portuguese), Repúblika di Kabu Verdi (official, Cape Verdean Creole), Cabo Verde (official, Portuguese and English; the Government of Cabo Verde now uses that form for official purposes in English as well as Portuguese)
CAF  Central African Republic
Central African Republic (official, English), Oubangui-Chari (former, French), Ubangi-Shari (English), République Centrafricaine (official, French), Empire Centrafricain (former official, French), Central African Empire (English)
TCD  Chad
(official, English)
Republic of Chad (official, English), République du Tchad (official, French), Jumhūrīyat Tashād (official, Arabic)
CHL  Chile
Republic of Chile (official, English), Chilli (Mapuche), Chili (Quechua), Reino de Chile (colonial Spanish), Capitania general de Chile (colonial Spanish)
CHN  People's Republic of China
(official, English)
People's Republic of China (official, English), 中华人民共和国 (Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó), PRC (initialism), China 中国 (Zhōngguó) (common, ambiguous), Communist China (colloquial, mainly used by Western countries), Red China (colloquial, mainly derogatory), 中共 (Zhōnggòng) (colloquial and mainly derogatory, mainly used by the ROC with a cognate used in Vietnam), Mainland China / 中国大陆 (Zhōngguó dàlù) / 中国內地 (Zhōngguó nèidì) (colloquial, refers to the area that the PRC Government administers since the end of the Chinese Civil War), New China/新中国 (Xīn Zhōngguó) (colloquial, pro-Communist), Shenzhou/神州, Ch'in Empire, Cathay (obsolete, now mainly used poetically), the Middle Kingdom (colloquial, loose translation of the common endonym), Sina (Latin name, often used in adjective compounds) Zhongguo is the name for China in Chinese language. CN (alpha-2 code)
TWN  Republic of China (Taiwan)
(alternative official name since 2005)[1]
Republic of China/中華民國 (official), Taiwan a 臺灣/台灣 (Táiwān) (common), ROC (initialism), Chinese Taipei/中華台北 (Zhōnghuá Táiběi) (international designation), Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu/台灣、澎湖、金門及馬祖個別關稅領域 (international designation), Taipei, China (designation used by China to imply that Taiwan is part of China), Taiwan, Province of China (UN designation), Governing authorities on Taiwan (name used by the Taiwan Relations Act from 1 January 1979), China/中國 (Zhōngguó) (more common until 1979, ambiguous), Nationalist China (obsolete), Free China (obsolete, pro-Nationalist), Formosa (former, English), 高砂 (takasago) or 高砂国 (takasagokogu) (obsolete, Japanese).
COL  Colombia
Republic of Colombia (official, English), República de Colombia (official, Spanish), Estados Unidos de Colombia (former official, Spanish), Confederación Granadina (former official, Spanish), República de la Nueva Granada (former official, Spanish)
COM  Comoros
Union of the Comoros (official, English), Union des Comores (official, French), Udzima wa Komori (official, Swahili), al-Ittiḥād al-Qumurī (official, Arabic), United Republic of the Comoros (official, English)
COG  Congo
Republic of the Congo (official, English), Congo-Brazzaville a, Congo Republic a, République du Congo (official, French), Repubilika ya Kôngo (official, Kituba), Republíki ya Kongó (official, Lingala)
COD  Democratic Republic of Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo (official, English), Zaire (former official name, 1971 to 1997; still occasionally used to distinguish it from Republic of the Congo), DRC (initialism), Congo Kinshasa (used in contrast to "Congo Brazzaville"), Belgian Congo (former name during Belgian colonization, 1908 to 1960, English), Congo belge (former name, French), Congo Free State (former name, 1885 to 1908), Republic of the Congo (former name, 1960 to 1964, during which time both Congos had identical official names)
CRI  Costa Rica
Republic of Costa Rica (official, English), República de Costa Rica (official, Spanish)
CIV  Côte d'Ivoire (common, French and English) Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (official, English), Ivory Coast a, the Ivory Coast (common English), République de Côte d'Ivoire (official, French)
HRV  Croatia a Republic of Croatia (official, English), Republika Hrvatska (official, Croatian), Hrvatska (common, Croatian; also in Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin), Hrvaška (Slovenian), Hırvatistan (Turkish)
CUB  Cuba
Republic of Cuba (official, English), República de Cuba (official, Spanish)
CYP  Cyprus
Republic of Cyprus (official, English), Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (official, Greek), Kypriaki Dimokratia (official, transliterated Greek), Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (official, Turkish), Κύπρος (common, Greek), Kypros (common, transliterated Greek), Kıbrıs (common, Turkish), Island of Venus (nickname, English)
CZE  Czech Republic a Czech Republic (official, English), Czechia (official shortform name, English), Česká republika (official, Czech, Slovak), Česko (common, Czech, Slovak), ČR (Czech initialism), CR (English initialism), Bohemia (former, English), Czechland (unofficial, English), the Czechlands (unofficial, English), České země (Czech for "Bohemian lands" or "Czech lands"). Former Česká socialistická republika (Czech for the "Czech Socialist Republic"), ČSR (Czech initialism), CSR (English initialism), (Protektorát) Čechy a Morava (Czech for the "(Protectorate of) Bohemia and Moravia"), Země Koruny české (Czech for the "Lands of the Bohemian Crown"), Koruna česká (Czech for the "Bohemian Crown"), Česká konfederace (Czech for the "Bohemian Confederation")


