List of arrested journalists in Turkey

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Many journalists in Turkey are being prosecuted and kept in jail all over the country.[1] Below is an extensive list of the prisoners, past and present.

According to advocacy group Sweden-based Stockholm Center for Freedom that tracks cases of prosecutions of Turkish journalists, Turkey has 245 journalists locked up behind bars as of January 24, 2018. An additional 140 journalists face outstanding arrest warrants. [2] Number of journalists behind bars is 191 as of Jan. 28, 2017. 231 journalists have been arrested after July 15, 2016 alone. [3]

List of arrested journalists[edit]

The following is a non-exhaustive list of arrested journalists in Turkey:[4] A new updated and searchable list of jailed journalists is compiled by Stockholm Center for Freedom which stated that 214 journalists were jailed, 22 convicted, 4 detained and 103 wanted as of May 12, 2017.

Arrested journalists in Turkey
Name Media Position Date arrested Status Background info Pictures
Abdulcebbar Karabeğ Azadiya Welat correspondent in Mersin 2010-09-26 Released on 2012-11-02 [5] detained at the closed prison of Hatay
Abdullah Çetin Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Kurtalan 2011-12-16 Released on 2014-06-25[6] detained at the D-Type prison in Diyarbakır
Abdullah Kılıç Meydan correspondent 2016-07-25[7] Arrested
Ahmet Akyol Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Adana 2011-05-09 Released on 2012-11-06[8] detained at the M-Type prison in Ceyhan, Adana
Ahmet Birsin Gün TV general coordinator 2009-04-14 Arrested detained at the D-Type prison in Diyarbakır
Ali Konar Azadiya Welat correspondent in Elazig 2010-05-27 Arrested detained at the E-Type prison in Malatya
Arif Çelebi Released on 2014-05-08 [9] detained during 7 years and 8 months
Ayşe Oyman Özgür Gündem editor 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-03-03[10] detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakırköy, Istanbul
Aziz Tekin Azadiya Welat correspondent in Mardin 2012-01-29 Arrested detained at the E-Type prison in Mardin
Bayram Namaz Atılım writer 2006-09-10 Released on 2014-05-08 [9] detained during 7 years and 8 months at the F-Type prison in Edirne
Bedri Adanır Aram Yayınları, Hawar general director 2010-01-08 Released on 2012-11-27 [11] detained during 689 days at the D-Type prison in Diyarbakır
Cengiz Kapmaz Özgür Gündem writer 2011-11-26 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Çağdaş Kaplan Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Istanbul 2011-12-20 Released on 2013-02-11[12] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Davut Uçar Etik Ajans director 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Deniz Yıldırım 2009-11-09 Arrested
Derek Stoffel CBC News journalist 2013-06-12 Released on 2013-06-12 [13]
Dilşah Ercan Azadiya Welat correspondent in Mersin 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the M-Type prison in Ceyhan, Adana
Dilek Demiral Özgür Gündem journalist 2010-09-26 Released on 2014-03-03[10] detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakırköy, Istanbul
Ebru Umar Metro, Libelle journalist, writer, columnist 2016-04-23 (Partly) released on 2016-04-24 Dutch journalist, arrested because of insulting Turkish president Erdoğan. Umar is prohibited to leave Turkey for the Netherlands awaiting further investigation.[14]
Eda Akıllı Şanlı Bizim Antalya columnist 2016-07-25[7] Arrested
Ekrem Dumanlı Zaman Gazetesi general director 2014-12-14 Released on 2014-12-19[15][16]
Emre Soncan Zaman correspondent 2016-07-24[7] Arrested
Erdal Süsem Eylül editor 2010-02-01 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Edirne
Erol Zavar Odak director 2007-01-20 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Sincan, Ankara
Ertuğ Bozkurt Dicle Haber Ajansı editor 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Fatih Özgür Aydın 2011-07-25 Arrested
Fatma Koçak Dicle Haber Ajansı director 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakırköy, Istanbul
Faysal Tunç Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Sirnak 2007-04-05 Arrested detained at the L-Type prison in Kalkandere
Ferhat Çiftçi Azadiya Welat correspondent in Gaziantep 2011-02-16 Arrested detained at the H-Type women prison in Gaziantep
Füsun Erdoğan Özgür Radyo general coordinator 2006-09-10 Released on 2014-05-08 [9] detained during 7 years and 8 months at the T-Type prison in Kandira
Gülsen Aslan Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Batman 2012-02-20 Released on 2012-10-15[8] detained at the M-Type prison in Batman
Habip Güler Zaman correspondent 2016-07-25[7] Arrested
Hakan Soytemiz 2010-09-25 Released on 2012-09-24[8]
Halil İbrahim Balta Zaman, Yarına Bakış correspondent 2016-07-25[7] Arrested
Hamit Dilbahar Azadiya Welat writer 2010-02-13 Arrested detained at the E-Type prison in Erzurum
Hasan Özgüneş Azadiya Welat writer 2011-10-28 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Hatice Duman Atılım director 2003-04-01 Arrested detained at the M-Type prison in Gebze
Hidayet Karaca Samanyolu TV owner 2014-12-14 Arrested
Hikmet Çiçek 2008-03-25 Arrested
Hüseyin Deniz Evrensel correspondent 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-03-27[17] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Ismail Yıldız Dersim director 2011-12-24 Released on 2013-02-11[12] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Kenan Baş Zaman correspondent 2016-07-25[7] Arrested
Kenan Karavil Radyo Dünya general director 2009-12-11 Released on 2010-10-22[18] detained at the F-Type prison in Kürkçüler, Adana
Kenan Kırkaya Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Ankara 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-03-27[17] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Mazlum Dolan Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Diyarbakır 2016-02-19[7] Arrested
Mazlum Özdemir Dicle Haber Ajansı editor 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-03-27[17] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Mehmet Baransu Taraf correspondent and columnist 2015-03-02[19] detained at the Metris Prison
