List of anti-capitalist and communist parties with national parliamentary representation

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The following is a list of communist and anti-capitalist parties with representation in national parliaments. This list does not contain communist and anti-capitalist parties previously represented in parliament. This list includes only those parties who officially call themselves communist or anti-capitalist (or socialist parties who are declared anti-capitalist) ideologically. 115 communist and anti-capitalist parties have been elected worldwide to parliament in 56 different countries in both recognised and non-recognised states. Of the 66 states listed here, 9 of them are republics ruled by a socialist, communist or anticapitalist party, five of them are official socialist states ruled by a communist party, of them four of them espouse Marxism–Leninism (China, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam) while the fifth (North Korea) espouses Juche.[1]

List[edit]

Country Area Party Electoral Coalition Election Lower house Upper house Official ideology
 Algeria Africa Workers' Party 2017 election
11 / 462
0 / 144
Trotskyism[2]
 Argentina South America Workers' Party Workers' Left Front 2017 election
1 / 257
0 / 72
Trotskyism
Socialist Workers' Party
2 / 257
0 / 72
Trotskyism
 Bangladesh Asia Workers Party of Bangladesh Grand Alliance 2014 election
6 / 300
Marxism–Leninism-Maoism
National Socialist Party
5 / 300
Socialism
 Belarus Europe Communist Party of Belarus 2016 election
8 / 110
17 / 64
Marxism–Leninism
 Belgium Europe Workers' Party of Belgium 2014 election
6 / 313
2 / 150
Marxism
 Bolivia South America Movement for Socialism 2014 election
84 / 130
25 / 36
Socialism of the 21st century[3][4][5]
 Brazil South America Communist Party of Brazil 2018 election
9 / 513
0 / 81
Marxism–Leninism[6]
Socialism and Liberty Party
10 / 513
0 / 81
Democratic socialism[6]
 Burkina Faso Africa Union for Rebirth / Sankarist Party 2015 election
5 / 127
Sankarism
Party for Democracy and Socialism/Metba
1 / 127
Communism
 Cameroon Africa Union of the Peoples of Cameroon 2013 election
3 / 180
0 / 100
Marxism–Leninism
 Chile South America Democratic Revolution Broad Front 2017 election
10 / 155
1 / 43
Democratic socialism
Communist Party of Chile New Majority
8 / 155
0 / 43
Marxism–Leninism[7]
Humanist Party Broad Front
5 / 155
0 / 43
Democratic socialism
Citizen Power Broad Front
1 / 155
0 / 43
Socialism of the 21st century
Equality Party Broad Front
1 / 155
0 / 43
Anti-capitalism
Progressive Party For All Chile [es]
1 / 155
0 / 43
Democratic socialism
País For All Chile [es]
0 / 155
1 / 43
Socialism
 China Asia Communist Party of China United Front 2012–2013 election
2,157 / 2,987
Marxism–Leninism
Socialism with Chinese characteristics [8]
 Colombia South America Alternative Democratic Pole Alternative Democratic Pole 2014 election
3 / 166
5 / 102
Democratic socialism
Common Alternative Revolutionary Force FARC
5 / 166
5 / 102
Marxism–Leninism
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa Unified Lumumbist Party Alliance of the Presidential Majority 2011 election
34 / 500
3 / 108
Lumumbism
 Costa Rica North America Broad Front 2018 election
1 / 57
Socialism of the 21st century
 Cuba South America Communist Party of Cuba 2018 election
605 / 605
Marxism–Leninism
 Cyprus Europe Progressive Party of Working People 2016 election
16 / 56
Marxism–Leninism
 Czech Republic Europe Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 20172016 elections
15 / 200
1 / 81
Communism[9][10]
 Denmark Europe Red–Green Alliance 2015 elections
14 / 179
Anti-capitalism
Socialist People's Party
7 / 179
Democratic socialism
Inuit Ataqatigiit
1 / 179
Democratic socialism
Republic
1 / 179
Democratic socialism
 Ecuador South America PAIS Alliance United Front [es; zh] 2017 election
44 / 137
Socialism of the 21st century
Pachakutik National Agreement for Change [es; zh]
4 / 137
Socialism
 Ethiopia Africa Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front 2015 election
500 / 547
Socialism
 Finland Europe Left Alliance 2015 election
12 / 200
Democratic socialism
 France Europe French Communist Party 2017 elections
12 / 577
12 / 348
Eurocommunism
La France Insoumise
17 / 577
1 / 348
Democratic socialism
Left Party La France Insoumise
8 / 577
0 / 348
Democratic socialism
Ensemble!