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
DNK  Denmark
Kingdom of Denmark (official, English), Danmark (common, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian), Kongeriget Danmark (official, Danish), Dania (antiquated, Latin)
DJI  Djibouti
Republic of Djibouti (official, English), French Territory of the Afars and the Issas, French Somaliland, Obock Territory (former names, English), Territoire français des Afars et des Issas, Côte française des Somalis, Territoire d'Obock (former names, French), République de Djibouti (official, French)
DMA  Dominica
Commonwealth of Dominica (official, English), Dominique (common, French), Dominik (common, Dominican Creole French), Wai‘tu kubuli (common, Kalinago language)
DOM  Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic (official, English), República Dominicana (Spanish)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
TLS  East Timor a Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (official, English), Timor-Leste (official shortform name, English, Portuguese), Portuguese Timor (former, English)
ECU  Ecuador a Republic of Ecuador (official, English), República del Ecuador (official Spanish), Ikwadur Ripuwlika (Quechua), Ekuatur Nunka (Shuar)
EGY  Egypt
Arab Republic of Egypt (official, English), Miṣr (formal shortened, Arabic), Meṣr (common, Arabic), Aegyptus (former, Latin), Kīmi (Coptic)
SLV  El Salvador
Republic of El Salvador (official, English), República de El Salvador (official, Spanish)
GNQ  Equatorial Guinea
Republic of Equatorial Guinea (official, English), República de Guinea Ecuatorial (official, Spanish), République de Guinée équatoriale (official, French), República da Guiné Equatorial (official, Portuguese), Guinea Ecuatorial (common, Spanish), Guinée équatoriale (common, French), Guiné Equatorial (common, Portuguese)
ERI  Eritrea
State of Eritrea (official, English), Italian Eritrea (former, English)
EST  Estonia
Republic of Estonia (official, English), Esthonia (archaic, English), Eesti (common, Estonian), Eesti Vabariik (official, Estonian), Viru (poetic, Estonian), Viro (common, Finnish), Estland (common, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Dutch), Maarjamaa (Terra Mariana poetic, Estonian), Igaunija (common, Latvian)
SWZ  Eswatini a Kingdom of Eswatini (official, English), Swaziland (common, former), eSwatini (Swazi),
ETH  Ethiopia
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (official, English), ኢትዮጵያ (ītiyop’iya) (Amharic), Abyssinia (former), Etiopia (Italian), Habeşistan (Turkish), Ethiopië (common, Dutch), Al-Habasha (Arabic)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
FJI  Fiji
Republic of Fiji (official, English), Matanitu Tugalala o Viti (official, Fijian)
FIN  Finland
(common, English and Swedish)
Republic of Finland (official, English), Suomi (common, Finnish), Suomen tasavalta (official, Finnish), Republiken Finland (official, Swedish), Suomenmaa (poetic, Finnish), Suopma and Suoma dásseváldi (North Sami, official), Lääˊddjânnam and Lääˊddjânnam tääˊssväˊldd (Skolt Sami, official), Suomâ and Suomâ täsiväldi (official, Inari Sami), Финля́ндия (Finlyandiya) and Великое княжество Финляндское (Velikoye knyazhestvo Finlyandskoye) (Russian, as Grand Duchy of Finland), Soome (common, Estonian)
FRA  France
(common, English and French)
French Republic (official, English), République Française (official, French), L'Hexagone (often journalistic, colloquial French), Gaul (former name, English), Gaule (former name, French), Γαλλία (Gallia) (Contemporary Greek and Latin name), Frankreich (common German), Francia (common Italian), Farança (common Arabic), Tsarfat (common Hebrew)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
GAB  Gabon
Gabonese Republic (official, English)
GMB  The Gambia
Republic of The Gambia (official, English)
GEO  Georgia
Georgia (official, English), Sakartvelo (transliterated Georgian, original: საქართველო), Iberia (former, English, East Georgia), Colchis (former, English, West Georgia), Iveria (usually used as Christian name), Republic of Georgia (former, English, before the 1995 Constitution), საქართველოს რესპუბლიკა (former, Georgian), Sakartvelos Respublika (former, transliterated Georgian), گرجستان (Gorjestan) (Persian), Gürcistan (Turkish)
DEU  Germany
Federal Republic of Germany (official, English), Bundesrepublik Deutschland (official, German*), Deutschland (common, German*), BRD (German initialism*), FRG (English initialism*) [along with the common English "Germany," the names marked with an asterisk formerly referred only to West Germany, but following German reunification now apply to the united country], German Empire (former, 1871–1918), Weimar Republic (former, 1918–1933).
Duitsland (common, Dutch), Allemagne (common, French), Alemania (common, Spanish), Germania (common, Italian, Latin name), Německo (common, Czech), Niemcy (common, Polish), Németország (common, Hungarian) [the common name for Germany in some Romance languages is a variant of the place name Alemannia and in many Slavic languages is a variant of Nemacia (old Slavic for outsiders, literally "those who cannot speak our language"). Other languages use pars pro toto names such as Bavaria or the former Prussia to refer to Germany, for instance Saksa (common, Finnish), derived from the place name Saxony].
Former East Germany (unofficial, English): Deutsche Demokratische Republik (official, German), German Democratic Republic (official, English), DDR (German initialism), GDR (English initialism).