Mehmet Emin Yıldırım Azadiya Welat general director 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-03-27[17] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Mehmet Güneş Türkiye Gerçeği writer  ???-??-?? Released on 2012-10-05 [20] detained during 310 days at the F-Type Tekirdağ number 2 prison
Mehmet Haberal Kanal B owner 2009-04-17 Arrested
Mehmet Yeşiltepe Devrimci Hareket writer 2009-04-30 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Tekirdağ
Miktat Algül 2010-05-17 Arrested
Murat Aydın 2011-10-22 Arrested
Musa Kart Yürüyüş 2012-09-18 Arrested
Mustafa Balbay Cumhuriyet correspondent in Ankara 2009-03-06 Released on 2013-12-09[21] detained at the E-type prison in Sincan, Ankara for 4 years and 277 days[21]
Mustafa Gök Ekmek ve Adalet correspondent in Ankara 2004-02-01 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Sincan, Ankara
Nahide Ermiş Demokratik Modernite board member 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-01-14[22] detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakirköy, Istanbul
Nedim Türfent Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Van 2016-05-12[7] Arrested
Nevin Erdemir Özgür Gündem editor 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-03-27[17] detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakirköy, Istanbul
Nilgün Yıldız Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Mardin 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakirköy, Istanbul
Nurettin Fırat Özgür Gündem writer 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Nuri Yeşil Azadiya Welat correspondent in Tunceli 2010-05-27 Arrested detained at the E-Type prison in Elbistan
Oktay Candemir Dicle Haber Ajansı journalist 2011-12-24 Released on 2012-11-16[23] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Olgun Matur Bizim Antalya owner 2016-07-25[7] Arrested
Ömer Çelik Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Istanbul 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Ömer Çiftçi Demokratik Modernite owner 2011-12-24 Released on 2013-02-11[12] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Ömer Faruk Çalışkan Özgür Halk general director 2008-07-19 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Özlem Ağuş Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Adana 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the women prison in Karatas, Adana
Pervin Yerlikaya Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Istanbul
accountant
2011-12-24 Released on 2013-02-11[12] detained at the L-Type prison in Bakirköy, Istanbul
Ramazan Pekgöz Dicle Haber Ajansı editor 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Sadık Topaloğlu Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Urfa 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Saša Petricic CBC News journalist 2013-06-12 Released on 2013-06-12 [13]
Selahattin Aslan Demokratik Modernite 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Semiha Alankuş Demokratik Modernite 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-03-27[17] detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Sevcan Atak Özgür Halk editor 2010-06-18 Arrested detained at the women prison in Karatas, Adana
Seyithan Akyüz Azadiya Welat correspondent in Adana 2009-12-11 Arrested detained at the M-Type prison in Iskenderun
Sibel Güler Özgür Gündem journalist 2011-12-24 Released on 2014-03-03[10] detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakirköy Istanbul
Sinan Aygül Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Bitlis 2011-01-23 Released on 2012-11-07 detained at the E-Type prison in Muş
Soner Yalçın OdaTV, Hürriyet owner, journalist 2011-02-14 Released on 2012-12-27 [24] detained at the L-Type prison in Silivri
Sultan Şaman Hevîya Jinê editor 2012-02-07 Arrested detained at the M-Type prison in Batman
Şahabettin Demir Dicle Haber Ajansı correspondent in Van 2010-09-05 Arrested
Şükrü Sak Akıncı Yol ve Baran Dergisi general director 2010-04-26 Arrested detained at the E-Type prison in Sivas
Tayip Temel Azadiya Welat writer 2011-10-08 Arrested detained at the D-Type prison in Diyarbakir
Tuncay Özkan ex-Kanaltürk owner 2008-09-27 Arrested detained at the L-Type prison in Silivri
Turabi Kişin Özgür Gündem editor 2012-01-02 Arrested detained at the F-Type prison in Kandira
Turhan Özlü Ulusal Kanal general director 2011-10-08 Arrested detained at the L-Type prison in Silivri
Vedat Demir Yarına Bakış columnist 2016-08-03 Released on 2017-02-17[25] detained at the Silivri Prison
Yalçın Küçük writer 2011-03-07 Arrested detained at the L-Type prison in Silivri
Yüksel Genç Özgür Gündem writer 2011-12-24 Arrested detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakirköy, Istanbul
Zeynep Kuray Birgün correspondent in Istanbul 2011-12-24 Released on 2013-04-26[26] detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakirköy, Istanbul
Ziya Çiçekçi Özgür Gündem owner 2011-12-24 Released on 2013-02-11[12] detained at the F-Type women prison in Kandira
Zuhal Tekiner Dicle Haber Ajansı owner 2011-12-24 Released on 2013-02-11[12] detained at the L-Type women prison in Bakirköy, Istanbul
Kadri Gürsel Cumhuriyet journalist 2016-10 Released on 2017-09-25 He was accused, together with other Cumhuriyet staff, in the case on terrorism charges, with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), the Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party-Front (DHKP-C), and the Fethullahist Organization (FETÖ) among the groups named in the indictments.[27]
Deniz Yücel Die Welt, taz journalist 2017-02-14 Released on 2018-02-16 jailed in Istanbul[28] Deniz Yücel (cropped).jpg
Murat Aksoy journalist 2017-04 Released on 2017-10-25 Jailed pending trial over suspected links to the FETÖ media network. He was accused of “being a member of a terror group” and of “participating in a coup attempt.”[29]
Zeynep Kuray BirGün reporter 2017-10-25 Detained at her residence in Istanbul during a police raid and was taken to a police headquarters on Vatan Street. Her mobile phone was also seized. According to her sister, she was detained over her Facebook posts.[30]

