List of animation and graphic art works with LGBT characters

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of animation and graphic art works with LGBT characters. This list includes gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender fictional characters in animated feature films, animated shows, anime, manga, comic series, and graphic novels.

Harry Benshoff and Sean Griffin write that animation has always "hint[ed] at the performative nature of gender" such as when Bugs Bunny puts on a wig and a dress, he is a rabbit in drag as a human male who is in drag as a female.[1] In the 1950s, American comic books, under the Comics Code Authority, adopted the Comic Code which, under the guise of preventing "perversion", largely prevented the presentation of LGBT characters for a number of decades.[2]

Within the Japanese anime and manga, yaoi is the tradition of representing same-sex male relationships in materials that are generally created by women artists and marketed mostly for Japanese girls [3] while the genre known as yuri focuses on relationships between women.

List of works[edit]

Animated films[edit]

Title Character(s) Classification Notes Year Country
Rocky & Hudson Rocky and Hudson Gay Rocky and Hudson, the protagonists of this movie, are a couple of openly gay cowboys. 1994 Brazil
Adolescence of Utena Anthy Himemiya and Utena Tenjou Lesbian When Utena arrives at Ohtori Academy as a transfer student, she hits on Wakaba. Later, Utena and Anthy flirt and kiss. 1999 Japan
South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut Big Gay Al Gay In the series, he is a stereotypical homosexual man known for his flamboyant and positive demeanor.[4] In the movie, he sings: "Everything is super when you're gay!". 1999 United States
Saddam Hussein and Satan Gay Within the South Park series and film Saddam Hussein and Satan are shown having a gay relationship in hell, where Hussein wants a more sexual relationship but Satan wants an emotionally fulfilling partner.[5]
Mary and Max Damian Popodopoulos Bisexual Damian leaves his wife Mary to be with his pen friend in New Zealand, for which they form a relationship. 2009 Australia
ParaNorman Mitch Downe Gay [6][7] Co-director Chris Butler said that the character's sexual orientation was explicitly connected with the film's message: "If we’re saying to anyone that watches this movie don’t judge other people, then we’ve got to have the strength of our convictions."[8] 2012 United States
How To Train Your Dragon 2 Gobber the Belch Gay Voice actor Craig Ferguson ad-libbed a line in which he mentions that he never got married for an undisclosed reason. Ferguson and director Dean DeBlois have confirmed this as meaning that Gobber is gay.[9][10] 2014 United States
Doukyuusei Licht Sajo and Hikaru Kusakabe Gay This movie, based on a manga, deals with the relationship between Licht Sajo (an honor student) and Hikaru Kusakabe (member of a rock band). 2016 Japan
Sausage Party Teresa Del Taco Lesbian Teresa is a lesbian taco who develops a sexual attraction to Brenda, a female hot dog bun. 2016 United States
Twink Gay Twink at one point kisses Frank and can be seen having sex with Firewater during the movie's orgy scene.
Kareem Abdul Lavash and Sammy Bagel Jr. Gay Kareem and Sammy eventually form a relationship in the movie.
Storks Various couples Lesbian, Gay Near the end of the movie, the storks deliver babies to straight, lesbian and gay couples, and single parents. 2016 United States
Zootopia Bucky and Pronk Oryx-Antlerson Gay Bucky and Pronk are an anthropomorphic kudu and oryx respectively, who are loud and argumentative neighbors to main protagonist Judy Hopps. Given their differing species and sharing a hyphenated surname, they have been interpreted[by whom?] as a married same-sex couple. This was later confirmed by co-director Jared Bush.[11] 2016 United States

Animated shorts[edit]

Property Character Classification Notes Years Country
A Kiss for the Petals: Becoming Your Lover Mai and Reo Lesbian Mai and Reo are lovers. 2010 Japan

Animated series[edit]

Title Character(s) Classification Notes Year(s) Country
Genesis Climber MOSPEADA Yellow Belmont / Yellow Dancer Genderqueer Yellow Belmont is a male soldier, who disguises himself as Yellow Dancer, a female singer. 1983–1984 Japan
Bubblegum Crisis Daley Wong Gay Daley is a sympathetically presented gay character.[12] 1987–1991 Japan
The Simpsons Brunella Pommelhorst Trans man Mrs. Pommelhorst is the gym teacher who announced her intention to take time off and return as "Mr. Pommelhorst, the shop teacher". 1989–present United States
Dewey Largo Gay Mr. Largo is the school's music teacher. He is a gay man.
Grady and Julio Gay They are a gay couple, who later break up.
Karl Gay Karl, voiced by Harvey Fierstein, is a gay guest character in 1990 episode Simpson and Delilah, and takes part in a same-sex kiss.[citation needed]
Lady Gaga Lesbian She kissed Marge on the lips on the season 23 episode "Lisa Goes Gaga".
Patty Bouvier Lesbian The character Patty officially came out in the episode "There's something about Marrying" which was one of the episodes that carried the occasional warning of content that might be unsuitable for children.[13]
Waylon Smithers Gay Smithers is portrayed as a semi-closeted gay man.[14] Waylon Smithers rides a float called "Stayin' in the Closet!" during Springfield's annual gay pride parade in the 2002 episode "Jaws Wired Shut". The season 27 episode "The Burns Cage" had Smithers officially come out as gay.[15]
Yu Yu Hakusho Itsuki Gay Itsuki is Sensui's right hand and is interested in him. 1992–1994 Japan
Miyuki Trans woman Miyuki is a character from both the manga and the anime. She is a trans girl and a member of the Demon Triad, a group of demon warriors that work for the Toguro Brothers. Her trans status is discovered in her fight against Yusuke.[16] Miyuki's "coming out" was censored in the edited version of the Funimation English dub.
Sailor Moon Fish-Eye Gay The villain Fish-Eye is an effeminate cross-dressing man who is interested in men. He was changed into a woman in the English dub. The character, however, is suspected by many to in fact be intended as a trans woman.[citation needed] 1992–1997 Japan
Kunzite and Zoisite Gay Zoisite and Kunzite, both powerful generals who work under Queen Beryl from the Dark Kingdom are an openly gay couple in the series.[17]

Though, in some dubs in other countries, Zoisite's gender was changed to female for his feminine appearance and to make them a heterosexual couple instead; and in other dubs, they are changed into brotherly figures because of the closeness of their relationship.

