List of anarchist communities
This is a list of anarchist communities representing any society or portion thereof founded by anarchists that functions according to anarchist philosophy and principles. Anarchists have been involved in a wide variety of community experiments since the 19th century. There are numerous instances in which a community organizes itself along philosophically anarchist lines to promote regional anarchist movements, counter-economics and countercultures. These have included intentional communities founded by anarchists as social experiments and community oriented projects, such as collective organizations and cooperative businesses. There are also several instances of mass society "anarchies" that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, including the Free Territory of Ukraine and the Shinmin autonomous region in Manchuria.
- Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement (1958–present)
- Federation of Neighborhood Councils-El Alto (Fejuve; 1979–present)
- Marinaleda (1979-present)
- Popular Indigenous Council of Oaxaca "Ricardo Flores Magón" (CIPO-RFM; 1980s–present)
- Landless Workers' Movement (MST; 1982–present)
- Puerto Real (1987–present)
- Spezzano Albanese (1992–present)
- Barcelona's Squatters Movement (2000–present)
- Barbacha (2001–present)
- Abahali baseMjondolo (2005–present)
- Zaachila (2006–present)
- Cheran (2011–present)
- Zone to Defend (2011–present)
- Çatalhöyük (7500 BC–5700 BC)
- Cucuteni-Trypillia (5200 BC–3200 BC)
- Indus Valley Civilisation (3300 BC–1300 BC)
- Minoan Crete (3000 BC–1100 BC)
- Essenes (150 BC–66)
- Frisia (993 - 1350)
- Haudenosaunee (1142–1800s)
- Taborite communities (1419–1452)
- Republic of Cospaia (1440-1826)
- South Carolina Commune (1868–1874)
- Strandzha Commune (August–September 1903)
- Soviets (1905 - 1922)
- Baja Rebellion (1911)
- Free Territory (November 1918 – 1921)
- Guangzhou City Commune (1921–1927)
- Shinmin Prefecture (1907–1911)
- Revolutionary Catalonia (21 July 1936–May 1939)
- Regional Defence Council of Aragon
- Shanghai (1967)
- Czechoslovakia (1968)
- Argentinian Horizontalidad (2001–2004)
- Oaxaca City (2006)
- Greek Insurrection (2008)
- Symphony Way (2008 - 2009)
- 15M Movement (2010 - 2015)
- Gezi Park Commune (2013)
- Stapleton Colony (1921)
- Federation of Egalitarian Communities (1967)
- Freetown Christiania (26 September 1971)
- Longo Mai (1973)
- The Farm (1973)
- Kommune Niederkaufungen (1986)
- Metelkova (1993)
- Trumbullplex (1993)
- The Diggers (1649-1650)
- Utopia (1847)
- Modern Times (21 March 1851–1864)
- Paris Commune (1871)
- Home (1895)
- Equality Colony (1897)
- Whiteway Colony (1898)
- Soviet Republics
- Life and Labor Commune (1921)
- Drop City (1965)
- ABC No Rio
- ASCII (squat)
- Breakaway Social Center
- Cowley Club
- Civic Media Center
- Cream City Collectives
- Iron Rail Book Collective
- London Action Resource Centre
- Lucy Parsons Center
- The Old Market Autonomous Zone
- Red and Black Cafe
- Salon Mazal
- The Sp(a)ce
- Flydende By
- Common Ground Collective
- ZAD de Bure
- Anarchy: Lists of ungoverned communities
- Exarchia – district in Athens run by the Anarchist movement with no police presence and the government only intervenes during riots; marijuana is unregulated; famed for graffiti, cafes and comic book stores, it has become a popular place for international anarchists to visit when in Athens
- Permanent autonomous zone – a community that is autonomous from the generally recognized government or authority structure
- Zomia – the ungoverned highlands of Southeast Asia, held as an analogous anarchist society by professor James C. Scott
- Osborne, Domenique (2002-11-09). "Radically wholesome". Metro Times. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Alexandre Skirda (2004). Nestor Makhno: Anarchy's Cossack. AK Press. ISBN 1-902593-68-5.
