List of animals that have been cloned
This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: the article has repeated sections with multiplied information, required consolidation (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Embryologist Tong Dizhou successfully inserted the DNA from a male Asian carp into the egg of a female Asian carp to create the first fish clone in 1963. In 1973, Dizhou inserted Asian carp DNA into a European crucian carp to create the first interspecies of this clone.
- In 2001, scientists at Texas A&M University created the first cloned cat, CC (CopyCat). Even though CC is an exact copy of her host, they had different personalities; i.e., CC was shy and timid, while her host was playful and curious.
- In 2004, the first commercially cloned cat, Little Nicky, was created by Genetic Savings & Clone.
- In the same year, a Colombian scientist called Martha Cecilia Gomez, cloned the first wild animal in the world: a wild cat to prevent this breed of animal from becoming extinct.
- Gene, the first cloned calf in the world was born in 1997 at the American Breeders Service facilities in Deforest, Wisconsin, United States. Later it was transferred and kept at the Minnesota Zoo Education Center. Three more cloned calves were born in 1998.
- A Holstein heifer named Daisy was cloned by Dr. Xiangzhong (Jerry) Yang using ear skin cells from a high-merit cow named Aspen at the University of Connecticut in 1999, followed by three additional clones, Amy, Betty, and Cathy in 1999.
- Second Chance, a Brahman bull, was cloned from Chance, a beloved celebrity bull. Second Chance was born in August, 1999 at Texas A&M University.
- In 2000, Texas A&M University cloned a Black Angus bull named 86 Squared, after cells from his donor, Bull 86, had been frozen for 15 years. Both bulls exhibit a natural resistance to brucellosis, tuberculosis and other diseases which can be transferred in meat.
- In 2001 researchers at Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, reported that 24 successfully cloned Holsteins had been monitored from birth to the age of four. All maintained healthy stats comparable to control cattle, and reached reproductive maturity at the proper stage. Two of these cloned cattle successfully mated, each producing a healthy calf.
- A purebred Hereford calf clone named Chloe was born in 2001 at Kansas State University's purebred research unit. This was Kansas State's first cloned calf.
- Millie and Emma were two female Jersey cows cloned at the University of Tennessee in 2001. They were the first calves to be produced using standard cell-culturing techniques.
- In 2001, Brazil cloned their first heifer, Vitória.
- Pampa, a Jersey calf, was the first animal cloned in Argentina (by the company Bio Sidus) in 2002.
- A Javan banteng calf was successfully cloned from frozen cells using a cow as a surrogate, delivered via c-section April 1, 2003 then hand raised at the San Diego Wild Animal Parks Infant Isolation Unit. It died due to an injury when it was less than seven years old, about half the normal life of a banteng which is an endangered species.
- The world's first water buffalo was cloned in Guangxi, China by the Guangxi University in 2005 according to one reference.
- An Anatolian Grey bull (Efe) was cloned in Turkey in 2009 and four female calves from the same breed (Ece, Ecem, Nilufer, Kiraz) in 2010 by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK).
- Samrupa, the world's first Murrah buffalo (a type of water buffalo) calf cloned using a simple "Hand guided cloning technique" was born in 2009 at National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal, India, but died due to a lung infection five days after she was born. Garima-I, a buffalo calf cloned using an "Advanced Hand guided Cloning Technique" was born in 2009 at the NDRI. Two years later in 2011, she died of a heart failure. Garima-II, another cloned calf was born in 2010. This buffalo was inseminated with frozen-thawed semen of a progeny tested bull and gave birth to a female calf, Mahima in 2013. A cloned male buffalo calf Shresth was born in 2010 at the NDRI.
- In May 2010, Got became the first cloned Spanish Fighting Bull, cloned by Spanish scientists.
- In February 2011, Brazil cloned a brahman.
- A Boran cattle bull was cloned at the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi.
- In 2015, the Chinese company BoyaLife announced that in partnership with the Korean company Sooam Biotech, they were planning to build a factory in Tianjin, China to produce 100,000 cloned cattle per year, starting in 2016 to supply China's growing market for quality beef.
- In January 2016 the scientist at the Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes in Hisar, India announced that they had cloned a buffalo offspring "Cirb Gaurav" using cells of the ventral side of the tail of superior buffalo.