2 / 577
0 / 348
Eco-socialism
Communist Party of Réunion Alliance of the Overseas
0 / 577
1 / 348
Socialism
 Germany Europe The Left 2017 election
69 / 709
5 / 69
Democratic socialism
 Greece Europe Communist Party of Greece 2015 election
15 / 300
Marxism–Leninism
Syriza 2015 election
145 / 300
Socialism[11]
 Guatemala North America Convergence 2015 election
3 / 158
Socialism
Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity
2 / 158
Revolutionary socialism[12]
Winaq
1 / 158
Democratic socialism
 Guyana South America People's Progressive Party 2015 election
32 / 65
Marxism–Leninism[13]
 Honduras North America Liberty and Refoundation 2017 election
30 / 128
Democratic socialism
Democratic Unification Party 2017 election
1 / 128
Socialism
 Iceland Europe Left-Green Movement 2017 election
11 / 63
Eco-socialism
 India Asia Communist Party of India (Marxist) United National Progressive Alliance 2014 election
9 / 543
6 / 245
Marxism–Leninism[14]
Communist Party of India United National Progressive Alliance
1 / 543
1 / 245
Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary Socialist Party United National Progressive Alliance
1 / 543
0 / 245
Marxism–Leninism
 Iraq Middle East Iraqi Communist Party Civil Democratic Alliance 2014 election
1 / 328
Marxism–Leninism
 Ireland Europe People Before Profit Alliance Anti-Austerity Alliance–People Before Profit Irish general election, 2016
3 / 158
0 / 60
Democratic socialism
Sinn Féin Irish general election, 2016
23 / 158
7 / 60
Democratic socialism[15][16]
Socialist Party Anti-Austerity Alliance–People Before Profit Irish general election, 2016
3 / 158
0 / 60
Trotskyism[17]
Workers and Unemployed Action Group Irish general election, 2016
1 / 158
0 / 60
Socialism
 Israel Middle East Communist Party of Israel Democratic Front for Peace and Equality 2013 election
3 / 120
Marxism–Leninism[18]
 Italy Europe Italian Left Free and Equal 2018 election
3 / 630
1 / 315
Democratic socialism[19]
 Japan Asia Japanese Communist Party 20172016 elections
12 / 465
14 / 242
Scientific socialism[20]
 Kazakhstan Asia Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan 2016 elections
7 / 108
Marxism–Leninism[21]
 Korea, North Asia Workers' Party of Korea Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland 2014 elections
607 / 687
Juche[22]
 Laos Asia Lao People's Revolutionary Party Lao Front for National Construction 2016 elections
144 / 149
Marxism–Leninism[23]
 Luxembourg Europe The Left 2013 elections
2 / 60
Democratic socialism
 Mali Africa African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence 2013 elections
5 / 160
Marxism–Leninism
 Mauritius Africa Mauritian Militant Movement 2014 election
7 / 69
Democratic socialism
 Mexico North America Labor Party Juntos Haremos Historia 2018 elections
61 / 500
7 / 128
Socialism
 Moldova Europe Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 2014 elections
21 / 101
Marxism–Leninism[24]
 Montenegro Europe Worker's Party Democratic Front 2016 elections
1 / 81
Labour rights
 Morocco Africa Party of Progress and Socialism 2016 elections
12 / 395
Socialism
 Myanmar Asia National Unity Party 2015 election
0 / 330
1 / 224
Socialism[25]
 Namibia Africa Workers Revolutionary Party 2014 elections
2 / 96
Trotskyism
   Nepal Asia Nepal Communist Party 2017 election
174 / 275
42 / 59
Democratic centralism.
