List of amphibians and reptiles of Montserrat

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Location of Montserrat in the Caribbean

This is a list of amphibians and reptiles found in the British overseas territory of Montserrat, located in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles. The continuing eruptions of the Soufrière Hills volcano have devastated much of the island.

Amphibians[edit]

There are three species of amphibian on Montserrat, one of which was introduced.[1]

Frogs (Anura)[edit]

Tropical frogs (Leptodactylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Eleutherodactylus johnstonei Lesser Antillean Whistling Frog, Coqui Antillano, Johnstone's Whistling Frog Least Concern.[2] Abundant. Eleutherodactylus johnstonei.jpg
Leptodactylus fallax Giant Ditch Frog, Mountain Chicken Critically Endangered. Regional endemic; extant only on Montserrat and Dominica. Restricted to the Centre Hills due to habitat destruction from volcanic activity. Leptodactylus fallax (1).jpg
True toads (Bufonidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Bufo marinus Cane Toad, Giant Neotropical Toad, Marine Toad Least Concern. Introduced. Abundant. Bufo marinus from Australia.JPG


Reptiles[edit]

Including marine turtles and introduced species, there are 15 reptile species reported on Montserrat. Two are endemic: the Plymouth Anole (Anolis lividus) and the Montiserrat Galliwasp (Diploglossus montisserrati).

Turtles (Testudines)[edit]

Tortoises (Testudinidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Geochelone carbonaria Red-Footed Tortoise Red-footed Tortoise in Barbados 02.jpg
Scaly sea turtles (Cheloniidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Turtle Endangered. Very rarely recorded around Montserrat. Not recorded nesting on Montserrat. Loggerhead Sea Turtle.jpg
Chelonia mydas Green Turtle Endangered. Resident in waters around Montserrat. Recorded nesting. Green turtle in Kona 2008.jpg
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Turtle Critically Endangered. Relatively common year-round. Recorded nesting. 3959 aquaimages.jpg
Leathery sea turtles (Dermochelyidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Turtle Critically Endangered. Rarely recorded in Montserrat waters or nesting. LeatherbackTurtle.jpg

Lizards and snakes (Squamata)[edit]

Geckos (Gekkonidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Hemidactylus mabouia House Gecko Introduced. Hemidactylus mabouia (Dominica).jpg
Sphaerodactylus fantasticus Fantastic Least Gecko Sphaerodactylus fantasticus 01-Barbour 1921.jpg
Thecadactylus rapicauda Turnip-Tailed Gecko
Iguanas and Anolids (Iguanidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Anolis lividus Plymouth Anole Endemic. Widespread and frequently abundant.
Iguana iguana Green Iguana, Common Iguana Iguana iguana colombia3.jpg
Whiptails (Teiidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Ameiva pluvianotata Montiserrat Ameiva Regional endemic. Numbers have declined significantly due to volcanic activity.
Glass lizards and alligator lizards (Anguidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Diploglossus montisserrati Montiserrat Galliwasp Critically endangered. Endemic. Known from only one specimen collected in 1964 until it was re-found in 1998.
Skinks (Scincidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Mabuya mabouya[3] Regional endemic. Rare. Mabuya mabouya.jpg
Worm snakes (Typhlopidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Typhlops monastus Montiserrat Worm Snake, Regional endemic; populations found on Saint Kitts and Nevis are of subspecies T. m. geotomus.
Colubrids (Colubridae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Alsophis antillensis Antilles Racer, Island Racer, Leeward Racer Regional endemic. Widespread Alsophis antillensis at Rosalie-a15.jpg

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 also includes Eleutherodactylus martinicensis in its species checklist for Montserrat, at p. 117, but this is not supported by the main text, which describes only three amphibian species for the island, nor do other sources support the presence of this species.
  2. ^ Conservation status, where available, is from the IUCN Red List and is indicative of the status of the species as a whole, not just populations on Montserrat.
  3. ^ Procter & Fleming 1999, p. 85. Reported in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 as M. bistriata.

References[edit]

Note: All species listed above are supported by Malhotra & Thorpe 1999, unless otherwise cited.

  • Malhotra, Anita; Thorpe, Roger S. (1999), Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean, Macmillan Education Ltd., pp. 73–75, ISBN 0-333-69141-5 .
  • Procter, D.; Fleming, L. V., eds. (1999), Biodiversity: The UK Overseas Territories, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, pp. 82–87, ISBN 1-86107-502-2