List of ancient settlements in Turkey

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Below is the list of ancient settlements in Turkey. There are innumerable ruins of ancient settlements spread all over the country. While some ruins date back to Neolithic times, most of them were settlements of Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Ionians, Urartians, and so on.

List of settlements

In the table below, only the settlements which have articles in this encyclopaedia are shown, with the exception of the following:

  • A few ancient settlements are still in use (Adana, Amasya, Ankara, İstanbul, Tarsus etc.) These settlements are not included in the list unless separate articles for the ancient sites exist.
  • Some ancient settlements which were well documented are known by name, but so far they have not been unearthed and their exact locations are obscure.( For example; Washukanni, the capital of Mittani.)

A-An[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Aigai Manisa AigaiMarkthalle1.jpg
Aizanoi Kütahya P 20170507 173136 SRES.jpg
Alabanda Aydın Alabanda Bouleuterion.JPG
Alacahöyük Çorum Sphinx Gate, Alaca Höyük 02.jpg
Alalakh Hatay Archaeological site of Alalakh (Tell Atchana).JPG
Alexandria Troas Çanakkale A view from Troy Ancient City, Çanakkale, Turkey.jpg
Alinda Aydın Alinda Hall.JPG
Alişar Hüyük Yozgat
Allianoi İzmir Allianoi1.JPEG
Altıntepe Erzincan Altintepe-templeS.jpg
Amorium Afyon Amorion, ausgegrabene Gebäude in der Unterstadt.jpg
Amyzon Aydın
Anazarbus Adana Anavarza Triumphal arch in Anazarbus 2757.jpg
Anchiale Mersin Karaduvar aqueduct.jpg
Ancoz Adıyaman
Ani Kars Ani City Walls.jpg
Antigonia Hatay
Antioch Hatay Trajan Hadrian's aqueduct today, Antioch on the Orontes, Antakya, Turkey (35431303353).jpg
Antioch on the Maeander Aydın
Antioch, Pisidia Isparta Antioch in Pisida Decumanus Maximus 047.jpg
Antiochia ad Taurum Gaziantep
Antiochia Lamotis Mersin
Antiochia ad Pyramum Adana
Antiochia, Şanlıurfa Şanlıurfa

Ap-Az[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Apamea on Euphrates Şanlıurfa
Apamea, Phrygia Afyon
Apamea Myrlea Bursa
Aphrodisias Aydın Aphrodisias, complete overview of the northern part.jpg
Aphrodisias of Cilicia Mersin
Apollonia İzmir
Apollonia ad Rhyndacum Bursa
Apros Tekirdağ
Ariassos Antalya
Arsinoe Mersin
Arycanda Antalya
Aspendos Antalya
Assos Çanakkale Temple of Athena, Assos 1.jpg
Atarneus İzmir Atarna(Atarneus) Dikili Turkey.jpg
Attuda Denizli
Aulai Mersin

B[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Beycesultan Denizli
Binbirkilise Karaman Binbirkilise6.jpg
Carchemish Gaziantep Capital of Neo Hittite confederation Lion human creature-C 144-IMG 3825-black.jpg
Cardia Çanakkale
Caryanda Muğla
Castabala Osmaniye
Çatalhöyük Konya Çatalhöyük, 7400 BC, Konya, Turkey - UNESCO World Heritage Site, 08.jpg
Çayönü Diyarbakır
Cebrene Çanakkale
Celaenae Afyon
Ceramus Muğla
Chalcedon İstanbul
Charax Yalova
Cius Bursa Modern town Gemlik
Colophon İzmir
Comana Adana Capital of Kizzuwatna
Comana Pontica Tokat
Corycus Mersin
Cremna Burdur
Cyme İzmir
Cyzicus Balıkesir
Dara Mardin
Derbe Konya
Didyma Aydın Didyma temple of Apollo from north.jpg
Diokaisareia Mersin UzuncaburcTychetempel.jpg
Docimium Afyon
Domuztepe Kahramanmaraş
Dorylaeum Eskişehir
Drusipara Kırklareli