- "Cartography of Revolutionary Anarchism". Anarchy In Action. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Clark, John (2013). The Impossible Community: Realising Communitarian Anarchism.
- Gelderloos, Peter (2010). Anarchy Works.
- Hancox, Dan (20 October 2013). "Marinaleda: Spain's communist model village". The Guardian.
- Denham, Diana (2008). Teaching Rebellion: Stories from the Grassroots Mobilization of Oaxaca. Oakland: PM Press.
- Anarcho-Syndicalism in Puerto Real: from shipyard resistance to direct democracy and community control
- “Community Organising in Southern Italy”, pp. 16–19, Black Flag no. 210, p. 17, p. 18
- Gelderloos, Peter (2009). To Get To The Other Side: a journey through europe and its anarchist movements.
- Collective, CrimethInc. Ex-Workers. "Other Rojavas: Echoes of the Free Commune of Barbacha". CrimethInc. Retrieved 2018-05-16.
- Pressly, Linda (13 October 2016). "Cheran: The town that threw out police, politicians and gangsters". BBC.
- Bookchin, Murray. The Rise of Urbanisation and Decline of Citizenship. pp. 18–22.
- Gelderloos, Peter (2017). Worshipping Power: An Anarchist History of Early State Formation.
- Karl Kautsky, The Foundations of Christianity, Book Three
- Zinn, Howard. Colombus, the Indians, and Human Progress. p. 1.
- ↑ Norman Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary millenarians and mystical anarchists of the Middle Ages (London: Paladin, 1970) 207, 208.
- Milani, Giuseppe; Selvi, Giovanna (1996). Tra Rio e Riascolo: piccola storia del territorio libero di Cospaia. Lama di San Giustino: Associazione genitori oggi. p. 18. OCLC 848645655.
- W.E.B. Du Bois, Black Reconstruction in America: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), 449.
- Khadzhiev, Georgi (1992). "The Transfiguration Uprising and the 'Strandzha Commune': The First Libertarian Commune in Bulgaria". Nat︠s︡ionalnoto osvobozhdenie i bezvlastnii︠a︡t federalizŭm [National Liberation and Libertarian Federalism] (in Bulgarian). Translated by Firth, Will. Sofia: Artizdat-5. pp. 99–148. OCLC 27030696.
- Dongyoun Hwang, "Korean Anarchism Before 1945: A Regional and Transnational Approach" in Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World, 118.
- Dolgoff, Sam (1974). The Anarchist Collectives: Workers' Self-Management in the Spanish Revolution, 1936–1939.
- Meisner, Maurice (1986). Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic since 1949. Free Press.
- Ward, Colin (1973). Anarchy in Action.
- Natasha Gordon and Paul Chatterton, Taking Back Control: A Journey through Argentina’s Popular Uprising, Leeds (UK): University of Leeds, 2004,
- Gelderloos, Peter (2015). The Failure of Nonviolence.
- Searching For Happiness In 'Utopia'
- Bamyeh, Mohammed A. (May 2009). Anarchy as order. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 21. ISBN 0-7425-5673-5.
- Frater, Jamie (November 1, 2010). Listverse.com's Ultimate Book of Bizarre Lists. Berkeley, CA: Ulysses press. pp. 516, 517. ISBN 1-56975-817-4.
- Bailie, William (1906). Josiah Warren, the first American anarchist: a sociological study. Small, Maynard & company. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- Pierce LeWarne, Charles (1975). Utopias on Puget Sound: 1885–1915. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 168–226. ISBN 0295974443.
- Amster, Randall (2001). "Chasing Rainbows: Utopian Pragmatics and the Search for Anarchist Communities". Anarchist Studies. 9 (1): 29–52. Archived from the original on 2004-12-11.
- Amster, Randall (2003). "Restoring (Dis)Order: Sanctions, Resolutions, and "Social Control" in Anarchist Communities". Contemporary Justice Review. 6 (1): 9–24. doi:10.1080/1028258032000055612.