GHA  Ghana
Republic of Ghana (official, English), Gold Coast (colonial, English), United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), Ghana Tiŋzuɣu (Dagbon), Gaana (Akan)
GRC  Greece
Hellenic Republic (official, English), Hellas (official and common name), Ελλάδα ("Hellada" common name in Greek), Ελλάς ("Hellas" official description in Greek), Yunanistan (Turkish), Ελληνική Δημοκρατία (official name of Greek state, Greek), Kingdom of the Hellenes (1863–1924 and 1935–1967), Yavan (common Hebrew), Graecia (Latin name)
GRD  Grenada
Grenada (official, English), Gwenad (common, Grenadian Creole French)
GTM  Guatemala a Republic of Guatemala (official, English), República de Guatemala (official, Spanish)
GIN  Guinea a Republic of Guinea (official, English), République de Guinée (official, French), Gine (Mandinka), ߖߌ߬ߣߍ߫ (N'Ko script), Republik bu Gine (Fula), 𞤈𞤫𞤨𞤵𞤦𞤤𞤭𞤳 𞤦𞤵 𞤘𞤭𞤲𞤫 (Adlam Script), French Guinea (former, English), Guinée française (former French), Guinea-Conakry (sometimes referred, English)
GNB  Guinea-Bissau
República da Guiné-Bissau (official, Portuguese), Republic of Guinea-Bissau (official, English), Guiné Portuguesa (former, Portuguese) Portuguese Guinea (former, English), Guiné-Bissao (archaic, Portuguese), Guinea (shorthand, used when context clearly distinguishes Guinea-Bissau from the neighboring Republic of Guinea)
GUY  Guyana a Co‑operative Republic of Guyana (official, English), British Guiana (former, English)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
HTI  Haiti
Republic of Haiti (official, English), République d'Haïti (official, French), Repiblik d Ayiti (Haitian Creole), Haïti (French), Ayiti (Haitian Creole), Hayti (former, English)
HND  Honduras
Republic of Honduras (official, English), República de Honduras (official, Spanish)
HUN  Hungary
Hungary (official, English), Republic of Hungary (official between 1946–1949 and 1989–2012), Hungarian People's Republic (official, 1918–1919 and 1949–1989), Kingdom of Hungary (1000–1918 and 1920–1946), Regnum Hungariæ (official in Latin, the language of administration until 1844), Hungaria (short form, Latin), Magyarország (official Hungarian name; has been the commonly used form of the name during all its history), Magyar Köztársaság (Hungarian for "Republic of Hungary"), Magyar Népköztársaság (Hungarian for "People's Republic of Hungary"), Magyar Tanácsköztársaság (Hungarian name of the first People's Republic), Magyar Királyság (Hungarian for "Kingdom of Hungary"), Pannonia (Latin, poetic, after the Roman province), Macaristan (Turkish)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
ISL  Iceland
Republic of Iceland (official, English), Ísland (official Icelandic name), Lýðveldið Ísland (official Icelandic description), Fold (poetic name), Thule (Latin name, also poetic), Frón, Ísafold (both poetic)
IND  India
Republic of India (official, English), Bhārat (or Bhāratam भारतम्) भारत (official name in Hindi), Bhārat Gaṇarājya भारत गणराज्य (official long form in Hindi), Bhārata (ಭಾರತ in Kannada), Bhāratadēśaṁ (భారతదేశం in Telugu), Bhāratam (ഭാരതം in Malayalam or பாரதம் in Tamil script), Union of India (semi-official name), Hindustan (unofficial name in Hindi/Urdu), Bhāratavarṣa (भारतवर्ष name in Sanskrit), Bhārat Prajatantra (official long form in Bengali), Hodu (name in Hebrew), Aryavarta (ancient name), Jumhūrīyat-e Bhārat (جمہوریī بھارت name in Urdu)
IDN  Indonesia a
Republic of Indonesia (official, English), Republik Indonesia (official, Indonesian), Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (colloquial, Indonesian), Nusantara (dating back from Hindu era), Insulinde (from the Colonial era), Indunesia (suggestion for Dutch East Indies' modern name), Indonesië (common, Dutch), Dutch East Indies or Netherlands East-Indies (former, English), Nederlands(ch)-Indië (former, Dutch), Hindia Belanda (former, Indonesian)
IRN  Iran a
Islamic Republic of Iran (official, English), Persia was coined by ancient Greeks referring to Iran, which has always been the local name. Use of the Greek name continued in the west until 1935, when upon Iran's request, the local name of Iran became the internationally legal name, replacing Persia.[2] Though both still remain in use today, outside of legal sphere, IRI, I.R.I., I.R.I (English initialism)
IRQ  Iraq a
Republic of Iraq (official, English), Mesopotamia (former name), Assyria (former/historical name), Babylon (former/historical name)
IRL  Ireland
(common and official, English)
Ireland (official, English), Éire (official Irish name), Irish Free State (1922–1937), Poblacht na hÉireann (official Irish description), Republic of Ireland (official English description), Saorstát Éireann (Irish 1922–1937), Erin, Banba, Fodla (three poetic names), Hibernia (Latin name, also poetic, often used in adjectives and adjective compunds)
ISR  Israel a
State of Israel (official, English), מדינת ישראל (Medinat Yisra'el) (official Hebrew name), دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Dawlat Isra'il) (official Arabic name), Zion (historical Jewish name for Jerusalem), the Jewish State (unofficial), the Holy Land (ארץ הקודש) / Eretz Yisrael (ארץ ישראל) (Bible), the Zionist entity (derogatory), Jeshurun (poetic, ancient)
ITA  Italy a
Italian Republic (official, English), Repubblica Italiana (official Italian name), Italia (common, Italian), Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946), the Beautiful Country (nickname), the Boot (journalistic), Ausonia, Esperia, Enotria, Tirrenia (poetic names)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
JAM  Jamaica a
Jamaica (official, English), Xamayca (Spanish version of Taino name)
JPN  Japan a
Nippon (official, English), (日本) (official, Japanese), Nihon (alternate, more common reading of 日本 in Japanese), Yamato (大和) or Wa () (historic, ancient Japan, derogatory), Ōyashima (大八洲) (meaning the country of eight great islands, historic), Cipangu/Zipangu or Gipangu (appeared in The Travels of Marco Polo in the 13th century), Hinomoto, JP (alpha-2 code), Iaponica/Japonica (Latin name, often used in adjectives and adjective compounds), Land of the Rising Sun (poetic, loose translation of the endonym)
JOR  Jordan a
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (official, English), HKJ (initialism, used on vehicles)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
