List of anarchist communities

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This is a list of anarchist communities representing any society or portion thereof founded by anarchists that functions according to anarchist philosophy and principles. Anarchists have created and been involved in a plethora of community experiments since the 19th century. There are numerous instances in which a community organizes itself along philosophically anarchist lines to promote regional anarchist movements, counter-economics and countercultures. These have included intentional communities founded by anarchists as social experiments and community-oriented projects, such as collective organizations and cooperative businesses. There are also several instances of mass society "anarchies" that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, including the Makhnovshchina in Ukraine,[1] Revolutionary Catalonia in Spain[2] and the Shinmin autonomous region in Manchuria.[3]

Mass societies[edit]

Active societies[edit]

The Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities are territories controlled by the Neo-zapatista support bases in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[4]
Rojava is an autonomous libertarian socialist federated semi-direct democracy in North and East Syria, claiming to be a model for a federalized Syria as a whole, rather than outright independence.
Flag Society Since Duration Location Ideology Ref.
Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement 1958 63 years, 327 days Sri Lanka Buddhism, Gandhism [5]
Flag of Christiania.svg Freetown Christiania 1971 (September 26) 51 years, 2 days Copenhagen, Denmark Anarchism, Socialism, Autonomism [6][7]
Exarcheia 1973 (November 14) 48 years, 318 days Athens, Greece Anarchism, Socialism [8][9]
Bandera de El Alto.svg Federation of Neighborhood Councils-El Alto 1979 (November 16) 42 years, 316 days El Alto, Bolivia Direct democracy, Indigenismo [10]
Bandera de Marinaleda (Sevilla).svg Marinaleda 1979 (April 3) 43 years, 178 days Seville, Spain Communism [11]
Coat of arms of Oaxaca.svg Popular Indigenous Council of Oaxaca "Ricardo Flores Magón" 1980 35 years, 302 days Oaxaca, Mexico Indigenismo, Magonism [12]
Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional, Flag.svg Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities 1994 (January 1) 28 years, 270 days Chiapas, Mexico Neozapatismo [13]
CircleN.svg Barcelona's Squatters Movement 2000 22 years, 200 days Barcelona, Spain Anarchism, Autonomism [14]
Flag-kabyle.svg Barbacha 2001 (April 20) 21 years, 161 days Algeria Berberism, Kabylism [15]
Zaachila nuttall.png Villa de Zaachila 2006 (June 14) 16 years, 106 days Oaxaca, Mexico Indigenismo, Magonism [12]
Green and Black flag.svg Zone to Defend 2009 (August 3) 13 years, 56 days France Green anarchism [16]
Cherán 2011 (April 15) 11 years, 166 days Michoacán, Mexico Direct democracy, Indigenismo [17]
Flag of Rojava.svg Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria 2012 (July 19) 10 years, 71 days Syria Democratic confederalism [18]

Past societies[edit]