Haruka Tenoh aka Sailor Uranus and Michiru Kaioh aka Sailor Neptune Lesbian Haruka and Michiru are in a relationship. This was changed in the English version of the anime, where they were made "cousins". In the re-release of the original anime, the English version keeps their lesbian relationship.[18]
Sailor Starlights Genderqueer The Sailor Starlights were assigned female at birth,[19] but transform to present as male and refer to themselves as males when not fighting. Sailor Star Fighter is explicitly in love with a woman and describes themself as having "the heart of a boy" in an official series poem/song.[20]
Gargoyles Lexington Gay According to series creator Greg Weisman, Lexington is gay.[21] Greg was not allowed to explore that aspect of the character.[citation needed] 1994–1997 United States
El-Hazard Alielle Relryle Lesbian Alielle is presented as a comical character who makes other women uncomfortable because of her open attraction to them.[12] 1995–1996 Japan
Crapston Villas Robbie and Larry Gay The series was one of the first animated series on British television to present openly gay characters.[22] 1995–1997 England
Saber Marionette J Hanagata Gay Hanagata is gay and has feelings for Otaru. 1996–1997 Japan
Dexter's Laboratory Silver Spooner Gay The segment "Dial M for Monkey: Barbequor" (season one, 1996) was removed from rotation after a few years of being broadcast in the United States. The short features a character named the Silver Spooner (a spoof of the Silver Surfer), which was perceived by Cartoon Network as a stereotype of gay men.[citation needed] 1996–2003 United States
Hey Arnold! Eugene Horowitz Gay On July 26, 2016, the show's creator Craig Bartlett stated that Eugene "is kind of 'proto-gay', so he's uncomfortable getting close to any girl" during an interview with BuzzFeed, though this was never explicitly stated during the show. Bartlett stated: "We always figured Eugene was kind of proto-gay. He's not gay yet, he just will be. He loves musical theater, and he's a wonderful guy."[23] This was never explicitly disclosed in the series, though it was hinted at in several episodes.[citation needed] 1996–2004 United States
Mr. Robert Simmons Gay On July 26, 2016, the show's creator Craig Bartlett confirmed that Mr. Simmons was indeed gay during an interview with BuzzFeed.[23] Several episodes throughout the series hinted at Mr. Simmons' sexuality, including "Arnold's Thanksgiving", a Thanksgiving-themed episode which implies that one of his dinner guests is his boyfriend, and that Simmons' mother wants him to date a female friend. However, it was never explicitly stated he was gay.
Revolutionary Girl Utena Anthy Himemiya and Utena Tenjou Lesbian The two leads of the series, Utena Tenjou and Anthy Himemiya, were confirmed to be in love by director Kunihiko Ikuhara.[24][25] The characters are seen kissing both in the TV show credits and the movie. 1997 Japan
Juri Arisugawa and Shiori Takatsuki Lesbian Juri is explicitly in love with her female classmate, Shiori, in both the TV series and movie. She is described as "homosexual" by the creators in the DVD booklet.[26] The commentary in the booklet indicated that Shiori also had feelings for her, but was too troubled and insecure to act on them in a healthy way.[27]
Kozue Kaoru Lesbian Kozue Kaoru was shown kissing Anthy.
Akio Ohtori and Touga Kiryuu Bisexual Akio Ohtori and Touga Kiryuu were shown in bed together, and Miki described Akio as "seducing" Touga.[28] Akio and Touga are playboys with a number of female conquests. Akio's conquests include Utena and Kozue.
King of the Hill Bug Gribble and Juan Pedro Gay In the episode "My Own Private Rodeo," Dale's father, Bug has come out and participates in the gay rodeo circuit. Bug is married to Juan Pedro.[14] 1997–2010 United States
Carolyn (Jamie) Drag queen In the episode "The Peggy Horror Picture Show," Peggy befriends a drag queen named "Carolyn" whose real name is Jamie.
South Park Big Gay Al Gay [29] He is a stereotypical homosexual man known for his flamboyant and positive demeanor.[4] Big Gay Al openly displays his homosexuality and is an advocate for gay rights. He is Mr. Garrison's ex-boyfriend, and is married to Mr. Slave. 1997–present United States
Craig Tucker and Tweek Tweak Gay, Bisexual Craig and Tweek are seen frequently throughout the nineteenth and twentieth season holding hands and hanging out with each other. It is confirmed by the official website and blog that they are in a relationship. Craig is shown to be bisexual, as seen in earlier episodes and in the game South Park: The Stick of Truth.[30]
Herbert Garrison (formerly Janet Garrison) Gay, Trans woman, Lesbian Originally presented as a closeted homosexual, the storylines have featured Garrison coming out as a gay man, then having a sex operation to become female (known as Janet Garrison), while female becoming a lesbian, then having another operation to become male again.[31] It is shown he still has feelings for his ex-boyfriend, Mr. Slave.
Jimbo Kern Gay It has been hinted that Jimbo Kern has had a past sexual relationship with his partner, Ned, despite his claims of heterosexuality.
Mr. Slave Gay Mr. Slave was Mrs. Garrison's boyfriend until she made the transition into a female. He is now married to Big Gay Al.
Ms. Ellen Lesbian In the episode "Tom's Rhinoplasty", Chef reveals that the new teacher Ms. Ellen is lesbian. Some of her male students are attracted to her and don't understand what lesbians are, and try to become lesbians too, to get her attention.
Saddam Hussein and Satan Gay Within the South Park series and film Saddam Hussein and Satan are presented as a gay.[5]
Sparky and the animals in Big Gay Al's Big Gay Animal Sanctuary Gay In "Big Gay Al's Big Gay Boat Ride", Stan's dog Sparky is shown to be gay, and Big Gay Al is the owner of Big Gay Al's Big Gay Animal Sanctuary, a sanctuary for gay animals, including horses, rabbits, fish, a lion, etc.
Stephen Stotch Gay Despite being married, Stephen Stotch is revealed to be a regular customer at the local gay bath house.
Outlaw Star Fred Lou Gay Fred is a 20-year-old camp weapons merchant who is known to be flamboyant and openly gay. He has a strong infatuation for the series main protagonist, Gene Starwind, to whom he supplies arms to. 1998 Japan
Cardcaptor Sakura Tomoyo Daidouji Lesbian Tomoyo is in love with the protagonist of the show, Sakura. Sakura does not return Tomoyo's feelings.[32] 1998–2000 Japan
Sonomi Daidouji Lesbian Tomoyo's mother, Sonomi, confessed she was in love with Sakura's mother.[33]
Touya Kinomoto and Yukito Tsukishiro Gay The creators have confirmed that Yukito and Touya (both male) are a couple.[32] They are stated to be in love within the series itself.[34]
Mission Hill Gus Duncz and Wally Langford Gay Gus and Wally are an elderly couple in their late 60s. 1999–2002 United States
Futurama Enos Fry Gay In the episode "Roswell that Ends Well", Philip J. Fry travels to the past and meets his grandfather Enos Fry, before Philip's father Yancy was conceived. The grandson becomes paranoid to keep his grandfather alive so he can reproduce. At some point, Fry tells him to Marry Mildred (Fry's grandmother) and have children, but Enos replies: "Yeah, folks say that. But did you ever get the feeling you're only going with girls 'cause you're supposed to?" Fry also gives Enos a pin-up calendar featuring a girl in skimpy clothing, but Enos does not show any interest in it. Enos flips some pages in the pin-up calendar and happily stares at the picture of a shirtless man.

Eventually, in a misguided attempt to protect his grandfather, Philip J. Fry locks him in a military test site and causes him to be killed before he can reproduce. Afterwards, Philip comforts Mildred and she seduces him. They have sex, causing Mildred to be pregnant and Fry to be his own grandfather. This is an example of both the grandfather paradox and the bootstrap paradox.

