List of amphibians and reptiles of Montserrat
This is a list of amphibians and reptiles found in the British overseas territory of Montserrat, located in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles. The continuing eruptions of the Soufrière Hills volcano have devastated much of the island.
There are three species of amphibian on Montserrat, one of which was introduced.
|Tropical frogs (Leptodactylidae)|
|Eleutherodactylus johnstonei||Lesser Antillean Whistling Frog, Coqui Antillano, Johnstone's Whistling Frog||Least Concern. Abundant.|
|Leptodactylus fallax||Giant Ditch Frog, Mountain Chicken||Critically Endangered. Regional endemic; extant only on Montserrat and Dominica. Restricted to the Centre Hills due to habitat destruction from volcanic activity.|
|True toads (Bufonidae)|
|Bufo marinus||Cane Toad, Giant Neotropical Toad, Marine Toad||Least Concern. Introduced. Abundant.|
Including marine turtles and introduced species, there are 15 reptile species reported on Montserrat. Two are endemic: the Plymouth Anole (Anolis lividus) and the Montiserrat Galliwasp (Diploglossus montisserrati).
|Geochelone carbonaria||Red-Footed Tortoise|
|Scaly sea turtles (Cheloniidae)|
|Caretta caretta||Loggerhead Turtle||Endangered. Very rarely recorded around Montserrat. Not recorded nesting on Montserrat.|
|Chelonia mydas||Green Turtle||Endangered. Resident in waters around Montserrat. Recorded nesting.|
|Eretmochelys imbricata||Hawksbill Turtle||Critically Endangered. Relatively common year-round. Recorded nesting.|
|Leathery sea turtles (Dermochelyidae)|
|Dermochelys coriacea||Leatherback Turtle||Critically Endangered. Rarely recorded in Montserrat waters or nesting.|
Lizards and snakes (Squamata)
|Hemidactylus mabouia||House Gecko||Introduced.|
|Sphaerodactylus fantasticus||Fantastic Least Gecko|
|Thecadactylus rapicauda||Turnip-Tailed Gecko|
|Iguanas and Anolids (Iguanidae)|
|Anolis lividus||Plymouth Anole||Endemic. Widespread and frequently abundant.|
|Iguana iguana||Green Iguana, Common Iguana|
|Pholidoscelis pluvianotatus||Montiserrat Ameiva||Regional endemic. Numbers have declined significantly due to volcanic activity.|
|Glass lizards and alligator lizards (Anguidae)|
|Diploglossus montisserrati||Montiserrat Galliwasp||Critically endangered. Endemic. Known from only one specimen collected in 1964 until it was re-found in 1998.|
|Mabuya mabouya||Regional endemic. Rare.|
|Worm snakes (Typhlopidae)|
|Typhlops monastus||Montiserrat Worm Snake,||Regional endemic; populations found on Saint Kitts and Nevis are of subspecies T. m. geotomus.|
|Alsophis antillensis||Antilles Racer, Island Racer, Leeward Racer||Regional endemic. Widespread|
- Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 also includes Eleutherodactylus martinicensis in its species checklist for Montserrat, at p. 117, but this is not supported by the main text, which describes only three amphibian species for the island, nor do other sources support the presence of this species.
- Conservation status, where available, is from the IUCN Red List and is indicative of the status of the species as a whole, not just populations on Montserrat.
- Procter & Fleming 1999, p. 85. Reported in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 as M. bistriata.
Note: All species listed above are supported by Malhotra & Thorpe 1999, unless otherwise cited.