- In July 2016 scientists at the National University Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza in Chachapoyas, Peru cloned a Jersey cattle by handmade cloning method using cells of an ear of a cow. The first Peruvian clone was called "Alma CL-01".
- Dewey was born in 2003 at Texas A&M University.
- Snuppy, an Afghan hound puppy, was the first dog to be cloned, in 2005 in South Korea.
- Sooam Biotech, South Korea, was reported in 2015 to have cloned 700 dogs to date for their owners. They also reportedly charged $100,000 for each cloned puppy. One puppy was cloned from the cells of a dog that had died 12 days before.
- Sinogene, a Beijing, China-based biotechnology company, was reported in December 2017 to have cloned Apple, a gene-edited dog, named "Longlong".
In 1958, John Gurdon, then at Oxford University, explained that he had successfully cloned a frog. He did this by using intact nuclei from somatic cells from a Xenopus tadpole. This was an important extension of work of Briggs and King in 1952 on transplanting nuclei from embryonic blastula cells.
Gaur, a species of wild cattle, was the first endangered species to be cloned. In 2001, at the Trans Ova Genetics in Sioux Center, Iowa, United States, a cloned gaur was born from a surrogate domestic cow mother. However, the calf died within 48 hours.
- Downen TX 63 684 (nicknamed Megan) was cloned from a top producing Boer goat born in 2001 in Plainwell, Michigan.
- The first cloned goat in China was from adult ear skin, it was born at Yangling, Northwest A&F University.
- The Middle East's first and the world's fifth cloned goat, Hanna, was born at the Royan Institute in Isfahan, Iran in 2009. The cloned goat was developed in the surrogate uterus of the Bakhtiari goat. Iranian researchers were reported in 2009 to be planning to use cloned goats to eventually manufacture new medications such as antibodies and medicines for stroke victims.
- The world's first pashmina goat clone was produced at Centre of Animal Biotechnology at Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir (SKUAST), Indian Administered Kashmir. It was named Noori, an Arabic word referring to light. Funded by World Bank, this clone was a joint project of SKUAST and the Karnal-based National Dairy Research Institute.
- In 2003, the world's first cloned horse, Prometea, was born.
- In 2006, Scamper, an extremely successful barrel racing horse, a gelding, was cloned. The resulting stallion, Clayton, became the first cloned horse to stand at stud in the U.S.
- In 2007, a renowned show jumper and Thoroughbred, Gem Twist, was cloned by Frank Chapot and his family. In September 2008, Gemini was born and several other clones followed, leading to the development of a breeding line from Gem Twist.
- In 2010, the first lived equine cloned of a Criollo horse was born in Argentina, and was the first horse clone produced in Latin America. In the same year a cloned polo horse was sold for $800,000 - the highest known price ever paid for a polo horse.
- In 2013, the world-famous polo star Adolfo Cambiaso helped his high-handicap team La Dolfina win the Argentine National Open, scoring nine goals in the 16-11 match. Two of those he scored atop a horse named Show Me—a clone, and the first to ride onto the Argentine pitch.
- In 1986, the first mouse was cloned in the Soviet Union from an embryo cell.
- The first mouse from adult cells, Cumulina, was born in 1997 at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa in the laboratory of Ryuzo Yanagimachi using the Honolulu technique.
- In 2008 Japanese scientists created a cloned mouse from a dead mouse that had been frozen for 16 years. This was the first time a mammal had been cloned from frozen cells.
- Tetra (female, 1999) – embryo splitting (artificial twinning).
- Unnamed cloned embryos (2007) – transfer of DNA from adult cells.
- Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua (female crab-eating macaques, 2017) – first successful cloning of a primates using somatic cell nuclear transfer, the same method as Dolly, with the birth of two live female clones. Conducted in China in 2017 but reported in January 2018.
- In January 2019, scientists in China reported the creation of five identical cloned gene-edited monkeys, using the same cloning technique that was used with Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua – the first ever cloned monkeys - and Dolly the sheep, and the same gene-editing Crispr-Cas9 technique allegedly used by He Jiankui in creating the first ever gene-modified human babies Lulu and Nana. The monkey clones were made in order to study several medical diseases.
- A European mouflon lamb was the first cloned endangered species to live past infancy. Cloned 2001.
