List of assassinations and acts of terrorism against Americans

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This article is a list of assassinations and acts of terrorism against Americans.

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

1900s[edit]

1910s[edit]

  • 1910 - October 1 - The Los Angeles Times bombing by union activists killed 21 and injured c.100.
  • 1912 - October 16 - Former US President Theodore Roosevelt, who was campaigning to return to office, was shot by John Flammang Schrank weeks before the 1912 presidential election. Roosevelt was seriously injured but survived.[5]
  • 1916 - July 22 - 10 died and 40 were injured in the Preparedness Day Bombing in San Francisco. Two labor leaders, Warren K. Billings and Thomas Mooney were convicted, but were later pardoned owing to lack of evidence. The identity of the bombers' remains unknown.
  • 1917 - November 24 - A bomb exploded in a Milwaukee police station, killing nine officers and a civilian. Anarchists were suspected.[6]
  • 1919 - The 1919 United States anarchist bombings, carried out by anarchist followers of Luigi Galleani, failed to kill any of their intended targets.

1920s[edit]

  • 1920 - September 16 - The Wall Street bombing killed 28 and seriously injured 143. Galleanist anarchists were suspected, but no one was ever caught.[7]
  • 1921 - May 31—June 1 - In the Tulsa race riot, reports claimed that whites in airplanes dropped dynamite onto an area called the Black Wall Street. Perhaps as many as 300 people were believed killed, with more than 1,100 homes and businesses destroyed in the riot.[8]
  • 1927 - May 18 - The Bath School disaster in Bath Township, Michigan, killed 45 and wounded 58, mostly children. The perpetrator, Andrew Kehoe, blew himself up.

1930s[edit]

  • 1933 - March 6 - Giuseppe Zangara killed Chicago mayor Anton Cermak while attempting to assassinate President-elect Franklin Delano Roosevelt in Miami.
  • 1933 - October 10 - 1933 United Airlines Boeing 247 mid-air explosion A Boeing 247 was destroyed in mid-flight over Indiana by a nitroglycerin bomb. All seven people aboard were killed. This incident was the first proven case of air sabotage in the history of aviation. The identity of the perpetrator and the motive for the attack are unknown.
  • 1937 - October 13 - Theodore Marriner, Consul General to Syria, was assassinated in Beirut.[9]

1950s[edit]

1960s[edit]

1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

  • 1981 - December 17 - Retired General James Dozier was kidnapped by the Italian Red Brigades Marxist terrorist group.
  • 1983 - April 18 - The bombing of United States Embassy in Beirut. 63 people, including 17 Americans, were killed.
  • 1983 - October 23 - The Beirut barracks bombing. 305 people, including 241 US servicemen, were killed by 2 suicide bombers.
  • 1983 - November 7 - The Armed Resistance Unit, a militant leftist group, bombed the U.S. Capitol in response to the U.S. invasion of Grenada.
  • 1984 - September 20 - Twenty-two people were killed (two of them American) and seventy wounded when a van loaded with four hundred pounds of explosives was detonated in front of the U.S. Embassy annex in Awkar, Lebanon. Islamic Jihad (a code name of Hezbollah) claimed responsibility for the bombing in a call to the media.
  • 1985 - June 14 - TWA Flight 847 was hijacked and a U.S. Navy diver was killed by Hezbollah.
  • 1984 -June 18 - Alan Berg, a Jewish talk radio host, was fatally shot by members of The Order, a white supremacist terrorist group.
  • 1985 - August 8 - US Army Specialist Edward Pimental was murdered by members of the Red Army Faction. His military identification card was later used to gain access to Rhein-Main Air Base to plant a car bomb.
  • 1985 - August 9 - A car bomb planted at Rhein-Main Air Base exploded, killing two and wounding eleven.[17]
  • 1985 - October 7 - The Achille Lauro hijacking; Leon Klinghoffer, a wheel-chair bound American, was killed by Palestinian militants.
  • 1985 - October 11 - Alex Odeh was assassinated in a bombing as he opened the door of his office at 1905 East 17th Street, Santa Ana, California. Odeh was west-coast regional director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC). The FBI charged Robert Manning, a member of the JDL, with the murder. Manning fled to Israel, but was later extradited for a different murder, tried and sentenced to 30 years. Odeh's murder remains technically unsolved.
  • 1985 - November 25 - A car bomb exploded outside the Post Exchange complex in Frankfurt, Germany, wounding 34.[18]
  • 1986 - April 2 - Four Americans were killed and five injured when a bomb exploded aboard TWA Flight 840 as it traveled from Rome to Athens. The aircraft was able to land safely at Athens International Airport.
  • 1986 - April 6 - A Berlin discotheque bombing killed a Turkish woman and 2 US servicemen, and injured 230 people including more than 50 American servicemen.
  • 1987 - June 9 - A car bomb exploded outside the back gate of the U.S. Embassy in Rome and mortars were fired at the compound from across the street. One passerby was injured in the attacks.[19]
  • 1988 - April 14 - At 8 p.m., a car bomb exploded in front of the USO Club in Naples, Italy. Five people died and fifteen were injured, including four U.S. servicemen. US Navy Petty Officer Angela Santos, 21, was killed. Junzo Okudaira, a Japanese Red Army (JRA) member, was indicted in the United States on April 9, 1993 for the Naples bombing. Okudaira was also a suspect in the June 1987 car bombing and mortar attack against the U.S. Embassy in Rome.[20]
  • 1988 - December 21 - Pan Am Flight 103, outbound from London for New York with 259 people aboard, was destroyed by a bomb on December 21, 1988 while over Lockerbie, Scotland. All aboard the aircraft were killed, as were eleven persons on the ground.
  • 1988 - 1990 - Marine Col. "Rich" Higgins was kidnapped, tortured and murdered by Hezbollah terrorists.

