List of assassinated American politicians
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This is a list of assassinated American politicians. Individuals listed were either elected or appointed to office, or were candidates for elected office.
|Politician||Portrait||Party||Year assassinated||Office held when assassinated||Site of assassination||Method of assassination||Name of assassin||Suspected motive||Ref|
|Charles C. P. Arndt||Whig||1842||Wisconsin Territorial Legislator||Madison, Wisconsin (in the Old Wisconsin State Capitol)||gunshot||James Russell Vineyard||Killed during an argument over a political appointment.|||
|Elisha G. Johnson||Republican||1875||Florida State Senator||Near Lake City, Florida or Fernandina, Florida||gunshot||Unknown||Break 12–12 tie in Florida Senate.||Murder of Elisha G. Johnson|
|Charles Bent||1847||Governor of New Mexico Territory||Taos, New Mexico (in his home)||arrows and scalping||Tomás Romero; Pablo Montoya||Targeted during Taos Revolt, a popular uprising against newly asserted US authority over region.|||
|Derwin Brown||Democratic||2000||Sheriff-elect of DeKalb County, Georgia||Decatur, Georgia (in his home)||gunshot||Patrick Cuff (a DeKalb County sheriff's deputy)||Contract killing ordered by DeKalb County Sheriff Sidney Dorsey, who was defeated by Brown|||
|Vickie Bunnell||1997||Colebrook, New Hampshire District Judge||Colebrook, New Hampshire (outside her office)||gunshot||Carl Drega||Targeted by assailant due to finding him guilty of code violations|||
|Tommy Burks||Democratic||1998||Tennessee State Senator||Cumberland County, Tennessee (in his home)||gunshot||Byron Looper (the incumbent Putnam County Assessor)||Killed by his political opponent in 1998 State Senate race|||
|Louis Cardis||Democrat||1877||Texas State Representative||El Paso, Texas||gunshot||Charles Howard||Killed as part of the San Elizario Salt War, a dispute over salt mining claims rooted in divisions between white and Hispanic settlers|||
|Anton Cermak||Democratic||1933||Mayor of Chicago||Miami, Florida (while riding in a vehicle)||gunshot to lung||Giuseppe Zangara||Disputed; suspected of striking Cermak instead of intended target President-elect Franklin Roosevelt|||
|José Francisco Chaves||Republican||1904||New Mexico Superintendent of Public Instruction||Pinoswells, New Mexico||gunshots (through the window of his home)||unknown assailant||unknown|||
|John M. Clayton||Republican||1889||Congressman-elect from Arkansas||Plumerville, Arkansas||gunshots (through the window of his home)||unknown assailant||Unknown, but killed in the context of a disputed election|||
|Peter Crosby||Republican||1875||Sheriff-elect from Mississippi||Vicksburg, Mississippi||gunshot (through the head) eventually died from wound||J.P. Gilmer (former Alabama Confederate Soldier, arrested but avoided trial)||Former confederate soldier J.P. Gilmer served as a terrorist to remove Sheriff Crosby from office|||
|Richard J. Daronco||1988||Judge, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York||Pelham, New York (in his home)||gunshot||Charles Koster||Assailant was the father of a plaintiff whose harassment suit was dismissed by Daronco.|||
|James E. Davis||Democratic||2003||New York City Councilman||New York City, New York (at City Hall)||gunshots||Othniel Askew||Killed by prospective challenger for 2003 Council special election|||
|Henry Denhardt||Democratic||1937||Lieutenant Governor (former) of Kentucky||Shelbyville, Kentucky (outside the Armstrong Hotel)||gunshots||E.S. Garr; Roy Garr||Killed by brothers of his late fiancée whom he was charged with murdering|||
|Louis F. Edwards||Democratic||1939||Mayor, Long Beach, New York||Long Beach, New York (outside his home)||gunshot||Alvin Dooley||Edwards' political influence thwarted Dooley's re-election to post in a union|||
|John Milton Elliott||Democrat||1879||Kentucky Court of Appeals Judge||Frankfort, Kentucky (after a conversation on a public street)||gunshots||Thomas Buford (an incumbent Henry County District Judge)||Assailant was brother of a plaintiff who lost a farm after Elliott dismissed motion for stay of foreclosure|||
|James A. Garfield||Republican||1881||President of the United States||Washington, D.C. (at railway station)||gunshot to spine (death took three months)||Charles J. Guiteau||Targeted after being rejected by Republican officials for a patronage appointment|||
|William Goebel||Democratic||1900||Governor of Kentucky||Frankfort, Kentucky (outside Old State Capitol)||gunshot to the chest||Unknown political opponents||Uncertain, but killed in the context of a disputed, fraudulent election|||
|Bill Gwatney||Democratic||2008||Chairman of Arkansas Democratic Party||Little Rock, Arkansas (at his office at party headquarters)||gunshots||Tim Johnson||Timothy Dale Johnson; assailant was reported to have quit his job and become reclusive in days leading up to incident|||
|Carter Harrison, Sr.||Democratic||1893||Mayor of Chicago||Chicago, Illinois (in his home)||gunshot||Patrick Eugene Prendergast||Killed after assailant was rejected for appointment to a patronage position.|||