- A cloned baby mouflon was born to a domestic sheep in a successful interspecies cloning of an endangered species in Iran in 2015.
- Idaho Gem (male, 2003) was ranked third in the world among racing mules.
- Utah Pioneer (male, 2003)
- Idaho Star (male, 2003)
- 5 Scottish PPL piglets (Jose, Josúe, Juan, Amber and Jose) (2000)
- Xena (female, Meishan pig, 2000-2010)
- BGI, China was reported in 2014 to be producing 500 cloned pigs a year, with a success rate of 70-80%, to test new medicines.
- A cloned Pyrenean ibex was born on July 30, 2003, in Spain, but died several minutes later due to physical defects in the lungs. This was the first, and so far only, extinct animal to be cloned.
- The first cloned large mammal was a sheep by Steen Willadsen in 1984. However, the cloning was done from early embryonic cells, while the sheep Dolly in 1996 was cloned from an adult cell.
- Megan and Morag were sheep cloned from differentiated embryonic cells in 1995.
- Dolly (1996–2003), first cloned mammal from adult somatic cells. She had six lambs.
- Royana (2006–2010) cloned at the Royan Research Institute in Isfahan, Iran.
- Oyalı and Zarife were cloned in 2007 at Istanbul University in Istanbul, Turkey.
- The arctic wolf was cloned by South Korean scientists, including the controversial scientist Hwang Woo-Suk in 2005. The two female cloned wolves were housed in a zoo in South Korea for public view. The wolves were called Snuwolf and Snuwolffy, which were names taken from Seoul National University. Snuwolf died in 2009 from an infection.
- "Scientist: First cloned camel born in Dubai". The Associated Press. April 14, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
- "World's 1st cloned camel born in Dubai". Kuwait News Agency. April 14, 2009. Archived from the original on April 20, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
- Mann, Charles C. (January 2003). "The First Cloning Superpower. The world's first cloned carp was caught by angler Daz Carey on 15/02/2019, using a rig given to him by Jason Hart and landed by expert netsman Bob Elworthy. landed at freshwater west". Wired. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- Braun, David (February 14, 2002). "Scientists Successfully Clone Cat". National Geographic. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2014-08-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Pet Cat Cloned for Christmas". BBC. December 23, 2004. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- "Calf Cloned From Bovine Cell Line". Science. 277 (5328): 903b–903. 15 August 1997. doi:10.1126/science.277.5328.903b.
- Cibelli, J. B.; Stice, S. L.; Golueke, P. J.; Kane, J. J. (1998). "Cloned transgenic calves produced from nonquiescent fetal fibroblasts". Science. 280 (5367): 1256–8. Bibcode:1998Sci...280.1256C. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.1022.1111. doi:10.1126/science.280.5367.1256. PMID 9596577.
- "Researchers Show Clone from Aged Cow Can Produce Normal Calf". University of Connecticut web archive. June 11, 2001. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Cloning gives second chance for bull". BBC News. September 3, 1999.
- Glass, Ira (November 23, 2019). "Reunited (And It Feels So Good)". This American Life. NPR.
- "86 Square a next step in science of genetics". Farmanddairy.com. 2000-12-28. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "additional text". BBC News. 2000-12-19. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Whitfield, John (23 November 2001) Cloned cows in the pink Nature, retrieved 5 February 2014
- Lanza, R, P,. Cibelli,. Jose, B,. Faber, D,. Sweeney, R, W,. Henderson, B,. Nevala, W,. West, M, D,. Wettstein, P, J (2011). "Cloned cattle can be healthy and normal". Science. 294 (5548): 1893–1894. doi:10.1126/science.1063440. PMID 11729307.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Melgares, Pat (May 21, 2001). "K-State's First Cloned Calf May Provide More Clues For Improving the Technology". Kansas State University. Archived from the original on February 19, 2014. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Embrapa wants to fecundate Vitória, the cloned heifer". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016.
- (6 August 002) Pampa Was Born Argentina Xplora, retrieved 29 January 2014
- "Endangered animal clone produced". BBC News. 9 April 2003. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- Waters, Rob (9 June 2010). "Animal Cloning: The Next Phase". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- "First cloned buffalo born". China View. 21 March 2005. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- Tübitak Mam Gmbe - F.K. "turkhaygen.gov.tr". turkhaygen.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 2018-04-14. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "India clones world's first buffalo". The Times Of India.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "First cloned buffalo dies of heart problem: NDRI scientists". The Times Of India.