KAZ  Kazakhstana Republic of Kazakhstan (official, English), Kazakhstan (English passport short name), Republic of Kazakhstan (English passport long name), Қазақстан (official Kazakh short name), Қазақстан Республикасы (official Kazakh long name), Qazaqstan (Kazakh short name in Latin script), Alash / Алаш / Alaş (former name, also poetic), Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic (former Soviet name, English), Қазақ Кеңестік Социалистік Республикасы/Qazaq Keñestik Socïalïstik Respwblïkası (former Soviet name, Kazakh), Казахская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Kazakhskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika (former Soviet name, Russian)
KEN  Kenyaa Republic of Kenya (official, English), Jamhuri ya Kenya (official, Swahili), British East Africa Protectorate (former name when held in ‘protectorate’ status prior to becoming a colony starting in the 1880s until 1920), Kenya Colony (former name during British colonization, from the 1920 until 1963)
KIR  Kiribatia Republic of Kiribati (official, English), Ribaberiki ni Kiribati (official, Gilbertese), Gilbert Islands (former official, English), Kingsmill Group (former, English)
PRK  North Koreaa Democratic People's Republic of Korea (official, English), D.P.R.K., DPRK (initialism, English), Choson Minjujuui Inmin Konghwaguk (조선민주주의인민공화국) (official, Korean), Cho-son (조선) (colloquial, Korean), DPR Korea, Korea (conventional short form)
KOR  South Koreaa Republic of Korea (official, English), R.O.K., ROK (initialism, English), Dae-han-min-guk (대한민국) (official, Korean), Han-guk (한국) (colloquial, Korean), Korea (conventional short form), Korea Republic (FIFA designation)
 Kosovoa Republic of Kosovo (official, English), Republika e Kosovës (official, Albanian), Republika Kosovo (official, Serbian Latin), Република Косово (official, Serbian Cyrillic), Kossovo (archaic, English)
KWT  Kuwaita State of Kuwait (official, English), دولة الكويت‎ (official, Arabic), Dawlat al-Kuwait (romanized, Arabic) الكويت‎ (common, Arabic), al-Kuwait (romanized, Arabic)
KGZ  Kyrgyzstana Kyrgyz Republic (official, English), Кыргызстан (official Kyrgyz short name), Кыргыз Республикасы (official Kyrgyz long name), Kyrgyz Respublikasy (Kyrgyz short name in Latin script), Кыргызстан (official Russian short name), Кыргызская Республика (official Russian long name), Kyrgyzskaya Respublika (Russian short name in Latin script), Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (former Soviet name, English), Кыргыз Советтик Социалисттик Республикасы/Kyrgyz Sovettik Sotsialisttik Respublikasy (former Soviet name, Kyrgyz), Киргизская Советская Социалистическая Республика/Kirgizskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika (former Soviet name, Russian), Kirghizia (former common English name prior to 1991), Kirgizstan (Russian transliteration of the English name), Republic of Kyrgyzstan (official English long name, 1990–1993)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
LAO  Laosa Lao People's Democratic Republic (official, English), ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ (official Lao), Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn (romanized Lao), République démocratique populaire lao (French), Lao / ລາວ (alternate)
LVA  Latviaa Republic of Latvia (official, English), Latvijas Republika (official, Latvian), Latvija (common, Latvian), Lettland (German, Swedish), Letland (Dutch, Danish), Letonija (Serbian), Lettonie (French)
LBN  Lebanona The Lebanese Republic (official, English), Al-Jumhuriyya Al-Lubnaniyya (official, Arabic), Lebnan (Common, Arabic), Lubnan (Common, Arabic), Liban (Common, French), Levanon (Common, Hebrew), Libanus (Latin name)
LSO  Lesothoa Kingdom of Lesotho (official, English), Basutoland (former, English)
LBR  Liberiaa Republic of Liberia (official, English)
LBY  Libyaa State of Libya (official, English), دولة ليبيا (Arabic), Dawlat Lībiyā (romanized), United Libyan Kingdom (former, English), Kingdom of Libya (former, English), Libyan Arab Republic (former, English), Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (former, official English), Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (former, official English)
LIE  Liechtensteina Principality of Liechtenstein (official, English), Fürstentum Liechtenstein (official, German)
LTU  Lithuaniaa Republic of Lithuania (official, English), Lietuvos Respublika (official, Lithuanian), Lietuva (common, Lithuanian), Литва (Litva) (common, Russian/Slavic), Lita (common, Yiddish/Hebrew)
LUX  Luxembourg a Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (official, English), Groussherzogdem Lëtzebuerg (official, Luxembourgish), Lëtzebuerg (common, Luxembourgish), Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (official, French), Luxembourg (common, French), Großherzogtum Luxemburg (official, German), Luxemburg (common, German), Luxemburgo (common, Spanish & Portuguese), Lussemburgo (common, Italian)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
MDG  Madagascar a Republic of Madagascar (official, English), Madagasikara (Malagasy), Repoblikan'i Madagasikara (official, Malagasy), République de Madagascar (official, French)
MWI  Malawi a Republic of Malawi (official, English), Nyasaland (former, English),
MYS  Malaysia a Malaysia (official, English), Persekutuan Malaysia (colloquial long form, Malay), Federation of Malaysia (colloquial long form, English), Malaya, Sabah and Sarawak (former, English names of the various components), Tanah Melayu or Malay Land (former, Malay), 马来西亚/ Mǎláixīyà (common, Mandarin), மலேசியா/ Malēciya (common, Tamil)
MDV  Maldives a Republic of Maldives (official, English), ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ/ Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa (official, Dhivehi), The Maldive Islands (colloquial, colonial), Mahal Dvipa or मालदीव/ Maléldvipa (ancient, Sanskrit), الدولة المحلديبية/ ad-dawlat al-mahal dībīyāt (ancient, Arabic)
MLI  Mali a Republic of Mali (official, English), République du Mali (official, French), Mali ka Fasojamana (romanticized, Bambara), ߡߊߟߌ ߞߊ ߝߊߛߏߖߊߡߊߣߊ (Bambara), Renndaandi Maali (Fula)
MLT  Malta (common, English and Maltese) Republic of Malta (official, English), Repubblica ta' Malta (official, Maltese), Melita (ancient)
MHL  Marshall Islands a Republic of the Marshall Islands (official, English), Aolepān Aorōkin Ṃajeḷ (official, Marshallese)
MRT  Mauritania a Islamic Republic of Mauritania (official, English), République Islamique de Mauritanie (official, French)
MUS  Mauritius a Republic of Mauritius (official, English), République de Maurice (official, French), Repiblik Moris (official, Mauritian Creole)