1999–2013 United States
Old Man Waterfall Bisexual Old Man Waterfall is a polygamist: he has seven wives and one husband.[35]
Family Guy Jasper Gay Jasper is a dog who is Brian Griffin's gay cousin. Jasper marries his partner Ricardo in the episode "You May Now Kiss the... Uh... Guy Who Receives."[36] 1999–present United States
OH! Super Milk Chan Landlord Gay He is Milk's landlord whose homosexuality is disclosed in the series' ninth episode. 2000 Japan
Braceface Mark "Dion" Jones Gay Canon gay male character.[37][38] 2001–2004 Canada
Clone High Wally and Carl Gay Wally and Carl are a gay couple, and the foster parents of JFK. 2002–2003 Canada, United States
Drawn Together Xandir P. Wifflebottom Gay He is labeled as a "totally gay video game adventurer" during the show's debut episode. Prior to coming out during the episode "Gay Bash," Xandir is on a never-ending quest to save his girlfriend, who, after finding out about his being gay, breaks up with him; he then falls in love with a homosexual genie in the same episode. Xandir also has an affair with Captain Hero's gay alter ego, Tim Tommerson, in "Xandir and Tim, Sitting in a Tree." 2004–2007 United States
Foxxy Love Bisexual Foxxy has relations with both men and women, but preferably with the former. She makes out with Princess Clara in the show's first episode "Hot Tub," and has a brief BDSM relationship with Captain Hero in "Requiem for a Reality Show."
Captain Hero Pansexual Captain Hero is shown to be sexually aroused by an array of paraphilias and will have sex with anything and anyone. He and Foxxy Love form a brief BDSM relationship in "Requiem for a Reality Show," and as his gay alter ego, Tim Tommerson, has an affair with Xandir in "Xandir and Tim, Sitting in a Tree."
Kyo Kara Maoh! Wolfram von Bielefeld Gay In another dimension called Shin Makoku, love between the same gender is not rare at all. Wolfram became Shibuya Yuuri's accidental fiance after Yuuri slaps him on his left cheek for insulting his mother which actually is a traditional proposal amongst the nobles in Shin Makoku. Although he did not approve of being the Maoh's fiance at first, he changes his mind when Yuuri's demon side kicks his butt in battle. He soon grows very protective over Yuuri, yelling at anyone who comes too close to him. He is especially jealous of Konrad, his own brother.[39] 2004–2009 Japan
6Teen Jean Lesbian [40] A one-time character, that was revealed to be a lesbian. When questioned, Jean thought a main character was asking her out. She told her that she was a lesbian, but she had a girlfriend. 2004–2010 Canada
Kevin Gay [41] A one-time character, Kevin revealed to be gay. When Kevin leaves his bag in her workplace by mistake a main character, Caitlin, starts to get a crush on him and leaves him a note. It turns out that he's been leaving secret notes for her for a while. Near the end of the episode, they meet and Kevin is disappointed to learn that Caitlin is a girl. Caitlin is confused by his reaction until another character explains that "Kevin plays for the other team", meaning he is gay.
bro'Town Brother Ken Genderqueer Brother Ken is the principal of the school and is fa'afafine, a Samoan concept for a third gender, a person who is born biologically male but is raised and sees themself as female. Because the concept does not readily translate, when the series was broadcast on Cartoon Network Latin America, a decision was made not to translate Samoan words and just present them as part of the "cultural journey".[42] 2004–2010 New Zealand
Bleach Chizuru Honshō Lesbian Chizuru is a classmate of Ichigo Kurosaki. She is an open lesbian and is often trying to get close to Orihime only to be thwarted by Tatsuki who would often attack her. 2004–2012 Japan
The Venture Bros. The Alchemist Gay [43][non-primary source needed] He is in an on-again, off-again relationship with Shore Leave. 2004–present United States
Paradise Kiss Isabella Yamamoto Trans woman Isabella was assigned male at birth (named Daisuke), but lives as a female. Robin Brenner calls the character "one of the most realistic and accepting portrayals of a transgender character in manga."[44] 2005 Japan
Moral Orel Stephanie Putty Lesbian Stephanie is a lesbian character who's revealed to have fallen in unrequited love with their old high school best friend, Kim Latchkey. Kim used Stephanie in high school to get Kim's future husband jealous by pretending that she and Stephanie were dating (though Stephanie believed at the time that it was real). Stephanie's father, Reverend Putty, points out that Kim never cared about her and helps his daughter move on from her.[45] 2005–2008 United States
Fudêncio e Seus Amigos Zezé Maria Lesbian, Genderqueer Zezé Maria's name may be roughly translated into "Joe-Joe Mary" ("Zezé" is a reduplication of "Zé", a familiar form of "José", which is equivalent to English "Joseph", and "Maria" is equivalent to English "Mary"). "Zezé Maria" is a normal masculine name, as it's not unknown for men in Portuguese-speaking countries to be called José Maria or Zé Maria. However, José is a masculine name and Maria is a feminine name, hinting at the character's gender ambiguity.

Zezé is one of the children at the school. Zezé has the appearance of a little girl, and she has a manly voice. In this Portuguese-language cartoon, Zezé is often referred to using pronouns ("ele", "ela") and articles ("o", "a") of either gender.

In the episode "Gay!!" when the students become gay, Zezé Maria becomes attracted to women and calls herself a lesbian. Zezé hits on Funérea (another girl), but Funérea rejects her on the grounds that she became a lesbian too and does not think of Zezé as a girl. Zezé is shown to be attracted to men as of the episode "A Namorada do Zezé" ("Zezé's Girlfriend").