|Mark Hasse||Republican||2013||Assistant District Attorney for Kaufman County, Texas||Kaufman, Texas (outside the County Courthouse)||gunshot||Eric Williams||Killed by former justice of the peace who was convicted of burglary while in office|||
|Thomas Haughey||Republican||1869||Congressman from Alabama||Courtland, Alabama (at a political rally)||gunshot||Collins (first name unknown)||Assailant was a supporter of the target's rival for the Republican nomination for the Congressional race; both men exchanged verbal insults and engaged in fisticuffs before a weapon was brandished|||
|Thomas C. Hindman||Democratic||1868||Congressman (former) from Arkansas||Helena, Arkansas (at his home)||gunshots through window||Unknown assailants||Unknown; multiple theories proposed.|||
|James M. Hinds||Republican||1868||Congressman from Arkansas||Monroe County, Arkansas (while on horseback)||gunshot||George Clark||Killed by a Ku Klux Klan member as part of intimidation of Republican carpetbaggers|||
|Edward Dexter Holbrook||Democratic||1870||Delegate (former) to the United States House of Representatives from Idaho Territory||Idaho City, Idaho (outside the County Courthouse)||gunshot||Charles Douglas||Killed by the brother-in-law of James Crutcher, as a result of a dispute between Holbrook and Crutcher for control of the Boise County Democratic Party|||
|Leon Jordan||Democratic||1970||Missouri State Representative||Kansas City, Missouri (outside a restaurant)||gunshots||Unknown||Unknown, alleged to have been an organized crime contract killing|||
|John F. Kennedy||Democratic||1963||President of the United States||Dallas, Texas (while motorcading)||gunshots||Lee Harvey Oswald||Disputed|||
|Robert F. Kennedy||Democratic||1968||United States Senator from New York and candidate for Democratic presidential nomination||Los Angeles, California (at the Ambassador Hotel)||gunshot||Sirhan Sirhan||Targeted as a symbol of Western support for Israel in the Arab–Israeli conflict|||
|Edward M. "Edd" King||1986||Mayor of Mount Pleasant, Iowa||Mount Pleasant, Iowa||gunshot||Ralph Davis||Killed during city council meeting; assailant had been in dispute with municipality over clogged sewer line|||
|George LeBreton||1844||Oregon Secretary of State||Oregon City, Oregon (in his office)||gunshots||Cockstock||Killed by an Indian as part of Indian resistance to white settlement in the area|||
|Abraham Lincoln||Republican||1865||President of the United States||Washington, DC. (Ford's Theatre)||gunshot||John Wilkes Booth, a renowned stage actor||Assailant was a Confederate sympathizer|||
|Russell G. Lloyd, Sr.||Republican||1980||Mayor (former) of Evansville, Indiana||Evansville, Indiana||gunshot||Julia van Orden||Assailant suffered from mental illness and believed that she was being harassed by the city; apparently targeted Lloyd under mistaken belief that he was incumbent mayor|||
|Huey Long||Democratic||1935||United States Senator and presidential candidate from Louisiana||Baton Rouge, Louisiana (inside the State Capitol)||gunshots||Carl Weiss||Uncertain, but Weiss was affiliated with a political family that opposed Long's machine|||
|Allard K. Lowenstein||Democratic||1980||Congressman (former) from New York||New York City (in his office)||gunshots||Dennis Sweeney||Assailant had a history of mental illness and believed that Lowenstein had been plotting against him since their acquaintance at Stanford University|||
|Edwin Stanton McCook||Republican||1873||Governor of Dakota Territory||Yankton, Dakota Territory (at a saloon which was being used for a public meeting)||gunshot||Peter Wintermute||Target and assailant had initially engaged in a fistfight over issue of financing the Dakota Southern Railroad; assailant returned with pistol feeling publicly humiliated by loss in this fight|||
|William McKinley||Republican||1901||President of the United States||Buffalo, New York (at Pan-American Exposition)||gunshot||Leon Czolgosz||Assailant was aligned with anarchist movement and killed target as symbol of American inequality|||
|Mike McLelland||Republican||2013||District Attorney for Kaufman County, Texas||Forney, Texas (in his home)||gunshot||Eric Williams||Killed by former justice of the peace who was convicted of burglary while in office|||
|Harvey Milk||Democratic||1978||San Francisco City Supervisor||San Francisco, California (in his City Hall office)||gunshots||Dan White, outgoing San Francisco City Supervisor||Assailant had recently resigned from office due to financial difficulties; he soon changed his mind and sought reappointment; Moscone denied this request upon the advice of Milk|||
|George Moscone||Democratic||1978||Mayor of San Francisco||San Francisco, California (in his City Hall office)||gunshots|||
|Albert Patterson||Democratic||1954||Alabama Attorney General-elect||Phenix City, Alabama (walking to his vehicle)||gunshots||Unknown||Target had been elected on promise to crack down on organized crime in the state, which was strongly rooted in Phenix City|||
|John M. Pinckney||Democratic||1905||Congressman from Texas||Hempstead, Texas||gunshots||Unknown||Killed during riot instigated by opponents of alcohol prohibition|||