MEX  Mexico a United Mexican States (official, English), Estados Unidos Mexicanos (official, Spanish), México (Spanish short form), República Mexicana (Only heard in Mexico, colloquial, Spanish), Méjico (Spanish variant), MEX (initialism), MX (initialism), Aztlán (Spanish, Nahuatl), Aztlān (Spanish, Nahuatl)
FSM  Micronesia a Federated States of Micronesia (official, English), FSM (abbreviated, English)
MDA  Moldova a Republic of Moldova (official, English), Republica Moldova (official, Moldovan and Romanian), Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (former Soviet name, English), Република Советикэ Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ (former Soviet name, Moldovan), Bessarabia, Bassarabia (historic name, still used by irredentists), Boğdan ('Land of Voyvoda I. Bogdan', former common and official name during Ottoman Empire, Turkish), Moldavia (alternative name in English), Moldau (alternative name in German)
MCO  Monaco a Principality of Monaco (official, English), Principauté de Monaco (official, French), Principatu de Mùnegu (official, Ligurian), Principato di Monaco (official, Italian), Principat de Mónegue (official, Occitan)
MNG  Mongolia a Mongolia (official, English), Монгол Улс (official, Mongolian), Mongol Uls (transcribed, English)
MNE  Montenegro a Montenegro (official, English), Crna Gora (official, Montenegrin, Serbian and Croatian), Republic of Montenegro (official until 2007), Republika Crna Gora (official until 2007), Mali i Zi (official, Albanian), Karadag (official, Turkish), Duklja (name in medieval times), Zeta (alternative name in medieval times), Black Mountain (literal translation into English)
MAR  Morocco a Kingdom of Morocco (official, English), Al Mamlaka Al Maghribiya (official, Arabic) means The Far west kingdom, Commonly known as Maghreb (The Sunset Country, English)
MOZ  Mozambique a Republic of Mozambique (official, English), Moçambique or República de Moçambique (official, Portuguese), Mozambiki (Chichewa), Msumbiji (Swahili), Muzambhiki (Tsonga)
MMR  Myanmar a Republic of the Union of Myanmar (official, English), Burma (former), ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌ (Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw) (Burmese)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
NAM  Namibia
Republic of Namibia (official, English), German South-West Africa (former, English), Deutsch-Südwestafrika (former, German)
NRU  Nauru
Republic of Nauru (official, English), Repubrikin Naoero (official, Nauruan), Pleasant Island a
NPL    Nepal
Federal Democratic Republic Of Nepal (official, English), संघिय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल saṃghiya lokatāntrika gaṇatantra nepāla (official, Nepalese), Kingdom of Nepal (former, English)
NLD  Netherlands a Kingdom of the Netherlands (official, English), Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (official, Dutch), Nederland (Dutch), Holland (pars pro toto, English, Dutch and other languages), Batavia (former and poetic, English, Dutch and other languages), Pays-Bas (French, used alongside "Netherlands" as names in the two official languages of the Int'l Olympic Committee)[3]
NZL  New Zealand a New Zealand (official, English), Aotearoa (official, Maori), Realm of New Zealand (official English name including Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, and Ross Dependency), Dominion of New Zealand (former official, English)
NIC  Nicaragua (official, English) Republic of Nicaragua (official, English), República de Nicaragua (official Spanish)
NER  Niger a Republic of the Niger (official, English), The Niger a, République du Niger (official, French)
NGA  Nigeria a Federal Republic of Nigeria (official, English), Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìniira Àpapọ̀ Nàìjíríà (Yoruba), Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Najeriya (Hausa), Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà (Igbo)
MKD  North Macedonia
Republic of North Macedonia (official, English), (Republic of) Macedonia (former), (Република) Северна Македонија (Macedonian), Македонија (former short form, Macedonian), The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, FYROM (former), Paeonia (Latin name, poetic), Vardar Banovina (former Yugoslav province)
NOR  Norway
Kingdom of Norway (official, English), Norge (common, Norwegian Bokmål, Danish, Swedish), Noreg (common, Norwegian Nynorsk), Kongeriket Norge (official, Norwegian Bokmål), Kongeriket Noreg (official, Norwegian Nynorsk)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
OMN  Oman a Sultanate of Oman (official, English)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
PAK  Pakistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan (official, English), Federation of Pakistan (alternate official name, English), Dominion of Pakistan (historic official name, English), West Pakistan (common and later official name for the area now covering Pakistan, used when discussing the polity before the unilateral-secession of East Bengal/Bangladesh), Meluhha[4] associated Indus Valley region (ancient civilisational account), Gandhāra(official historical),Sindhustan and Indoscythia (unofficial historical names), Mumlikat-e Khudadaad Pakistan ("The God-given realm of Pakistan", unofficial, used in literature mostly, Urdu)
PLW  Palau
Republic of Palau (official, English), Belau (common, Palauan; was also sometimes used by English speakers who supported Palauan independence before it was gained in 1994)
PSE  Palestine a State of Palestine (official, English), מדינת פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (Medinat Pālēśtīnā) (Hebrew name), دَوْلَة فلسطين (Dawlat Filasṭīn) (official Arabic name), the Holy Land (ארץ הקודש, الأرض المقدسة) / Eretz Yisrael (ארץ ישראל) (Bible), فلسطين (Filasṭīn) (common name, Arabic), פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (Pālēśtīnā) (common name, Hebrew), Palestinian National Authority (English name, alternate official), السلطة الفلسطينية (as-Sulṭa al-Filasṭīnīya) (Arabic name, alternate official), West Bank and Gaza Strip (territorial names), Palestinian territories (official name, English), الأراضي الفلسطينية (al-Arāḍī al-Filasṭīniyya) (official name, Arabic), Occupied Palestinian Territory / Occupied Palestinian Territories (International designation, English), Israeli-occupied territories (name of the territories occupied by Israel since 1967, English), Mandatory Palestine (former name, English)
PAN  Panama a Republic of Panama (official, English), República de Panamá (official, Spanish)