2005–2011 Brazil
Jacques Janine Costeaul Gay In the episode "Gay!!", Jacques is a gay teacher hired to give a lecture about respecting the sexual orientation of other people
All students, except Conrado Lesbian, Gay In the episode "Gay!!", Jacques's aforementioned lecture causes all the male students except Conrado to become gay, and Zezé Maria and Funérea to become lesbian.
Policeman Delcídio Gay He is an openly gay policeman.
Lieutenant Kevin Gay In the episode "Gay!!", when the students become openly gay, Kevin reveals that he has been a gay man closeted for many years. Kevin comes out of the closet and becomes openly gay too.
Ouran High School Host Club Ryōuji "Ranka" Fujioka Bisexual Haruhi's father Ryouji is bisexual and works in a gay bar as a drag queen under the name Ranka. 2006 Japan
Happiness! Jun Watarase Gay, Trans woman Jun is alluded to being either an androgynous gay boy who crossdresses to appear as a girl or a transwoman largely due to the fact that in the OVA he was happy to have been turned into a girl. 2006–2007 Japan
Rick & Steve: The Happiest Gay Couple in All the World Rick Brocka and Steve Ball Gay During the series, the gay couple Rick and Steve have a baby with the lesbian couple Dana and Kirsten.[46] 2007–2009 United States, Canada
Dana Bernstein and Kirsten Kellogg Lesbian
Chuck Masters and Evan Martinez Gay Chuck Masters and Evan Martinez are a male gay couple.
Shōjo Sect: Innocent Lovers Various girls Lesbian Shōjo Sect is a Japanese adult yuri manga series set in an all-girl high school. It was later adapted into the anime Shōjo Sect: Innocent Lovers. 2008 Japan
Black Butler Grell Sutcliffe Trans woman Grell is a trans woman. 2008–2014 Japan
Superjail! Alice Trans woman Alice is the female transgender head corrections officer of Superjail, or better described to be the only corrections officer. She is voiced by Christy Karacas. 2008–2014 United States
Jean Baptiste Le Ghei and Paul Guaye Gay The inmates Jean Baptiste Le Ghei and Paul Guaye are a recurring couple.
Sweet Blue Flowers Fumi Manjōme and Akira Okudaira Lesbian Sweet Blue Flowers is a yuri anime.[47] The main character, Fumi, comes out as a lesbian in episode 4.[48] Akira later has a relationship with Fumi. 2009 Japan
Kyōko Ikumi Lesbian Kyoko confesses her feelings to her female crush.[49]
Sit Down, Shut Up Andrew LeGustambos Bisexual Andrew is a bisexual drama teacher whose last name in Spanish roughly translates to "he likes both," a reference to his sexual orientation.[50] He is in love with Larry Littlejunk and Miracle Grohe and hopes they get together so he could get together with them. 2009 United States
The Goode Family Mo and Trish Lesbian Mo and Trish are a lesbian couple. 2009 United States
Souki and Jenn Lesbian Souki and Jenn are a lesbian couple.
Hetalia: Axis Powers Sweden (Berwald Oxenstierna) Gay Berwald is confirmed to be a homosexual by the show's creator Hidekaz Himaruya, and had feelings towards his friend Tino (Finland). Berwald is also the only character in the show to have a confirmed sexuality. 2009–2010 Japan
Germany (Ludwig) and Italy (Feliciano Vargas) Gay, Bisexual It is implied that Germany may be in love with Italy. In the Valentine's episode, Germany starts reading a book about how partners behave. As he reads the book, Germany becomes confused on whether or not Italy's behavior is that of a friend or a lover. Later, Italy presents him with red roses, a confession of love in Germany's home, making him believe that Italy is in love with him. He then proceeds to take the steps in the book to court Italy. He eventually proposes to Italy, and the strip ends with a flashback of Chibitalia receiving flowers from what appears to be Germany's view point, suggesting that he is Italy's long-lost childhood love, Holy Roman Empire.
The Cleveland Show "Auntie" Momma Tubbs (Kevin Tubbs) Genderqueer Cleveland learns in "A Brown Thanksgiving" that Auntie Momma adopted a female persona years earlier because she felt that her niece Donna did not have a strong female role model in her life. 2009–2013 United States
Terry Kimple Gay Terry, Cleveland's co-worker, marries his husband Paul in "Terry Unmarried".
Archer Pam Poovey Bisexual Pam is the bisexual director of human resources. 2009–present United States
Ray Gillette Gay Ray is an openly gay secret agent, and a former Olympic medalist in skiing.[51]
Woodhouse Gay Woodhouse, Archer's personal valet, is of ambiguous sexuality; he had a romantic and sexual attraction to another man, Reggie, during the First World War, but it has not been specified whether he has ever had any sexual feelings for anyone since Reggie's death.
Panty & Stocking with Garterbelt Garterbelt Gay He is a priest with an interest in young males, Brief in particular. 2010 Japan
The Qwaser of Stigmata Ekaterina Kurae and Hana Katsuragi Lesbian Hana is Ekaterina's sex slave. 2010–2011 Japan
Eva-Q and Eva-R Bisexual Eva-Q and Eva-R seek to be sex and BDSM slaves. They are seen harassing three people, of both genders, asking them to be their master or mistress: a female police officer, the class president Fumika Mitarai and Alexander "Sasha" Nikolaevich Hell. Eva-Q and Eva-R also kiss each other.[52]
Adventure Time Marceline the Vampire Queen and Princess Bubblegum Bisexual On August 7, 2014, at a Barnes & Noble book signing for Martin Olson's book The Adventure Time Encyclopædia, Olivia Olson confirmed that Marceline and Princess Bubblegum had dated; which can explain their rivalry and why they had trouble getting along with the other in the past. Since the show airs in some countries where same-sex relationships are illegal, Marceline and Princess Bubblegum's relationship cannot be depicted on the TV series. Olivia stated that their relationship may be mentioned in the upcoming book, but had no further statements regarding the two.[53] Additionally, Princess Bubblegum used to date the male character Mr. Cream Puff [54] and Marceline dated a male vampire named Ash.[55] 2010–present United States
Durarara!! Mairu and Kururi Orihara Bisexual Mairu and Kururi, the sisters of the series antagonist Izaya Orihara, are portrayed as openly bisexual characters. 2010–present Japan
No. 6 Shion and Nezumi Gay The anime has a few hints about their romantic feelings for each other. For example, in episodes 7 and 11 they kissed. The creator also confirmed that they're in love with each other. 2011 Japan
Steins;Gate Ruka Urishibara Trans woman Ruka is a trans girl; she states in the series that she has always felt trapped in the wrong body. 2011 Japan
Tiger and Bunny Nathan Seymour/Fire Emblem Genderqueer Nathan is a highly effeminatee homosexual man who identifies as gender queer though also at times prefers to be identified as a woman, often spending more time with the female heroes while flirting with the male heroes. In the past, they tried to present themselves femininely but was harshly criticized and while no longer presented as femininely, they still hold a strong romantic infatuation towards men (something that led to their bullying as a child) 2011 Japan
Future Diary Aru Akise Aru has feelings for Yuki. 2011–2012 Japan
China, IL Crystal Peppers Trans woman Crystal is a transgender woman. It was implied she only had top surgery, as she had testicles up until "Coming Out of the Casket", when they're amputated by Steve and placed in a glass jar on his bookcase. 2011–2015 United States
Bob's Burgers Marshmallow Trans woman She is a transgender woman.[citation needed] 2011–present United States
K Misaki Yata and Saruhiko Fushimi Gay Fushimi Saruhiko and Yata Misaki were best friends but when Misaki decided to make new friends other than Saruhiko at HOMRA, Saruhiko was jealous and left this clan for Scepter 4. In K: Lost small world, we see the relationship between them. And the anime's website mention their special feeling for each other.[56] 2012 Japan
The Legend of Korra Asami Sato and Korra Bisexual At different points, both Asami and Korra are romantically involved with Mako in seasons 1 and 2. The series finale ended with Korra and Asami holding hands and looking into each other's eyes while traveling through a portal right before the ending credits.[57] Although not explicitly stated, the writers later confirmed that the two are in a romantic relationship.[58][59][60] 2012–2014 United States
Gravity Falls Sheriff Blubs and Deputy Durland Gay In the series finale, the two men publicly express their love for each other.[61][62][63] 2012–2016 United States
JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Dio Brando Bisexual In an interview in 2007 for Eureka magazine, Hirohiko Araki responded "...women, men--Dio can go with either." to a question about Dio's sexuality.[64] 2012–present Japan
The Awesomes Zip Danger/ "Frantic" Gay Frantic is forcibly outed under media pressure in S2E5, "The Awesomes' Awesome Show". He later falls for Christopher, a member of villain team The Gay Mafia. 2013–2015 United States
Tomboy Lesbian Originally presenting as Gadget Gal's arch-nemesis, she is outed in S1E3, "Baby Got Backstory", as using the feud to cope with her own romantic feelings for her.
Steven Gay Steven is a member of villain team The Gay Mafia, and makes his debut in S3E8, "The Gayfather".
Christopher Gay Christopher makes his debut appearance as member of villain team The Gay Mafia in S3E8, "The Gayfather". He falls for Frantic immediately upon meeting him, and sabotages his team's efforts as a result.
The Gayfather Gay The Gayfather is the leader of villain team The Gay Mafia, and makes his debut in S3E8, "The Gayfather".
Attack on Titan Ymir and Krista Lenz Lesbian The official website mentions Ymir is in love with Historia (Krista)[65]

Also at the series panel for Animagic 2014, producer George Wada confirmed that Ymir and Krista are a couple[66]

