List of animals that have been cloned
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Embryologist Tong Dizhou unsuccessfully inserted the DNA from a male Asian carp into the egg of a female Asian carp to create the first fish clone in 1963. In 1973 Dizhou inserted Asian carp DNA into a European crucian carp to create the first interspecies of this clone.
- In 2001, scientists at Texas A&M University created the first cloned cat, CC (CopyCat). Even though CC is an exact copy of her host, they have different personalities; i.e. CC is shy and timid, her host on the other hand is playful and curious.
- In 2004, the first commercially cloned cat, Little Nicky, was created by Genetic Savings & Clone.
- Gene, the first cloned calf in the world was born in 1997 at the American Breeders Service facilities in Deforest, Wisconsin, United States. Later it was transferred and kept at the Minnesota Zoo Education Center. Three more cloned calves were born in 1998.
- A Holstein heifer named "Daisy" was cloned by Dr. Xiangzhong (Jerry) Yang using ear skin cells from a high-merit cow named Aspen at the University of Connecticut in 1999, followed by three additional clones, Amy, Betty, and Cathy in 1999.
- Second Chance, a Brahman bull was cloned from Chance, a beloved celebrity bull. Second Chance was born in August, 1999 at Texas A&M University.
- Texas A&M University cloned a Black Angus bull named 86 Squared in 2000, after cells from his donor, Bull 86, had been frozen for 15 years. Both bulls exhibit a natural resistance to brucellosis, tuberculosis and other diseases which can be transferred in meat.
- In 2001 researchers at Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, reported that 24 successfully cloned Holsteins had been monitored from birth to the age of four. All maintained healthy stats comparable to control cattle, and reached reproductive maturity at the proper stage. Two of these cloned cattle successfully mated, each producing a healthy calf.
- A purebred Hereford calf clone named Chloe was born in 2001 at Kansas State University's purebred research unit. This was Kansas State's first cloned calf.
- Millie and Emma were two female Jersey cows cloned at the University of Tennessee in 2001. They were the first calves to be produced using standard cell-culturing techniques.
- Pampa, a Jersey calf, was the first animal cloned in Argentina (by the company Bio Sidus) in 2002.
- A Banteng calf was successfully cloned from frozen cells using a cow as a surrogate mother in 2003. It died when it was less than seven years old, about half the normal life of a Banteng which is an endangered species.
- The world's first water buffalo was cloned in Guangxi, China by the Guangxi University in 2005 according to one reference,
- An Anatolian Grey bull (Efe) was cloned in Turkey in 2009 and four female calves from the same breed (Ece, Ecem, Nilufer, Kiraz) in 2010 by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK)
- Samrupa, the world's first Murrah buffalo (a type of water buffalo) calf cloned using a simple "Hand guided cloning technique" was born in 2009 at National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal, India, but died due to a lung infection five days after she was born. Garima-I, a buffalo calf cloned using an "Advanced Hand guided Cloning Technique" was born in 2009 at the NDRI. Two years later in 2011, she died of a heart failure. Garima-II, another cloned calf was born in 2010. This buffalo was inseminated with frozen-thawed semen of a progeny tested bull and gave birth to a female calf, Mahima in 2013. A cloned male buffalo calf Shresth was born in 2010 at the NDRI
- In May 2010, Got, the first Spanish Fighting Bull was cloned by Spanish scientists.
- A Boran_cattle bull was cloned at the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi.
- In 2015 the Chinese company BoyaLife announced that in partnership with the Korean company Sooam Biotech, they were planning to build a factory in Tianjin, China to produce 100,000 cloned cattle per year, starting in 2016 to supply China's growing market for quality beef.
- in January 2016 the scientist at the Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes in Hisar, India announced that they had cloned a buffalo offspring "Cirb Gaurav" using cells of the ventral side of the tail of superior buffalo.
- Dewey was born in 2003 at Texas A&M University.
- Snuppy an Afghan hound puppy was the first dog to be cloned in 2005 in South Korea.
- Sooam Biotech, South Korea, was reported in 2015 to have cloned 700 dogs to date for their owners. They were also reported to charge $100,000 for each cloned puppy. One puppy was cloned from the cells of a dog that had died 12 days before.
In 1958, John Gurdon, then at Oxford University, explained that he had successfully cloned a frog. He did this by using intact nuclei from somatic cells from a Xenopus tadpole. This was an important extension of work of Briggs and King in 1952 on transplanting nuclei from embryonic blastula cells
A species of wild cattle, the first endangered species to be cloned. In 2001 at the Trans Ova Genetics in Sioux Center, Iowa, United States, a cloned gaur was born from a surrogate domestic cow mother. However, the calf died within 48 hours.
- Downen TX 63 684 (nicknamed Megan) was cloned from a top producing Boer goat born in 2001 at Plainwell, MI.
- The Middle East's first and the world's fifth cloned goat, 'Hanna', was born at the Royan Institute in Isfahan, Iran in 2009. The cloned goat was developed in the surrogate uterus of a Bakhtiari goat. Iranian researchers were reported in 2009 to be planning to use cloned goats to eventually manufacture new medications such as antibodies and medicines for stroke victims.
- The world's first pashmina goat clone was produced at Centre of Animal Biotechnology at Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir (SKUAST), India. It was named Noori, an Arabic word referring to light. Funded by World Bank, this clone was a joint project of SKUAST and the Karnal-based National Dairy Research Institute. Pashmina goats live in Ladakh, the coldest region of Kashmir where the goat survives down to -40 °C temperatures at an altitude of 14,000 feet. Their ultra-fine cashmere wool (known as pashmina) is gathered from mountains of Ladakh after the goat sheds its wool in Spring as a natural process. Kashmir pashmina wool is the finest type of cashmere wool and is used to make kashmiri shawls, scarves, and stoles.