PNG  Papua New Guinea a Independent State of Papua New Guinea (official, English), Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini (Tok Pisin), Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini (Hiri Motu), Papua Niugini (shortform, Tok Pisin), Papua Niu Gini (shortform, Hiri Motu)
PRY  Paraguay a Republic of Paraguay (official, English), República del Paraguay (official, Spanish), Tetã Paraguái (Guarani)
PER  Peru
Republic of Peru (official, English), República del Perú (official, Spanish), Perú (common, Spanish), Peruvian Republic (former official name, English), República Peruana (former official name, Spanish)
PHL  Philippines
Republic of the Philippines (official, English), Republika ng Pilipinas (official, Filipino), Pilipinas (common, many local languages; loan from Spanish, Filipinas), Filipinas (common Spanish and other local languages, ellipsis of following), Las Islas Filipinas (named after Philip II of Spain, historical, Spanish; originally a harmonization of the following), Las Islas Felipenas (historical, by Ruy López de Villalobos), Pinás (colloquial clipping), PH (official initialism, changed from RP to avoid confusion with Poland; see below), Philippine Islands / P.I. (historic; official name under American control; also used colloquially, English), Filipina (common, Malay), Haríng Bayang Katagalugan ("Sovereign Tagalog Nation", historical, by Andrés Bonifacio), Islas de San Lázaro ("Isles of Saint Lazarus", historical, by Ferdinand Magellan)
POL  Poland
Republic of Poland (official, English), Rzeczpospolita Polska (official, Polish), Polska (common, Polish), RP (often journalistic, Polish), People's Republic of Poland (former Communist name, English), Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa (former Communist name, Polish), Rzeczpospolita (historic common name, Polish), Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (historic official name, English), Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów (historic official name, Polish), United Commonwealth of the Two Nations (historic official name, English), Polonia (poetic, Latin and Polish), Lechia (historic and poetic original name, Latin, Polish, and English)
PRT  Portugal (common, English and Portuguese) Portuguese Republic (official, English), Lusitania (official, Latin), Galaico-Portuguese nation and Portucale from the Gallaeci tribe (Celtic Gale and Roman-Celtic Portus Cale) and Galician-Portuguese (ethnic term derived from the original language); Ophiussa also spelled Ophiusa (the ancient Greek name of what is now the Portuguese territory. It means Land of Serpents); Portugalensis patrie, Portugalensium patrie and Portugaliae by King Afonso I, Regno Portugalensium and Portugalis (Latin, Medieval); Portugalliae et Algarbiae, Portugalliae, Lusitaniae (Latin); Purtugall (Middle Ages); Burtughāl is the word for Portugal and orange in Arabic (Portuguese influence and expansion); Portingall or Portingal (common classical English and other late medieval Germanic languages); Ocidental Praia Lusitana (Western Lusitanian Beach) and Pátria Lusitana (Lusitanian Fatherland) from the national poem Os Lusíadas and from all epic poetry and chronicles of the Late Middle Ages and Renaissance. Luxitania and Portugraal (Port of Grail) in Esotericism and metaphysical literature
PRI  Puerto Rico
(common, English and Spanish)
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (official, English), Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico (official, Spanish), Porto Rico (archaic, English), Associated Free State of Puerto Rico (non-official literal translation to English of the official Spanish name), Borikén, Borinquen, or Borinken (former Taíno name also used colloquially and among nationalists)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
QAT  Qatar a State of Qatar (official, English), دولة قطر (official, Arabic), Dawlat Qaṭar (romanized, Arabic)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
ROU  Romania a Romania (official, English), România (official, Romanian), Rumania or Roumania (archaic, English), Kingdom of Romania (name under monarchy, English), Regatul României (name under monarchy, Romanian), Romanian People's Republic (former Communist name, English), Republica Populară Romînă (former Communist name, Romanian), Socialist Republic of Romania (former Communist name, English), Republica Socialistă România (former Communist name, Romanian), Dacia, Dacia Traiana, Dacia Felix (former names of the historical province of Dacia before and after Roman conquest)
RUS  Russia a Russian Federation (official, English), Российская Федерация (official Russian), Russia, (official and common name, ambiguous, English), Russland, (German), Россия (Rossiya) (common, Russian), RF (initialism), Russian Empire (name under monarchy), Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (former name, 1918–1936), Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (former name, 1936–1991), RSFSR (former name initialism), Soviet Union (former name), Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (official former name), USSR (former initialism), Союз Советских Социалистических Республик (former official name, Russian), Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (former official name, transliterated), СССР (former initialism, Russian), SSSR (former initialism), SU (common, but former initialism), Сове́тский Сою́з (common former name, Russian), Sovetskiy Soyuz (common former name, transliterated), Rus (poetic or obsolete name, ambiguous), Great Russia (obsolete name)
RWA  Rwanda a Republic of Rwanda (official, English),[5]République du Rwanda (official, French), Repubulika y'u Rwanda (official, Kinyarwanda), "Pays des mille collines" (poetic, French), Ruanda (former colonial name)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
LCA  Saint Lucia a Saint Lucia (official, English), Sainte-Lucie (common, French)
KNA  Saint Kitts and Nevis a Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis (official, English), Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (co-official, English), Saint Christopher and Nevis (alternate short-form, English), Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla (former official, English), Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla (former common, English), Saint Kitts or Saint Christopher (shorthand, English), Liamuiga and Oualie (former indigenous names of the islands of Saint Kitts and Nevis, respectively)