Naya Shakti Party, Nepal
1 / 275
0 / 59
Marxism
Nepal Workers Peasants Party
1 / 275
0 / 59
Juche
Rastriya Janamorcha
1 / 275
0 / 59
Communism
 Nicaragua North America Sandinista National Liberation Front 2016 election
71 / 92
Sandinismo[26]
 Norway Europe Socialist Left Party 2017 election
11 / 169
Democratic socialism
Red Party
1 / 169
Communism
 Pakistan Asia Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party 2013 election
4 / 342
3 / 104
Democratic Socialism
Awami National Party 2013 election
2 / 342
6 / 104
Democratic Socialism
 Palestine Middle East Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization 2006 election
3 / 132
Marxism–Leninism
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization 2006 election
1 / 132
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Palestinian People's Party Palestine Liberation Organization 2006 election
1 / 132
Scientific socialism
 Paraguay South America Guasú Front 2018 election
0 / 80
6 / 45
Democratic socialism
 Peru South America Broad Front 2016 election
20 / 130
Democratic socialism
 Philippines Asia New Patriotic Alliance National Democracy Movement 2013 election
7 / 292
0 / 24
Filipino communism[27]
 Portugal Europe Portuguese Communist Party Unitary Democratic Coalition 2015 election
15 / 230
Marxism–Leninism[28]
Ecologist Party "The Greens" Unitary Democratic Coalition
2 / 230
Eco-socialism
Left Bloc
19 / 230
Socialism
 Russia Europe Communist Party of the Russian Federation 2016 election
42 / 450
2 / 170
Marxism–Leninism[29]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Africa Polisario Front 2012 election
53 / 53
Democratic socialism
 San Marino Europe Democratic Socialist Left Active Citizenship 2016 election
14 / 60
Eurocommunism[30]
 Slovenia Europe LEVICA 2018 elections
9 / 90
Eco-socialism
 South Africa Africa Economic Freedom Fighters 2014 election
25 / 400
Marxism–Leninism[31]
South African Communist Party[note 1] Tripartite Alliance
0 / 400
Marxism–Leninism
 Spain Europe Podemos Podemos 2016 election
71 / 350
23 / 266
Democratic socialism
Sortu Amaiur 2011 election
5 / 350
3 / 266
Revolutionary socialism
Communist Party of Spain United Left
4 / 350
2 / 266
Eurocommunism[33]
Republican Left of Catalonia
3 / 350
1 / 266
Democratic socialism
Initiative for Catalonia Greens United Left
2 / 350
2 / 266
Eco-socialism[33]
Galician Nationalist Bloc
2 / 350
0 / 266
Anti-capitalism
Aralar Party Amaiur
1 / 350
0 / 266
Democratic socialism
Chunta Aragonesista United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Eco-socialism
Communist Youth Union of Spain United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Marxism–Leninism
Open Left United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Democratic socialism
Party of the Communists of Catalonia United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Marxism–Leninism
United and Alternative Left United Left
1 / 350
0 / 266
Communism
EH Bildu EH Bildu
0 / 350
1 / 266
Democratic socialism
 Sri Lanka Asia People's Liberation Front 2015 election
6 / 225
Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Sri Lanka United People's Freedom Alliance
2 / 225
Marxism–Leninism
Lanka Equal Society Party United People's Freedom Alliance
2 / 225
Trotskyism
 Suriname South America Progressive Workers' and Farmers' Union 2015 election
1 / 51
Radical left
 Sweden Europe Left Party 2018 election
28 / 349
Socialism
  Switzerland Europe Labour 2015 election
1 / 200
Marxism
 Syria Middle East Syrian Communist Party (Bakdash) National Progressive Front 2016 election
3 / 250
Marxism–Leninism[34]
Syrian Communist Party (Unified)
1 / 250
Communism
 Tajikistan Asia Communist Party of Tajikistan 2015 election
2 / 63
Marxism–Leninism[35]
 Tunisia Africa Popular Front 2014 election
15 / 217
Socialism
 Turkey Europe Peoples' Democratic Party 2018 election
67 / 600
Democratic socialism
 United Kingdom Europe Sinn Féin 2017 election
7 / 650
0 / 811
Democratic socialism[15][16]
Green Party of England and Wales
1 / 650
1 / 811
Eco-socialism[36]
United Kingdom Northern Ireland Europe Sinn Féin 2017 election
27 / 90
Democratic socialism
People Before Profit Alliance 2017 election
1 / 90
Democratic socialism
 Uruguay South America Communist Party of Uruguay Broad Front 2014 election
50 / 99
15 / 30
Marxism–Leninism
Movement of Popular Participation Broad Front Socialism of the 21st century
Popular Assembly 2014 election
1 / 99
0 / 30
Marxism–Leninism
 Venezuela South America United Socialist Party of Venezuela Great Patriotic Pole 2015 election
52 / 167
Socialism of the 21st century[37]
Communist Party of Venezuela
2 / 167
Marxism–Leninism
Republican Bicentennial Vanguard
1 / 167
Chavismo