2013–present Japan
Reiner Braun Gay In episode 29, it is revealed Reiner "had no interest in women" while suggesting Ymir's shared homosexuality.
Hanji Zoe Genderqueer In the anime Hanji is canonically female. In the manga Hanji does not have a confirmed gender
Rick and Morty Rick Sanchez Pansexual Rick has been stated to be pansexual by Justin Roiland, one of the show's creators and executive producers.[67] This was shown in the third episode of the second season, when Rick connects with Unity, an ex-lover who is a collective hive mind of assimilated individuals from the planet they occupy. Throughout the series, Rick's sexuality has also been heavily hinted at, mostly in his backstory.[68] 2013–present United States
Steven Universe Pearl Lesbian In the episode "We Need to Talk", it is made very apparent that Pearl has attraction to another feminine-presenting character by the name of Rose Quartz and seems attracted to a female character she meets in a gas station in season 4.[69] and has been confirmed by one of the show's writers.[70] 2013–present United States
Ruby and Sapphire Lesbian Members of the Crystal Gems who have a romantic relationship with each other, and stay permanently fused to form Garnet.[71] Also the co-executive producer, Ian Jones-Quartey, has confirmed that, according to human standards and terminology, calling Ruby a non-binary, feminine presenting lesbian would be "a fair assessment".[72]
Akame ga Kill! Bulat Gay He admits that he is attracted to Tatsumi while training him. 2014 Japan
Akuma no Riddle Eisuke Inukai Gay He is in a homosexual relationship and has an adopted daughter. 2014 Japan
Chozen Chozen and Hunter Gay Chozen is a white, gay, aspiring rap superstar. He is in a relationship with fratboy-type Hunter.[73] 2014 United States
Hamatora The Animation Theo Gay He has openly shown attraction to males. 2014 Japan
Inugami-san to Nekoyama-san Yachiyo Inugami and Suzu Nekoyama Lesbian [74] 2014 Japan
Knights of Sidonia Izana Shinatose Genderqueer Izana belongs to a new, nonbinary third gender that originated during the hundreds of years of human emigration into space. Izana is referred to using gender neutral pronouns in the original Japanese dialogue. Because the English language lacks an appropriate equivalent, she is often referred to using feminine pronouns for the sake of simplicity. 2014-Present Japan
Sakura Trick Haruka Takayama and Yū Sonoda Lesbian Haruka and Yū are in a romantic relationship.[75] 2014 Japan
Kotone Noda and Shizuku Minami Lesbian Kotone and Shizuku are in a romantic relationship.
Mitsuki Sonoda Lesbian Mitsuki is Yū's older sister. She is suspicious of the relationship between Haruka and Yū, and develops a crush on Haruka.
Bojack Horseman Kelsey Jannings Lesbian Kelsey first appears in Episode 12 of season 1 of famous Netflix series "BoJack Horseman" when BoJack is auditioning for the lead role in "Secretariat". In the same episode, while she is calling BoJack to tell him that they are replacing Andrew Garfield's with him, Kelsey says "I get enough of that from my ex-wife along with newspaper clippings about gluten. 2014–present United States
Clarence EJ and Sue Randell Lesbian EJ and Sue, who were introduced in "Jeff Wins", the 29th episode of Clarence, are Jeff's mothers.[76] 2014–present United States
Rampo Kitan: Game of Laplace Hashiba Gay It is implied he has romantic feelings for Kobayashi. He's flustered when he's close to Kobayashi or seeing him try the dress on. 2015 Japan
Yurikuma Arashi Kureha Tsubaki
Sumika Izumino
Ginko Yurishiro
Lulu Yurigasaki
Lesbian [77] 2015 Japan
Mobile Suit Gundam: Iron-Blooded Orphans Yamagi Gilmerton Gay He's in love with another male, Norba Shino. 2015-present Japan
One-Punch Man Puri-Puri-Prisoner Gay Puri-Puri-Prisoner is a flamboyant, muscular gay hero who gets put in prison for taking an interest in and attacking other male heroes and criminals, thus the name. 2015–present Japan
Danganronpa 3: The End of Hope's Peak High School Juzo Sakakura Gay Juzo Sakakura was in love with his best friend since high school, Kyosuke Munakata. This is confirmed by Junko Enoshima, who figures out that he is in love with the other male, and attempts to blackmail him with pictures she took of him looking lovingly at a photo of Kyosuke. Later, he seemingly attempts to confess his feelings to Kyosuke, but is stabbed before he can say how he feels. Though he survives, he is badly wounded, and he spends his last moments trying to keep Kyosuke safe, and prays that he makes it out alive. Juzo is never shown having feelings for a woman. 2016 Japan
Teruteru Hanamura Pansexual Teruteru Hanamura is explicitly shown to be pansexual, both in the Danganronpa 3 anime and in the video game Danganronpa 2: Goodbye Despair. He considers his sexual tastes to be "open". While he does show more interest in women than he does in men, he does not object to the idea of being with a man and he has shown sexual attraction towards characters like Nekomaru Nidai and Nagito Komaeda. However, his interests have only been shown to be sexual and he has never been shown to be romantically involved with anyone.
HaruChika Haruta Kamijou Gay He's in love with his male teacher. 2016 Japan
Kiznaiver Ruru and Honoka Lesbian, Bisexual 2016 Japan
Magical Girl Raising Project Sister Nana and Weiss Winterprison Lesbian Nana and Weiss are in a relationship 2016 Japan
Souta Kishibe / La Pucelle Genderqueer Souta Kishibe is a boy in his civilian persona, but becomes a girl when transformed into La Pucelle.
Yuri on Ice Seung-Gil Lee In the official character information, as well as said by Kubo Mitsurou, Seung-Gil is described as "having an extreme aversion to both women and vegetables". 2016 Japan
Viktor Nikiforov and Yūri Katsuki Bisexual Throughout the story, Yūri and Victor's relationship has been hinted at, and then has been confirmed in episode 7 when Yūri kissed Victor. Yūri is canonically bisexual as the official site describes Yuuko as Yūri's "dream woman". It is unclear whether Victor is bisexual or gay as the word he used for "lover" when asking Yūri about his past relationships was gender neutral.
The Loud House Howard and Harold McBride Gay Howard and Harold are the adoptive fathers of Clyde McBride, who is the best friend of protagonist Lincoln Loud. Howard and Harold are overprotective of their son and shower Clyde with attention. They are the first pair of married male characters to be depicted on a Nickelodeon series.[78][79] 2016–present United States
Luna Loud Bisexual Luna Loud, having shown interest in boys in the past, gives a love letter to a girl in the episode "L is for Love".
Kuzu no Honkai Sanae Ebato and Hanabi Yasuraoka Lesbian, Bisexual Sanae is in love with Hanabi after she saved her from a train molester. She kissed Hanabi several times and also have sex with her, but Hanabi still considered Ebato as her friend. 2017 Japan
Love Tyrant Yuzu Kichougasaki Lesbian She has a crush on her half-sister, Akane Hiyama. 2017 Japan
Fuuka Makoto Mikasa Gay He is openly homosexual. 2017–present Japan
Armed Girl's Machiavellism Kirukiru Amou Trans woman 2017 Japan

Graphic art[edit]