VCT  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines a Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (official, English), Saint Vincent (shortform, English), Hairouna (former indigenous name, Carib)
STP  São Tomé and Príncipe a Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe (official, English), República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe (official, Portuguese), Saint Thomas and Prince (literal translation, English)
WSM  Samoa a Independent State of Samoa (official, English), Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa (official, Samoan)
SMR  San Marino a Republic of San Marino (official, English), Repubblica di San Marino (official, Italian), Ripóbblica d' San Marein (official, Romagnol), Most Serene Republic of San Marino a , Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino (common, Italian)
SAU  Saudi Arabia a Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (official, English), KSA (initialism), Saudia (former in English, common in Arabic) Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiyya as-Saudiyya (official name in Arabic), Nejd, Najd (common, former), Hijaz, Saudi regime (used in Iran's news media), Arav haSa'udit (name in Hebrew)
SEN  Senegal a Republic of Senegal (official, English), République du Sénégal (official, French), Réewum Senegal (Wolof), جمهورية السنغال (Arabic), 𞤈𞤫𞤲𞤲𞤣𞤢𞤢𞤲𞤣𞤭 𞤧𞤫𞤲𞤫𞤺𞤢𞥄𞤤 (Adlam script), Senegal (common, Fula)
SRB  Serbia a Republic of Serbia (official, English), Servia (archaic, English), Srbija (common, Serbian), Republika Srbija (official, Serbian), Serbia and Montenegro (former common, English), Yugoslavia (former common, English), Kingdom of Serbia (former, English), Raška (alternative name in medieval times), Serboslavia (derogatory, used by the rule of Slobodan Milošević)
SYC  Seychelles a Republic of Seychelles (official, English), République des Seychelles (official, French), Repiblik Sesel (official, Seychellois Creole)
SLE  Sierra Leone a Republic of Sierra Leone (official, English), Salone (shortform, English)
SGP  Singapore a Republic of Singapore (official, English), Singapura (common, Malay), Sinhapura (Sanskrit, i.e., Land of Lions), Xīnjiāpō/新加坡 (common, Chinese), Ciŋkappūr/சிங்கப்பூர் (common, Tamil), Pulau Ujong (historical, ancient), Shōnan-tō/昭南島 (former, Japanese occupation), little red dot (colloquial; originally derogatory)
SVK  Slovakia
Slovak Republic (official, English), Slovensko (common, Slovak), Slovenská republika (official, Slovak), SR (English and Slovak initialism), Slovak Socialist Republic (former name, 1969 to 1990), Slovenská socialistická republika (former name, Slovak), SSR (English and Slovak initialism), Slovak State (former name, 1939), Slovenský štát (former name, 1939),
SVN  Slovenia
Republic of Slovenia (official, English), Slovenija (common, Slovenian), Republika Slovenija (official, Slovenian), RS (English and Slovenian initialism)
SLB  Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands (official, English), British Solomon Islands Protectorate (former, English), The Solomons (colloquial, English)
SOM  Somalia a Federal Republic of Somalia (official, English), Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya (Somali), جمهورية الصومال الاتحادية (Arabic)
ZAF  South Africa
Republic of South Africa (official, English), Azania, Mzansi (Xhosa, for South), Suid-Afrika (official, Afrikaans), Zuid-Afrika (former official, Dutch), Union of South Africa (Colonial, pre-1961)
SSD  South Sudan a Republic of South Sudan (official, English), Jamhuri ya Sudan Kusini (Swahili)
ESP  Spain
Kingdom of Spain (official, English), España (common, Spanish), Reino de España (official, Spanish), Espanya (common, Catalan), Hispania (Latin), Espainia (common, Euskera/Basque), Spanish State (former name, also used now with political nuances), La piel de toro (Spanish) / La pell de brau (Catalan) ("the bull hide," metaphoric name after the shape of the Iberian Peninsula[citation needed]), Las Batuecas[citation needed] (derogatory name used in the works of Mariano José de Larra[citation needed]), Iberia (Ancient Greek; today used for the peninsula which includes modern Portugal), Sepharad (common, Hebrew)
LKA  Sri Lanka
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (official, English), Ceylon (former, English), இலங்கை சனநாயக சோசலிசக் குடியரசு(official, Tamil), Heladiva[6] (Land of Sinhalese) (former, Sinhala), ஈழம் (Īḻam) (former, Tamil), Ratnadeepa[7] (Island of Gems) (former, Sinhala), elangai/இலங்கை (common, Tamil), Taprobane (one of the medieval names of Sri Lanka)
SDN  Sudan a Republic of the Sudan (official, English), The Sudan (alternate English), Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (colonial name, English), Mahdist State (former English unofficial), Nubia (ancient name, also poetic)
SUR  Suriname
Republic of Suriname (official, English), Dutch Guiana (former, English), Netherlands Guiana (former official, English), Republiek Suriname (official, Dutch), Surinam (English name until 1978)
SWE  Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden (official, English), Sverige (common, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian), Konungariket Sverige (official, Swedish), Svea Rike (possibly former/poetical, Swedish), Thule (Latin name, also poetic), Svitjod (Old Norse)
CHE   Switzerland
Swiss Confederation (official, English), Schweiz (common, German, Danish, Swedish), Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (official, German), Suisse (common, French), Confédération suisse (official, French), Svizzera (common, Italian), Confederazione Svizzera (official, Italian), Svizra (common, Romansh), Confederaziun Svizra (official, Romansh), Confoederatio Helvetica, Helvetia (Latin, sometimes used officially), CH (initialism)
SYR  Syria a Syrian Arab Republic (official, English), الجمهورية العربية السورية (Arabic), al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah (romanized Arabic)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
TJK  Tajikistan
Republic of Tajikistan (official, English), Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tajik), Jumhurii Tojikiston (Romanized, Tajik), Тоҷикистон (common, Tajik), تاجیکستان (Persian), Таджикистан (Russian), Tadzhikistan (Romanized, Russian)
TZA  Tanzania
United Republic of Tanzania (official, English), United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (former, English), Deutsch-Ostafrika, together with Ruanda and Urundi (= German East Africa, colonial name until 1918). The country is named after Tanganyika, its mainland part, and the Zanzibar islands off its east coast.