 Vietnam Asia Communist Party of Vietnam Vietnamese Fatherland Front 2016 election
475 / 500
Marxism–Leninism[38]
 Yemen Middle East Yemeni Socialist Party 2003 election
8 / 301
Democratic socialism
 Zambia Africa Patriotic Front 2016 election
80 / 156
Democratic socialism[39][40]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Its currently unknown how many seats the South African Communist Party has in the national legislature since its MPs are elected through the African National Congress, a separate political party. In the last election "almost the entire top SACP leadership was absorbed into the government".[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim Jong-un, "Let Us Brilliantly Accomplish the Revolutionary Cause of Juche, Holding the Great Comrade Kim Jong Il in High Esteem as the Eternal General Secretary of Our Party", 6 April 2012.
  2. ^ http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/algeria/algeria2012.txt
  3. ^ Ediciones El País. "Evo Morales insta a "erradicar el capitalismo" para salvar el planeta". EL PAÍS. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Evo Morales: Ten commandments against capitalism, for life and humanity". Climate & Capitalism. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Evo Morales: "Capitalism is the worst enemy of humanity"". Climate & Capitalism. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  6. ^ a b The first reference is for the lower house, the second for the upper house.
  7. ^ "South America: Chile – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Bozóki, A & Ishiyama, J (2002) The Communist Successor Parties of Central and Eastern Europe, pp150-153
  10. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe, Czechia, The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Parties & Elections. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  11. ^ http://www.guengl.eu/group/delegation/syriza
  12. ^ "Acuerdo No. 1319-2011 – Resultados oficiales" (in Spanish). elecciones2011.tse.org.gt. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  13. ^ The SolidNet Team. "13 IMCWP, Contribution of PPP of Guyana [En.]". solidnet.org.
  14. ^ The first two references are about seats in parliament.
  15. ^ a b "What Sinn Féin stands for". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  16. ^ a b "Sinn Féin - political party, Ireland and United Kingdom :: Policy and structure". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  17. ^ "National Summary". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. RTÉ.ie. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  18. ^ "Middle East: Israel – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  19. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe - Italy". Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  20. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: Japan – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  21. ^ "Two more Kazakh parties wins parliamentary seats". BBC Online. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  22. ^ "Democratic People's Republic of Korea". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  23. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: Laos – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  24. ^ "Parliamentary Factions". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  25. ^ "Burmese general election, 2010". altsean.org. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  26. ^ "Central America and Caribbean: Nicaragua – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  27. ^ "Asia: Philippines – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ "Europe: San Marino – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  31. ^ "About us". Archived from the original on 2014-05-08.
  32. ^ Matuma Letsoalo. "Parliamentary payoff for pro-Zuma Cosatu officials". The M&G Online. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  33. ^ a b "Europe: Spain – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  34. ^ Yoshie Furuhashi. "S. Saleh Waziruddin, "Communist Parties Win 11 Seats in Syrian Parliamentary Elections"". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  35. ^ "Central Asia: Tajikistan – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  36. ^ https://www.greenparty.org.uk/assets/files/resources/Manifesto_web_file.pdf
  37. ^ "Communist Party of Venezuela" [PCV – Partido Comunista de Venezuela]. Communist Party of Venezuela. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  38. ^
  39. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  40. ^ "2011 Tripartite Elections: Summary of Allocation of National Assembly Seats" (pdf). Electoral Commission of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2016.