E[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Edessa Şanlıurfa
Elaiussa Sebaste Mersin
Emirzeli Mersin
Ephesus İzmir Was home to the ancient wonder Temple of Artemis at Ephesus. House of the Virgin Mary is believed to be near the settlement (Mt. Koressos; Turkish: Bülbüldağı).
Epiphania Mersin
Erythrae İzmir
Euchaita Çorum
Euromus Muğla
Faustinopolis Niğde
Gambrion İzmir
Germanicopolis Bursa
Gordium Ankara Capital of Phrygia
Göbeklitepe Şanlıurfa
Gözlükule Mersin Modern city Tarsus
Gryneion İzmir
Hacilar Burdur
Halicarnassus Muğla Modern city Bodrum and the home to the ancient wonder Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Harran Şanlıurfa
Hattusa Çorum Capital of Hittite Empire
Heraclea Cybistra Konya
Hierapolis Denizli
Hüseyindede Tepe Çorum
Honaz Denizli

I[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Ibora Tokat
Irenopolis Karaman (?)
Issus Hatay
Kalehöyük Kırşehir
Kandyba Antalya
Kanesh (Kültepe) Kayseri
Karatepe Osmaniye
Kaunos Muğla
Kayaköy Muğla
Kerkenes Yozgat
Kibyra Burdur
Kirshu (Meydancık Castle) Mersin
Klazomenai İzmir
Knidos Mugla
Küstülü-Üçayak Mersin
Labraunda Muğla
Laodicea Combusta Konya
Laodicea on the Lycus Denizli
Lamponeia Çanakkale
Laodicea Pontica Samsun
Latmus Aydın
Lebedus İzmir
Limantepe İzmir
Limnai or Limnae Çanakkale
Lysimachia Çanakkale

M[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Magnesia on the Maeander Aydın
Mallus Adana
Melid Malatya
Mamure Castle Mersin Castle in Mamure, Anamur, Turkey from the Sea.jpg
Marpessos Çanakkale
Metropolis İzmir
Mezgitkale Mersin
Miletus Aydın Leading city of Ionian League
Mokissos Kırşehir
Mopsuestia Adana
Myndus Muğla
Myra Antalya Modern town Demre Myra Rock Tombs.jpg
Myriandrus Hatay
Myus Aydın
Neandreia Çanakkale
Nevalı Çori Şanlıurfa
Nicomedia Kocaeli Modern city İzmit and Capital of Bithynia
Nicopolis Sivas
Niksar Tokat
Notion Aydın
Nysa Aydın
Nyssa Aksaray

O[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Oenoanda Muğla
Olba Mersin
Orestias Edirne
Patara Antalya
Pepuza Uşak
Perga Antalya
Pergamon İzmir Bergama - AKRAPOL - panoramio (4).jpg
Perperene İzmir
Pessinus Eskişehir
Phaselis Antalya
Phocaea İzmir
Pinara Muğla
Pitane İzmir
Pompeiopolis Kastamonu
Priene Aydın
Purushanda Aksaray
Rhosus Hatay

S[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Sagalassos Antalya Sagalassos 26.jpg
Sakçagözü Gaziantep
Samal Gaziantep
Samosata Adıyaman Capital of Commagene
Sapinuwa Çorum
Sardis Manisa Capital of Lydia
Seleucia (Pamphylia) Antalya
Seleucia Pieria Hatay
Seleucia Sidera Isparta
Selge Antalya
Sestos Çanakkale
Side Antalya
Sigeion Çanakkale
Sillyon Antalya
Skepsis Çanakkale
Smyrna İzmir
Soli Mersin
Stratonicea Manisa
Stratonicea Muğla
Sultantepe Şanlıurfa

T[edit]

Name of the settlement Province Notes Image
Tapureli Mersin
Tavium Yozgat
Tabae Denizli
Telmessos (modern town Fethiye) Muğla Amynthas rock tomb August 2011.jpg
Tell Tayinat Hatay
Temnos İzmir
Teos İzmir
Termessos Antalya Theatre in Termessos.jpg
Tille Adıyaman
Tlos Antalya
Tokmar Castle Mersin TokmarKalesi1.jpg
Trapezopolis Babadağ
Troy (Hisarlik) Çanakkale Troy of Homer. Capital of Wilusa.
Tripolis on the Meander Denizli
Tushhan Diyarbakır
Tushpa Van Capital of Urartu
Tyana Niğde
Tymion Uşak
Xanthos Antalya
Yazılıkaya Çorum There are two settlements named Yazılıkaya. The other one (also called Midas city) is in Eskişehir Province.
Yeniyurt Castle Mersin
Yumuktepe Mersin Modern city Mersin
Zaliches Samsun
Zeugma Gaziantep Zeugma dec 2008 7369.jpg

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]