List of amphibians

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The temnospondyl Eryops had sturdy limbs to support its body on land
Red-eyed tree frog
Red-eyed tree frog (Agalychnis callidryas) with limbs and feet specialised for climbing
Japanese giant salamander
(Andrias japonicus), a primitive salamander
The bright colours of the common reed frog (Hyperolius viridiflavus) are typical of a toxic species

List of amphibians organizes the class of amphibian by family and subfamilies and mentions the number of species in each of them.

The list below largely follows Darrel Frost's Amphibian Species of the World (ASW), Version 5.5 (31 January 2011). Another classification, which largely follows Frost, but deviates from it in part is the one of AmphibiaWeb, by the University of California, Berkeley. The major differences between these two classifications are:

  • Frost's ASW has split several families off from other families (i.e. elevated to distinct families), whereas AmphibiaWeb has not (i.e., keeping them within the original families as subfamilies):
    • From Dendrobatidae: Aromobatidae
    • From Myobatrachidae: Limnodynastidae
    • From Ranidae: Ceratobatrachidae, Dicroglossidae, Mantellidae, Micrixalidae, Nyctibatrachidae, Petropedetidae, Phrynobatrachidae, Ptychadenidae, Pyxicephalidae, Ranixalidae, Rhacophoridae
  • AmphibiaWeb has also split a few families off from other families (i.e. elevated to distinct families), where Frost's ASW has not (i.e., keeping them within the original families):
    • From Alytidae: Discoglossidae
    • From Leiopelmatidae: Ascaphidae
    • From Ambystomatidae: Dicamptodontidae
    • From Caeciliidae: Scolecomorphidae, Typhlonectidae
    • From Ichthyophiidae: Uraeotyphlidae

Class Amphibia[edit]

There are a total of 6771 amphibian species

Order Anura: Frogs and Toads[edit]

Total 5966 species

Suborder Archaeobatrachia[edit]

Suborder Mesobatrachia[edit]

  • Family Megophryidae - Litter frogs or Short Legged toads, 156 species
  • Family Pelobatidae - European Spadefoot toads, 4 species
  • Family Pelodytidae - Parsley frogs, 3 species
  • Family Pipidae - Tongueless frogs or clawed frogs, 33 species
  • Family Rhinophrynidae - Mexican Burrowing Toad, 1 species
  • Family Scaphiopodidae - American spadefoot toads, 7 species

Suborder Neobatrachia[edit]

Order Caudata: Salamanders[edit]

Total 619 species

Suborder Cryptobranchoidea[edit]

Suborder Salamandroidea[edit]

Suborder Sirenoidea[edit]

Order Gymnophiona: Caecilian[edit]

Total 186 species

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]