Grounds for prosecution[edit]

Kemalist and / or nationalist journalists were arrested on charges referring to the Ergenekon case and several left-wing and Kurdish journalists were arrested on charges of engaging in propaganda for the PKK listed as a terrorist organization. The legal framework on organised crime and terrorism is imprecise and contains definitions which are open to abuse, leading to numerous indictments and convictions. Moreover, its interpretation by prosecutors and courts is uneven and is not in line with the European Convention on Human Rights or the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights, according to the European Commission. No clear distinction is made between incitement to violence and the expression of nonviolent ideas. The application of Articles 6 and 7 of the Anti-Terror Law in combination with Articles 220 and 314 of the Turkish Criminal Code leads to abuses; in short, writing an article or making a speech can still lead to a court case and a long prison sentence for membership or leadership of a terrorist organisation. Together with possible pressure on the press by state officials and the threat of possible firing of critical journalists, this situation can lead to a widespread self-censorship. Frequent website bans are a cause for serious concern and there is a need to revise the law on the internet.[31]

Most journalists are in prison based on the following laws:

  • The Anti-Terror Law of Turkey (also known as Terörle Mücadele Yasası, TMY), Articles 5 and 7 relating to articles of the Criminal Code on terrorist offences and organizations or assisting members of or making propaganda in connection with such organizations, as well as the lengthening of sentences;
  • The Criminal Code of Turkey (also known as Türk Ceza Kanunu, TCK), Article 314 on establishing, commanding or becoming member of an armed organization with the aim of committing certain offences.[32]

3 types of journalists targeted[edit]

According to a report published by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), Turkish authorities are engaging in widespread criminal prosecution and jailing of journalists, and are applying other forms of severe pressure to promote self-censorship in the press. The CPJ has found highly repressive laws, particularly in the penal code and anti-terror law; a criminal procedure code that greatly favors the state; and a harsh anti-press tone set at the highest levels of government. Turkey’s press freedom situation has reached a crisis point.[33] This reports mentions 3 types of journalists targeted:

  • investigative and critical reporters: victims of the anti-state prosecutions : The government’s broad inquiry into the Ergenekon plot ensnared investigative reporters. But the evidence, rather than revealing conspirators, points to a government intent on punishing critical reporters.
  • Kurdish journalists: Turkish authorities conflate support for the Kurdish cause with terrorism itself. When it comes to Kurdish journalists, newsgathering activities such as fielding tips, covering protests, and conducting interviews are evidence of a crime.
  • collateral damages of the general assault on the press: The authorities are waging one of the world’s biggest anti-press campaigns in recent history. Dozens of writers and editors are in prison, nearly all on terrorism or other anti-state charges.[33]

Concerns[edit]

Concerns persisted over the rights of the defence, lengthy pre-trial detention and excessively long and catch-all indictments, leading to significantly enhanced public scrutiny of the legitimacy of these trials.[31]