Title Character(s) Classification Notes Year(s) Country
Uncanny X-Men Northstar Gay First appearance: Uncanny X-Men #120 (1979).
Northstar was the first openly gay superhero in the Marvel Comics universe.[80]
1963–2015 United States
Doonsbury Andy Lippincott Gay First appearance: 1976.
Andy Lippincott was the first openly gay character to appear in a mainstream comic strip.[2]
1970–present United States
Thomas no Shinzō Thomas Werner, Julusmole Bayhan ("Juli" or "Yuli") and Eric Fruehling Gay Set in a German boys boarding school, the story relates how, after Thomas' suicide, an upper classman, Yuri, finds a love letter Thomas wrote to him, and then meets a new student, Eric, who looks just like Thomas.[81] 1974–1975 Japan
For Better or For Worse Lawrence Poirier Gay In 1993, Lawrence Poirier's coming out generated controversy, with readers opposed to homosexuality threatening to cancel newspaper subscriptions.[82] See also: For Better or For Worse#Lawrence comes out. 1979–2008 Canada
Dykes to Watch Out For Mo Testa Lesbian Mo is a semi-autobiographical representation of the creator Alison Bechdel who started the strip in because she wanted to see representations of her life that were not available in the media at the time.[83] 1983–2008 United States
Der bewegte Mann and Pretty Baby: Der bewegte Mann 2 Norbert Brommer and Walter "Waltraud" Gay In the series created by Ralf König, Norbert gets a crush on Axel Feldheim, a man who begins questioning his sexuality after breaking up with his girlfriend. the Der bewegte Mann comics became some of the most popular comics in Germany during the 1980s.[84] Norbert's flamboyant friend Walter goes by the feminine version "Waltraud". 1987–1988 Germany
JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Dio Brando Bisexual In an interview in 2007 for Eureka magazine, Hirohiko Araki responded "...women, men--Dio can go with either." to a question about Dio's sexuality.[64] 1987–present Japan
Marvel Comics Presents Jessie Drake Trans woman First appearance: Marvel Comics Presents #150 (1994). Jessie came out as a transgender girl in Marvel Comics Presents #151 and is the first openly transgender character in the Marvel Universe. 1988–2008 United States
Veronica Kevin Keller Gay First appearance: Veronica #202 (2010). Kevin was first eyed by Veronica who did not realize he was gay. He has since become a part of the gang.[85] 1989–2011 United States
Various titles Hugo Baracchini / Muriel Trans woman Hugo Baracchini is a comic strip character created by Brazilian artist and transgender woman Laerte Coutinho. Hugo is assigned male at birth. Muriel is Hugo's female alter ego, which emerges when the character wears make up, a dress and a wig, and uses female pronouns. Hugo / Muriel often questions their identity and gender.

Often, Muriel is presented as a trans woman, or the character is genderfluid, arbitrarily switching between Hugo and Muriel personas. Muriel sometimes materializes herself as a separate being.

1990s–present Brazil
Rocky & Hudson Rocky and Hudson Gay Rocky and Hudson, created by Adão Iturrusgarai, are a couple of openly gay cowboys. 1990s–present Brazil
Yu Yu Hakusho Miyuki Trans woman Miyuki is a character from both the manga and the anime. She is a trans girl and a member of the Demon Triad, a group of demon warriors that work for the Toguro Brothers. Her trans status is discovered in her fight against Yusuke.[16] 1990–1994 Japan
Hothead Paisan:Homicidal Lesbian Terrorist Hothead Paisan Lesbian Created by Diane DiMassa, Hothead Paisan's presentation was cathartic to lesbians, but so graphically violent that the strip was banned in Canada.[86] 1991 United States
Sailor Moon Kunzite and Zoisite Gay Zoisite and Kunzite, both powerful generals who work under Queen Beryl from the Dark Kingdom are an openly gay couple in the series.[17] 1991–1997 Japan
Haruka Tenoh aka Sailor Uranus and Michiru Kaioh aka Sailor Neptune Lesbian Haruka and Michiru are in a relationship.
Outlaw Star Fred Lou Gay Fred is a 20-year-old camp weapons merchant who is known to be flamboyant and openly gay. He has a strong infatuation for the series main protagonist, Gene Starwind, to whom he supplies arms to. 1996–1999 Japan
Cardcaptor Sakura Tomoyo Daidouji Lesbian Tomoyo is in love with the protagonist of the show, Sakura. Sakura does not return Tomoyo's feelings.[32] 1996–2000 Japan
Toya Kinomoto and Yukito Tsukishiro Gay The creators have confirmed that Yukito and Touya (both male) are a couple.[32] They are stated to be in love within the series itself.[34]
Flaming Iguanas,
They Call Me Mad Dog!,
Hoochie Mama
Jolene Gertrude Rodriguez aka Tomato "Mad Dog" Rodriguez Bisexual The works by Erika Lopez follow the adventures of Tomato Rodriguez, a bisexual Puerto Rican American woman.[87][88] 1997–2001 United States
Deadpool Deadpool Pansexual Wade Wilson is pansexual.[89] 1997–present United States
Paradise Kiss Isabella Yamamoto Trans woman Isabella was assigned male at birth (named Daisuke), but lives as a female. Robin Brenner calls the character "one of the most realistic and accepting portrayals of a transgender character in manga."[44] 1999–2003 Japan
Bleach Chizuru Honshō Lesbian Chizuru is a classmate of Ichigo Kurosaki. She is an open lesbian and is often trying to get close to Orihime only to be thwarted by Tatsuki who would often attack her. 2001–2016 Japan
Catwoman vol. 3 Holly Robinson Lesbian Issue where her open lesbian identity begins: Catwoman vol. 3 #1 (2002). Holly Robinson is a friend of Catwoman and was one of the few openly lesbian characters in the early 2000s DC world.[90] 2002–2010 United States
Wandering Son Shuichi Nitori Trans woman, Lesbian The protagonist of Wandering Son, Shu, is a transgender girl.[91] Shu is attracted to and dates women throughout the series and when she officially comes out as a girl, her girlfriend Anna states "I guess this means I'm a lesbian" [92] 2002–2013 Japan
Anna Lesbian
Yoshino Takatsuki Trans man He is a transgender boy.
All-New X-Men Iceman Gay All New X-Men #40 (2015) contains the pivotal moment where Iceman/Bobby Drake (as a younger version of himself) is informed by Jean Grey that his thoughts reveal his homosexuality. The scene plays out with Bobby wondering why his older self (the one in present-day X-Men comics) dated women for so long; he ponders bi-sexuality before being told, unequivocally, that he is in fact gay.[93] 2002–present United States
Shōjo Sect Various girls Lesbian Shōjo Sect is a Japanese adult yuri manga series set in an all-girl high school. It was later adapted into the anime Shōjo Sect: Innocent Lovers. 2003–2005 Japan
The Walking Dead Aaron and Eric Gay Aaron and Eric are a gay couple from Alexandria Safe-Zone. 2003–present United States
Paul "Jesus" Monroe Gay Paul is gay.
Scott Pilgrim Wallace Wells Gay Wallace Wells is Scott's gay roommate. 2004–2010 Canada
Jimmy Bisexual Jimmy is Stacey's (Scott's sister) boyfriend. At some point, he is seduced by Wallace.
Roxanne "Roxie" Richter Lesbian Roxanne is the only female among Ramona's seven evil exes. Ramona says it was just a phase.[94]
Ramona Flowers Bisexual
Knives Chau and Kim Pine Bisexual Scott walks in when two of his ex-girlfriends, Knives Chau and Kim Pine, are making out.[95]
Young Avengers America Chavez Lesbian America Chavez is an openly lesbian character and was even raised by two mothers. She is also attracted to teammate, Kate Bishop.[96] 2005–2014 United States
Noh-Varr Gay Noh-Varr has stated that he had experiences with Kree of the same sex at the end of Young Avengers (2013), to which Kate Bishop replied "Am I the only one on the team who is straight?"[97]
Prodigy Bisexual David is an open bisexual and comes out to Hulkling after kissing him in Young Avengers (2013).
Wiccan and Hulkling Gay Exchanges between Wiccan and Hulkling had led to speculation that the two teens had a much more intimate bond than mere friendship.[98] Allan Heinberg confirmed this speculation, stating that his intent was to reveal the relationship, and he was surprised that his subtle clues were picked up on so quickly. Kieron Gillen showed their relationship explicitly throughout his run on Young Avengers.
52 Kate Kane as Batwoman Lesbian First appearance in this comic book series: 52 #7 (2006). When DC Comics rebooted their universe with the series 52 in 2006, they reintroduced Batwoman as Kate Kane and identified her as a lesbian,[99] making her the highest profile lesbian in the DC universe.[100] 2006–2007 United States
Attack on Titan Reiner Braun Gay In the chapter 38 of the manga the series is directly adapting, Reiner stated that he thought he didn't look like "a guy who's interested in women" while suggesting Ymir's shared homosexuality. 2009–present Japan
Ymir and Krista Lenz Lesbian The official website mentions Ymir is in love with Historia (Krista)[65]

