List of amphibians of Great Britain

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This is a list of the amphibians of Great Britain. There are seven amphibian species native to Great Britain, in addition, there are a number of naturalized species. The natives comprise three newts, two toads and two frogs.

Native species[edit]

Common name Species

(Authority)

Preferred habitat Native range Status[1] and estimated breeding adult population[2]
Subfamily Pleurodelinae: Newts
Great Crested Newt

Triturus cristatus

Triturus cristatus
(Laurenti, 1768)
Terrestrial habitats with dense cover, usually within about 200 metres of the breeding pond UK population found only in England, Wales and Scotland.
  • I: Least Concern


360,000

Smooth Newt

Lissotriton vulgaris

Lissotriton vulgaris
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Terrestrial habitat, lay eggs in ponds and shallow lakesides UK
  • I: Least Concern


13,700,000

Palmate Newt

Lissotriton helveticus

Lissotriton helveticus
(Razoumowsky, 1789)
Marshland, ponds and lakesides Great Britain except areas of South East
  • I: Least Concern


1,800,000

Family Bufonidae: Toads
Common Toad

Bufo bufo

Bufo bufo
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Deciduous woodland, scrub, gardens, parks and fields, more aquatic during breeding season Great Britain
  • I: Least Concern


5,900,000

Natterjack Toad

Epidalea calamita

Epidalea calamita
(Laurenti, 1768)
Open and unshaded light sandy soils Scattered parts of England and Scotland
  • I: Least Concern


20,000

Order Anura: Frogs
Common Frog

Rana temporaria

Rana temporaria
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Hibernate in semi-aquatic areas, migrate to water to breed UK
  • I: Least Concern


16,000,000

Pool Frog

Pelophylax lessonae

Pelophylax lessonae
(Camerano, 1882)
Terrestrial-aquatic borders Thought to be native to Norfolk
  • I: Least Concern

Naturalised and escaped species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ *I: International. Uses IUCN where available
  2. ^ Defra (September 2003). e-Digest of Environmental Statistics (xls). Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Retrieved 2009-01-30.