The territory of the Makhnovshchina, where an attempt was made to form a stateless, anarchist society and its approximated location (in red) was in part of the territory of modern Ukraine during the Ukrainian War of Independence[1]
Map of the territory administered by the Regional Defence Council of Aragon (in red) within Republican Spain (in pink), during the Spanish Revolution
Flag Society From Until Duration Location Ideology Ref.
Vlag van de Commune van Parijs.svg Paris Commune 18 March 1871 28 May 1871 71 days Paris, France Revolutionary socialism [19]
Bahnmarke bleibt an Backbord liegen.svg Canton of Cartagena 12 July 1873 12 January 1874 184 days Cartagena, Spain Cantonalism, Mutualism [20]
Strandzha Commune.svg Strandzha Commune 18 August 1903 8 September 1903 21 days Ottoman Empire Anarcho-communism [21]
Flag of Partido Liberal Mexicano.svg Baja Rebellion 29 January 1911 22 June 1911 144 days Baja California, Mexico Magonism [22]
Flag of Morelos.svg Morelos Commune 19 February 1913 17 May 1917 4 years, 87 days Morelos, Mexico Zapatismo [23][24]
Petropavlovsk-Krondstadt flag.svg Soviet Republic of Naissaar 17 December 1917 26 February 1918 71 days Naissaar, present-day Estonia Anarcho-syndicalism [25]
Red flag.svg Odessa Soviet Republic 17 January 1918 13 March 1918 55 days Odessa, present-day Ukraine Revolutionary socialism [26]
Махновское знамя.svg Makhnovshchina 27 November 1918 28 August 1921 2 years, 274 days Ukraine Anarcho-communism, Platformism [1]
Socialist red flag.svg Bremen Soviet Republic 10 January 1919 4 February 1919 25 days Bremen, Germany Revolutionary socialism [27]
Socialist red flag.svg Bavarian Soviet Republic 12 April 1919 3 May 1919 21 days Bavaria, Germany Revolutionary socialism [28][29]
Starry Plough flag (1914).svg Limerick Soviet 15 April 1919 27 April 1919 12 days Ireland Revolutionary socialism [30]
Fora stamp.png Patagonia Rebelde August 1920 February 1922 1 year, 184 days Santa Cruz, Argentina Anarcho-syndicalism [31][32]
Darker green and Black flag.svg Tambov Rebellion 19 August 1920 12 June 1921 297 days Tambov, Russia Agrarian socialism [33]
Petropavlovsk-Krondstadt flag.svg Kronstadt Rebellion 1 March 1921 17 March 1921 10 days Kronstadt, Russia Anarcho-syndicalism [34]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Guangzhou City Commune 2 April 1921 13 December 1927 6 years, 255 days Guangzhou, China Anarchism [35]
Flag of the People's Committee of Korea.svg Shinmin Prefecture 3 August 1929 18 September 1931 2 years, 46 days Manchuria, China Anarcho-communism [3]
Bandera CNT-FAI.svg Revolutionary Catalonia 21 July 1936 10 February 1939 2 years, 204 days Catalonia, Spain Anarcho-syndicalism [2]
Coat of Arms of the Council of Asturias and León (1936-1937).svg Sovereign Council of Asturias and León 6 September 1936 21 October 1937 1 year, 45 days Spain Libertarian socialism [36]
Flag of the Regional Defence Council of Aragon.svg Regional Defence Council of Aragon 6 October 1936 11 August 1937 309 days Aragon, Spain Anarcho-communism [2]
Flag of the People's Committee of Korea.svg People's Republic of Korea 12 September 1945 8 February 1946 149 days Korea Direct democracy [37]
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg Argentinian Horizontalidad 13 December 2001 25 May 2003 1 year, 163 days Argentina Autonomism, Participatory economics [38]
Esc Municipal Oaxaca de Juarez.svg Oaxaca City 14 June 2006 27 November 2006 166 days Oaxaca, Mexico Direct democracy, Magonism [12]
Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign Logo.jpg Symphony Way February 2008 19 October 2009 1 year, 242 days Delft, South Africa Anti-authoritarianism [10]
Democracia Real Ya logo.jpg 15M Movement 15 May 2011 11 April 2015 3 years, 331 days Spain Anti-austerity, Direct democracy [39]
Occupy Gezi.png Gezi Park Commune 27 May 2013 20 August 2013 85 days Istanbul, Turkey Anti-authoritarianism [39]

Intentional communities[edit]

Active communities:

The Trumbullplex, an anarchist intentional community in the forests of Woodbridge neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan[40]
  • Jinwar (2018-present)
  • Past communities:

    Community projects[edit]

    Active Projects

    Past Projects

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ a b c Skirda 2004, p. 3.
    2. ^ a b c Dolgoff, Sam (1974). The Anarchist Collectives: Workers' Self-Management in the Spanish Revolution, 1936–1939.
    3. ^ a b "Cartography of Revolutionary Anarchism". Anarchy in Action. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
    4. ^ Mallett-Outtrim, Ryan (13 August 2016). "Two decades on: A glimpse inside the Zapatista's capital, Oventic". Archived from the original on 23 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
    5. ^ Clark, John (2013). The Impossible Community: Realising Communitarian Anarchism.
    6. ^ Bamyeh 2009, p. 21.
    7. ^ Frater 2010, pp. 516–517.
    8. ^ King, Alex; Manoussaki-Adamopoulou, Ioanna (26 August 2019). "Inside Exarcheia: the self-governing community Athens police want rid of". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
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    34. ^ Guttridge, Leonard F. (1 August 2006). Mutiny: A History of Naval Insurrection. Naval Institute Press. p. 174. ISBN 978-1-59114-348-2. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
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    51. ^ Franks, Benjamin (2006). Rebel Alliances: The Means and Ends of Contemporary British Anarchisms. AK Press/Dark Star. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-904859-40-6.
    52. ^ Headley, Gwyn; Meulenkamp, Wim (1999). Follies, grottoes & garden buildings. Aurum. p. 250. ISBN 9781854106254.
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    54. ^ See "crass retirement cottage," nest magazine #21, summer 2003, pp 106-121
    55. ^ Niranjan, Ajit (July 24, 2015). "How an abandoned barracks in Ljubljana became Europe's most successful urban squat". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on October 7, 2018. Retrieved October 7, 2018.

    Bibliography[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    External links[edit]