List of amphibians of India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is an index to the amphibians found in India. The amphibians of India show a high level of endemism.[1] This list is based largely on Frost (2006)[2] and includes common names from older books and journals.[3][4][5]

Some Indian frogs

Order Anura[edit]

Family Bufonidae[edit]

Family Ceratobatrachidae[edit]

  • Ingerana charlesdarwini (Das, 1998) =Rana charlesdarwini

Family Dicroglossidae[edit]



Family Hylidae[edit]

Family Megophryidae[edit]

Family Micrixalidae[edit]

Family Microhylidae[edit]

Family Nyctibatrachidae[edit]

Family Petropedetidae[edit]

Family Ranidae[edit]

Family Rhacophoridae[edit]

Family Sooglossidae[edit]

Order Gymnophiona[edit]

The list of Indian caecilians is based on Giri & Gaikwad (2013) (duly amended):[12]

Family Caeciliidae[edit]

Gegeneophis spp.

Indotyphlus spp.

Family Chikilidae[edit]

Family Ichthyophiidae[edit]

Ichthyophis sp. from the Western Ghats
Ichthyophis spp.[17]

Uraeotyphlus spp.

Order Urodela[edit]

Tylototriton verrucosus

Family Salamandridae[edit]


  1. ^ Daniels, R. J. R. (2001). "Endemic fishes of the Western Ghats and the Satpura hypothesis" (PDF). Current Science. 81 (3): 240–244.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. 2006. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 4 (17 August 2006). Electronic Database accessible at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2007-11-16.. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.
  3. ^ R. J. Ranjit Daniels (2005) Amphibians of Peninsular India. Universities Press.
  4. ^ Shyamal Kumar Chanda, Indraneil Das and Alain Dubois (2000) Catalogue of amphibian types in the collection of the Zoological Survey of India. Hamadryad 25(2):100–128 PDF Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Sclater, WL (1892) List of the Batrachia in the Indian museum. scan
  6. ^ Biju, S. D. et al. (2007) A new nightfrog Nyctibatrachus minimus sp. nov. (Anura: Nyctibatrachidae): The smallest frog from India. Current Science Vol. 93, No. 6: 854-858
  7. ^ Radhakrishnan, C., K.P. Dinesh & M. S. Ravichandran (2007) A new species of Nyctibatrachus Boulenger (Amphibia: Anura: Nyctibatrachidae) from the Eravikulam National Park, Kerala, India. Zootaxa 1595: 31–41 PDF
  8. ^ Dinesh, KP, Radhakrishnan C & Gopalakrishna Bhatta (2008) A new species of Nyctibatrachus Boulenger (Amphibia: Anura: Nyctibatrachidae) from the surroundings of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, India, Zootaxa 1914: 45–56
  9. ^ S.D. Biju, Kim Roelants, Franky Bossuyt (2008) Phylogenetic position of the montane treefrog Polypedates variabilis Jerdon, 1853 (Anura:Rhacophoridae), and description of a related species. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 8:267–276
  10. ^ Gururaja, KV and Aravind, NA and Ali, S and Ramachandra, TV and Velavan, TP and Krishnakumar, V and Aggarwal, RK (2007) A New Frog Species from the Central Western Ghats of India, and Its Phylogenetic Position. Zoological Science 24:pp. 525-534. Text
  11. ^ Gururaja, KV and Dinesh, KP and Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C and Ramachandra, TV (2007) A new species of Philautus Gistel (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 1621:pp. 1-16. PDF
  12. ^ Giri, V.B. & Gaikwad, K.S. (2013). Towards the conservation of caecilian amphibians of the northern Western Ghats – establishing the systematic foundation. Mumbai: Bombay Natural History Society. p. 53.
  13. ^ Gopalakrishna Bhatta & R. Srinivasa (2004) A new species of Gegeneophis Peters (Amphibia: Gymnophiona:Caeciliidae) from the surroundings of Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka, India. Zootaxa 644: 1–8 PDF
  14. ^ Gopalakrishna Bhatta and P. Prashanth (2004) Gegeneophis nadkarnii – a caecilian (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) from Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats Current Science, 87(3):10 PDF
  15. ^ Kamei, R. G.; Mauro, D. S.; Gower, D. J.; Van Bocxlaer, I.; Sherratt, E.; Thomas, A.; Babu, S.; Bossuyt, F.; Wilkinson, M.; Biju, S. D. (2012-02-22). "Discovery of a new family of amphibians from northeast India with ancient links to Africa". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 279 (1737): 2396–2401. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.0150. ISSN 0962-8452. PMC 3350690. PMID 22357266.
  16. ^ a b c Kamei, R. G.; Gower, D. J.; Wilkinson, M.; Biju, S. D. (2013-06-04). "Systematics of the caecilian family Chikilidae (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) with the description of three new species of Chikila from northeast India". Zootaxa. 3666 (4): 401. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3666.4.1. ISSN 1175-5334.
  17. ^ Three spp of Icthyophis, namely Ichthyophis malabarensis Taylor, 1960, I. peninsularis Taylor, 1960 and I. subterrestris Taylor, 1960, were merged due to lack of phylogenetic deifferentiation vide Gower, D.J.; Dharne, M.; Bhatta, G.; Giri, V.; Vyas, R.; Govindappa, V.; Oommen, O.V.; George, J.; Shouche, Y. & Wilkinson, M. (2007). "Remarkable genetic homogeneity in unstriped, long-tailed Ichthyophis along 1500 km of the Western Ghats, India". Journal of Zoology. 272: 266–275. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00266.x. ISSN 0952-8369.

External links[edit]