Also at the series panel for Animagic 2014, producer George Wada confirmed that Ymir and Krista are a couple[66]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harry Benshoff; Sean Griffin (2005-10-13). Queer Images: A History of Gay and Lesbian Film in America. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 74–. ISBN 9780742568570. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Booker, M. Keith (2010-05-11). Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels [2 volumes]: [Two Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. pp. 246–. ISBN 9780313357473. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Publishing, Here (2003-10-14). The Advocate. Here Publishing. pp. 86–. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Weinstock, Jeffrey Andrew (2008-09-11). Taking South Park Seriously. SUNY Press. pp. 155–. ISBN 9780791475669. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Runions, Erin (2014-03-01). The Babylon Complex: Theopolitical Fantasies of War, Sex, and Sovereignty. Fordham University Press. pp. 185–. ISBN 9780823257362. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  6. ^ French, Nancy (August 22, 2012). "ParaNorman Has Gay Sub-Plot". National Review. 
  7. ^ Ryan, Mike (August 13, 2012). "'ParaNorman': The Movie You May Not Be Planning To See, Though You Should". The Huffington Post. 
  8. ^ "The Film Strip: ‘ParaNorman’ Says You Can be Weird but Bullying is Not Ok.". Eurweb.com. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ "'How To Train Your Dragon 2' Character Gobber The Belch Will Come Out As Gay". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "'How to Train Your Dragon 2': Is Gobber really gay? -- SPOILERS". EW.com. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  11. ^ Bush, Jared (Nov 2016). "Co-Director". Twitter. 
  12. ^ a b Poitras, Gilles (2001). Anime Essentials: Every Thing a Fan Needs to Know. Stone Bridge Press, Inc. pp. 49–. ISBN 9781880656532. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  13. ^ Elledge, Jim (2010). Queers in American Popular Culture. ABC-CLIO. pp. 255–. ISBN 9780313354571. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Johnson, Jo. ""We'll Have a Gay Old Time!": Queer Representation in American Prime-Time Animation from the Cartoon Short to the Family Sitcom.". In Ellidge, Jim. Queers in American Popular Culture. Praeger, ©2010. pp. 255–280. ISBN 9780313354571. 
  15. ^ "Smithers To Come Out As Gay To Mr Burns". Sky News. 
  16. ^ a b "Miyuki (Character)". Comic Vine. 
  17. ^ a b Roncero-Menendez, Sara (21 May 2014). "Sailor Neptune and Uranus Come Out of the Fictional Closet". The Huffington Post. 
  18. ^ "Sailor Neptune and Uranus Come Out of the Fictional Closet". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "Holy War in the Galaxy! Sailor Wars Legend". Sailor Moon. Season 5. Episode 194. December 7, 1996. TV Asahi. 
  20. ^ "Ginga Ichi Mibun Chigai na Kataomoi". sailormusic.net. 
  21. ^ "Interview: Greg Weisman Talks 'Gargoyles'". Comicmix.com. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  22. ^ Norris, Van (2014-08-01). British Television Animation 1997-2010: Drawing Comic Tradition. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 221–. ISBN 9781137330949. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  23. ^ a b Flaherty, Keely. "At Long Last, We Know Arnold's Full Name On "Hey Arnold"". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed. Retrieved 18 December 2016. 
  24. ^ Kunihiko Ikuhara (Director) (16 December 2011). Episode 37: Commentary (DVD). Revolutionary Girl Utena: Apocalypse Saga Box Set 3 Limited Edition: Nozomi Entertainment. 
  25. ^ Kunihiko Ikuhara (Director) (16 December 2011). Episode 39: Commentary (DVD). Revolutionary Girl Utena: Apocalypse Saga Box Set 3 Limited Edition: Nozomi Entertainment. 
  26. ^ Revolutionary Girl Utena: Student Council Saga Limited Edition Set (Booklet interview with Chiho Saito). Nozomi Entertainment. 2011. 
  27. ^ Revolutionary Girl Utena: Student Council Saga Limited Edition Set (Kunihiko Ikuhara's DVD Booklet commentary for episode 17). Nozomi Entertainment. 2011. 
  28. ^ "Miki's Nest Box (The Sunlit Garden-Arranged)". Revolutionary Girl Utena. Season 3. Episode 26. September 24, 1997. TV Tokyo. 
  29. ^ Director: Trey Parker (uncredited) Writers: Trey Parker/Matt Stone (September 3, 1997). "Big Gay Al's Big Gay Boat Ride". South Park. Season 1. Episode 4. Comedy Central. 
  30. ^ "Craig Tucker". Official South Park Studios Wiki. 
  31. ^ Thompson, Dave (2014-08-01). South Park FAQ: All That's Left to Know About The Who, What, Where, When and #%$ of America's Favorite Mountain Town. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. pp. 78–. ISBN 9781495002076. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  32. ^ a b c d Cardcaptor Sakura Memorial Book (in Japanese). Kodansha. February 2001. ISBN 978-4-06-324535-6. 
  33. ^ Cardcaptor Sakura, Episode 10, Sakura and the Sports Day of Flowers"
  34. ^ a b Cardcaptor Sakura, Episode 66 The Person Sakura Likes Most.
  35. ^ "A Taste of Freedom". Futurama. Season 4. Episode 59. December 22, 2002. 
  36. ^ Watson, Jamie Carlin; Arp, Robert (2011-07-26). What's Good on TV: Understanding Ethics Through Television. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 182–. ISBN 9781444343014. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  37. ^ "Game, Set, and Match". Braceface. Season 3. 22 October 2004. CBS. 
  38. ^ Bell, Crystal (28 July 2015). "11 Times You Felt Mortified For Sharon Spitz On ‘Braceface’". MTV. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  39. ^ "Kyo Kara Maoh! / Characters". TV Tropes. 
  40. ^ Director: Writers: (February 11, 2010). "Role Reversal". 6Teen. Season 4. Episode 91. Teletoon. 
  41. ^ Director: Writers: (February 10, 2008). "Bicker Me Not". 6Teen. Season 3. Episode 70. Teletoon. 
  42. ^ Johnson, Derek; Kompare, Derek; Santo, Avi (2014-08-01). Making Media Work: Cultures of Management in the Entertainment Industries. NYU Press. pp. 57–. ISBN 9780814764558. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  43. ^ Director: (Jackson Publick) Writer: (Doc Hammer) (September 3, 2006). "Fallen Arches". The Venture Brothers. Season 2. Episode 21. Adult Swim. 
  44. ^ a b Brenner, Robin E. (2007-06-30). Understanding Manga and Anime. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 99–. ISBN 9780313094484. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  45. ^ "Closeface". Moral Orel. Season 3. 11 November 2008. Adult Swim. 
  46. ^ Clarke, Victoria; Ellis, Sonja J.; Peel, Elizabeth; Damien W. Riggs (2010-04-01). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Queer Psychology: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press. pp. 276–. ISBN 9781139487238. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  47. ^ "Takako Shimura's Aoi Hana Yuri Manga Gets TV Anime". www.animenewsnetwork.com. 