1990s[edit]

21st century[edit]

2000s[edit]

  • 2000 - October 12 - The USS Cole was attacked; 17 U.S. Navy sailors were killed and 39 injured.
  • 2001 - September 11 - In the 9/11 attacks, 2,997 were killed by Al Qaeda in New York and northern Virginia, and aboard Flight 93, a hijacked airliner which crashed in western Pennsylvania.
  • 2002 - February 1 - Jewish journalist Daniel Pearl was kidnapped and beheaded by Al Qaeda.
  • 2002 - October 12 - The Bali bombings in which 202 people were killed, including 7 Americans.
  • 2002 - March 21 - Nine people were killed by a bomb blast near the US embassy in Lima. It was seen as an attempt to disrupt a forthcoming visit by President George W. Bush.[22]
  • 2002-2006 - Three separate attacks on the US consulate in Karache killed 18 people (including an American diplomat) and injured 87.
  • 2002 - October 8 - Two Marines were shot and one killed in the Faylaka Island attack in Kuwait.
  • 2003 - May 12 - The Riyadh Compound Bombings killed 35, including 9 Americans.
  • 2003 - October 15 - Three American diplomats were killed by a roadside bomb targeting their convoy in Gaza. Palestine Resistance Committees have taken responsibility for the attack."[23]
  • 2004 - 2010 22 US civilians were kidnapped in Iraq. 11 were later executed and 6 were either released or escaped. The fate of the remaining 5 is unknown.
  • 2004 - c. June 18 - Paul Marshall Johnson, Jr, a civilian working in Saudi Arabia, was kidnapped and beheaded.
  • 2004 - May 1 - Two Americans were among seven dead in an attack in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia.
  • 2004 - May 29 - One American was killed in the Khobar massacre.
  • 2004 - 8 June - Robert Jacobs, a US citizen working for Vinnel Corporation, was killed at his villa in Riyadh.[24]
  • 2004 - June 13 - A US expatriate, Kenneth Scroggs, was killed[25] and another, Paul Marshall Johnson Jr., was kidnapped at a fake police checkpoint in Riyadh.
  • 2007 - January 12 - The Embassy of the United States in Athens, Greece, was attacked.[26]
  • 2008 - January 1 - John Granville, US diplomat, was assassinated in Khartoum, Sudan.
  • 2009 - November 5 - Thirteen people, mostly U.S. military personnel, were killed and more than 30 others wounded at Fort Hood, Texas, in a shooting rampage by disgruntled Army psychiatrist Nidal Malik Hasan. During his trial, Hasan claimed to be waging an Islamic jihad against the United States.

2010s[edit]

