List of amphibians of West Virginia

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An adult red-spotted, or eastern, newt (Notophthalmus viridescens)
The northern dusky salamander (Desmognathus fuscus) with egg clutch
The eastern American toad (Bufo americanus)
The spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)
The gray tree frog (Hyla versicolor)
A female American bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)
The northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

48 species of amphibians (class Amphibia) are known to inhabit the state of West Virginia. The ranges of some 34 salamander species and 14 species of frogs and toads extend into some portion of the state. Two of these — the Cheat Mountain salamander and West Virginia spring salamander — are endemic to West Virginia; they are the only vertebrate species found only within the state. The former species is considered threatened and the latter is considered endangered by federal authorities. Many of West Virginia's amphibian species are declining in population due to habitat destruction and water pollution.[1]

The IUCN classifies six species as "Near Threatened" (Eastern Hellbender,[2] Streamside Salamander,[3] Shenandoah Mountain Salamander,[4] Cheat Mountain Salamander,[5] Cow Knob Salamander,[6] and Green Salamander[7]) and one species as "Endangered" (West Virginia Spring Salamander[8]).

The following letters indicate the likelihood of finding each animal in West Virginia:[9]

C Common Can be commonly seen in suitable habitat within current range.
U Uncommon Seldom seen because habitat restricted and/or behavior secretive.
R Rare Not often present even in suitable habitat.

Order Caudata (salamanders)[edit]

Family Cryptobranchidae (giant salamanders)[edit]

Family Proteidae (mudpuppies)[edit]

Family Ambystomatidae (mole salamanders)[edit]

Family Salamandridae (newts)[edit]

Family Plethodontidae (lungless salamanders)[edit]

Order Anura (frogs)[edit]

Family Pelobatidae (American spadefoot toads)[edit]

Family Bufonidae (true toads)[edit]

Family Hylidae (tree frogs)[edit]

Family Ranidae (true frogs)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wvdnr.gov/Wildlife/RepAmph.shtm
  2. ^ Geoffrey Hammerson, Christopher Phillips 2004. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/59077/0>. Downloaded on 21 June 2012.
  3. ^ Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Ambystoma barbouri. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/59053/0>. Downloaded on 21 June 2012.
  4. ^ Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Plethodon virginia. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/59360/0>. Downloaded on 21 June 2012.
  5. ^ Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Plethodon nettingi. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/17627/0>. Downloaded on 21 June 2012.
  6. ^ Geoffrey Hammerson, Joseph Mitchell 2004. Plethodon punctatus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/59351/0>. Downloaded on 21 June 2012.
  7. ^ Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Aneides aeneus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/1282/0>. Downloaded on 21 June 2012.
  8. ^ Geoffrey Hammerson, Christopher Beachy 2004. Gyrinophilus subterraneus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/59283/0>. Downloaded on 21 June 2012.
  9. ^ http://www.wvdnr.gov/Publications/PDFFiles/amphibian%20checklist2.pdf