TGO  Togo
Togolese Republic (official, English), République togolaise (official, French)
TON  Tonga
Kingdom of Tonga (official, English), Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga (official, Tongan)
THA  Thailand
Kingdom of Thailand (official, English), Siam (former, English), ประเทศสยาม (former, Thai), ราชอาณาจักรไทย (official, Thai), ประเทศไทย (Prathet Thai) (common, Thai)
 Transnistria a
Pridnestrovie (official shortform name), Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (official, longform)
TTO  Trinidad and Tobago a
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (official, English), Trinbago (informal, English), Iere (poetic, "Land of the Hummingbird," believed to be derived from Arawak),
TUN  Tunisia a
Republic of Tunisia (official, English), تونس (common, Arabic), الجمهورية التونسية (official, Arabic)
TUR  Turkey a
Republic of Türkiye (official, English), Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (official, Turkish), Asia Minor (geographical, English), Anatolia (geographical, English), Ottoman Empire (former, English), Turkish Empire (former unofficial, English)
TKM  Turkmenistan a
Turkmenistan (official, English), Türkmenistan (official, Turkmen), Turkmenia (unofficial, English), Түркменистан (common, Russian), Туркмения (former, Russian)
TUV  Tuvalu a
Tuvalu (official, English), Ellice Islands (colonial name, English)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
UGA  Uganda a Republic of Uganda (official, English), Jamhuri ya Uganda (Swahili)
UKR  Ukraine
Ukraine (official, English), Україна (Ukrainian), UA, UKR. (initialism), Kievan Rus (former name for East Slavic tribes in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century), Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia or Kingdom of Ruthenia (historic name of Western Ukraine), Zaporizhian Host (an adopted name in historiography for the Ukrainian Cossack state on the territory of Dnieper Ukraine and Siveria that existed between 1649 and 1764)
ARE  United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates (official, English), Trucial States (English, prior to 1971), Al Emirat al Arabbiya al Muttahida (official, Arabic) UAE, U.A.E. (English initialism), Trucial Arabia, (the) Emirates (colloquial, English)
GBR  United Kingdom
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (official, English), Britain (alternative), Great Britain (alternative), United Kingdom (short form), (the) U.K. or UK (initialism), Albion (poetic, Latin), Britannia (poetic, Latin)
USA  United States
United States of America (official, English), America (alternative), the States (alternative), (the) US, U.S., USA, Usa, U.S.A., US of A (initialism), Columbia (Latin, poetic), United States (short form), Usonia (English, poetic)
URY  Uruguay a Oriental Republic of Uruguay (official, English), República Oriental del Uruguay (official, Spanish), República Oriental do Uruguai (official, Portuguese)
UZB  Uzbekistan a Republic of Uzbekistan (official, English), Oʻzbekiston (common, Uzbek), Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi (official, Uzbek),

Ўзбекистон (common, Uzbek) Ўзбекистон Республикаси (common, Uzbek)

Узбекистан (common, Russian), Республика Узбекистан (common, Russian), Узбекия (former, Russian)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
VUT  Vanuatu a Republic of Vanuatu (official, English), New Hebrides (former name under British and French condominium rule from 1906 to 1980), Niuhebridis (Bislama), Nouvelles Hebrides (former official name in French), République de Vanuatu (French), Ripablik blong Vanuatu (Bislama), Vanuatri (jocular name used in humour) [citation needed]
VAT  Vatican City a Vatican City State (official, English), Status Civitatis Vaticanae (official, Latin), Stato della Città del Vaticano (official, Italian), Holy See (alternative)
VEN  Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (official, English), República Bolivariana de Venezuela, (official, Spanish), Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999)
VNM  Vietnam a Socialist Republic of Vietnam (official, English), An Nam (former name in other foreign languages and central Vietnam under French colonization), Champa (historical kingdom), Đại Việt (historical kingdom), Giao Chỉ (former Chinese province or vassal kingdom), French Indochina (former name under French colonization when united with Laos and Cambodia, English), Lĩnh Nam (poetic name), parted in North Vietnam (Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and South Vietnam (Republic of Vietnam) from 1954 to 1975, Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam (official, Vietnamese), Việt Nam (short form, Vietnamese), SRV, S.R.V., VN, V.N. (English initialism), Tonkin (former name of northern Vietnam under French colonization), Cochinchina (former name of southern Vietnam under French colonization), 'Nam (colloquial name given by US militia during the Vietnam War)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
ESH  Western Sahara a Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (official, English), Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (official, English), الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية (official, Arabic), al-Jumhūrīyah al-'Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah (official, romanized), República Árabe Saharaui Democrática (official, Spanish), Sahrawi Republic (short form, English), Saharawi Republic (short form, English), República Saharaui (short form, Spanish), Spanish Sahara, (former, English), Southern Provinces, (Moroccan irredentism, English), Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro (English), Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Spanish)


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
YEM  Yemen a Republic of Yemen (official, English), ٱلْجُمْهُورِيَّةُ ٱلْيَمَنِيَّةُ (official, Arabic), al-Jumhūrīyah al-Yamanīyah (romanized) literally "Yemeni Republic")


Alpha-3 code Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
ZMB  Zambia a Republic of Zambia (official, English), Northern Rhodesia (former, English)
ZWE  Zimbabwe a Republic of Zimbabwe (official, English), Rhodesia or Republic of Rhodesia (former names, English), Southern Rhodesia (former, English)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ BBC 中文網 (2005-08-29). "論壇:台總統府網頁加注"台灣"" (in Traditional Chinese). BBC 中文網. Retrieved 2007-03-12. 台總統府公共事務室陳文宗上周六(7月30日)表示,外界人士易把中華民國(Republic of China),誤認為對岸的中國,造成困擾和不便。公共事務室指出,為了明確區別,決定自周六起於中文繁體簡體總統府網站中,在「中華民國」之後,以括弧加注「臺灣」。
  2. ^ "Persia Changes Its Name; To Be 'Iran' From Mar. 22". The New York Times. 1 January 1935. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  3. ^ This entry is about the country the Netherlands, one of four countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. "Netherlands" is also a common name for the Kingdom.
  4. ^ McIntosh, Jane R. (2008). The Ancient Indus Valley: New Perspectives. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 46. ISBN 9781576079072.
  5. ^ "About Rwanda". Government of Rwanda.
  6. ^ "History of Sri Lanka - Originally known as Heladiva - Ceylon". 27 May 2008.
  7. ^ "Island of Gems, Sri Lanka".