List of artificial objects on Venus

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The following table is a partial list of artificial objects on the surface of the planet Venus. They have been abandoned after having served their purpose. The list does not include smaller objects such as parachutes or heatshields.

List of artificial objects on Venus[edit]

NASA's Magellan probe radar imagery of Venus surface
Artificial object Image Operator Landed Mass (kg) Location
Venera 3  Soviet Union 1966 958 20°N 80°E / 20°N 80°E / 20; 80[1]
Venera 4 capsule
Venera-4 capsule in museum.JPG
 Soviet Union 1967 1104 19°N 38°E / 19°N 38°E / 19; 38
Venera 5 capsule  Soviet Union 1969 1128 3°S 18°E / 3°S 18°E / -3; 18
Venera 6 capsule  Soviet Union 1969 1128 5°S 23°E / 5°S 23°E / -5; 23
Venera 7 capsule  Soviet Union 1970 1180 5°S 351°E / 5°S 351°E / -5; 351
Venera 8 capsule  Soviet Union 1972 1180 10°S 335°E / 10°S 335°E / -10; 335
Venera 9 lander
Venera9superficie.png
 Soviet Union 1975 2015 32°N 291°E / 32°N 291°E / 32; 291
Venera 10 lander  Soviet Union 1975 2015 16°N 291°E / 16°N 291°E / 16; 291
Pioneer Venus Bus
Pioneer Venus Multiprobe spacecraft.jpg
 United States 1978 290 37°09′S 290°09′E / 37.150°S 290.150°E / -37.150; 290.150
Pioneer Venus Large probe
Largevenusprobe.gif
 United States 1978 300 04°04′N 304°00′E / 4.067°N 304.000°E / 4.067; 304.000
Pioneer Venus Small Probe North
Smallvenusprobe.gif
 United States 1978 90 59°03′N 04°08′E / 59.050°N 4.133°E / 59.050; 4.133
Pioneer Venus Small Probe Day
Smallvenusprobe.gif
 United States 1978 90 31°03′S 317°00′E / 31.050°S 317.000°E / -31.050; 317.000
Pioneer Venus Small Probe Night
Smallvenusprobe.gif
 United States 1978 90 28°07′S 56°07′E / 28.117°S 56.117°E / -28.117; 56.117
Venera 11 lander  Soviet Union 1978 2015 14°S 299°E / 14°S 299°E / -14; 299
Venera 12 lander  Soviet Union 1978 2015 07°S 294°E / 7°S 294°E / -7; 294
Venera 13 lander  Soviet Union 1982 2015 07°05′S 303°00′E / 7.083°S 303.000°E / -7.083; 303.000
Venera 14 lander  Soviet Union 1982 2015 13°25′S 310°00′E / 13.417°S 310.000°E / -13.417; 310.000
Vega 1 descent unit
Vega model - Udvar-Hazy Center.JPG
 Soviet Union 1985 1500 07°05′N 177°07′E / 7.083°N 177.117°E / 7.083; 177.117
Vega 1 balloon gondola
Russian "Vega" balloon mission to Venus on display at the Udvar-Hazy museum.jpg
 Soviet Union 1985 6.9  ?
Vega 2 descent unit
Vega-mission.jpg
 Soviet Union 1985 1500 08°05′S 177°07′E / 8.083°S 177.117°E / -8.083; 177.117
Vega 2 balloon gondola
Russian "Vega" balloon mission to Venus on display at the Udvar-Hazy museum.jpg
 Soviet Union 1985 6.9  ?
Pioneer Venus Orbiter
Pioneer Venus orbiter.jpg
 United States 1992 582  ?
Magellan
Magellan - artist depiction.png
 United States 1994 1035  ?
Venus Express
Venus Express in orbit (crop).jpg
ESA
2015 670  ?
Total estimated dry mass (kg) 24,929

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "NASA NSSDC Master Catalog - Venera 3". Retrieved 2010-12-24. 

See also[edit]