  48. ^ "Adolescence is Beautiful". Sweet Blue Flowers. Episode 4. July 23, 2009. Fuji TV. 
  49. ^ "Spring Storm". Sweet Blue Flowers. Episode 2. July 9, 2009. Fuji TV. 
  50. ^ Jensen, Michael (January 15, 2009). "FOX’s animated “Sit Down, Shut Up” includes bisexual male character". Retrieved June 19, 2017. 
  51. ^ Lambe, Stacy. "10 Qs: With Archer's Ray Gillette on Sochi, Beyonce & Rent Boys | Out Magazine". Out.com. Here Media Inc. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  52. ^ "Witch's Crucifix". The Qwaser of Stigmata. Season 1. Episode 11. March 21, 2010. 
  53. ^ ""Adventure Time" Actor Confirms Princess Bubblegum And Marceline The Vampire Queen Once Dated". 
  54. ^ "Slumber Party Panic". Adventure Time. Season 1. Episode 1. April 5, 2010. Cartoon Network. 
  55. ^ "Memory of a Memory". Adventure Time. Season 3. Episode 55. July 25, 2011. Cartoon Network. 
  56. ^ "CHARACTER|「K RETURN OF KINGS」オフィシャルサイト". 
  57. ^ "The Last Stand". The Legend of Korra. Season 2. Episode 226. December 19, 2014. Nickelodeon. 
  58. ^ DiMartino, Michael (December 22, 2014). "Korrasami Confirmed". michaeldantedimartino.tumblr.com. Retrieved December 22, 2014. 
  59. ^ Konietzko, Bryan (December 22, 2014). "Korrasami is canon.". bryankonietzko.tumblr.com. Retrieved December 22, 2014. 
  60. ^ "How a Nickelodeon Cartoon Became One of the Most Powerful, Subversive Shows of 2014". Vanity Fair. December 19, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014. 
  61. ^ Tecson, Karla (21 February 2016). "Disney's 'Gravity Falls' reveals gay couple". International Business Times. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  62. ^ Cooper, Mariah (18 February 2016). "Disney cartoon 'Gravity Falls' introduces gay couple". Washington Blade. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  63. ^ Duffy, Nick (18 February 2016). "Disney cartoon Gravity Falls confirms gay romance". Pink News. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  64. ^ a b http://jojo.wikia.com/wiki/Interview_Archive
  65. ^ a b http://shingeki.tv/character/#11
  66. ^ a b "FEATURE: Attack on Titan Q&A Panel at Animagic in Bonn, Germany". 
  67. ^ Thielman, Sam (10 July 2015). "Rick and Morty at Comic Con: Adult Swim cult favorite is back and in-joking" – via The Guardian. 
  68. ^ Written by Ryan Ridley (9 August 2015). "Auto Erotic Assimilation". Rick and Morty. Season 2. Adult Swim. 
  69. ^ "Steven Universe: “We Need To Talk”". www.avclub.com. 18 June 2015. 
  70. ^ https://twitter.com/mcburnett/status/611651923100307456
  71. ^ http://joethejohnston.tumblr.com/post/113498250748/are-you-allowed-to-tell-us-if-sapphire-and-rubys
  72. ^ "ian jq on Twitter". 
  73. ^ Ayers, Dennis (2013-12-26). ""Chozen" is Going to Be a Big Gay Hit". Thebacklot.com. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  74. ^ "Inugami-san to Nekoyama-san Yuri Manga Gets Anime". Anime News Network. January 17, 2014. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  75. ^ Rebecca Silverman; Carl Kimlinger; Zac Bertschy; Theron Martin (January 10, 2014). "The Winter 2014 Anime Preview Guide Sakura Trick". Anime News Network. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  76. ^ "Clarence Episode “Jeff Wins” Has Some Pretty Cool Queer Representation". YAM Magazine. 
  77. ^ "Funimation Announces Yurikuma Arashi Broadcast Dub Cast". 
  78. ^ Roshanian, Arya (July 18, 2016). "Nickelodeon's ‘Loud House’ to Feature Married Gay Couple". Variety. 
  79. ^ "Nickelodeon 'makes history' with its first cartoon gay married couple". PinkNews. July 18, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016. 
  80. ^ Misiroglu, Gina (2012-04-01). The Superhero Book: The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Comic-Book Icons and Hollywood Heroes. Visible Ink Press. pp. 112–. ISBN 9781578593958. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  81. ^ Duggan, Anne E. (2013-10-15). Queer Enchantments: Gender, Sexuality, and Class in the Fairy-Tale Cinema of Jacques Demy. Wayne State University Press. pp. 115–. ISBN 9780814338544. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  82. ^ The Lynn Johnston Interview, Hogan's Alley #1, 1994
  83. ^ Elledge, Jim (2010). Queers in American Popular Culture. ABC-CLIO. pp. 1–. ISBN 9780313354571. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  84. ^ Gordon, Ian; Jancovich, Mark; McAllister, Matthew P. (2007). Film and Comic Books. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 222–. ISBN 9781578069781. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  85. ^ "Kevin Keller". Archie Comics. 
  86. ^ Charney, Maurice (2005). Comedy: A Geographic and Historical Guide. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 129–. ISBN 9780313327148. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  87. ^ 2-3, EPUB. Encyclopedia of Hispanic-American Literature, Second Edition. Infobase Learning. pp. 327–. ISBN 9781438140605. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  88. ^ Smith, Sidonie; Watson, Julia (2002). Interfaces: Women, Autobiography, Image, Performance. University of Michigan Press. pp. 406–. ISBN 9780472068142. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  89. ^ "Gerry Duggan" – via Twitter. 
  90. ^ Bajac-Carter, Maja; Jones, Norma; Batchelor, Bob (2014-03-14). Heroines of Comic Books and Literature: Portrayals in Popular Culture. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 166–. ISBN 9781442231481. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  91. ^ "A short interview with Matt Thorn". 
  92. ^ Shimura, Takako (2013). "Chapter 123". Wandering Son (in Japanese). 15. Enterbrain. ISBN 978-4-04-729101-0. 
  93. ^ "Original X-Men Member Comes Out As Gay In New Marvel Comic". comicbook.com. 
  94. ^ O'Malley, Bryan Lee (November 14, 2007). Scott Pilgrim Gets It Together. Oni Press. p. 113. ISBN 9781932664492. 
  95. ^ O'Malley, Bryan Lee (November 14, 2007). Scott Pilgrim Gets It Together. Oni Press. p. 18. ISBN 9781932664492. 
  96. ^ "Talking Comics with Tim - Nick Dragotta". comicbookresources.com. 
  97. ^ "Gay Characters in Comics: The Bumpy Road of Marvel Comics in the Mid-2000s". 
  98. ^ "10 Great LGBT Superheroes (And Superhero Couples)". 
  99. ^ BRYAN ROBINSON (June 1, 2006). "Holy Lipstick Lesbian! Meet the New Batwoman". ABC News. American Broadcasting Company. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  100. ^ Booker, M. Keith (2014-10-30). Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas [4 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. pp. 1512–. ISBN 9780313397516. Retrieved 2 January 2015.