- In 2003, the world's first cloned horse, Prometea, was born.
- In 2006, Scamper, an extremely successful barrel racing horse, a gelding, was cloned. The resulting stallion, Clayton, became the first cloned horse to stand at stud in the U.S.
- In 2007, a renown show jumper and Thoroughbred, Gem Twist, was cloned by Frank Chapot and his family. In September of 2008, Gemini was born and several other clones followed, leading to the development of a breeding line from Gem Twist.
- In 2010, the first lived equine cloned of a Criollo horse was born in Argentina, and was the first horse clone produced in Latin America. In the same year a cloned polo horse was sold for $800,000 - the highest known price ever paid for a polo horse.
- In 2013, the world famous polo star Adolfo Cambiaso helped his team win the Argentine National Open, scoring nine goals in the 16-11 match. Two of those he scored atop a horse named Show Me—a clone, and the first to ride onto the Argentine pitch.
- Possibly the first cloned mammal was a mouse in 1986, in the Soviet Union. However, the cloning was done from an embryo cell, while the sheep Dolly in 1996 was cloned from an adult cell.
- The first mouse from adult cells, Cumulina, was born in 1997 at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa in the laboratory of Ryuzo Yanagimachi using the Honolulu technique.
- In 2008 Japanese scientists created a cloned mouse from a dead mouse that had been frozen for 16 years. This was the first time a mammal had been cloned from frozen cells.
- A European mouflon lamb was the first cloned endangered species to live past infancy. Cloned 2001
- A cloned baby mouflon was born to a domestic sheep in a successful interspecies cloning of an endangered species in Iran in 2015.
- Idaho Gem (male, 2003) was ranked third in the world among racing mules.
- Utah Pioneer (male, 2003)
- Idaho Star (male, 2003)
- 5 Scottish PPL piglets (Jose, Josúe, Juan, Amber and Jose) (2000)
- Xena (female, 2000)
- BGI, China was reported in 2014 to be producing 500 cloned pigs a year, with a success rate of 70-80%, to test new medicines.
In 2009, one clone was alive, but died seven minutes later, due to physical defects in the lungs. The Pyrenean ibex became the first taxon ever to come back from extinction, for a period of seven minutes in 2009. This was a huge achievement for scientists and helped them believe that they could start bringing back extinct animals.
- Tetra (female, 1999) by embryo splitting.
- Cloned embryos (2007) by transfer of DNA from adult cells.
- From early embryonic cells by Steen Willadsen(1986). Megan and Morag cloned from differentiated embryonic cells in 1995.
- Dolly (1996–2003), first cloned mammal from somatic cells. She had six lambs.
- Royana (2006) cloned in Royan Research Institute in Isfahan, Iran
- Oyalı and Zarife were cloned in 2007 in Istanbul University in Istanbul, Turkey.
- An endangered subspecies of Wolf was cloned by South Korean scientists, including the controversial scientist Hwang Woo-Suk in 2005. The two female cloned wolves were housed in a zoo in South Korea for public view. The wolves were called Snuwolf and Snuwolffy, which were names taken from Seoul National University. Snuwolf died in 2009 from an infection.
- "Scientist: First cloned camel born in Dubai". The Associated Press. April 14, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
- "World's 1st cloned camel born in Dubai". Kuwait News Agency. April 14, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
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- "Researchers Show Clone from Aged Cow Can Produce Normal Calf". University of Connecticut web archive. June 11, 2001. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Cloning gives second chance for bull". BBC News. September 3, 1999.
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- (6 August 002) Pampa Was Born Argentina Xplora, retrieved 29 January 2014
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- "Spain clones first fighting bull". BBC. 19 May 2010.
- Yu, M. et al. Cloning of the African indigenous cattle breed Kenyan Boran. Anim Genet (2016). doi:10.1111/age.12441
- Clover, Charles; Cookson, Clive (24 November 2015). "China raises steaks in cloning research". FinancialTimes. p. 10.
- DNA India - CIRB becomes India's second centre to produce a cloned buffalo, 2016
- Baer, Drake (8 September 2015). "This Korean lab has nearly perfected dog cloning, and that's just the start". Business Insider UK. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
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- "British couple celebrate after birth of first cloned puppy of its kind". The Guardian. 26 December 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
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- Robert Briggs & Thomas J. King (May 1952). "Transplantation of Living Nuclei From Blastula Cells into Enucleated Frogs' Eggs". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 38 (5): 455–463. doi:10.1073/pnas.38.5.455. PMC . PMID 16589125.
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- "Noori is world's first pashmina goat clone". Hindustan Times. 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
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- Clone of top jumper Gem Twist born, horsetalk.co.nz, September 17, 2008
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- "Scientists Clone First Endangered Species: a Wild Sheep". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Deghan, Saeed Kamali (5 August 2015). "Scientists in Iran clone endangered mouflon – born to domestic sheep". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
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- "World's first piglet clones created". The Independent. London. March 14, 2000.
- "Research progress: Pig cloning for organs". CNN. January 3, 2002.
- Shukman, David (14 January 2014) China cloning on an 'industrial scale' BBC News Science and Environment, Retrieved 14 January 2014
- Gray, Richard; Dobson, Roger (2009-01-31). "Extinct ibex is resurrected by cloning The Daily Telegraph, January 31, 2009". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
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- "Ralph: The World's First Cloned Rat". Brighthub.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
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