|David Ramsay||1815||South Carolina State Senator and former Continental Congressman||Charleston, South Carolina||gunshots||William Linnen||Assailant retaliated after target had deemed him insane during criminal court inquiry|||
|George Lincoln Rockwell||American Nazi Party||1967||Virginia gubernatorial candidate||Arlington, Virginia||gunshots||John Patler||Assailant was angered by Rockwell expelling him from the American Nazi Party|||
|John Roll||2011||Judge, U.S. District Court, District of Arizona||Tucson, Arizona||gunshots||Jared Lee Loughner||Apparently caught in crossfire as assailant sought to assassinate Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords; assailant opposed government authority|||
|Tomás Romero||1848||Alcalde of Taos Pueblo||Taos, New Mexico (while imprisoned)||gunshots||John Fitzgerald||Killed following capture for inciting Taos Revolt; assailant retaliating for his brother's death in this uprising|||
|Leo Ryan||Democratic||1978||Congressman from California||Port Kaituma, Guyana (on airport tarmac)||gunshots||Unknown members of the People's Temple||Ambushed while investigating allegations of human rights abuses at the Jonestown compound|||
|John P. Slough||Democratic||1867||Chief Justice of the New Mexico Supreme Court||Santa Fe, New Mexico (at his office)||gunshot||William Ryerson (an incumbent Territorial Legislator)||Killed after a public dispute in which each accused the other of corruption|||
|Solomon P. Sharp||Democratic-Republican||1825||Kentucky Attorney General, Kentucky State Senator-elect||Home in Frankfort, Kentucky||stabbed (at his home)||Jereboam O. Beauchamp||Killed over a long-standing dispute that was based partially on political differences and partially on Sharp fathering a child with the woman whom Beauchamp later married|||
|Joseph Smith||1844||Mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois, candidate for U.S. President||Carthage, Illinois (while imprisoned)||Shot||The Carthage Greys||Founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints or Mormon faith; June 27, 1844, an anti-Mormon mob murdered Joseph and his brother Hyrum while they were being held in a Carthage jail|||
|John W. Stephens||Republican||1870||North Carolina State Senator||Yanceyville, North Carolina (in the County Courthouse)||gunshots||Unknown, mobbed by estimated 8 to 12 men||Killed by Ku Klux Klan member as part of intimidation of Republicans|||
|Frank Steunenberg||Democratic||1905||Governor (former) of Idaho||Caldwell, Idaho (outside his home)||bomb (set at front gate of his home)||Harry Orchard; possibly others||Killed by a mining company informant in an attempt to cast blame on a labor union|||
|James Strang||Democratic||1856||Michigan State Representative||Beaver Island, Michigan (at a steamship terminal)||gunshot||Thomas Bedford||Killed by a disgruntled former member of the Mormon sect led by Strang|||
|Mike Swoboda||2008||Mayor of Kirkwood, Missouri||Kirkwood, Missouri (during a city council meeting)||gunshot (died seven months later from complications)||Charles Lee "Cookie" Thornton||Assailant retaliated for fines levied by municipality for code violations|||
|John Thornton||2010||Mayor of Washington Park, IL||Washington Park, Illinois (in his vehicle)||gunshot||Aaron Jackson||Unknown; assailant was allegedly a passenger in target's car|||
|Robert Smith Vance||1989||Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit||Mountain Brook, Alabama (in his home)||mail bomb||Walter Leroy Moody, Jr.||Killed after court refused to expunge a previous conviction from assailant's record for explosives possession|||
|Samuel Newitt Wood||Republican||1891||Kansas Territorial Legislator, Kansas State Senator||Hugoton, Kansas (outside County Courthouse)||gunshots||James Brennan||Killed during series of armed conflicts in which residents of the two largest towns of Stevens County, Kansas fought for county seat status|||
|John H. Wood, Jr.||1979||Judge, U.S. District Court, Western District of Texas||San Antonio, Texas (outside his home)||gunshot||Charles Harrelson||Contract killing ordered by Jamiel Chagra due to target's harsh convictions of Latin American drug kingpins|||
|John Gallagher Montgomery||Democratic||1857||Congressman from Pennsylvania's 12th district||Washington, D.C.||food poisoning||Unknown (disputed)||Died from a food poisoning incident which came to be known as the National Hotel disease|||
|John A. Quitman||Democratic||1858||Congressman from Mississippi's 5th district||Washington, D.C.||food poisoning||Unknown (disputed)||Died from a food poisoning incident which came to be known as the National Hotel disease|||
|Cornelius S. Hamilton||Republic||1867||Congressman from Ohio's 8th district||Marysville, Ohio||bludgeoned to death||Thomas Hamilton||Insanity|||
- Political murder
- List of assassinated US presidents
- List of assassinated people
- List of United States federal judges killed in office
- List of United States Congress members killed or wounded in office
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