A report issued by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media[32] describes a number of concerns concerning the case of arrested journalists in Turkey:

  • Courts often impose exceptionally long imprisonment sentences. The longest conviction is 166 years and the longest jail sentence sought for a journalist is 3,000 years.
  • Many journalists face double life sentences if convicted, some without possibility for parole. Courts do not tend to grant pre-trial release of defendants.
  • There is concern that arrests and long pre-trial detentions without conviction are used as a form of intimidation.
  • Pre-trial detentions remain very long. In some cases journalists held in prison for up to three years are still awaiting trial. Some journalists have been imprisoned for more than five years while their trial is ongoing.
  • Journalists often face several trials and are often convicted for several offences. There is one journalist who faces 150 court cases.
  • Media outlets reporting about sensitive issues (including terrorism or anti-government activities) are often regarded by the authorities as the publishing organs of illegal organizations. Courts often consider reporting about such issues as equal to supporting them.
  • Journalists are often imprisoned in F-tipi cezaevi (F-type high security prisons), where they have to serve their time with the most dangerous criminals. It is also not uncommon to punish journalists with solitary confinement for extended time periods.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Committee to Protect Journalists 2014 prison census: 220 journalists jailed worldwide. Retrieved on October 8, 2012
  2. ^ "Jailed and wanted journalists in Turkey". Stockholm Center for Freedom. SCF. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  3. ^ "Journalism in Jail | Turkey Purge". turkeypurge.com. Retrieved 2017-02-12. 
  4. ^ The European Federation of Journalists List of journalists in Turkish prisons Archived 2012-09-24 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 8 October 2012
  5. ^ a b Evrensel Gazeteci Karabeğ ve Çat’a tahliye Archived 2014-05-08 at the Wayback Machine., retrieved on 17 November 2012
  6. ^ "KCK'den Biri Gazeteci 4 Kişiye Tahliye". Bianet. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "2016 prison census: 259 journalists jailed worldwide". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c "BIA Media Monitoring 2012 / Full Text". Bianet. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c Hürriyet Daily News Three journalists, including Füsun Erdoğan, released over duration of detention, retrieved on 08 May 2014
  10. ^ a b c "Turkish courts release eight journalists in two days - Committee to Protect Journalists". cpj.org. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  11. ^ Bianet Bedri Adanır Özgür, retrieved on 28 November 2012
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Kurdish journalists, media workers released in Turkey". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  13. ^ a b CBC CBC News, CBC correspondents released from detention in Turkey, retrieved on 18 June 2013
  14. ^ NOS Het weekend van Ebru Umar: opgepakt, vrijgelaten, maar nog niet vrij, retrieved on 1 May 2016
  15. ^ "Turkish journalist on arrest of colleagues: 'After awhile it starts to feel like a Kafka novel'". Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  16. ^ Williams, Yohuru (17 February 2015). "Speaking Truth to Power in Turkey: An Interview with Ekrem Dumanli". Huffington Post. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f "KCK basın davasında gece yarısı tahliyesi". Cumhuriyet. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  18. ^ "Adana'daki KCK davasında 2 tahliye". Hürriyet. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  19. ^ Greenslade, Roy (Mar 5, 2015). "Turkish journalist arrested over military coup scoop he wrote in 2010". The Guardian. 
  20. ^ Bianet Devrimci Karargahta dört tahliye, retrieved on 9 October 2012
  21. ^ a b "Mustafa Balbay serbest!". Habertürk. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  22. ^ "Gazeteci Ermiş Tahliye Edildi". Bianet. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  23. ^ Bianet 34 tutukludan ikisine tahliye, retrieved on 16 November 2012
  24. ^ Bianet Soner Yalçın, Imprisoned Journalist, Released, retrieved on 12 January 2013
  25. ^ "6 akademisyen tahliye edildi". Cumhuriyet. 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-06-02. 
  26. ^ "Zeynep Kuray tahliye edildi". OdaTV. Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  27. ^ Turkish court releases prominent journalist Kadri Gürsel from jail
  28. ^ Oltermann, Philip (1 March 2017). "Angela Merkel urged to ban Erdoğan over jailed German journalist" – via The Guardian. 
  29. ^ Istanbul court releases journalist Aksoy, singer Taş, teacher Aydın in Gülen-linked probe
  30. ^ Police detain daily BirGün reporter Zeynep Kuray in Istanbul
  31. ^ a b The European Commission Turkey Progress Report 2012. Retrieved on 11 October 2012
  32. ^ a b Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (April 2012). "Main findings of the table of imprisoned journalists in Turkey". The Office of the Representative on Freedom of the Media. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 
  33. ^ a b Committee to Protect Journalists Turkey's Press Freedom Crisis. Retrieved on October 22, 2012

External links[edit]