  • 2011 – January 8 - the 2011 Tucson shooting in which U.S. Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords was injured and 6 others were killed.
  • 2012 – September 11—12 - The US Embassy in Libya was attacked; the ambassador and three other Americans were killed.
  • 2012 – August 5 - A Sikh temple in Wisconsin was attacked by a white supremacist. Six Americans were killed, not including the perpetrator who committed suicide.
  • 2013 – April 15 - The 2013 Boston Marathon bombing saw 3 people were killed and 183 injured.
  • 2014 – June 12 - Three Israeli teenagers, one of whom was a US citizen, were kidnapped and murdered. Hamas is suspected of involvement.
  • 2015 – June 17 - A service at Charleston church attended by state senator Rev. Clementa C. Pinckney was attacked by a gunman. 9 people were killed, including the senator.
  • 2015 - July 16 - In the 2015 Chattanooga shootings, a gunman shot up a military recruiting center in Chattanooga, Tennessee, wounding aU.S. Marine, then attacked a Naval Reserve Center, killing four Marines and wounding a U.S. Navy sailor who later died of his injuries. The attacker was finally killed by police.
  • 2015 - December 2 - In an attack in San Bernardino, California, married couple Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik entered the Inland Regional Center, a government-funded not-for-profit public benefit corporation that provides services and programs to people with developmental disabilities and their families in California's San Bernardino and Riverside Counties. They shot and killed 14 people and injured 24 others, including 2 officers.
  • 2016 - June 12 - In the Orlando nightclub shooting a lone gunman entered Pulse Nightclub (an LGBT club) on Latin Night. He killed 49 patrons, injured at least 53 others, and took hostages during a three—four hour massacre during the early hours The gunman was shot and killed at c.5:15am, during a shoot out with police officers.[27]
  • 2017 - January 7, a US consulate officer name Christopher Ashcraft is shot in the chest at a mall in Guadalajara, Mexico but he survives, the shooter was an Indian man with U.S citizenship name Zafar Zia.The motives remain unknown.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/reform/jb_reform_lovejoy_1.html
  2. ^ Nelson, Bruce C (1988). Beyond the Martyrs: A Social History of Chicago's Anarchists, 1870–1900. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. p. 189. ISBN 0-8135-1345-6. 
  3. ^ Botein, Barbara. "The Hennessy Case: An Episode in Anti-Italian Nativism". Louisiana History. 20 (3): 261–279. 
  4. ^ Carlson, Peter (1983). Roughneck, The Life and Times of Big Bill Haywood (1st ed.). New York N.Y.: W.W. Norton. p. 135. ISBN 0393016218. 
  5. ^ "Died". Time. September 27, 1943. Retrieved January 19, 2009. John Flammang Schrank, 67, Bavarian-born ex-barkeep who shot and wounded Theodore" Roosevelt in Milwaukee in 1912 
  6. ^ Balousek and Kirsch, Marv and J. Allen (1997). 50 Wisconsin Crimes of the Century. Wisconsin: Badger Books Inc. p. 113. ISBN 1-878569-47-3. 
  7. ^ Gage, Beverly (2009). The Day Wall Street Exploded: A Story of America in its First Age of Terror. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195148244. 
  8. ^ Madigan, Tim (2001). The Burning: Massacre, Destruction, and the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921. New York N.Y.: St Martin's Press. pp. 4, 131–132, 144, 159, 164, 249. ISBN 0-312-27283-9. 
  9. ^ http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,882792,00.html
  10. ^ Buckley, Thomas (November 7, 1960). "Bomb in IND Car Kills Woman and Hurts 18 at 125th St. Stop". The New York Times. Retrieved December 2, 2008. 
  11. ^ Hailey, Foster (October 13, 1960). "Bomb Injures 33 at Times Sq. Shuttle". The New York Times. Retrieved December 2, 2008. 
  12. ^ "'Sunday Bomber' Hunted by 600 New York Cops". Jet. November 24, 1960. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Third Sunday Bomb Rips Staten Island Ferry Deck". The New York Times. October 24, 1960. Retrieved December 2, 2008. 
  14. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1986/03/31/nyregion/new-york-day-by-day-old-induction-center-getting-a-new-skin.html
  15. ^ "Political Events: The People's Chronology (1969)". Enotes.com. Retrieved December 2, 2008. 
  16. ^ Hadi, Hamid (2016). Afghanistan's Experiences Vol. II. Bloomington IN: Authorhouse. ISBN 978-1-5246-0007-5. 
  17. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1985/08/09/world/car-bomb-kills-2-on-a-us-air-base-in-west-germany.html
  18. ^ James M. Markham (1985-11-25). "Bombing at PX in Frankfurt wounds 34". West Germany; Frankfurt (West Germany): NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 
  19. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1987/06/10/world/rome-explosions-shake-us-and-british-embassies-and-wreck-car.html
  20. ^ http://www.stripes.com/news/survivors-family-recall-bombing-of-uso-in-naples-25-years-later-1.253157
  21. ^ http://fas.org/irp/congress/1995_cr/h950309-pak.htm
  22. ^ "Car Bomb Kills 9 Near U.S. Embassy in Lima". New York Times. Reuters. March 21, 2002. 
  23. ^ Three killed in Gaza convoy blast
  24. ^ BBC http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3787439.stm. Retrieved 4 October 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ Meyer, Josh. "U.S. Worker Is Killed in Saudi Arabia". LA Times. Retrieved 2016-10-24. 
  26. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/6254399.stm
  27. ^ 3 Hours In Orlando: Piecing Together An Attack And Its Aftermath, June 26, 20165:09 PM ET, Ariel Zambelich and Alyson Hurt, http://www.npr.org/2016/06/16/482322488/orlando-shooting-what-happened-update