- "Spain clones first fighting bull". BBC. 19 May 2010.
- "First Brazilian Brahman clone born February 2011". INT'L BRAHMAN NEWS. March 7, 2011. Archived from the original on April 28, 2017. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Yu, M.; et al. (2016). "Cloning of the African indigenous cattle breed Kenyan Boran". Anim Genet. 47 (4): 510–511. doi:10.1111/age.12441. PMC 5074306. PMID 27109292.
- Clover, Charles; Cookson, Clive (24 November 2015). "China raises steaks in cloning research". FinancialTimes. p. 10.
- "CIRB becomes India's second centre to produce a cloned buffalo". dnaindia.com. 10 January 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
- Gestión, Redacción (29 July 2016). "Nació el primer clon hecho en el Perú: la ternera Alma". gestion.pe. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
- Baer, Drake (8 September 2015). "This Korean lab has nearly perfected dog cloning, and that's just the start". Business Insider UK. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- "White-tailed deer joins the clone parade - Health - Cloning". NBC News. 2003-12-22. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Mott, Maryann (3 August 2005). "Dog Cloned by South Korean Scientists". National Geographic News. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- "British couple celebrate after birth of first cloned puppy of its kind". The Guardian. 26 December 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- Wang, Serenitie; Rivers, Matt; Wang, Shunhe (27 December 2017). "Chinese firm clones gene-edited dog". CNN. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- "China clones first gene-edited dog, sentencing him to possible early death". Fox News. 28 December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- Gurdon JB; Elsdale TR; Fischberg M. (1958-07-05). "Sexually mature individuals of Xenopus laevis from the transplantation of single somatic nuclei". Nature. 182 (4627): 64–5. Bibcode:1958Natur.182...64G. doi:10.1038/182064a0. PMID 13566187.
- Robert Briggs & Thomas J. King (May 1952). "Transplantation of Living Nuclei From Blastula Cells into Enucleated Frogs' Eggs". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 38 (5): 455–463. Bibcode:1952PNAS...38..455B. doi:10.1073/pnas.38.5.455. PMC 1063586. PMID 16589125.
- "Cloning of flies is latest buzz". BBC News. 4 November 2004. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Advanced Cell Technology, Inc. (1 December 2001). "Press Release - First cloned endangered animal was born at 7:30 PM on Monday, 8 January 2001". Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2006-09-18.
- Keith Smith - BoerGoats.com (2001-03-29). "Megan". Boergoats.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Northwest A & F University Biotechnology Research Institute. http://www.nsfc.gov.cn/nsfc/cen/demonstratio/d0802.htm. Missing or empty
- "Iranian Scientists Clone Goat". CBS News. Associated Press. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- "Noori is world's first pashmina goat clone". Hindustan Times. 2012-03-16. Archived from the original on 2013-01-26. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Shaoni Bhattacharya (August 6, 2003). "World's First Cloned Horse is Born". Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- "Brown, Liz. "Scamper Clone Offered for Commercial Breeding" The Horse, online edition, November 15, 2008". Thehorse.com. 2008-11-15. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Clone of top jumper Gem Twist born". horsetalk.co.nz. September 17, 2008.
- Andrés Gambini Javier Jarazo Ramiro Olivera Daniel F. Salamone (2012). "Equine Cloning: In Vitro and In Vivo Development of Aggregated Embryos". Biol Reprod. 87 (1): 15, 1–9. doi:10.1095/biolreprod.112.098855. PMID 22553223.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Cohen, Haley (31 July 2015). "How Champion-Pony Clones Have Transformed the Game of Polo". VFNews. Vanity Fair. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- Alexander, Harriet (8 December 2014). "Argentina's polo star Adolfo Cambiaso - the greatest sportsman you've never heard of?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- Ryan Bell. "Game of Clones". Outside Online.
- Six cloned horses help rider win prestigious polo match - Jon Cohen, Science Magazine, 13 December 2016
- Chaĭlakhian LM, Veprintsev BN, Sviridova TA (1987). "Electrostimulated cell fusion in cell engineering". Biofizika. 32 (5): viii–xi.
- Nowak, Rachel (3 November 2008) Cloning 'resurrects' long-dead mice The New Scientist, Retrieved 13 April 2014
- "Scientists 'clone' monkey, BBC News". 14 January 2000.
- "Cloned monkey stem cells produced". Nature News. 22 November 2007.
- Liu, Zhen; et al. (24 January 2018). "Cloning of Macaque Monkeys by Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer". Cell. 172 (4): 881–887.e7. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2018.01.020. PMID 29395327. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Briggs, Helen (24 January 2018). "First monkey clones created in Chinese laboratory". BBC News. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Scientists Successfully Clone Monkeys; Are Humans Up Next?". The New York Times. Associated Press. 24 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Chinese Scientists Clone Monkeys Using Method That Created Dolly The Sheep". NPR. January 24, 2018.
- Science China Press (23 January 2019). "Gene-edited disease monkeys cloned in China". EurekAlert!. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
- Mandelbaum, Ryan F. (23 January 2019). "China's Latest Cloned-Monkey Experiment Is an Ethical Mess". Gizmodo. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
- "Scientists Clone First Endangered Species: a Wild Sheep". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Deghan, Saeed Kamali (5 August 2015). "Scientists in Iran clone endangered mouflon – born to domestic sheep". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- Black, Richard (May 29, 2003). "Cloning first for horse family". BBC.
- McManus, Phil; Albrecht, Glenn; Graham, Raewyn (31 August 2012). The Global Horseracing Industry: Social, Economic, Environmental and Ethical Perspectives. Routledge. p. 178. ISBN 978-0415677318.
- "Pigs cloned for organs down at the 'pharm'". The Guardian. London. March 14, 2000.
- "Research progress: Pig cloning for organs". CNN. January 3, 2002. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012.
- Shukman, David (14 January 2014) China cloning on an 'industrial scale' BBC News Science and Environment, Retrieved 14 January 2014
- J. Folch; J. Cocero; M. J. Chesne; P. Alabart; J. K. Dominguez; V. Congnie; Y. Roche; A. Fernández-Árias; A. Marti; J. I. Sánchez; P. Echegoyen; E. Beckers; J. F. Sánchez; A. Bonastre; X. Vignon (2009). "First birth of an animal from an extinct subspecies (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica) by cloning". Theriogenology. 71 (6): 1026–1034. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2008.11.005. PMID 19167744.
- Zimmer, Carl. "Bringing Them Back To Life". Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- Challah-Jacques, M.; Chesne, P.; Renard, J. P. (2003). "Production of Cloned Rabbits by Somatic Nuclear Transfer". Cloning and Stem Cells. 5 (4): 295–299. doi:10.1089/153623003772032808. PMID 14733748.
- First cloned rabbit, Stice L, Steven Ph.D. "Unlocking the Secrets of Science" (PDF). University of Georgia. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-01-26. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
- "Ralph: The World's First Cloned Rat". Brighthub.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Bartlett, Zane, "Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer in Mammals (1938-2013)". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2014-11-04). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/8231.
- "Dolly the Sheep". University of Edinburgh, Roslin Institute. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- Sheikhi, Marjohn (30 September 2015). "Birth anniversary of Royana; Iran's 1st cloned sheep". Mehr News Agency. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "Türkiye´nin ilk kopya koyunu doğdu - BİLİM-TEK Haberleri". Haber7.com. 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Turkey's first cloned sheep born at Istanbul University | Science | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2007-11-22. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Türkiye´nin 2. kopya koyunu Zarife - BİLİM-TEK Haberleri". Haber7.com. 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Not Extinct Yet : Snuwolf and Snuwolffy".
- "World's first cloned wolf dies". Phys.Org. 1 September 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- "Gallery of Cloned Animals". Guardian Unlimited. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016.
- "UTK clone project". Knoxville, TN. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012.
- Iran's first cloned goat born in Isfahan
- Gambini, Andrés; Jarazo, Javier; Olivera, Ramiro; Salamone, Daniel F. (2012). "Equine Cloning: In Vitro and In Vivo Development of Aggregated Embryos". Biol Reprod. 87 (1): 15, 1–9. doi:10.1095/biolreprod.112.098855. PMID 22553223.